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Kerbside, 4 Times A Year, Bag, Textile Banks
 

Kerbside, 4 Times A Year, Bag, Textile Banks

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    Kerbside, 4 Times A Year, Bag, Textile Banks Kerbside, 4 Times A Year, Bag, Textile Banks Presentation Transcript

    • Waste separation in the Netherlands Waste Management Administration of SenterNovem
      • Situation 1990 - 1991
      • Establishment and tasks Waste Management Council
      • Waste management Plan 2002-2012
      • Components and results of separate collection
      • Costs
      • Systems and types of separate collection
      • What do we do to improve the results
      • Stimulation programme - STAP
      • Variable charging
      • Concluding remarks - current issues in Dutch municipal waste management
      Content
    • Situation 1990-1991
      • Rapid growing waste volumes
      • 157 landfills, partly not well equipped; capacity sufficient for only 4 years ahead
      • Insufficient incineration capacity: 5 incinerators closed because of dioxin emissions
      • Low recovery rates: 55% for all waste streams together
      • Separate collection of household waste: only 16%
      • Municipalities responsible for household waste; provinces responsible for planning, permitting, enforcement
      • Lack of cooperation between the three layers of government
      • Provincial borders closed for waste transports
      • Lack of data on waste and a small scaled, inefficient waste sector
    • Waste Management Council
      • Established in 1990 - based on a co-operation agreement between the three layers of government
      • Council (political level); scientific staff
      5 representatives from IPO (provincial association Independent chairman 5 representatives from VNG (municipal association 5 representatives from Ministry of Environment
    • Tasks
      • Drawing up national waste management plan and special programs on separate collection
      • Monitoring and evaluation progress in waste management
      • Advising government on policy issues
      • Supporting and advising provincial and national government in licensing
      • information centre on waste
      • From 1 January 2005 on, the tasks of the Bureau Waste Mangement Council are transferred to the Waste Management Administration of SenterNovem, an executive agency under the responsibility of the Economic Department.
    • Waste management Plan 2002 - 2012
      • General policy framework
      • Objectives:
        • encourage waste prevention
        • encouragement of waste recovery: separation at source and post-separation
        • optimal exploitation of the energy content of waste which cannot be recycled
        • limiting the amount of waste for disposal
    • Components and targets of separate collection of household waste
      • organic waste 55%
      • glass (one way packaging) 90%
      • paper and board 75%
      • Textiles 50%
      • small scale hazardous waste 90%
      • white and brown goods, electrics 90%
      • Total 60%
    • Results 2003 (1)
      • 8,7 Mton household waste
      • 53% separate collection
        • organic waste: 88 kg/inh
        • paper/board: 62 kg/inh
        • glass: 21 kg/inh
        • textiles: 33 kg/inh
        • hazardous: 1,3 kg/inh
    • Results 2003
    • Composition residual waste
    • Separate collection and urbanization
    • Systems for separate collection
      • Organic waste
      • Paper/board
      • Glass
      • Textiles
      • Hazardous waste
      • White/browns
      • kerbside, weekly, city-bin
      • paper-banks, kerbside, monthly
      • bottle-banks
      • kerbside, 4 times a year, bag, textile-banks
      • door-to-door, 4 times a year, box, central depot, shops
      • door-to-door on demand, central depot, shop (old for new)
    • Type of collection service
    • Avarage cost for a household
    • Total costs household waste (2003)
      • Total costs: 1,6 million euro
        • Collection 850 million euro
        • Recovery and disposal 750 million euro
    • Municipal waste: recycling
    • What do and did we do to get there?
      • Co-operation between three levels of government in the Waste Management Council
      • Stimulation municipalities - STAP
      • Variable charging
    • Stimulation Programme on Separation of household waste (STAP)
      • Start: 2001- 2007
      • Target:
        • more waste prevention
        • more separate collection
      • Target group: municapalities
      • Philosophy
      • learning by doing and exchange of knowledge
        • benchmarking
        • communication
        • subsidies
    • Learning by doing - exchange of knowledge
      • Annual Municipal Waste Congres
      • Special interest workshops (on organic waste; variable charging, etc.)
      • Benchmarking 
    • Benchmarking waste management
      • Benchmarking is :
        • to compare results, facts and figures,
        • to find best-practices,
        • and finding reasons why specific practices are succesfull
      • Benchmark 2005:
        • third time
        • 30 munacipilities participate in the benchmarkproces (+ 40 online)
    • The waste triangle
    • Results benchmark
    • Communication
      • www.afvalscheiding.info (site)
      • Afval Informatief (magazine)
      • Information desk (telephone)
      • VROM-campaign (TV-spots this summer
    •  
    • SAM
      • Started in 2001
      • Financial support: 2,4 million euro each year
      • 226 projects subsidized for making plans and executing the plans for improving collection systems, communication and monitoring
      • 289 municapalities (>60%)
      • Effects:
        • New impulse for municipal waste separation
        • Quantitative effects not yet known
    •  
    • Variable charging
      • 89% of the Dutch municipalities have implemented a system of variable charging: 61% on number of persons/household and 27% on waste supply (140 municipalities)
      • Characteristics of municipalities with variable charging: relatively small (average size 25.000 inh) number of inhabitants of municipalities without variable charging 36.000 inh.
      • Rural municipalities more than urban municipalities
    • Systems
      • Volume: Tarif based on the volume of the container (39 municipalities)
      • Weight: Tarif based on weight of the waste (19 municipalities) Frequency: Tarif based on how often the container was put on the curbside to be emptied (always in combination with the volume of the container (55 municipalities) or weight (4 municipalities)
      • Expensive bag: Only special wastebags are accepted which are sold by the municipality (20 municipalities )
    • Supply of residual waste (kg/inh)
    • Supply of residual waste and separate collected fractions (kg/inh)
    • Concluding remarks - current issues in Dutch municipal waste management
      • Polluter pays principle - more and more municipalities implement a system of variable charging
      • Producer responsibility for packaging per 1-1-2006
      • More policy freedom for organic waste collection - From “GFT” to “T”
      • Improving the life environment: clean, safe, decrease litter
      • To keep the costs of waste management low, economic incentives should be introduced: competition, benchmark, transparency