Search Strategy Evaluate Information Find resources in the Library using OPAC Effective searching of the World Wide Web Select Sources Information from electronic databases ComIndex
Use Double Quotes & Brackets 5 Search Strategy Sources " " ( ) Identify main ideas 1 Find keywords & alternative terms 2 Use Boolean Operators 3 and (+) or (,) not (-) Use Wildcards * 4 Construct search strategy 6
<ul><ul><li>Step 1: Identify main ideas </li></ul></ul>Search Strategy Project: Magazines for local youths Keyword Keyword
Step 2: Find alternative terms Search Strategy Keywords : Alternative terms: kids teens tweens periodicals journals ezines newsletters singapore* youths magazines local
<ul><li>OR broadens search </li></ul>Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT youths teens or youths OR teens Search Strategy
<ul><li>AND narrows search </li></ul>magazines youths Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT youths AND magazines Search Strategy and
NOT limits search youths AND magazines NOT comics Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT Search Strategy and youths magazines comics NOT
<ul><li>program * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>program, program s , program mes , program ming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>teen * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>teen, teen ager , teen s , teen agers </li></ul></ul>Useful for searching variations of a root word Step 4: Use of wildcards (*, ?, $) * Search Strategy
Step 5: To group parts of terms for meaningful search ( magazine* OR journal* ) AND ( youth* OR tween* OR teen* ) Search Strategy " " “ success formulas” , “local youths” Words appear as a phrase ( ) Nesting group parts of the search strategy together using parentheses. Works like complex expression in algebra
Form meaningful search phrases using boolean operators and wildcards Use search phrases to search in Library OPAC & Internet SEARCH STRATEGY: ( youth * OR teen* OR tween * ) AND singapore* AND ( magazine* or ezine* ) NOT comic * Magazines for local youths Search Strategy
Search Strategy History Singapore Film Production singapura singapore* local film* making motion picture* movie* histor* past memorial chronicle History of Film Production in Singapore * " " ( ) and or not
Select Sources Find resources in the Library using OPAC Effective searching of the World Wide Web Information from electronic databases ComIndex
2. Click the blue Subject button for Subject Search OPAC <ul><li>Access NP Library OPAC through http://libopac.np.edu.sg </li></ul>
feminism 3. Type in one or two keywords for your topic OPAC
You will get a list of Subject Terms containing the word you typed in e.g. feminism 4a. Click on one of the Subject Hyperlinks 4b. Or to select more than one subject, place checkmarks beside subjects of interest, click Display Selections OPAC
You will then be presented with a results list 5. If you are interested in a particular title, click on the Title hyperlink. OPAC
The Subjects field describes the content nature of the book Expand your search with these subject terms OPAC
LIFESTYLE COLLECTION The Book Collection is categorised under the following clusters : biography business & management cartoons & comics computers & Internet creativity & innovation entertainment fiction food & beverages general – social sci, pol. health & medical hobbies home & family humour languages lifeskills science & technology sports travel & culture true stories design
You may sometimes encounter this screen in OPAC. Usually due to wrong use of words. OPAC
OPAC In other words, to find the proper terms for Subject Search, you need to know what subject headings the LCSH uses for your topic of interest. Keywords used in Subject Search must be in accordance to the Library of Congress Subject Headings or LCSH in short.
news writing 1. Type the your keywords into Quickfind and do a Title Search. OPAC
2. Click on one title which is most relevant. OPAC
3. Look through the Subjects field and take note of the Subject terms used by OPAC. OPAC 4. Click on Search Menu
5. Click the Subject button for Subject Search OPAC
journalism authorship 6. Type the subject terms noted earlier OPAC
7. You will get a list of Subject Headings related to the topic of interest OPAC
Another useful type of search is the Advanced Search OPAC
Select field to search in. To expand your search, choose Anywhere. Select Boolean Operator to use. Type keywords. Use * to expand your search. You may also choose to limit the material type. e.g. Videorecording OPAC
National Library OPAC 1 Go to http://www.nlb.gov.sg Click on Catalogue 2 Click on NLB Logo 3 Select Easy Search 4
7 Enter Keywords 5 Click on Title of interest 6
Other Libraries' OPACs Click here from www.np.edu.sg/library/main.htm
Click here for Library OPACs, search and locate relevant titles
Get referral letter from Reference Counter (Level 3) after confirming that titles are not available in NP Library . Copy down Title, Author, Location, Call # for all titles you would wish to browse at the other library.
