History: Pre-Tahuantinsuyu to Orellana Atahualpa Fransisco  Pizarro
Pre-Incan …  refers to the time in the Americas before the Incan empire was created in the 15th century AD.  Several nativ...
Pre-Columbian <ul><li>…  refers to the time in the Americas before the 16th century, before Christopher Columbus arrived i...
Periods of Pre-Incan and Pre-Columbian Art <ul><li>the  Pre-agricultural  period,    ~ 40,000-5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>th...
Moche ~ 200BC – 600AD Classic Period
Moche - Metal Work www.artnet.com;news.nationalgeographic.com; Museo Oro of Peru; David Bernstein Pre-Columbian Art
The Lord of Sipan
 
 
 
Empire across the Andes <ul><li>Manco Capac  (~ 1440) </li></ul><ul><li>Sinchi Roca </li></ul><ul><li>Lloque Yupanqui </li...
INCA – Road System Ingapirca  (Wall of the Inca) Ingapirca
INCA - Mathematics <ul><li>-  population: number of people, casualties, and birth and death rates.  </li></ul><ul><li>food...
INCA – Astronomy Temple of the Sun perfect orientation;  eastern room: solstice of Dec western rooms: solstice of June
INCA - Mummies www.nationalgeographic.com <ul><li>accidental mummies (ice mummies) </li></ul><ul><li>inca burial sites </l...
Ice Maiden
 
Johns Hopkins University
 
INCA –  gold & silver gold = 'sweat of the sun'  silver = 'tears of the moon'
1527
1532 260 mercenaries
 
 
Rumiñahui
 
Pizarro and Orellana
 
THE END
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Few Moche Textiles Have Survived, Those That Are Known Are Finely Woven

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  • Few Moche Textiles Have Survived, Those That Are Known Are Finely Woven

    1. 2. History: Pre-Tahuantinsuyu to Orellana Atahualpa Fransisco Pizarro
    2. 3. Pre-Incan … refers to the time in the Americas before the Incan empire was created in the 15th century AD. Several native communities inhabited Ecuador and Peru during that era, including: Valdivia, Chorrera, Machalilla, Cotocollao, Carchi, Otavalo, Moche , etc. Many communities united to form more complex communities like the Caranqui, Otavalo, Pastos , Napo, Cañari , etc.
    3. 4. Pre-Columbian <ul><li>… refers to the time in the Americas before the 16th century, before Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492. </li></ul><ul><li>Most prominent cultures were three major civilizations: </li></ul><ul><li>Maya culture of Mesoamerica (300?-900?) </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec Empire (1428-1521) of Mesoamerica </li></ul><ul><li>Incan Empire (1440?-1532) of the Andes   </li></ul>
    4. 5. Periods of Pre-Incan and Pre-Columbian Art <ul><li>the Pre-agricultural period,   ~ 40,000-5000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>the Archaic period,  ~ 5000-1500 BC, e.g. Valdivia, Machalilla, Cañari </li></ul><ul><li>the Pre-Classic period ( Formative), ~1500BC to ~ AD 300; e.g. Chorrera , Moche , Jama-Coaque, Chavin, Sipan </li></ul><ul><li>the Classic period (or Florescent), ~300 to~900AD e.g. Tolita-Tumaco , Moche , Sipan , Recuay, Paracas, Nazca, Huari, Tiahuanaco </li></ul><ul><li>the Post-Classic period, ~900 to 1540AD e.g. Inca , Huari, Tiahuanaco, Sican, Cuzco </li></ul>
    5. 6. Moche ~ 200BC – 600AD Classic Period
    6. 7. Moche - Metal Work www.artnet.com;news.nationalgeographic.com; Museo Oro of Peru; David Bernstein Pre-Columbian Art
    7. 8. The Lord of Sipan
    8. 12. Empire across the Andes <ul><li>Manco Capac (~ 1440) </li></ul><ul><li>Sinchi Roca </li></ul><ul><li>Lloque Yupanqui </li></ul><ul><li>Mayta Capac </li></ul><ul><li>Capac Yupanqui </li></ul><ul><li>Inca Roca </li></ul><ul><li>Yahuar Huacac </li></ul><ul><li>Viracocha Inca </li></ul><ul><li>Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui </li></ul><ul><li>Tupac Inca Yupanqui </li></ul><ul><li>Huayna Capac (+ 1527) </li></ul>Tahuantinsuyu runa-simi
    9. 13. INCA – Road System Ingapirca (Wall of the Inca) Ingapirca
    10. 14. INCA - Mathematics <ul><li>- population: number of people, casualties, and birth and death rates. </li></ul><ul><li>food supply: harvests, livestock and fish, and agricultural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>military strength: soldiers, ammunition, fallen in battle. </li></ul>Counters ('Quipucamayo') used it for counting and statistics: Quipu - &quot;to tie&quot; Abacus dsc.discovery.com
    11. 15. INCA – Astronomy Temple of the Sun perfect orientation; eastern room: solstice of Dec western rooms: solstice of June
    12. 16. INCA - Mummies www.nationalgeographic.com <ul><li>accidental mummies (ice mummies) </li></ul><ul><li>inca burial sites </li></ul><ul><li>human sacrifices: to provide youth and well being for the Inca </li></ul>
    13. 17. Ice Maiden
    14. 19. Johns Hopkins University
    15. 21. INCA – gold & silver gold = 'sweat of the sun' silver = 'tears of the moon'
    16. 22. 1527
    17. 23. 1532 260 mercenaries
    18. 26. Rumiñahui
    19. 28. Pizarro and Orellana
    20. 30. THE END
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