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Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
Installing Plant Materials
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Installing Plant Materials


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  • 1. Installing Plant Materials How are plants installed in a landscape?
  • 2. Plant Installation Considerations
    • Water requirements
      • Amount of water plants need to grow and live
      • Drought tolerance- ability of plant to grow wit low amounts of moisture
      • Use plants that fit the climate
  • 3.
    • Growth rate and maturity
      • Think about mature size of plant
      • If little spread to plant, then plant closer together
    • Hardiness, Heat-zone, and adaptations
      • How well a plant is suited to a climate
      • Light requirements for a plant
    • Nutrient and pH needs
      • Take soil test and then match plants to naturally available nutrients
  • 4.
    • Sources of info for selecting and installing plants
      • Should tell you
        • Common and scientific names
        • Deciduous or evergreen
        • Height and spread of plant
        • Growth, training, and trimming requirements
        • Characteristics of flowers and fruit
        • Hardiness zone
        • Heat-zone
        • Pest resistance and problems
        • Sun requirements (full sun, partial sun, or shade)
        • Water requirements
        • Life span (perennial, biennial or annual)
        • Potential problems
  • 5.
    • Using Xeriscaping
      • Water conservation through creative, appropriate landscaping and water management
      • Pick plants according to water availability
      • Limit turf areas
      • Use efficient irrigation systems (drip systems)
      • Improve the WHC of soil
      • Water zones- amount of water needed by plants
        • Very low water zone (native shrubs, cacti), low water zone (shrubs, groundcovers), moderate water zone (annuals, succulents)
  • 6. Preplanting info
    • Cover plants with tarp when transporting
    • Spring planting- bare root material
    • Fall planting- container/B&B material
    • Avoid summer planting to minimize water needs
    • Selecting trees
      • Is the trunk straight and crown symmetrical?
      • Does the tree show signs of current season growth?
        • Expanded buds, new leaves, elongated shoots
      • Are there any signs of disease or insect damage?
  • 7. Planting Techniques for trees and shrubs
    • B&B planting
      • Soil ball- soil surrounding the root system that has been balled and burlapped
      • Dig hole a min. of 12” larger than the soil ball
      • Top of hole should be level with top of soil ball
      • Carefully place plant in hole without removing burlap to check for size
      • Untie and remove twine from trunk and stems
      • Remove burlap from soil ball and push down into the walls of the planting hole
      • Video
  • 8.
    • Container grown planting techniques
      • Dig hole
      • Remove plant and roots from pot and place in hole with the best looking side forward
      • If roots are circled in pot, cut roots and spread them before planting
      • Video
    • Bare root planting techniques
      • Remove thin plastic covering around roots
      • Dig a hole as deep as the longest root and 12” wider that the root system
      • Plant at the same level as previously planted (stain)
      • Back fill hole and tamp to remove pockets of air
      • Construct a saucer by creating a small berm around edge of planting hole to hole irrigation water
      • Video
  • 9.
    • Backfilling
      • Break up all large soil clumps
      • Partially back fill the hole with existing soil and tamp the soil around the root system
      • Finish filling soil and tamp to remove air pockets
      • Construct a saucer, slightly larger than the root system, with the extra soil
      • Fill saucer with water
  • 10.
    • Staking
      • Trees 6-12’ tall may need support
      • Dive 2-3 long wooden stakes next to the soil ball and attach a wire b/t the stakes and the tree trunk
      • Protect the trunk from the wire by covering the wire with a short piece of rubber hose
    • Watering
      • Use 2 5-gallon buckets of water on large shrubs and trees
      • Tell homeowner to continue this practice weekly for the first growing season if there has been no rainfall during the week
  • 11.
    • Fertilizer and anti-transpirant
      • Don’t fertilize at transplanting
      • Spray foliage with anti-transpirant to reduce water loss during transplanting
    • Trunk wrapping
      • Wrap tree trunks with a heavy paper to protect from sunscald
    • Ground cover installation
      • Plant 8-12” apart
      • Water frequently when establishing
  • 12.
    • Vine installation
      • Use vines for overhead protection over patios or to soften a wall or fence
      • Use a trellis to support the weak stems
  • 13. Planting techniques for flowers
    • Flower border- flowers in front of the shrubs
    • Flower bed- contains only flowers
    • Remove grass and turf from bed
    • Add organic matter and till into the top 6” of soil
    • Plant flowers and apply preemergence pesticide
    • Hand water and weed regularly
    • Fertilize 2x per yr
  • 14.
    • Flowering bulbs/tubers/corms
      • Plant hardy flowering bulbs in fall
        • Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths
  • 15. Final planting steps
    • Bed edging
      • Make a clean, crisp line b/t grass and bed
      • Can use plastic, steel, aluminum, paves, timbers, and treated wood
      • Installation
        • Dig a trench deep enough to bury edging with 1/2-3/4 inch exposed above mulch
        • Follow manufacturer’s directions to install stakes
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  • 21.
    • Landscape fabric
      • Reduces weed competition
      • Use geotextiles to let air, water, and fertilizer enter soil
      • Clear area to bare soil and unroll fabric
      • Place “X” cut over plant and slip over plant
      • Cover fabric with a minimum of 4” of mulch
    • Mulch
      • Reduces water loss, prevent weed growth, keeps soil warm, and prevents erosion
      • Spread mulch 1-4” deep
      • Organic mulches decay quickly
      • Inorganic mulches (gravel, stone, sand) rarely need replenishing