Installing Plant Materials


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Installing Plant Materials

  1. 1. Installing Plant Materials How are plants installed in a landscape?
  2. 2. Plant Installation Considerations <ul><li>Water requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of water plants need to grow and live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought tolerance- ability of plant to grow wit low amounts of moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use plants that fit the climate </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Growth rate and maturity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about mature size of plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If little spread to plant, then plant closer together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardiness, Heat-zone, and adaptations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How well a plant is suited to a climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light requirements for a plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nutrient and pH needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take soil test and then match plants to naturally available nutrients </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Sources of info for selecting and installing plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should tell you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common and scientific names </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deciduous or evergreen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Height and spread of plant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth, training, and trimming requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of flowers and fruit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hardiness zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heat-zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pest resistance and problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun requirements (full sun, partial sun, or shade) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life span (perennial, biennial or annual) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential problems </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Using Xeriscaping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water conservation through creative, appropriate landscaping and water management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick plants according to water availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit turf areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use efficient irrigation systems (drip systems) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the WHC of soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water zones- amount of water needed by plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very low water zone (native shrubs, cacti), low water zone (shrubs, groundcovers), moderate water zone (annuals, succulents) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Preplanting info <ul><li>Cover plants with tarp when transporting </li></ul><ul><li>Spring planting- bare root material </li></ul><ul><li>Fall planting- container/B&B material </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid summer planting to minimize water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting trees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the trunk straight and crown symmetrical? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the tree show signs of current season growth? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded buds, new leaves, elongated shoots </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there any signs of disease or insect damage? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Planting Techniques for trees and shrubs <ul><li>B&B planting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil ball- soil surrounding the root system that has been balled and burlapped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dig hole a min. of 12” larger than the soil ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top of hole should be level with top of soil ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carefully place plant in hole without removing burlap to check for size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Untie and remove twine from trunk and stems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove burlap from soil ball and push down into the walls of the planting hole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Container grown planting techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dig hole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove plant and roots from pot and place in hole with the best looking side forward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If roots are circled in pot, cut roots and spread them before planting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bare root planting techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove thin plastic covering around roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dig a hole as deep as the longest root and 12” wider that the root system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant at the same level as previously planted (stain) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back fill hole and tamp to remove pockets of air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct a saucer by creating a small berm around edge of planting hole to hole irrigation water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Backfilling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Break up all large soil clumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partially back fill the hole with existing soil and tamp the soil around the root system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finish filling soil and tamp to remove air pockets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct a saucer, slightly larger than the root system, with the extra soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill saucer with water </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Staking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees 6-12’ tall may need support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dive 2-3 long wooden stakes next to the soil ball and attach a wire b/t the stakes and the tree trunk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect the trunk from the wire by covering the wire with a short piece of rubber hose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Watering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use 2 5-gallon buckets of water on large shrubs and trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell homeowner to continue this practice weekly for the first growing season if there has been no rainfall during the week </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Fertilizer and anti-transpirant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t fertilize at transplanting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spray foliage with anti-transpirant to reduce water loss during transplanting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trunk wrapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrap tree trunks with a heavy paper to protect from sunscald </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ground cover installation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant 8-12” apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water frequently when establishing </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Vine installation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use vines for overhead protection over patios or to soften a wall or fence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a trellis to support the weak stems </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Planting techniques for flowers <ul><li>Flower border- flowers in front of the shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Flower bed- contains only flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Remove grass and turf from bed </li></ul><ul><li>Add organic matter and till into the top 6” of soil </li></ul><ul><li>Plant flowers and apply preemergence pesticide </li></ul><ul><li>Hand water and weed regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilize 2x per yr </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Flowering bulbs/tubers/corms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant hardy flowering bulbs in fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Final planting steps <ul><li>Bed edging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make a clean, crisp line b/t grass and bed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can use plastic, steel, aluminum, paves, timbers, and treated wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dig a trench deep enough to bury edging with 1/2-3/4 inch exposed above mulch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow manufacturer’s directions to install stakes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Landscape fabric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces weed competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use geotextiles to let air, water, and fertilizer enter soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear area to bare soil and unroll fabric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place “X” cut over plant and slip over plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover fabric with a minimum of 4” of mulch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mulch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces water loss, prevent weed growth, keeps soil warm, and prevents erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread mulch 1-4” deep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic mulches decay quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inorganic mulches (gravel, stone, sand) rarely need replenishing </li></ul></ul>
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