Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) Geohazards   Hormoz Modaressi BRGM-French Geological Survey
Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction to the IGOS partnership </li></ul><ul><li>IGOS Geohazards: Past work and current...
Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) <ul><li>Partnership of international organisations concerned with global envir...
International Organisations concerned by IGOS <ul><li>CEOS </li></ul><ul><li>FAO  </li></ul><ul><li>GCOS  </li></ul><ul><l...
The IGOS Theme concept <ul><li>“ Theme” approach allows for a coherent definition and development of an overall global str...
IGOS-Geohazards IGOS- Geohazards is concerned by all natural hazards that originate from the Solid Earth such as  Earthqua...
IGOS Geohazards: past work and current status <ul><li>UNESCO, CEOS and ICSU initiated and scoped the IGOS Geohazards Theme...
IGOS Geohazards: Context (1/3) <ul><li>Theme report proposed a strategy structured by five elements of critical importance...
<ul><li>GEOSS : Global Earth Observation System of Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newly established GEOSS Secretariat in Ge...
<ul><li>Recent tragedies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bam Earthquake : about 40 000 killed (Dec 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
IGOS Geohazards: Objectives (1/3) <ul><li>1-  Bring together the actors from the Geohazards community across different dis...
<ul><li>2- Gather information on the state of the art in   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>observations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>3- Evaluate gaps between existing and needed tools with respect to  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>observations </li></...
IGOS Geohazards: Strategy (1/2) <ul><li>1- GeoHazNet : a Geohazards Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A forum within which the...
IGOS Geohazards: Strategy (2/2) <ul><li>2- Provide the infrastructure for  stimulating co-operation and generating synergy...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups <ul><li>Science  : the state of the art and attended evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Observatio...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups  (detailed 1/5) <ul><li>Science   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally the fundament...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups  (detailed 2/5) <ul><li>Observations   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally observin...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups  (detailed 3/5) <ul><li>Infrastructure   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally the su...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups  (detailed 4/5) <ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deals with data </li></ul></ul><u...
IGOS Geohazards Working Groups  (detailed 5/5) <ul><li>Capacity Building   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deals essentially with kn...
IGOS Geohazards Workshop - Outputs <ul><li>Clear terms of reference for each of the working groups </li></ul><ul><li>Detai...
IGOS Geohazards Workshop Outputs detailed  (1/2) <ul><li>A1 - Define a Sampling Strategy in time/ space/ resolution/ accur...
IGOS Geohazards Workshop Outputs detailed  (2/2) <ul><li>A7 - Identify existing regional/global archives of data (includin...
Proposed way forward <ul><li>The  databases  to be developed for inventory purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Needs (A1 ...
IGOS-Geohazards Newsletter  http:// www.igosgeohazards.org
IGOS Geohazards eProject space   <ul><li>https://eprojet.brgm.fr/egroupgen/wks/user/ </li></ul>
Future Actions …   <ul><li>Continue to provide support to  the GEOSS Work Plan Team </li></ul><ul><li>Organise future work...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Integrated Global Observing Strategy

368
-1

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
368
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Integrated Global Observing Strategy

    1. 1. Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) Geohazards Hormoz Modaressi BRGM-French Geological Survey
    2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Introduction to the IGOS partnership </li></ul><ul><li>IGOS Geohazards: Past work and current status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A brief history of IGOS Geohazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IGOS Geohazards Working Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected Outputs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future actions ... </li></ul>
    3. 3. Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) <ul><li>Partnership of international organisations concerned with global environmental change issues created in 1998 </li></ul>http://www.igospartners.org
    4. 4. International Organisations concerned by IGOS <ul><li>CEOS </li></ul><ul><li>FAO </li></ul><ul><li>GCOS </li></ul><ul><li>GOOS </li></ul><ul><li>GTOS </li></ul><ul><li>ICSU </li></ul><ul><li>IGPB </li></ul><ul><li>IGFA </li></ul><ul><li>IOC </li></ul><ul><li>UNEP </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>WCRP </li></ul><ul><li>WMO </li></ul><ul><li>Committee of Earth Observation Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Agriculture Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Global Climate Observing System </li></ul><ul><li>Global Ocean Observing System </li></ul><ul><li>Global Terrestrial Observing System </li></ul><ul><li>International Council for Science </li></ul><ul><li>International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Int'l Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Res. </li></ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Environment Programme </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization </li></ul><ul><li>World Climate Research Programme </li></ul><ul><li>World Meteorological Organization </li></ul>
    5. 5. The IGOS Theme concept <ul><li>“ Theme” approach allows for a coherent definition and development of an overall global strategy for observing selected fields of common interest among a group of the IGOS partners. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ocean Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The Global Carbon Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The Global Water Cycle Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The Geohazards Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The Atmospheric Chemistry Theme </li></ul><ul><li>The Coastal Theme </li></ul>
    6. 6. IGOS-Geohazards IGOS- Geohazards is concerned by all natural hazards that originate from the Solid Earth such as Earthquakes , Volcanoes , Ground Instabilities (i.e. landslides, subsidence, collapse, rock falls, shrinkage/swelling of soils, etc…) but also Tsunamis
    7. 7. IGOS Geohazards: past work and current status <ul><li>UNESCO, CEOS and ICSU initiated and scoped the IGOS Geohazards Theme in 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>An Ad-hoc Working Group was formed, held an international workshop in Frascati (Rome), and delivered a proposal to the IGOS partnership in May 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>The resulting IGOS Geohazards Theme Team delivered a Theme Report to the IGOS Partners in May 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Following an international peer review, the Geohazards Theme Report was published in April 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.igosgeohazards.org </li></ul>
