Cleaner Production Programs in Pakistan By Azher Uddin Khan CEO Cleaner Production Institute
MAIN DRIVERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTMENT <ul><li>International Market Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan Environmental Pr...
MAJOR INVESTMENT AREAS <ul><li>Cleaner Production Technologies  – Process Level – About 250 industries </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Environment Industry Projects Implemented <ul><li>Kasur Environmental Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental P...
INVESTMENTS & POTENTIAL OF INVESTMENT (Amounts in Rs.Millions) INDUSTRY SECTOR TOTAL  MAJOR UNITS ALREADY  INVESTED INVEST...
INVESTMENTS & POTENTIAL OF INVESTMENT INDUSTRY SECTOR TOTAL  MAJOR UNITS ALREADY  INVESTED INVESTMENT  1993-2004 POTENT-IA...
INVTESTMENT TRENDS <ul><li>2000-2005 = 0.8 Billion/Annum </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2010 = 1.3 Billion/Annum </li></ul><ul><li...
PRE-REQUISITES TO INVESTMENTS <ul><li>Textile sector maintains moderate to high growth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Leather sect...
Future Strategic Interventions <ul><ul><li>Selling NEQS Implementation to the Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using ...
<ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul>Sustainable Development Programme for Su...
Overall Objective <ul><li>Major industrial sectors of Pakistan comply with national and international environmental requir...
Objectives <ul><li>(i) Enhance the capacity and capability of industrial units and  sectors for resource conservation, env...
Major Activities <ul><li>(i) Program Mobilization and Office Establishment </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Planning & Documentation...
Major Physical Outputs  Table 3.1
Basic Information <ul><li>Duration: 2007-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>RNE Allocation:  Rs. 313 Million </li></ul><ul><li>CPI All...
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Major Investment Areas

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Major Investment Areas

  1. 1. Cleaner Production Programs in Pakistan By Azher Uddin Khan CEO Cleaner Production Institute
  2. 2. MAIN DRIVERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTMENT <ul><li>International Market Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation by PEPA and Ministry of Environment through Shamslakha Committee, SMART, workshops, and consultations </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Technology Technical Assistance Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector Institutions Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-national Organizational Arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>EPOs and Tribunal Cases </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and Community Pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Return on Investments Under CP and CT </li></ul><ul><li>Peers follow-up under demonstration </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Basis </li></ul>
  3. 3. MAJOR INVESTMENT AREAS <ul><li>Cleaner Production Technologies – Process Level – About 250 industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>120 tanneries, 60 textile mills, and about 70 other industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management System – ISO 14000 – About 164 industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 tanneries, 80 textile mills, 20 pharmaceutical, 25 defense engineering, 7 food beverages, 4 fertilizer, 3 paper & board, and 15 miscellaneous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wastewater Treatment Plants or EOP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 tanneries, 45 textile mills, 10 sugar mills, 3 paper mills, 3 petrochemical, 2 pesticides & insecticides, 5 dairies, 7 automobile, 1 steel mill, 10 pharmaceutical </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electrostatic Precipitators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All the major cement factories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combined Effluent Treatment Plants – Two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kasur Tannery Cluster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korangi Tannery Cluster </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Waste Management - Incinerators – 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals, pharmaceutical, private </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Environment Industry Projects Implemented <ul><li>Kasur Environmental Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection and Resource Conservation Project </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Effluent Treatment Plant – Korangi </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Technology Program for Korangi Tanneries </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Transfer for Sustainable Industry Development </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Technology Program for Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Conservation Program for Tanneries </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Center – Sialkot </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital Waste Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of Cleaner Technologies in Textile Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of CPC at Attock Refinery </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone Depleting Substances Project </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Efficiency in Road Transport Sector Project </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Production Program for Industries </li></ul>
  5. 5. INVESTMENTS & POTENTIAL OF INVESTMENT (Amounts in Rs.Millions) INDUSTRY SECTOR TOTAL MAJOR UNITS ALREADY INVESTED INVESTMENT 1993-2007 POTENT-IALLY INTERESTED 2007-2015 POTENTIAL INVEST-MENT SUGAR 85 10 300 50 1,500 LEATHER-INDVIDUAL 90 20 500 35 875 FERTILIZER 10 10 1,400 Extension 350 TEXTILE 800 60 1,200 200 4,500 PULP & PAPER 13 3 315 Extension+15 500 PETROCHEMICAL 7 7 280 Extension 300 CEMENT 25 25 570 5 100 PESTICIDES 24 10 56 14 100 DAIRY 17 3 150 8 240
