Installing Plant Materials
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Installing Plant Materials






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    Installing Plant Materials Installing Plant Materials Presentation Transcript

    • Installing Plant Materials How are plants installed in a landscape?
    • Plant Installation Considerations
      • Water requirements
        • Amount of water plants need to grow and live
        • Drought tolerance- ability of plant to grow wit low amounts of moisture
        • Use plants that fit the climate
      • Growth rate and maturity
        • Think about mature size of plant
        • If little spread to plant, then plant closer together
      • Hardiness, Heat-zone, and adaptations
        • How well a plant is suited to a climate
        • Light requirements for a plant
      • Nutrient and pH needs
        • Take soil test and then match plants to naturally available nutrients
      • Sources of info for selecting and installing plants
        • Should tell you
          • Common and scientific names
          • Deciduous or evergreen
          • Height and spread of plant
          • Growth, training, and trimming requirements
          • Characteristics of flowers and fruit
          • Hardiness zone
          • Heat-zone
          • Pest resistance and problems
          • Sun requirements (full sun, partial sun, or shade)
          • Water requirements
          • Life span (perennial, biennial or annual)
          • Potential problems
      • Using Xeriscaping
        • Water conservation through creative, appropriate landscaping and water management
        • Pick plants according to water availability
        • Limit turf areas
        • Use efficient irrigation systems (drip systems)
        • Improve the WHC of soil
        • Water zones- amount of water needed by plants
          • Very low water zone (native shrubs, cacti), low water zone (shrubs, groundcovers), moderate water zone (annuals, succulents)
    • Preplanting info
      • Cover plants with tarp when transporting
      • Spring planting- bare root material
      • Fall planting- container/B&B material
      • Avoid summer planting to minimize water needs
      • Selecting trees
        • Is the trunk straight and crown symmetrical?
        • Does the tree show signs of current season growth?
          • Expanded buds, new leaves, elongated shoots
        • Are there any signs of disease or insect damage?
    • Planting Techniques for trees and shrubs
      • B&B planting
        • Soil ball- soil surrounding the root system that has been balled and burlapped
        • Dig hole a min. of 12” larger than the soil ball
        • Top of hole should be level with top of soil ball
        • Carefully place plant in hole without removing burlap to check for size
        • Untie and remove twine from trunk and stems
        • Remove burlap from soil ball and push down into the walls of the planting hole
        • Video
      • Container grown planting techniques
        • Dig hole
        • Remove plant and roots from pot and place in hole with the best looking side forward
        • If roots are circled in pot, cut roots and spread them before planting
        • Video
      • Bare root planting techniques
        • Remove thin plastic covering around roots
        • Dig a hole as deep as the longest root and 12” wider that the root system
        • Plant at the same level as previously planted (stain)
        • Back fill hole and tamp to remove pockets of air
        • Construct a saucer by creating a small berm around edge of planting hole to hole irrigation water
        • Video
      • Backfilling
        • Break up all large soil clumps
        • Partially back fill the hole with existing soil and tamp the soil around the root system
        • Finish filling soil and tamp to remove air pockets
        • Construct a saucer, slightly larger than the root system, with the extra soil
        • Fill saucer with water
      • Staking
        • Trees 6-12’ tall may need support
        • Dive 2-3 long wooden stakes next to the soil ball and attach a wire b/t the stakes and the tree trunk
        • Protect the trunk from the wire by covering the wire with a short piece of rubber hose
      • Watering
        • Use 2 5-gallon buckets of water on large shrubs and trees
        • Tell homeowner to continue this practice weekly for the first growing season if there has been no rainfall during the week
      • Fertilizer and anti-transpirant
        • Don’t fertilize at transplanting
        • Spray foliage with anti-transpirant to reduce water loss during transplanting
      • Trunk wrapping
        • Wrap tree trunks with a heavy paper to protect from sunscald
      • Ground cover installation
        • Plant 8-12” apart
        • Water frequently when establishing
      • Vine installation
        • Use vines for overhead protection over patios or to soften a wall or fence
        • Use a trellis to support the weak stems
    • Planting techniques for flowers
      • Flower border- flowers in front of the shrubs
      • Flower bed- contains only flowers
      • Remove grass and turf from bed
      • Add organic matter and till into the top 6” of soil
      • Plant flowers and apply preemergence pesticide
      • Hand water and weed regularly
      • Fertilize 2x per yr
      • Flowering bulbs/tubers/corms
        • Plant hardy flowering bulbs in fall
          • Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths
    • Final planting steps
      • Bed edging
        • Make a clean, crisp line b/t grass and bed
        • Can use plastic, steel, aluminum, paves, timbers, and treated wood
        • Installation
          • Dig a trench deep enough to bury edging with 1/2-3/4 inch exposed above mulch
          • Follow manufacturer’s directions to install stakes
      • Landscape fabric
        • Reduces weed competition
        • Use geotextiles to let air, water, and fertilizer enter soil
        • Clear area to bare soil and unroll fabric
        • Place “X” cut over plant and slip over plant
        • Cover fabric with a minimum of 4” of mulch
      • Mulch
        • Reduces water loss, prevent weed growth, keeps soil warm, and prevents erosion
        • Spread mulch 1-4” deep
        • Organic mulches decay quickly
        • Inorganic mulches (gravel, stone, sand) rarely need replenishing