<ul><li>Current & up-to-date information </li></ul><ul><li>From periodicals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In NP Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of electronic databases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World Wide Web </li></ul>Find out what has already been written on the topic Current Information
Information from electronic databases ComIndex
<ul><li>Real-time f ull-text NEWS on all topics from 8,000 Reuters & Dow Jones worldwide sources </li></ul><ul><li>Archives of Local News </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Times (1994 - ), Straits Times (1995 -), Channelnews Asia (2000-), Lianhe Zaobao (1999-) </li></ul></ul>
1. Click on Factiva from Library Homepage at http://www.np.edu.sg/library/main.htm
2. Use Intelligent Indexing for narrowing search to broad categories such as a particular Company, Subject, Region e.g. Singapore, or Industry e.g. Media
2a) Use the + button to expand search for index terms. 2b) Type a keyword. You may use wildcard *. 2d) Select type of index to search. Click on Look up button. 2e) Repeat steps (b) to (c) to add more keywords. 2ca) Click to select terms that are relevant 2cb) Selected terms will be brought to this table.
3. Type your search strategy here. You MUST use boolean operators to separate your keywords. Operators used in Factiva are: AND OR NOT * ( ) 4. Select Date Range. To input your own dates, select “Enter date range”. 5. For a more accurate search, select Headline and Lead Paragraph as fields to search free-text terms. 6. Run Search when all is done. (magazine* or periodical* or journal*) and (market* or strategy* or method*) and (youth* or tween* or teen*)
Click on Any headline to read full article Click on the Modify Search to refine your search.
Save as Word doc Email Keywords indicated appear in bold.
a) Click on Source option Select from the dropdown in My Source List Pictures
Click to select both picture sources Selected terms will be brought to this table. Type simple keywords Run search “ american idol” and fantasia
<ul><li>Academic Research Premier </li></ul><ul><li>3,430 scholarly publications in full text </li></ul><ul><li>Covers arts, business, humanities, social sciences, engineering, chemistry, computers, physics, telecommunications and more </li></ul>
1. Click on EBSCOhost from Library Homepage at http://www.np.edu.sg/library/main.htm
2. Type in your keywords into the text boxes provided. Select Fields to search, Boolean operators. Select Fields to search. Select Boolean operators.
Search Tips: You may use Boolean operators: and or not , Wildcard * within the text box 3. Click on Search.
4. Click on any headline, html or pdf link to view article.
Other Databases http://www.np.edu.sg/library/databases/bysubj/fms.htm <ul><li>Complete bibliographic information </li></ul><ul><li>~ 31,500 article citations </li></ul><ul><li>From 70 key international journals & annuals from the communications field </li></ul><ul><li>Citations only (need to follow up) </li></ul>ComIndex <ul><li>Search thousands of full-length US commercials and political advertisements, and enjoy them at your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Read latest news, feature articles and analysis on advertising, production, design, photography and other creative disciplines </li></ul>
Author: Walton, Tony Title of Article: Light up the sky Periodical Title: American Theatre Issue: v14, n6, Jul 1997, p18-20 Walton, Tony . Light up the sky. American Theatre ; v14, n6, Jul 1997, p18-20 Follow up of Citations
1. Click on TDNet eJournals Database from Library Homepage at http://www.np.edu.sg/library/main.htm Follow up of Citations
2. Type Periodical Title into search box. Click GO Follow up of Citations
Click to access full text from databases Follow up of Citations Indicates that there are print copies in the Library. Click for OPAC record
Bound Periodicals Those not indicated here are at back issues.
Current Periodicals area, 3rd storey (no loan) Back issues area, 3rd storey (Loan: 3 or 7 days) Bound volumes 5th storey (Loan: 2 weeks)
Do a search in Google using Article Title. You may just be able to find the full text online!
<ul><li>TDNet Journal Title Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodical title available online? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- full-text access in e-format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print format available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- current issue? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- back issue? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- bound? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Titles not held </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference counter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter of referral </li></ul></ul>Follow up of Citations
Clipart, illustrations etc Images, Audio Files, Video clips, Java Applets for downloading or uploading Library Homepage : http://www.np.edu.sg/library/main.htm Library Homepage – Databases – Title – C Access more than 2,500,000 clipart images, animations, photos, fonts and sound clips! Watch seminars on business to lifestyle, personal development to family issues by famous management gurus Library Homepage – Databases Library Homepage Watch 300 short documentaries covering various topics.
