0
Jeffrey S. Passel Pew Hispanic Center <ul><li>Latin American Migration to the United States: </li></ul><ul><li>Trends and ...
<ul><li>Demographic Background   -- Emergence of Latin sources   -- How many? When did it start? </li></ul><ul><li>What Ar...
Demographic Trends <ul><li>Growing Numbers & Percents   -- Mass migrations of ’70s </li></ul><ul><li>What Drives the Flow?...
<ul><li>U.S. Population (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Births (annual) </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Immigrat...
21 st  Century: Latin Flows Emerge in’60s * “Additional” immigrants   are mostly unauthorized  and legalized aliens. Europ...
Rise, Peak, Decline, & ?? Annual Immigration (in 000s) Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) Unauthorized Migrants Legal Tempor...
Immigrant Numbers Keep Growing -- Percent Approaches Historic Highs 14.8 Percent 35.2 Million (2005 CPS) 4.7 Percent 42-43...
Immigrant Numbers Keep Growing -- Percent Approaches Historic Highs 20 Million (2005) 35.2 Million (2005 CPS) 900,000 (196...
Undocumented Clearly at New High -- Trend Uncertain Millions of Illegal Aliens Living in the U.S. 4-80 6-89 1-82 6-86 10-9...
Legal Status of Immigrants Legal Permanent  Resident (LPR) Aliens (10.4 million)  29% Temporary Legal  Residents (1.2 mill...
Most Undocumented Arrived Since 1990 10.3 Million in March 2004 1995-1999 3.6 million -- 35% (750,000 per year) 1990-94 2....
Latin Americans & Asians Dominate Foreign-Born Other Latin America -- 23% 8.2 million Africa & Other -- 4% 1.5 million Eur...
Undocumented Are Largely Latin American 10.3 Million in March 2004 Other Latin America -- 24% 2.5 million Africa & Other -...
Rapid Growth of Mexicans Continues Millions of Migrants in U.S. Percent Mexican of Foreign-Born 31% 10,650,000 (2004 CPS)
Central America  similar to Mexico Caribbean Flows Largely Legal Foreign-Born Population, 2004 and Percent Unauthorized
South American Flows Smaller Relative to Others Foreign-Born Population, 2004 and Percent Unauthorized
Immigrants Are Concentrated 35.3 Million Foreign-Born (Adjusted March 2004 CPS) Texas – 10% (3.5 million) New York – 11% (...
New Immigration Growth Centers Immigration Categories Major Destinations (67% of Immigrants) (6) All Other States (23) New...
Unauthorized Concentrated, but Spreading California – 24% 2.4 million 10 Million for 2002-2004 Florida – 9% 850,000 Texas ...
Size of Undocumented Population, 2003-04 Size Categories Major Destinations (300,000-2,300,000) (8) New Large States (200,...
Major Redistribution Away From Big 6 Settlement States Percent of Total Undocumented Immigrant Population 39% --  3.9  Mil...
New Growth --> High % Undocumented Note:  Revision based on  adjusted March 2004 CPS . 2004 Composition Categories Highest...
Annual Arrivals of Unauthorized Exceed Legals Since ~1995 Average Annual Arrivals of 2004 Population by Legal Status in 2004
Mexicans Diversify, Too Percent of U.S. Mexicans 58% -- 2.5 million 38% -- 4.1 million 29% -- 3.1 million 12% -- 0.5 million
Many Mexicans/Salvadorans in US Percent of County and Country’s  Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share of “...
Larger Share of West Indians in US Percent of County and Country’s  Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share o...
Only Guyana Sends Large Share Percent of County and Country’s  Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share of “ S...
Characteristics of Unauthorized <ul><li>Who Are They?   -- Mainly in Families   -- Relatively Young   -- Almost All Work <...
Unauthorized Families Mixed Composition 13.9 million in Unauthorized Families  (2004) Unauthorized Children 1.6 million 14...
“ Mixed Status” Families Common Among Unauthorized 6.3 Million Unauthorized Families (Estimated with March 2004 CPS) No Ch...
Children of Unauthorized Mostly in “Mixed Status” Families 4.7 Million Children of Unauthorized (Estimated with March 2004...
Natives Education “Hourglass” & “Diamond” Less than High School Graduate College Degree or Beyond Share of Each Group’s 25...
Natives Men more likely to work; Women less Males Females Labor Force Participation, Ages 18-64, 2004 Note: Based on  unad...
Unauthorized in Lower Wage & Education Occupations Service Occupations 33%  –   (15%) 6.3 Million Unauthorized Workers, 20...
Overall Proportion Of Workers Who Are Unauthorized  — 4.3% Most Concentrated Occupations Percent Unauthorized within Occup...
Unauthorized Over-Represented in a Few Industries Construction 17%  –   (7%) All Other Industries 17%  –  (43%) Leisure & ...
