Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Culture
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Egyptian Culture


Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide
  • Transcript

    • 1. Egyptian Culture
    • 2. Morning Work
      • Define the following:
        • Obelisks
        • Mummification
        • Hieroglyphics
        • Papyrus
        • Rosetta Stone
      • Write the vocabulary word and the definition.
      • Morning work
      • Lecture: Egyptian Culture
      • Activity: Create an Egyptian temple
      • Projected test date: September 18 (Thursday)
    • 3. Morning Work
      • Write the questions!
      • Who was the Egyptian sun god?
      • What god became the judge of the dead?
      • Who was the goddess of nature and renewal?
      • Why did Egyptians build temples?
      • Why did the priests perform these religious rituals?
      • ______ are tall and thin pillars with pyramid shaped tops.
      • Morning Work
      • Finish temple design
      • Lecture: Egyptian Culture
      • Handout: Graphic Organizer
      • Test: September 18
    • 4. Morning Work
      • Write questions!
      • What is the ka?
      • What is mummification?
      • Why did Egyptians practice mummification?
      • Why did Egyptians bury possessions with their dead?
      • Lists the 3 main steps of mummification.
      • Morning Work
      • Lecture: Egyptian Culture
      • Activity: Graphic organizer
      • Study Guide
      • Test: September 17
      • Review: September 16
    • 5. Morning Work
      • Write Questions!
      • Describe the Egyptian social hierarchy.
      • Egyptian peasants made up ____ of the population.
      • What was the primary duty of a woman?
      • What rights did Egyptian women have?
      • What was the main Egyptian writing?
      • What is papyrus and what did Egyptians use it for?
      • Morning Work
      • Lecture: Egyptian Culture
      • Lecture: Nubian Kingdoms
      • Review
      • Test: September 17
    • 6. Egyptian Religion
      • Polytheistic
      • Controlled all natural events.
      • The Egyptians had few gods that were central to their religion.
        • The sun god was almost always a key figure in Egyptian religion.
          • This god was called Re.
          • Later became linked to the sky god called Amon and was known as Amon- Re, the King of the gods.
    • 7. Egyptian gods
      • Anubis, the protector of the dead, was also widely worshipped in Egypt.
        • He weighed the souls of the dead to decide their fate.
      • The trio of Osiris, Isis, and Horus.
        • The god Osiris introduced civilization into Egypt.
    • 8. Egyptian gods
        • Osiris became the new judge of the dead.
        • Isis became known as the goddess of nature and renewal.
        • Horus became Egypt’s first King.
    • 9. Egyptian gods
      • Hathor the cow headed goddess of love
      • Thoth the god of wisdom
      • Egyptians also worshipped local gods who had power over small areas or single households.
    • 10. Temples and Religious Practices
      • The Egyptian built temples to honor their gods and to provide homes for them.
      • Many temples included obelisks, tall, thin pillars with pyramid shapes tops.
    • 11. Temples
      • Priests performed rituals to fulfill the gods’ needs.
      • Egyptians believed these rituals refreshed the gods and kept them alive.
      • In return the gods would grant the pharaohs immorality and bring prosperity to Egypt.
    • 12. Religious Practices
      • Caring for the gods was the responsibility of the priests.
      • Common people had no part in these religious rituals.
      • Ordinary Egyptians never even entered the temples.
      • Did worship the gods during annual festivals.
        • People sang hymns and songs, danced, and paraded statues of the gods through the streets.
    • 13. Mummification and Burial
      • Central to Egyptian religion was the belief of life after death.
      • After a person died his or her soul would go to live in a land of the dead.
    • 14. The Afterlife
      • When the physical body died a force called the ka escaped.
      • The ka was the individual’s personality separated from the body.
      • It is the ka , not the body, that would journey on to the land of the dead.
    • 15. The ka
      • The ka had no physical presence but the Egyptians believed it needed food and drink to survive.
      • They also believed the ka might shrink and vanish if the body decomposed.
    • 16. Mummification
      • The process that the Egyptians developed to prevent the breakdown of a dead body was mummification, or the making of mummies.
      • Remove its internal organs
        • Most of the organs were taken out through an incision in the body’s side.
    • 17. Mummification
      • Body was packed with various materials to help keep its shape.
