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Installing Plant Materials

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  • 1. Installing Plant Materials How are plants installed in a landscape?
  • 2. Plant Installation Considerations
    • Water requirements
      • Amount of water plants need to grow and live
      • Drought tolerance- ability of plant to grow wit low amounts of moisture
      • Use plants that fit the climate
  • 3.
    • Growth rate and maturity
      • Think about mature size of plant
      • If little spread to plant, then plant closer together
    • Hardiness, Heat-zone, and adaptations
      • How well a plant is suited to a climate
      • Light requirements for a plant
    • Nutrient and pH needs
      • Take soil test and then match plants to naturally available nutrients
  • 4.
    • Sources of info for selecting and installing plants
      • Should tell you
        • Common and scientific names
        • Deciduous or evergreen
        • Height and spread of plant
        • Growth, training, and trimming requirements
        • Characteristics of flowers and fruit
        • Hardiness zone
        • Heat-zone
        • Pest resistance and problems
        • Sun requirements (full sun, partial sun, or shade)
        • Water requirements
        • Life span (perennial, biennial or annual)
        • Potential problems
  • 5.
    • Using Xeriscaping
      • Water conservation through creative, appropriate landscaping and water management
      • Pick plants according to water availability
      • Limit turf areas
      • Use efficient irrigation systems (drip systems)
      • Improve the WHC of soil
      • Water zones- amount of water needed by plants
        • Very low water zone (native shrubs, cacti), low water zone (shrubs, groundcovers), moderate water zone (annuals, succulents)
  • 6. Preplanting info
    • Cover plants with tarp when transporting
    • Spring planting- bare root material
    • Fall planting- container/B&B material
    • Avoid summer planting to minimize water needs
    • Selecting trees
      • Is the trunk straight and crown symmetrical?
      • Does the tree show signs of current season growth?
        • Expanded buds, new leaves, elongated shoots
      • Are there any signs of disease or insect damage?
  • 7. Planting Techniques for trees and shrubs
    • B&B planting
      • Soil ball- soil surrounding the root system that has been balled and burlapped
      • Dig hole a min. of 12” larger than the soil ball
      • Top of hole should be level with top of soil ball
      • Carefully place plant in hole without removing burlap to check for size
      • Untie and remove twine from trunk and stems
      • Remove burlap from soil ball and push down into the walls of the planting hole
      • Video
  • 8.
    • Container grown planting techniques
      • Dig hole
      • Remove plant and roots from pot and place in hole with the best looking side forward
      • If roots are circled in pot, cut roots and spread them before planting
      • Video
    • Bare root planting techniques
      • Remove thin plastic covering around roots
      • Dig a hole as deep as the longest root and 12” wider that the root system
      • Plant at the same level as previously planted (stain)
      • Back fill hole and tamp to remove pockets of air
      • Construct a saucer by creating a small berm around edge of planting hole to hole irrigation water
      • Video
  • 9.
    • Backfilling
      • Break up all large soil clumps
      • Partially back fill the hole with existing soil and tamp the soil around the root system
      • Finish filling soil and tamp to remove air pockets
      • Construct a saucer, slightly larger than the root system, with the extra soil
      • Fill saucer with water
  • 10.
    • Staking
      • Trees 6-12’ tall may need support
      • Dive 2-3 long wooden stakes next to the soil ball and attach a wire b/t the stakes and the tree trunk
      • Protect the trunk from the wire by covering the wire with a short piece of rubber hose
    • Watering
      • Use 2 5-gallon buckets of water on large shrubs and trees
      • Tell homeowner to continue this practice weekly for the first growing season if there has been no rainfall during the week
  • 11.
    • Fertilizer and anti-transpirant
      • Don’t fertilize at transplanting
      • Spray foliage with anti-transpirant to reduce water loss during transplanting
    • Trunk wrapping
      • Wrap tree trunks with a heavy paper to protect from sunscald
    • Ground cover installation
      • Plant 8-12” apart
      • Water frequently when establishing
  • 12.
    • Vine installation
      • Use vines for overhead protection over patios or to soften a wall or fence
      • Use a trellis to support the weak stems
  • 13. Planting techniques for flowers
    • Flower border- flowers in front of the shrubs
    • Flower bed- contains only flowers
    • Remove grass and turf from bed
    • Add organic matter and till into the top 6” of soil
    • Plant flowers and apply preemergence pesticide
    • Hand water and weed regularly
    • Fertilize 2x per yr
  • 14.
    • Flowering bulbs/tubers/corms
      • Plant hardy flowering bulbs in fall
        • Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths
  • 15. Final planting steps
    • Bed edging
      • Make a clean, crisp line b/t grass and bed
      • Can use plastic, steel, aluminum, paves, timbers, and treated wood
      • Installation
        • Dig a trench deep enough to bury edging with 1/2-3/4 inch exposed above mulch
        • Follow manufacturer’s directions to install stakes
  • 16.  
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  • 18.  
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  • 20.  
  • 21.
    • Landscape fabric
      • Reduces weed competition
      • Use geotextiles to let air, water, and fertilizer enter soil
      • Clear area to bare soil and unroll fabric
      • Place “X” cut over plant and slip over plant
      • Cover fabric with a minimum of 4” of mulch
    • Mulch
      • Reduces water loss, prevent weed growth, keeps soil warm, and prevents erosion
      • Spread mulch 1-4” deep
      • Organic mulches decay quickly
      • Inorganic mulches (gravel, stone, sand) rarely need replenishing