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Current Projects And Future Directions


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  • 1. NIOSH Road Safety Research Current Projects and Future Directions May 25, 2005 Stephanie Pratt National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • 2. Rationale for NIOSH Involvement
    • Related to mission of conducting research and making recommendations to prevent work-related injury and illness
    • Motor vehicle crashes are leading cause of death for all workers
    • Truck drivers have high numbers of crash fatalities and nonfatal injuries from all causes
    • Customers want prevention strategies based on research
  • 3. Motor Vehicle Research Projects
    • Trucking focus:
      • Work Organization Influence on Fatigue in Truck Drivers
        • Examining organizational factors associated with driver fatigue and crashes
      • Mortality among Independent Owner-Operator Truck Drivers
        • Assessing whether truck drivers are at risk of premature mortality from specific diseases
  • 4. Research Projects (cont.)
    • Focus on other worker populations:
      • Ambulance Crash Survivability Improvement
        • Developing engineering interventions to improve occupant restraint systems and structural integrity of ambulance patient compartment
      • Risk Factors for Vehicle Crashes among Public Employees
        • Analyzing nonfatal crash data for state DOT employees and assessing vehicle safety programs; collaborating with U.S. Department of Defense to analyze crash data for active duty military personnel
  • 5. NIOSH Transportation Initiative
    • Preventing motor vehicle crashes and crash-related injuries among all workers who drive on the job
    • Preventing all types of occupational injury and illness among workers employed in the transportation industry
  • 6. Transportation Initiative Focus
    • Virtual research center, with NIOSH-wide steering committee providing guidance
    • Develop capacity among NIOSH staff
    • Identify and fill research gaps
    • Build collaborations with partners in public and private sectors
  • 7. Pilot Projects for 2005
    • Evaluation of the effects of firefighter apparel on the operation of a fire response vehicle
    • Non-fatal work-related roadway crash injuries by industry and occupation
    • Field evaluation of a continuous passive lumbar motion system for long haul truckers
    • Truck operator warning zones
    • Identification of risk factors leading to injuries among female package delivery drivers
  • 8. Committees
    • ANSI Z-15 Committee, Safe Practices for Motor Vehicle Operations
    • Transportation Research Board, Truck and Bus Safety Committee [FMCSA]
    • Network of Employers for Traffic Safety [NHTSA, FMCSA, FHWA]
    • National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NACOSH), motor vehicle safety work group [OSHA]
    • Federal Interagency Committee on Emergency Medical Services [NHTSA]
    • Roadway Work Zone Safety and Health Coalition [with OSHA, construction trade associations, and labor]
    • Interagency panel advising on formulating an evidence-based strategy for regulating truckers’ hours of service [FMCSA]
  • 9. Possible Future Activities
    • Multi-year project: anthropometric database for a nationally representative sample of truck drivers (FY06)
    • External research initiative: trucker safety and health (FY07)
    • Collaboration with a national provider of pest control services
    • Matching of Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries with FARS
  • 10. Research Needs
    • Non-fatal crashes: circumstances and risk factors
    • Driving habits, intensity, and exposure, especially among non-”professional” drivers
    • Effect of commuting on risk for workplace crashes
    • Effectiveness of hours-of-service regulations for trucking
    • Effects of in-vehicle technologies and electronic devices on safety
  • 11. NIOSH Hazard Review
    • Crash data
    • Regulations
    • Special topics: distracted driving, age, fatigue
    • Safety recommendations
    • Internet and print resources 1-800-35NIOSH
  • 12. Fact Sheets Prevention Strategies for Employers Who’s at Risk?
  • 13. NIOSH Motor Vehicle Web Page
  • 14. Planning for the Second Decade of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA)
    • Since 1996, NORA has provided a national framework for OSH research
    • With new NORA, research will be grouped by industry sectors
    • NIOSH is seeking input on research needs ( )
    • Subscribe to NIOSH eNews for NORA updates ( )
  • 15. Questions? Stephanie Pratt 304-285-5992 [email_address] The findings and conclusions in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.