History of Photography 1960-1990 By: Maddy Paulett, Jess Paolella, Mel Gib, Katie Wilson, Melissa Marzan
Cynthia Morris Sherman <ul><li>Born in 1954, in Glen Ridge, New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>She is the youngest of five, and grew up in Huntington, Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Her father was an engineer and her mother worked as a reading teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>She was never interested in art until she went to college at the State University of College at Buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>As a freshman, Sherman studied painting, she didn’t like the limitations of painting so she gave it up. Sherman than started studying photography, which she studied for the rest of her time at Buffalo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . There was nothing more to say [through painting]. I was meticulously copying other art and then I realized I could just use a camera and put my time into an idea instead.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graduated in 1976, she moved to New York City to start her career in art </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman began taking photographs of herself. These photographs are known as the Untitled Film Stills. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1977 began work on Untitled Film Stills This series consist of 8 10-inch black-and-white photographs featuring Sherman herself in a variety of roles. Her photographs show her dressed up in wigs, hats, dresses, clothes unlike her own, playing the roles of characters. </li></ul><ul><li>While many may mistake these photographs for self-portraits, these photographs only play with elements of self-portraiture and are really something quite different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In each of these photographs, Sherman plays a type -- not an actual person, but a fictional one. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is the archetypal housewife, the prostitute, the woman in distress, the woman in tears, the dancer, and the actress. </li></ul></ul>
Cynthia Morris Sherman <ul><li>Sherman moved into taking pictures of grotesque and the creepy objects, such as mutilated bodies and she imitated sicknesses such as eating disorders, insanity, and death. </li></ul><ul><li>Her work starts focusing on the results of society's acceptance of stereotyped for women than the person themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1990s Sherman returned to the idea of women female identities, introducing mannequins to some of her photographs. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1997 she directed the dark comedy film Office Killer. </li></ul><ul><li>She followed this in 1999 with an display of disturbing images of savaged dolls and doll parts that extended her interest in violence and artificiality. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Born November 4, 1946 in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his photographs of flowers, still life's, celebrities, everyday people, and men. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended the Pratt Institute of Art in NY for seven years </li></ul><ul><li>Early works consisted of collages from cut up magazines, which he then spray painted over </li></ul><ul><li>In 1970 he started to take his own photographs using his Polaroid camera and by the mid 1970s his classic black and white photographs were getting highly appraised </li></ul><ul><li>In his photos, Mapplethorpe used precise focus to make them look simple yet severe. His use of lighting gave the photos a form of drastic contrast </li></ul><ul><li>In 1977 Mapplethorpe starting taking and releasing photographs of naked male subjects </li></ul><ul><li>This photos were shocking to people, homosexual photography had never really been shared openly before </li></ul><ul><li>However with these photos Mapplthorpe made the public face the issue of homosexuality, whether they liked it or not. </li></ul>Robert Mapplethorpe
<ul><li>By 1980, Mapplethorpe’s fame had grown increasingly </li></ul><ul><li>Started to stray away from sexual photographs and focused more on celebrity portraits and flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Favorite flower to photograph was the calla lily, which some argued was just as sexual as the erotic photographs taken by Mapplethorpe </li></ul><ul><li>1986 Robert was diagnosed with AIDS, which he eventually died from </li></ul><ul><li>Works are still famous today for having the reputation of being provocative yet elegant. </li></ul>“ I went into photography because it seemed like the perfect vehicle for commenting on the madness of today's existence. “
“ I see things like they've never been seen before. Art is an accurate statement of the time in which it is made. “
<ul><li>Born: March 20,1940 </li></ul><ul><li>She was a photojournalist whose images document the lives of marginalized people in the United States and other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark’s subject is people. Many of whom, she has gotten to know in intimate detail. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1974 she published her first book, passport , a selection of her photographs taken from 1963 to 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1976 she began one of her best known projects. For two months she lived in a high security women's ward at the Oregon state memorial institution in order to capture on film the moods and on going anxieties of mental ill women confined to a locked ward. The resulting black and white images, were published in her next book, Ward 81(1979). This book illustrates her attempts to record the human condition with both compassion and objectivity. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1982 Mark completed an award winning photo-essay for life magazine documenting lives of runaway children on the streets of Seattle Washington. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Ellen Mark’s work has appeared in magazines such as Life , Look , The New York Times Magazine and The Times. </li></ul><ul><li>She demands clarity of issue, excellence of technique, and the ability of any image to stand alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark’s images are very personal because she observes from within the world rather than from outside it. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mary Ellen Mark has the ability to capture the essence on the human spirit with the lens like no other.” </li></ul><ul><li>Other books Mark has are: Falkland Road: Prostitutes of Bombay (1981), Photographs of Mother Teresa's Missions of Charity in Calcutta: Untitled 39 (1985), Streetwise (1988), The Photo Essay: Photography by Mary Ellen Mark (1990) </li></ul>Mary Ellen Mark
Horst P. Horst <ul><li>Born: August 6, 1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in a middle class family </li></ul><ul><li>Famous between 1931 and 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>First pictures showed in December 1931 issue of French Vogue and other works went in to House and Garden magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>His most famous signature shot, that of a model wearing an unraveling corset </li></ul><ul><li>His elegant work made him one of the leading fashion photographers of the mid-20th century </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred studio work, and his sessions would sometimes last for days he need to searched for the right blend of light and shadow. </li></ul><ul><li>When Horst moved to the U.S in 1939, he changed his name so he wouldn't be confused with Nazi official Martin Bormann and generally became known by the single name Horst. </li></ul><ul><li>He had many famous portraits of Harry S. Truman, Coco Chanel, Marlene Dietrich, and Jacqueline Kennedy and many more. </li></ul><ul><li>His work has been displayed in museums in New York, London, Cologne, and Germany. </li></ul>
Roy DeCarava <ul><li>Roy DeCarava was born in New York, New York in 1919 and has been taking photographs for forty five years. </li></ul><ul><li>He began his career as a painter and became a photographer in the late 1940’s. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1952 he became the first African American photographer to be awarded the Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship. </li></ul><ul><li>The book “The Sweet Flypaper of Life” was published which was a compilation of DeCarava’s best photos. The text in this book as was written by the poet Langston Hughes. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of his most famous pieces are “Coat Hanger” in 1961 and “Ketchup Bottles, Table and Coat”. </li></ul>
<ul><li>DeCarava believes that light and dark values present expressive qualities and he is perhaps best known for his portraits of jazz musicians. These photos were taken of some of the greatest legends such as Louis Armstrong, John Coltrane, and Billie Holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1969 at the Studio Museum in Harlem, NY, DeCarava’s first major one man exhibit was held. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1963 he helped found the Kamoinge Workshop, an association of African-American photographers based in Harlem, NY. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1950s and 1960’s DeCarava was the photographer for LIFE magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>He currently resides in New York. </li></ul>
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