Most Concentrated Industries Percent Unauthorized within Industry, 2004 Overall Proportion Of Workers Who Are Unauthorized...
Incomes Increase with Time in US Natives $47,800 Average Family Income, 2003 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
Immigrant Families Larger Natives 1.98 Average Family Size, 2004 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
Income per Person Suffers Average Family Income per Person, 2003 Natives $24,100 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
Immigration Drives Growth Population in millions
Immigration Critical for Hispanics Population in millions
Projected Role of Immigrants in Work Force <ul><li>Immigration Drives Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Education Upgrading of LF  ...
Labor Force Grows in Future Driven by Immigration  (esp. after 2015) Labor Force (in millions)
Low Education LF Shrinks -- College Degree LF Explodes Less than High School Graduate College Degree or Beyond Labor Force...
<ul><li>Large, Increasing Flows Overall </li></ul><ul><li>Increases Due to  Unauthorized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsive to O...
<ul><li>Large Numbers (10+ million) </li></ul><ul><li>Scattered Around Country </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed , Young Families </...
For more information, contact: <ul><li>Jeffrey S. Passel, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Hispanic Center </li></ul><ul><li>Pe...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cut & Sew Apparel Manufacturing 16%

854

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
854
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Immigration Today: Emerging Patterns of Continuity and Change by Jeffrey S. Passel Pew Hispanic Center Pew Research Center Washington, DC Regional Seminars for Journalists The Century Foundation Drake Hotel Chicago, Illinois April 7-8, 2005
  • Transcript of "Cut & Sew Apparel Manufacturing 16%"

    1. 1. Jeffrey S. Passel Pew Hispanic Center <ul><li>Latin American Migration to the United States: </li></ul><ul><li>Trends and Impacts </li></ul>“ Expert Group Meeting on International Migration and” Development in Latin America and the Caribbean” CONAPO & UNFPA Mexico City, DF — November 30 –December 2 , 2005
    2. 2. <ul><li>Demographic Background -- Emergence of Latin sources -- How many? When did it start? </li></ul><ul><li>What Are They Like? -- Socioeconomic characteristics -- Legal status & Labor force </li></ul><ul><li>What Are Their Impacts? -- U.S. population & economy -- Origin & destination impactss </li></ul>Immigration Today
    3. 3. Demographic Trends <ul><li>Growing Numbers & Percents -- Mass migrations of ’70s </li></ul><ul><li>What Drives the Flow? -- Recent peak or downturn? </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of New Centers -- Spread of unauthorized flows </li></ul><ul><li> -- Mexicans and others </li></ul><ul><li>Maturation of Some Flows? -- “Californization” spreading? </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>U.S. Population (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Births (annual) </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Undoc. Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Emigration </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate </li></ul><ul><li>(Very Rapid) </li></ul><ul><li>293.7 million </li></ul><ul><li>4.1 million </li></ul><ul><li>- 2.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>700,000 </li></ul><ul><li>750,000 </li></ul><ul><li>-200,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1.0 % </li></ul>U.S. Population -- Basics
    5. 5. 21 st Century: Latin Flows Emerge in’60s * “Additional” immigrants are mostly unauthorized and legalized aliens. Europe/Canada (Legal) Additional* All Other (Legal) 0.1 2.8 0.6 2.3 2.6 1.7 0.5 4.1 6.0 9.0 3.7 5.2 7 3.8 1.0 2.5 15+? 10 14-16+ (est.)