For Clipart, Audio Clips, Video Files… Look for Clipart.com for clipart, photos, images, sounds and fonts
<ul><li>Most popular and well used currently </li></ul><ul><li>Searches are fast, and tend to give relevant and high-quality websites </li></ul><ul><li>Won numerous awards in Search Engine Watch </li></ul><ul><li>Best search engine for images and news </li></ul>Supports: + in front of the word: To include word. - in front of the term: To exclude words. " ": To search as a phrase. OR (uppercase) between terms: To include either word. | can also be used AND operator (defaulted): To include both words. ( ) : To group keywords together Domain Restriction: e.g. site:www.np.edu.sg Does not support : Wildcards (*), case sensitivity
<ul><li>Meta Search Engine that sends your search to many major search engines such as MSN and Lycos </li></ul><ul><li>Categorizes the results into various subjects </li></ul>Supports: AND operator (defaulted): To include both words. - or NOT operator: To exclude word. " " : To search as a phrase OR (uppercase) between terms: To include either word. Restriction : domain:domainname, host: or site:hostname, link:URLtext, linktext:text, text:text, title:text, url:text Does not support : Wildcards (*), case sensitivity Meta Search Engine
Search Engine Tips - for NOT Makes sure that the pages found do not have the words with the minus sign preceding it e.g. +Clinton -Lewinsky + for AND Makes sure that a search engine finds pages which include the words you enter. If you do not use the plus sign, the word may not be in the results. e.g. +windows +xp +bugs OR Used for connecting alternative terms Google also accepts | (pipe character) “ ” for phrases Makes sure that terms appear in exact order you specify e.g. “TV Mobile”
Search Engine Tips More: http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/index.php * for wildcard Used by: only Altavista. Google: full-word wildcard e.g. “three * mice” ( ) Used to group parts of search strategy, usually used for alternative terms. Used by: Altavista, Google Restricting searches To restrict searches to certain domain, URL etc. e.g. site:www.np.edu.sg
award winning online magazine “ award winning” “online magazine” +“award winning” +“online magazine” +“award winning” +(ezine OR zine OR “online magazine”) +"award winning" +(ezine OR zine OR "online magazine" OR "online journal" OR "online publication") Search Strategy Topic: Award-winning online magazine Improving your search… step by step.
Evaluate Websites 1. C urrency - When was the web-site last revised ? - Does the date of update correspond to the information found ? 2. A uthority - Check if documents are reliable - Check the author’s credibility - Is the site from a reputable organisation ? Are my search results good? Information correct and reliable?
<ul><li>5. A ccuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Check if it is free from errors </li></ul><ul><li>( factually, typographically, etc. ) </li></ul>4. O bjectivity - Does it contain facts OR opinions ? - Is the information biased or persuasive? <ul><li>3. R elevance </li></ul><ul><li>Is the piece of information relevant and important to my project/assignment? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Research on impact of TV violence on children </li></ul><ul><li>Competition between Channel u and Channel 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Award winning advertising clips </li></ul>Databases
Citing Sources ( APA style ) Books [Author(s)]. ([Year of Publication]). [Title of Book] (ed[#]). [Place of Publication]: [Publisher]. Examples Hesen, J., Carpenter, K., Moriber, H., & Milsop, A. (1983). Computers in the business world. Hartford, CT: Capital Press. Creech, P. J. (1975). Radiology and technology of the absurd (3rd ed.). Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. Journals [Author(s)]. ([Year]). [Article Title]. [Title of Source], [Volume], [Pages] Example of journal citation Heyman, K. (1997). Talk radio, talk net. Yahoo!, 3, 62-83. Maddux, K. (1997, March). True stories of the internet patrol. NetGuide Magazine , 88-92.
Article from E-Databases [Author(s)]. [(Year)]. [Article Title]. [Title of Source], [Volume], [Pages]. Retrieved [Date of Access], from [Name of database]. Articles on Web [Author(s)]. ([Year]). [Article Title]. [Title of Source] . Retrieved [Date of Access] from [URL]. <ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schneiderman, R. A. (1997). Librarians can make sense of the Net. San Antonio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Journal, 11, 58+. Retrieved January 27, 2003, from EBSCOhost. </li></ul></ul>Articles on Web Klein, Donald F. (1997). Control group in Pharmacoptherapy and psychotherapy evaluations. Treatment, I. Retrieved November 16, 1997 from http://www.apa.org/treatment/vol1/97_a1.html Citing Sources ( APA style )
<ul><li>Movie or Videorecording </li></ul><ul><li>[Producer]. (Producer), & [Director]. (Director). ([Year]). [Title] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Motion picture]. [Place of Filming]: [Company]. </li></ul></ul>Sound Recording [Writer] ([Date of copyright]). [Title of album] [Medium of recording: CD, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (Recording date if different than copyright) <ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>McFerrin, Bobby (Vocalist). (1990). Medicine music [Cassette Recording]. Hollywood, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA: EMI-USA. </li></ul></ul>Personal Interview ([Person’s name], personal communication, [Date of interview]) Example (R. Wilbur, personal communication, March 28, 1968) <ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Weir, P.B. (Producer), & Harrison, B.F. (Director). (1992). Levels of consciousness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[Motion picture]. Boston, MA: Filmways. </li></ul></ul>Citing Sources ( APA style )