      • Artists then painted the dead persons features on the outside of the mummy itself or on a mask to ensure that the ka would be able to recognize its body.
    • 18. Burial
      • After the body was prepared, its still had to be buried.
      • Egyptians would be buried with all the possessions people thought they would need for the afterlife.
      • Dead pharaohs also needed people to serve them.
    • 19. Tombs
      • The walls of the Egyptian tombs were often painted with colorful scenes from the person’s life or stories about the gods.
        • Egyptians believed the figures from the paintings would come to life to serve the ka and maximize its happiness's in the afterlife.
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22. Daily Life
      • Egyptian society was highly stratified or layered.
      • At the top was the pharaoh and the royal family.
      • Also prominent and influential in Egypt were the key government officials, priests, priestess, scribes, military leaders, landowners, and doctors.
    • 23. Daily Life
      • The next level included artisans, craftspeople, and merchants.
      • The largest part of Egyptian society, about 90% of the population, was made up of peasant farmers.
      • The Egyptians kept slaves, but slaves never made up a large part of the kingdom’s population.
    • 24. Home and Family Life
      • Egyptian family life varied from class to class.
        • Ex. Marriage practices varied from one class to another.
      • Most Egyptians lived in family units.
        • The father served as the head to the household, which included children and unmarried relatives.
    • 25. Women and Children
      • Primary duty of an Egyptian woman was to take care of the home and children.
        • Women could be priestess, own and inherit property, create wills, and divorce their husbands.
        • Women often worked outside the home.
          • Worked as hairdressers, wigmakers, singers, and other similar jobs.
    • 26. Children
      • Few children received any kind of education, and most who were educated were boys learning trades.
      • Girls learned from their mothers how to raise children and run a household.
    • 27. Appearance and Custom
      • Most Egyptians paid close attention to their appearance.
      • People in the upper class shaved their heads and wore wigs, both for fashion and to protect themselves from the sun.
      • Both men and women wore perfume and makeup, including dark eyeliner.
    • 28. Appearance and Custom
      • Egyptian clothing was made out of wool and linen.
      • Peasant men wore short loincloths wrapped around their waist, while wealthy men wore longer skirts and robes.
    • 29. Appearance and Custom
      • Women of all social classes wore long dresses that reached down to the floor.
      • Wealthy men and women wore jewelry
      • Children, regardless of gender or social class, generally wore no clothes until they reached adolescence.
    • 30. Free Time
      • Egyptians enjoyed sports such as wrestling, javelin throwing, dancing, boating, and hunting.
      • They also swam, fished, and hunted.
    • 31. Egyptian Writing
      • The main system of writing was hieroglyphics.
        • Used picture symbols to represent objects, sounds, ideas.
        • Used for formal writings
    • 32. Egyptian Writing
      • Writings were made on wood, leather, and papyrus sheets.
      • Papyrus is a reedy plant that grew along the Nile.
        • Used to make paper like sheets.
    • 33. Egyptian Writing
      • For text that needed to be written more quickly, the Egyptians had two other writing systems.
          • Hieratic- used mostly for religious texts.
          • Demotic- used for legal and literary writings after 500 BC.
    • 34. Hieroglyphics
    • 35. Egyptian Writing
      • In 1799 a French soldier discovered a granite slab near the Nile Delta village of Rosetta.
      • On this Rosetta Stone were long passages of ancient writing.
        • The writing turned out to be the same text written in three different scripts: hieroglyphics, demotic, and ancient Greek.
    • 36. Math and Science
      • The Egyptians knew basic arithmetic.
      • Also understood the basic principles of geometry.
      • Building pyramids also required a firm grasp of engineering.
      • Engineers and architects had to understand how well buildings would stand and how much weight a column or wall could support.
    • 37. Math and Science
      • Egyptians were masters in human anatomy.
      • These doctors set broken bones, treated wounds, and performed simple surgical procedures.
      • To cure simpler illnesses, they used medicines made from plants and animals.
    • 38. Creating A Temple
      • You are architects in Ancient Egypt, and have been put in charge of designing a temple.
      • Select one of the Egyptian gods (pg. 73) and draw “blue prints” and pictures of what the interior and exterior temple would look like.
      • Create designs for murals, statues, and other art that will be used in the temple.
    • 39. Graphic Organizer