    6. 6. Rise, Peak, Decline, & ?? Annual Immigration (in 000s) Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) Unauthorized Migrants Legal Temporary Migrants Note: Unauthorized exceed LPRs after 1997.  Start  Peak  End 
    7. 7. Immigrant Numbers Keep Growing -- Percent Approaches Historic Highs 14.8 Percent 35.2 Million (2005 CPS) 4.7 Percent 42-43 Million 13.5 Percent 12.1 Percent (2005)
    8. 8. Immigrant Numbers Keep Growing -- Percent Approaches Historic Highs 20 Million (2005) 35.2 Million (2005 CPS) 900,000 (1960) 42-43 Million
    9. 9. Undocumented Clearly at New High -- Trend Uncertain Millions of Illegal Aliens Living in the U.S. 4-80 6-89 1-82 6-86 10-96 10-92 4-00 3-04
    10. 10. Legal Status of Immigrants Legal Permanent Resident (LPR) Aliens (10.4 million) 29% Temporary Legal Residents (1.2 million) 3% Refugee Arrivals-- (Post-’80) (2.5 million) 7% Unauthorized Migrants (10.3 million) 29% 35.7 Million Foreign-Born in 2004 (Based on adjusted March 2004 CPS) Naturalized Citizens (former LPRs) (11.3 million) 32%
    11. 11. Most Undocumented Arrived Since 1990 10.3 Million in March 2004 1995-1999 3.6 million -- 35% (750,000 per year) 1990-94 2.2 million -- 21% (450,000 per year) 1980s 1.3 million -- 14% (130,000 per year) 2000-04 3.1 million – 30% (700,000 per year)
    12. 12. Latin Americans & Asians Dominate Foreign-Born Other Latin America -- 23% 8.2 million Africa & Other -- 4% 1.5 million Europe & Canada -- 15% 5.5 million Asia -- 25% 9.0 million Mexico -- 32% 11.2 million 35.3 Million Foreign-Born in 2004 (Adjusted March 2004 CPS)
    13. 13. Undocumented Are Largely Latin American 10.3 Million in March 2004 Other Latin America -- 24% 2.5 million Africa & Other -- 4% 0.4 million Europe & Canada -- 6% 0.6 million Asia -- 9% 1.0 million Mexico -- 57% 5.9 million
    14. 14. Rapid Growth of Mexicans Continues Millions of Migrants in U.S. Percent Mexican of Foreign-Born 31% 10,650,000 (2004 CPS)
    15. 15. Central America similar to Mexico Caribbean Flows Largely Legal Foreign-Born Population, 2004 and Percent Unauthorized
    16. 16. South American Flows Smaller Relative to Others Foreign-Born Population, 2004 and Percent Unauthorized
    17. 17. Immigrants Are Concentrated 35.3 Million Foreign-Born (Adjusted March 2004 CPS) Texas – 10% (3.5 million) New York – 11% (3.9 million) Florida – 9% (3.2 million) Arizona – 3% (970,000) New Jersey – 5% (1.6 million) All Others – 31% (11.0 million) California – 28% (9.8 million) Illinois – 4% (1.4 million)
    18. 18. New Immigration Growth Centers Immigration Categories Major Destinations (67% of Immigrants) (6) All Other States (23) New Growth States (1990-2000 > 91%) (22) Top 10 Growth States (135-274%) (10)
    19. 19. Unauthorized Concentrated, but Spreading California – 24% 2.4 million 10 Million for 2002-2004 Florida – 9% 850,000 Texas – 14% 1.4 million New York – 7% 650,000 Arizona* – 5% 450,000-500,000 Illinois – 4% 400,000 New Jersey – 4% 350,000 North Carolina* – 3% 300,000 All Others – 32% 3.1 million
    20. 20. Size of Undocumented Population, 2003-04 Size Categories Major Destinations (300,000-2,300,000) (8) New Large States (200,000-225,000) (6) Large States (100,000-150,000) (7) Moderate States (50,000-85,000) (9) Smaller States (20,000-35,000) (12) Smallest States (<10,000) (9)
    21. 21. Major Redistribution Away From Big 6 Settlement States Percent of Total Undocumented Immigrant Population 39% -- 3.9 Million 12% -- 400,000
    22. 22. New Growth --> High % Undocumented Note: Revision based on adjusted March 2004 CPS . 2004 Composition Categories Highest % Undocumented (40-60%) (19) Lower % Undocumented (20-29%) (13) High % Undocumented (30-35%) (8) Lowest % Undocumented (<20%) (11) Very Highest % (46-60%) (11)
    23. 23. Annual Arrivals of Unauthorized Exceed Legals Since ~1995 Average Annual Arrivals of 2004 Population by Legal Status in 2004
    24. 24. Mexicans Diversify, Too Percent of U.S. Mexicans 58% -- 2.5 million 38% -- 4.1 million 29% -- 3.1 million 12% -- 0.5 million
    25. 25. Many Mexicans/Salvadorans in US Percent of County and Country’s Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share of “ Central American” Population in U.S. — 9% Note: Based on adjusted March 2004 CPS.
    26. 26. Larger Share of West Indians in US Percent of County and Country’s Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share of “ Caribbean” Population in U.S. — 15% Note: Based on adjusted March 2004 CPS.
    27. 27. Only Guyana Sends Large Share Percent of County and Country’s Birth & Parentage Population (<40) in US, 2004 Share of “ South American`” Population in U.S. — 1% Note: Based on adjusted March 2004 CPS.
