Few Moche Textiles Have Survived, Those That Are Known Are Finely WovenPresentation Transcript
History: Pre-Tahuantinsuyu to Orellana Atahualpa Fransisco Pizarro
Pre-Incan … refers to the time in the Americas before the Incan empire was created in the 15th century AD. Several native communities inhabited Ecuador and Peru during that era, including: Valdivia, Chorrera, Machalilla, Cotocollao, Carchi, Otavalo, Moche , etc. Many communities united to form more complex communities like the Caranqui, Otavalo, Pastos , Napo, Cañari , etc.
… refers to the time in the Americas before the 16th century, before Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492.
Most prominent cultures were three major civilizations:
Maya culture of Mesoamerica (300?-900?)
Aztec Empire (1428-1521) of Mesoamerica
Incan Empire (1440?-1532) of the Andes
Periods of Pre-Incan and Pre-Columbian Art
the Pre-agricultural period, ~ 40,000-5000 BC
the Archaic period, ~ 5000-1500 BC, e.g. Valdivia, Machalilla, Cañari
the Pre-Classic period ( Formative), ~1500BC to ~ AD 300; e.g. Chorrera , Moche , Jama-Coaque, Chavin, Sipan
the Classic period (or Florescent), ~300 to~900AD e.g. Tolita-Tumaco , Moche , Sipan , Recuay, Paracas, Nazca, Huari, Tiahuanaco
the Post-Classic period, ~900 to 1540AD e.g. Inca , Huari, Tiahuanaco, Sican, Cuzco
Moche ~ 200BC – 600AD Classic Period
Moche - Metal Work www.artnet.com;news.nationalgeographic.com; Museo Oro of Peru; David Bernstein Pre-Columbian Art
The Lord of Sipan
Empire across the Andes
Manco Capac (~ 1440)
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui
Tupac Inca Yupanqui
Huayna Capac (+ 1527)
INCA – Road System Ingapirca (Wall of the Inca) Ingapirca
INCA - Mathematics
- population: number of people, casualties, and birth and death rates.
food supply: harvests, livestock and fish, and agricultural areas.
military strength: soldiers, ammunition, fallen in battle.
Counters ('Quipucamayo') used it for counting and statistics: Quipu - "to tie" Abacus dsc.discovery.com
INCA – Astronomy Temple of the Sun perfect orientation; eastern room: solstice of Dec western rooms: solstice of June
INCA - Mummies www.nationalgeographic.com
accidental mummies (ice mummies)
inca burial sites
human sacrifices: to provide youth and well being for the Inca
Johns Hopkins University
INCA – gold & silver gold = 'sweat of the sun' silver = 'tears of the moon'