  6. 6. INVESTMENTS & POTENTIAL OF INVESTMENT INDUSTRY SECTOR TOTAL MAJOR UNITS ALREADY INVESTED INVESTMENT 1993-2004 POTENT-IALLY INTERESTED 2005-2015 POTENTIAL INVEST-MENT AUTOMOBILE 13 13 200 5 80 STEEL 70 2 10 5 55 PAINTS 22 2 5 3 15 PHARMACEUTICAL 200 10 140 100 500 Miscellaneous 250 15 450 100 3,500 CETPS 2 900 10 10,000 HAZARDOUS WASTE 5 75 2 1,000 TOTALS 6,551 23,615
  7. 7. INVTESTMENT TRENDS <ul><li>2000-2005 = 0.8 Billion/Annum </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2010 = 1.3 Billion/Annum </li></ul><ul><li>2010-2015 = 1.7 Billion/Annum </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRE-REQUISITES TO INVESTMENTS <ul><li>Textile sector maintains moderate to high growth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Leather sector sustain the international competition </li></ul><ul><li>Government maintains incentives for CETP’s and hazardous waste facilities & international funding realized </li></ul><ul><li>PEPA and Provincial EPAs develop facilitative enforcement method </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and community approach tribunals more objectively </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Domestic Product growth rate remain above 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral and international funding institutions continue their support through technical assistance projects </li></ul><ul><li>Industry appreciate their responsibilities on legitimate and moral grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental technology transfer and customization </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering universities maintain supply line of good quality professionals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Future Strategic Interventions <ul><ul><li>Selling NEQS Implementation to the Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the Courts more Objectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPAs should focus on few, with the sizeable pollution loads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnership between Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry, Pakistan EPA, FPCCI, and international financing institutions at the Federal Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnership between Provincial EPAs, Industrial Associations, SMEDA, and international financing institutions at provincial level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote ISO 14000 certification </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul>Sustainable Development Programme for Sustainable Indusrial Development
  11. 11. Overall Objective <ul><li>Major industrial sectors of Pakistan comply with national and international environmental requirements and adopt best energy efficiency practices. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Objectives <ul><li>(i) Enhance the capacity and capability of industrial units and sectors for resource conservation, environmental compliance and competitiveness by implementing cleaner technologies, energy efficiency measures, and environmental management systems. </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Reduce water, air, and solid waste industrial pollution by implementing cleaner technologies, energy efficiency measures, effective environmental management, and best operational practices. </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Continue the technical assistance support to leather and textile- processing sectors cleaner technology and energy efficiency initiatives for achieving sustainability and continuous demonstration to other sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Extend the technical assistance services of cleaner technologies, energy efficiencies, and environmental management to sugar, and pulp & paper. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Major Activities <ul><li>(i) Program Mobilization and Office Establishment </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Planning & Documentation: Project Management Document </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Dissemination & Communication: Workshops, seminars, roundtables, brochures, posters, leaflets, and website. </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Institutional Development on: Awareness of environment and energy efficiency issues, national and international environmental legislative requirements, environmental-energy efficiency solution packages, and economics of environmental- energy efficiency solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>(v) Training and Human Resource Development: Top management, owners, professionals and staff of the technical and production teams, government officials of Environmental Protection Agencies and other relevant departments will be trained on cleaner technologies, energy efficiencies, treatment technologies, environmental management systems and certification. </li></ul><ul><li>(vi) Cleaner Technologies and Energy Efficiency: Energy audits (only for those whose environmental audits have already been conducted) , integrated environment- energy audits (new units) , action plans, CP practices & management, CT (environment and energy) implementation, environment and energy reports. </li></ul><ul><li>(vii) Wastewater Treatment Plants: Designing and implementation of wastewater treatment plants. </li></ul><ul><li>(viii) Environmental Management System and Certifications: EMS manual development, EMS implementation, and ISO 14000 Certification. </li></ul><ul><li>(ix) Corporate Social Responsibility: CSR reports of most progressive units. </li></ul><ul><li>(x) CT, ET, WWTP Performance Reports : Compilation of performance information. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Major Physical Outputs Table 3.1
  15. 15. Basic Information <ul><li>Duration: 2007-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>RNE Allocation: Rs. 313 Million </li></ul><ul><li>CPI Allocation: Rs. 122 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Investment: Rs. 1,687 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Total Budget: Rs. 2,122 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Executing Party: Cleaner Production Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Sectors: Leather, Textile-processing, Sugar, and Pulp & Paper </li></ul>
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