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  • 1. Turkey by Mete Öcal 30.11.2004                                                          
  • 2. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Political System
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 3. Turkey
    • Area:
      • 780,580 km 2
    • Boundaries
      • Total: 2,648 km
      • Border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
    • Coastline:
      • 7200 km
    • Climate:
      • Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior.
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 4. I. Geography GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 5. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Political System
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 6. II. Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Official Name: Republic of Turkey
    • Capital: Ankara
    • Government Type: Republican Parliamentary Democracy
    • Independence: 29 October 1923
    • Flag:
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 7. II. Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Population
      • 68,893,918
    • Population Growth Rate
      • 1,13 %
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04 26% 6 % 66 % Age Breakdown
  • 8. II. Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Ethnic Groups
      • Turkish: % 84
      • Kurdish: % 14
      • Arabic: % 1
      • Jewish: % 1
      • Greek: % 0,5
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
    • Religions
      • Muslim: % 99,8
      • Others (mostly Christians and Jews) : %0,2
  • 9. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Political System
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 10. III. Political System GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 11. IV. Educational System GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 12. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Political System
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 13. IV. Infrastructure
    • Transportation:
      • Railways: 8671 km
      • Highways: 385960 km
      • Waterways: 1200 km
    • Ports and Harbors:
      • 10
    • Airports:
      • 120
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 14. IV. Infrastructure
    • Communication
      • Main lines in use:
        • 18.916.700
      • Mobile Phones:
        • 27.887.500
      • Internet Users:
        • 5.500.000
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 15. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Political System
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 16. VI. Economy
    • GDP:
      • $458.2 billion
    • GDP per capita
      • $6,700
    • GDP growth rate
      • 5.8%
    • Population below poverty line
      • 18 %
    • Unemployment rate
      • 10.5 %
    • Currency
      • Turkish Lira: [TL]
    • Exchange Rates
      • 1 $ = 1,6 TL 1 € = 1,8 TL
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 17. VI. Economy
    • Budget
      • Revenues: 66.79 billion
      • Expenditures: 93.31 billion
    • Industries:
      • textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
    • Industrial Production Growth Rate:
      • 8,5 %
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 18. VI. Economy
    • Exports / Imports
    • Exports
      • $49.12 billion
    • Export Commodities
      • Apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
    • Export Partners
      • Germany 16.3%, UK 8.6%, US 8%, Italy 7.3%, France 5.7%
    • Imports
      • $62.43 billion
    • Import Commodities
      • Machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
    • Import Partners
      • Germany 15.3%, Italy 8.3%, Russia 7.3%, France 6%, UK 4.7%, US 4.4%, Switzerland 4.1%
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 19. VI. Economy
    • FDI
      • Foreign Capital Companies: 6.280
      • Cumulative Actual Investment: 16.222
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 20. Turkey
    • Geography
    • Republic of Turkey and its Demography
    • Educational System
    • Infrastructure
    • Political System
    • Economy
    • Weaknesses and Strengths
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 21. VII. Weaknesses and Strengths
    • Weaknesses
      • Not the “c heapest option “
      • Political unstability
      • Insufficient railway capacity
      • Lack of standardization
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 22. VII. Weaknesses and Strengths
    • Strengths
      • Location:
        • Meeting point of East and West
        • Center of Eurasia
      • Leading investor in Caucasian and Central Asian Republics
      • Experience of more than 5000 foreign capital establishments
      • Relative higher growth rate than many OECD member countries
        • WTO states as one of the most dynamic countries in the world trade
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04
  • 23. VII. Weaknesses and Strengths
    • Strengths (contd.)
      • Domestic Market
        • Population Growth
        • Increasing purchasing power
      • Turkish Labor Force
        • Skilled
        • High learning capacity
        • Competitive labor rates
      • Young telecommunications network
      • Future member of EU
    GPM Excercise Mete Öcal 29.11.04