We can imagine infinite possibilities of different perspectives, but we cannot tell different histories simultaneously. So a critical scientific attitude takes these differences into account and under this assumption opt for a particular perspective.
To negate differences in perspectives produces a single vision of truth = dogmatism
Scholars from different fields and different theoretical backgrounds agree: the era of globalisation emerged since the 1960ies, the time mass communication took place creating so far a new global technoscietnific civilisation
received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. Professor Mazlish's areas of interest and expertise are Western intellectual and cultural history, with a special nod to history of science and technology, the culture of capitalism, and history of the social sciences. He is also an authority in the interdisciplinary field of psychohistory as well as historical methodology; most recently he has spearheaded an effort to conceptualize global history.
His most recent publications are: Leviathans: Multinational Corporations and The New Global History, co-edited with Alfred D. Chandler, Jr
He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1986 he was awarded the Toynbee Prize, an international award in social science.
Born in London, Arnold J. he began his teaching career as a fellow of Balliol College in 1912, and thereafter held positions at King‘s College London (as Professor of Modern Greek and Byzantine History), the LSE and the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in Chatham House.
Toynbee presented history as the rise and fall of civilizations, rather than the history of nation-states or of ethnic groups. He identified his civilizations according to cultural rather than national criteria. Thus, the "Western Civilization", comprising all the nations that have existed in Western Europe since the collapse of the Roman Empire, was treated as a whole, and distinguished from both the "Orthodox" civilization of Russia and the Balkans, and from the Greco-Roman civilization that preceded it.
Knowledge advances more and more rapidly, the dissemination of knowledge progresses even faster
human societies are likely to become less and less differentiated from one another
An examples for a historical perspective according to Global History
Michael Geyer / Charles Bright , (1995): World History in a Global Age. In: American Historical Review 100/ 4: 1047-60.
Geyer and Bright applied philosophy of science
World History in a Global Age
Globalisation is not the trigger for a new age, but a new ordering of relations of domination and subordination among all regions of the world
After the European-Atlantic-civilisations became the centering axis of an integrating world (= The West ), in the Global Age this world became de-centered radically due to worldwide processes of unsettlement.