    8. 8. IGOS Geohazards: Context (1/3) <ul><li>Theme report proposed a strategy structured by five elements of critical importance to the Geohazards: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underpinning Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modelling and Integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity Building </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One recommendation was the setting up of a Geohazards Bureau to monitor and coordinate implementation </li></ul><ul><li>The IGOS Geohazards Bureau created by the BRGM (French Geological Survey) and the European Space Agency (ESA) in last quarter 2004 initially for a three year period ( [email_address] ) . </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>GEOSS : Global Earth Observation System of Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newly established GEOSS Secretariat in Geneva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geohazards included in the “Disasters” Societal Benefit Area, which is of paramount importance for GEOSS. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National, Regional and International initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Proposals from learned international associations </li></ul>IGOS Geohazards: Context (2/3)
    10. 10. <ul><li>Recent tragedies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bam Earthquake : about 40 000 killed (Dec 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean Tsunami : more than 200 000 killed (Dec 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frequent disasters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landslides, rock avalanches, debris flows, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderate earthquakes and volcanic eruptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swelling- Shrinkage of Clays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>together with concentration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of populations in risk prone areas </li></ul></ul>IGOS Geohazards: Context (3/3)
    11. 11. IGOS Geohazards: Objectives (1/3) <ul><li>1- Bring together the actors from the Geohazards community across different disciplines (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Ground Movement) and methods (in-situ measurements - remote sensing, modeling,...) with the aim of </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stimulating co-operation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>generating synergy </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>2- Gather information on the state of the art in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>observations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>modelling, data analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>infrastructure and data dissemination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>capacity building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>This information will come from the community and be made available to the community (via the web). </li></ul>IGOS Geohazards: Objectives (2/3)
    13. 13. <ul><li>3- Evaluate gaps between existing and needed tools with respect to </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>observations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>modelling, data analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>infrastructure and data dissemination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>capacity building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for all Geohazards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4- Establish priorities </li></ul><ul><li>5- Provide recommendations for filling gaps in an optimal way </li></ul>IGOS Geohazards: Objectives (3/3)
    14. 14. IGOS Geohazards: Strategy (1/2) <ul><li>1- GeoHazNet : a Geohazards Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A forum within which the Geohazard related disciplines can meet, exchange and propose joint projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A cross-disciplinary approach with continental and sub-continental ramifications (Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East, North and South America) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Focused (as compared to International Associations such as): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior ( IASPEI ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association for Earthquake Engineering ( IAEE ). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior ( IAVCEI ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Consortium on Landslides ( ICL ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Society of Soils Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ( ISSMGE ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Society for Rock Mechanics ( ISRM ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Union of Soil Sciences ( IUSS ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Union of Geological Sciences ( IUGS ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association for Engineering Geology and the Environment ( IAEG ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Association for Mathematical Geology, ( IAMG ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics ( IUGG ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Geographical Union ( IGU ), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. IGOS Geohazards: Strategy (2/2) <ul><li>2- Provide the infrastructure for stimulating co-operation and generating synergy by means of : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>working groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>events such as international workshops, …. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>website and other dissemination activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3- Promote results through information dissemination among end-users, decision makers and other dedicated structures </li></ul>
    16. 16. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups <ul><li>Science : the state of the art and attended evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Observations : existing and expected observing tools </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure : structures/techniques for data/information storage/dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Integration : data processing, interpretation, modeling, fusion.. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Building : facilitating knowledge transfer </li></ul>