    28. 28. Characteristics of Unauthorized <ul><li>Who Are They? -- Mainly in Families -- Relatively Young -- Almost All Work </li></ul><ul><li>What Are They Like? -- Low Education -- Jobs reflect Skills -- Low Education -- Lack of Insurance </li></ul>
    29. 29. Unauthorized Families Mixed Composition 13.9 million in Unauthorized Families (2004) Unauthorized Children 1.6 million 14% of all unauthorized Other Adults 400,000 U.S. Citizen Children 3.1 million 67% of kids Adult Women 3.9 million 44% of Adults Adult Men 4.9 million 56% of Adults
    30. 30. “ Mixed Status” Families Common Among Unauthorized 6.3 Million Unauthorized Families (Estimated with March 2004 CPS) No Children 59% 3.7 million families With Non-Citizen Children 10% 630,000 families With US Citizen & Non-Citizen Children 7% -- 460,000 families (“Mixed”) With US Citizen Children 24% 1.5 million families “ Mixed” Solo Men 36% 2.3 million Solo Women 12% -- 740,000 Couples 9% -- 540,000 Other 3% -- 160,000
    31. 31. Children of Unauthorized Mostly in “Mixed Status” Families 4.7 Million Children of Unauthorized (Estimated with March 2004 CPS) US Citizen Children with Unauthorized Siblings 13% -- 620,000 children “ Mixed” Unauthorized Children Only 20% 920,000 children Not “Mixed” Unauthorized Children with US Citizen Siblings 12% 580,000 children “ Mixed” US Citizen Children (Only) 55% 2.6 million children “ Mixed”
    32. 32. Natives Education “Hourglass” & “Diamond” Less than High School Graduate College Degree or Beyond Share of Each Group’s 25-64 Population, 2004 Note: Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    33. 33. Natives Men more likely to work; Women less Males Females Labor Force Participation, Ages 18-64, 2004 Note: Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    34. 34. Unauthorized in Lower Wage & Education Occupations Service Occupations 33% – (15%) 6.3 Million Unauthorized Workers, 2004 Transportation & Material Moving 8% – (6%) Management, Business, & Professional 10% – (35%) Production, Installation, & Repair 16% – (10%) Construction & Extractive 17% – (6%) Farming, etc. 3% – (1%) Sales & Admin. Support 13% – (27%) Note: Share of native workers falling in the “major” occupation group is shown in parentheses. Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    35. 35. Overall Proportion Of Workers Who Are Unauthorized — 4.3% Most Concentrated Occupations Percent Unauthorized within Occupation Group, 2004 Farming Cleaning Construction Food Prep. Production Transport Note: Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    36. 36. Unauthorized Over-Represented in a Few Industries Construction 17% – (7%) All Other Industries 17% – (43%) Leisure & Hospitality 18% – (8%) Other Services 6% – (5%) Wholesale & Retail Trade 12% – (15%) Professional & Business Services 12% – (15%) Manufacturing 15% – (12%) 6.3 Million Unauthorized Workers, 2004 Note: Share of native workers falling in the “major” industry group is shown in parentheses. Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    37. 37. Most Concentrated Industries Percent Unauthorized within Industry, 2004 Overall Proportion Of Workers Who Are Unauthorized — 4.3% Private HH’s Hotels Food Mfg. Admin. Farming Food Service Textiles Construction Mfg. Note: Based on unadjusted March 2004 CPS
    38. 38. Incomes Increase with Time in US Natives $47,800 Average Family Income, 2003 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
    39. 39. Immigrant Families Larger Natives 1.98 Average Family Size, 2004 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
    40. 40. Income per Person Suffers Average Family Income per Person, 2003 Natives $24,100 In U.S. <10 Years In U.S. 10+ Years
    41. 41. Immigration Drives Growth Population in millions
    42. 42. Immigration Critical for Hispanics Population in millions
    43. 43. Projected Role of Immigrants in Work Force <ul><li>Immigration Drives Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Education Upgrading of LF -- Better Education -- “Aging Out” of Low Education </li></ul><ul><li>Aging Population, 2010-2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants Help Social Security -- Relatively Small Impact -- Offsets from More Children </li></ul>
    44. 44. Labor Force Grows in Future Driven by Immigration (esp. after 2015) Labor Force (in millions)
    45. 45. Low Education LF Shrinks -- College Degree LF Explodes Less than High School Graduate College Degree or Beyond Labor Force by Education (in millions) Percent Foreign-Born of Labor Force
    46. 46. <ul><li>Large, Increasing Flows Overall </li></ul><ul><li>Increases Due to Unauthorized </li></ul><ul><li>Responsive to Origin & Destination -- Job Availability in U.S. -- Conditions in Mexico & Elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>New Destinations Emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease from Peak in Response to Economic Decline </li></ul>Migration Flows to U.S.
    47. 47. <ul><li>Large Numbers (10+ million) </li></ul><ul><li>Scattered Around Country </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed , Young Families </li></ul><ul><li>Significant “Investments” </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Economic Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Continued High Demand (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Opening Up to New Flows (?) </li></ul>Impact of New Programs
    48. 48. For more information, contact: <ul><li>Jeffrey S. Passel, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Hispanic Center </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Research Center </li></ul><ul><li>1615 L St., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036 </li></ul>(202) 419-3625 [email_address] www.pewhispanic.org
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×