Malaysian Economy In Textile

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  • Malaysian Economy In Textile

    1. 1. VIDEO-CONFERENCING ON EDUCATION REFORM sponsored by the World Bank Curriculum Reform to Improve Educational Outcomes and Future Opportunities for All Students Rohani Abdul Hamid, Ph D MALAYSIA Malaysia Telekom, Pusat Telekom (JRC Studio) Kuala Lumpur 7.00 p.m – 10.00 p.m, 24 February 2005
    2. 2. <ul><li>Focus on the changes Malaysia was seeking (including the &quot;why&quot; behind the curriculum reform), </li></ul><ul><li>The process Malaysia pursued to achieve those changes (the &quot;how&quot;) , </li></ul><ul><li>The leadership and stakeholders, including institutions, involved in the process (the &quot;who&quot;), </li></ul><ul><li>The steps taken to implement the reformed curriculum in the schools. </li></ul>SUGGESTED OUTLINE
    3. 3. INDEPENDENCE 1957 3 MAIN ETHNIC GROUPS INHERITED BRITISH EDUCATION SYSTEM AND CURRICULUM BACKGROUND BUMIPUTRAS (NATIVE) CHINESE (MIGRANT) INDIANS (MIGRANT) ECONOMY - AGRICULTURE (RUBBER) MINING (TIN)
    4. 4. POST-INDEPENDENT MALAYSIA TO FORGE DISTINCT MALAYSIAN IDENTITY NATIONAL UNITY OF 3 MAIN ETHNIC GROUPS 1960s – NATION BUILDING AND SOCIAL CHANGE 1960s – IMPROVE ACCESS AND EQUITY GENDER 1960s – MOVE TOWARDS INDUSTRIALISATION FOCUS ON SCIENCE CONTINUE ON TO HIGHER EDUCATION Why Reform?
    5. 5. MAJOR REFORMS 1971 - CHANGE TO NATIONAL LANGUAGE AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION NATIONAL POLICY CHANGE DRIVES REFORM 1970s STAKEHOLDERS: NATION BUILDERS NATIONAL LEADERS i.e. the elected government MOE INFRASTRUCTURE (CENTRAL AND STATE LEVEL) IMPLEMENT REFORM with HALL FOR LANGUAGE CORPUS DEVELOPMENT Why Who How FOR UNITY
    6. 6. 1980s – TOTAL CURRICULUM RENEWAL 1980s 1982 - 1982 – 1987 - NEW PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM Back to basics; student-centred, activity-based 1988 - NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM Values-oriented; thinking skills; application PEDAGOGICAL CHANGE; GLOBAL TRENDS IDEA OF CURRICULUM RELEVANCE MOVING AWAY FROM ACADEMIC ORIENTATION 1988 - MOE, EDUCATIONISTS, EXPERTS TRAINED OVERSEAS, Why Who
    7. 7. LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF REFORM EDUCATION PLANNING COMMITTEE Chair: Minister of Education CENTRAL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE Chair: Director-General of Education CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Chair: Deputy Director-General of Education (Schools) STATE CURRICULUM COMMITTEE (15) Chair: State Director of Education STATE CURRICULUM COMMITTEE (15) Chair: State Director of Education SCHOOL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE Chair: School Principal SCHOOL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE Chair: School Principal centrally directed PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION
    8. 8. LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF REFORM CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Chair: Deputy Director-General of Education (Schools) TEXTBOOKS EXAMS PUBLICITY FINANCE SERVICE BUILDING & SUPPLIES SCHOOLS DIVISION EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY INSPECTORATE IMPLEMENTATION MANAGEMENT TRAINING RESEARCH & PLANNING SPECIAL EDUCATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT TEACHER TRAINING
    9. 9. INPUT AND DIRECTIONS FOR REFORM Advice and input sought from: STAKEHOLDERS Feedback from media, memorandums, reports, resolutions of seminars, etc. regarding issues and social problems can be incorporated into curriculum content (e.g. HIV/AIDs, Environmental groups, etc) Local universities, Industry, Prospective employers, NGOs, Parent/Teachers’ Association Professional Associations Trades Associations Other Ministries and Government Agencies Religious Associations
    10. 10. USING ICT AS A TOOL IN TEACHING-LEARNING REFORMS RESULTING FROM EMERGING TRENDS TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES SMART SCHOOLS 1992 - IT LITERACY INTRODUCED – RURAL AREAS Bridging the digital divide 1995 - Science, Maths, English 1998 - Schools with ICT-rich facilities ICT
    11. 11. agriculture & mining utility services recycling & synthesizing information services manufacturing & processing DEVELOPED SOCIETY 2020 DEVELOPING SOCIETY INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY Labour + Land + Capital Labour + Land + Capital + Entrepreneur + Information Labour + Land + Capital + Entrepreneur + Information + R&D + Technology Adaptation of NITA’s diagram, 1994: MIMOS 2000s 1957 REALISING FULL LITERACY AND ACCESS TO BASIC EDUCATION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDING NOW 90s/ 2000s RESEARCH & DEV IN SCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY SPECIALIST SCHOOLS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION THINKING & CREATIVITY REFORMS FOR A K-ECONOMY REFORMS RESULTING FROM EMERGING TRENDS GLOBALISATION, KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
    12. 12. Malaysian Economy – agricultural cash crops, light manufacturing – electrical, electronics, textiles
    13. 13. INTRODUCTION OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION – SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS IN ENGLISH 2003 - POLICY CHANGE A CABINET DECISION IN RESPONSE TO DEMANDS FROM INDUSTRY LEADERS NEED FOR HIGH-TECH KNOWLEDGE WORKERS FOR K-ECONOMY MOBILISE MOE MACHINERY AND PROCEDURES COLLABORATION WITH ICT COMPANIES TO BUILD ELECTRONIC COURSEWARE TO HELP TEACHERS TEACH IN ENGLISH Why Who How REFORMS RESULTING FROM EMERGING TRENDS GLOBALISATION, KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
    14. 14. Science and Mathematics in English in 2003 ENGLISH FOR INFORMATION ACCESS AND KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION CASE STUDY: STEPS TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT THE REFORMED CURRICULUM IN SCHOOLS Utilisation of ICT to Assist Teachers t each in English Schools are provided with PC Notebooks, LCD, Trolleys, Screen and ICT Peripherals Teaching courseware produced for the whole curriculum to help teachers overcome problems with English and deliver lessons effectively in English HARDWARE COURSEWARE
    15. 15. MONITORING PROGRESS WEEKLY MEETINGS CHAIRED BY MINISTER OF EDUCATION TO MONITOR PROGRESS MECHANISM – MAIN STEERING COMMITTEE AND 16 COMMITTEES DEALING WITH VARIOUS ASPECTS OF IMPLEMENTATION MAIN TEACHERS ICT EQUIPMENT COURSEWARE
    16. 16. SUPPORT MATERIALS TEACHER PREPARATION Teacher Preparation TEACHERS TRAINED TO BUILD UP THEIR OWN ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY THROUGH CONTINUOUS ONGOING TRAINING Outsourcing – Materials COLLABORATION WITH PRIVATE SECTOR TO BUILD COURSEWARE – LEVERAGING ON THEIR EXPERTISE AND EXPERIENCE
    17. 17. YOU THANK
    18. 18. POPULATION

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