    17. 17. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups (detailed 1/5) <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally the fundamental research and provides input for Observations and Integration WGs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fundamental research to identify the measurement of new parameters that may help improve understanding of Geohazards phenomena </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fundamental research into modeling or data fusion for the generation of information products </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups (detailed 2/5) <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally observing tools, their accuracy and other characteristics (frequency, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>satellite, in-situ and airborne data that is used for Geohazard mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly in-field measurements building on already extensive work on satellite based data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data as being “well-established” not experimental in nature - this is included in Science WG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the synergy generated between different data types is NOT considered here but in Integration WG </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups (detailed 3/5) <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses principally the support structures and techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures and techniques that allow dissemination of data, tools and information on Geohazard mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases and associated technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System interoperability, ancillary data and meta-data requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks of sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery of information to end-users such as decision-makers in a timely fashion </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups (detailed 4/5) <ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deals with data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data processing methods: qualitative interpretation, multi-parametric data analysis, modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fusion of different data streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extracting information from data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ systems” aspects such as interoperability are considered by the Infrastructure WG </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. IGOS Geohazards Working Groups (detailed 5/5) <ul><li>Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deals essentially with knowledge transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>means for the consolidation of an international Geohazards community through existing associations and programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanisms for developing Geohazard mitigation globally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitating knowledge transfer in data integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of appropriate infrastructures and dissemination technology to develop capacity under different circumstances (geographical and disciplinary gaps) </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. IGOS Geohazards Workshop - Outputs <ul><li>Clear terms of reference for each of the working groups </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed planning with description of any individual contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal for enlargement of working group teams </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for GeoHazNet extension to outside Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Effective proposals for GEOSS 2006-2007 work plan </li></ul>
    23. 23. IGOS Geohazards Workshop Outputs detailed (1/2) <ul><li>A1 - Define a Sampling Strategy in time/ space/ resolution/ accuracy/ scale covering both background monitoring and crisis response. Prioritise on risk versus reward basis. </li></ul><ul><li>A2 - On the basis of the Sampling Strategy, define Observational Requirements across all platforms for earthquakes, volcanoes, ground instability and tsunami. Feed this into IGOS Partners’ database managed by WMO. </li></ul><ul><li>A3 - Analyse current and future means (techniques or systems) for quantitative deformation measurement and their suitability to the geohazards </li></ul><ul><li>A4 - Identify one community test site for each geohazard and document the data available. Propose cross-validation activities. </li></ul><ul><li>A5 - Compile and maintain an inventory of existing materials (tutorials, courses), programmes and training infrastructure (e.g. regional/national centres) </li></ul><ul><li>A6 - Identify and structure list of geographical zones and concerned geohazards where capacity building activities must be developed in the short term. </li></ul>
    24. 24. IGOS Geohazards Workshop Outputs detailed (2/2) <ul><li>A7 - Identify existing regional/global archives of data (including hazard maps) and historical events. Facilitating access to this resource through the web should allow: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid access to existing data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The development of baseline states for anomaly detection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulation of continuity in data acquisitions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A8 - Identify projects working in the area of data harmonisation/interoperability for the geohazards. Propose a interoperability demonstrator on databases that would benefit from being linked together through interaction with the appropriate projects </li></ul><ul><li>A9 - Inventory and develop contacts with projects employing a multidisciplinary approach to the integration of different data sources in the geohazards. </li></ul><ul><li>A10 - Identify and evaluate existing multihazard approaches used in information products for end-user landuse planning and decision support systems. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Proposed way forward <ul><li>The databases to be developed for inventory purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Needs (A1 and A2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing Capacity Building resources (A5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing archives of data and historical event (A7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects – containing three parts: interoperability/harmonisation(A8); multidisciplinary approach to data integration(A9); multihazard approach(A10) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analysis tasks are the following : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative Deformation measurement: Analyse current and future means (techniques or systems) and their suitability to the geohazards (A3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify one community test site for each geohazard and document the data available. Propose cross-validation activities. (A4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and structure list of geographical zones and concerned geohazards where capacity building activities must be developed in the short term. (A6) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. IGOS-Geohazards Newsletter http:// www.igosgeohazards.org
    27. 27. IGOS Geohazards eProject space <ul><li>https://eprojet.brgm.fr/egroupgen/wks/user/ </li></ul>
    28. 28. Future Actions … <ul><li>Continue to provide support to the GEOSS Work Plan Team </li></ul><ul><li>Organise future working group meetings within 12 months </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate inputs from inventory activity </li></ul><ul><li>Seek funding for a Geohazards Network project </li></ul>

    ×