What are the insights of process theories of motivation?
What role does reinforcement play in motivation?
What are the trends in motivation and compensation?
Motivational Process Employee Identifies Need Employee searches for ways to satisfy these needs. Employee Selects Goal-directed Behaviors Employee Performs Employee Receives Either Rewards or Punishments Employee Reassess Need Deficiencies
jobs of similar value based on required education, training, skills should receive similar pay
Equity Model I 1 O 1 I 2 O 2 Inputs Age Attendance Interpersonal skills Communication skills Job effort (long hours) Past experience Performance Personal appearance Seniority Social status Technical skills Training Outcomes Challenging job assignments Fringe benefits Job perquisites (parking space or office location) Job security Monotony Promotion Recognition Responsibility Salary Seniority benefits Status symbols Working conditions
Fact 2: Whenever a goose falls out of formation, it suddenly feels the drag and resistance of trying to fly alone and quickly gets back into formation to take advantage of the lifting power of the bird immediately in front.
Lesson 2: If we have as much sense as geese, we will stay in formation and be willing to accept help when we need it and give help when it is needed.
Fact 5: When a goose is sick, is wounded or is shot down, two geese drop out of formation and follow it down to earth to help and protect it. They stay with their disabled companion until it is able to fly again or dies. They then launch out on their own or with another formation and catch up with the flock.
Lesson 5: If we have as much sense as geese, we, too, will stand by one another in difficult times and help the one who has dropped out to regain his place in the formation.