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  1. 1. CSR Jobs Report December, 2007
  2. 2. Report Overview <ul><li>GOAL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform MBAs and companies about the CSR Jobs Market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing growth in CSR jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Demand from MBA level candidates still outpaces supply . </li></ul><ul><li>Companies can attract top talent by highlighting their work in CSR and environmental issues. </li></ul>Study by Net Impact & Ellen Weinreb CSR Recruiting
  3. 3. Report Contents <ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Key Findings: Supply and Demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Depth: Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Depth: Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outlook for jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methodology
  5. 5. Methodology: Data Sources <ul><li>All job postings on Business for Social Responsibility’s (BSR) jobs page and CSR-Chicks * , a listserve for CSR professionals based out of London </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracked from January 2004 – June 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1248 relevant positions analyzed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We applied several criteria to ensure a certain quality in the job postings we would analyze: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The position must be full time permanent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The job must have something to do with CSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative junior-level positions are not included (i.e.: Admin Assistant) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*- To subscribe to CSR-Chicks send a blank email to: csr-chicks-subscribe@yahoogroups.com </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 3 Categories and types of employers <ul><li>Internal – CSR position within a company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-national companies (MNC) - Private companies over employees/dollar amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small companies – private companies with <1000 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services -providing a service to the company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associations - Support organizations such as BSR or IBLF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consulting - Headcount 200-2000 such as Ernst & Young or KPMG. Please note that these firms have many types of CSR practices within the firm, such as Ethics, CSR Strategy, Community Involvement management or Compliance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance - Monitoring firms such as Intertek, Cal Safety, or SGS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent -working as an independent body in the field of CSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research - Organizations that focus on research and education such as Great Place to Work Institute or University of Leeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRI - Socially responsible investing organizations such as Calvert or Institutional Shareholder Services. Please note that BSR and CSR-Chicks are not the leading job postings sites for SRI positions so the SRI-related data is not representative of hiring practices within SRI. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO - Nonprofits such as Oxfam or VolunteerMatch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Sector/ Multilateral - Such as the World Bank or National Renewable Energy Laboratory. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Methodology: Examples of types <ul><ul><li>SRI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public/Multilateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO </li></ul></ul>INDEPENDENT <ul><ul><li>Consulting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Association </li></ul></ul>SERVICES <ul><ul><li>Small companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-national corporations </li></ul></ul>INTERNAL private companies with positions focused on compliance, sustainability, community relations, and CSR Disney, Virgin, Home Depot, MGM Mirage, Rio Tinto, Starbucks StoneyField, NewLeaf Paper, SolarCentury, CarbonNeutral Jupiter, UBS, UK Social Investment Forum, Innovest, Henderson Cambridge Programme for Industry, Great Place to Work Institute ILO, World Bank, USAID Oxfam, Marine Stewardship Council, Global Reporting Initiative a combination of for profit, nonprofit and public sector organizations often providing services, in the form of advocacy, research or programs supporting specific causes or issues Ernst and Young, Context, Impactt Ltd, Maplecroft, Upstream Cal Safety, Intertek, SGS, Bureau Veritas Business in the Community, Business for Social Responsibility organizations and firms that provide direct services to private and nonprofit organizations
  8. 8. Key Findings
  9. 9. Key Findings: Supply of CSR Jobs <ul><li>37%/yr Growth in CSR jobs overall : In 2004 there were 19 postings per month while in 2007 there were 48 postings per month. </li></ul><ul><li>CSR largely outsourced: Service companies (providing consulting or compliance support) have the largest number of postings. </li></ul><ul><li>Multinationals hire for compliance in the apparel industry: Of the 317 positions posted by multinational companies 25% were compliance related. 19% were CSR in general. 15% were community focused and 13% were focused on the environment. The apparel and consumer products industries were the top employers with 25% and 22% positions respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Top employers were Business in the Community and Business for Social Responsibility: The top CSR employers overall were two leading CSR membership associations in the UK and US respectively, Business in the Community based in London with 86 postings and Business for Social Responsibility based in San Francisco with 53 postings. Other leaders include In Cal Safety Compliance Corporation, Disney in Burbank, CA; Nike in Beaverton, OR; and Starbucks in Seattle, WA. </li></ul><ul><li>Average disclosed annual salary was $67,000: Of the 1248 postings, 216 disclosed salary information. The average disclosed salary was $67,000 with most of those jobs based in London. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both the data and experience show that the San Francisco Bay Area and London are hubs for CSR jobs. Please note that the source of our data (BSR and CSR-Chicks) is also located in these cities. Other top locations include: New York, Los Angeles and Boston. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Key Findings: Demand <ul><li>Growing number of MBAs interested in CSR: Net Impact is the only organization of MBAs committed to CSR and sustainability. Active membership has grown 87% since 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>CSR job seekers actively searching : Net Impact has over 1000 resumes of interested MBAs looking for both internships and full-time positions. Ellen Weinreb has over 500 resumes in her database. </li></ul><ul><li>CSR job searches focus on three key terms : Net Impact members searching for jobs on its site focus on three categories (in order of frequency): CSR, Consulting, Sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>MBA programs responding to increase in interest in green jobs: This includes green investments, clean technology, renewable energy, solar and more. Business schools are helping to prepare their students through joint degrees and concentrations in environmental sustainability. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Methodology: Breakdown of positions by type 25% 318 6 189 123 INTERNAL 22% 278 6 182 90 Multi-national corporations 3% 40 7 33 Small companies 1255 65 46 47 265 423 176 56 282 514 Grand Total 34% 2 100 321 INDEPENDENT 41% 17 130 367 SERVICES 14% 6 16 154 Consulting 4% 40 16 Compliance 25 419 811 Grand Total 5% 1 8 56 SRI 4% 9 37 Research 4% 13 34 Public/Multilateral 21% 1 70 194 NGO 22% 11 74 197 Association Percent Both BSR CSR Chicks Source Typology
  12. 12. In-Depth: Supply of Jobs
  13. 13. Growth in CSR Jobs: 2004 - 2007 Average job posts from 2004-2005: 144 Average job posts from 2006-2007(first half): 226 CSR positions have increased on average 37% per year over the past 3.5 years. In 2004 there were 19 postings per month while in 2007 there were 48 postings per month.
  14. 14. CSR is outsourced <ul><li>Steady rise amongst all 3 categories </li></ul><ul><li>Independent positions more volatile </li></ul>All of the 1248 postings were separated into 3 categories: 1) Internal (25%)- working on CSR in their own company, 2) Services (41%)- providing consulting or third party compliance support to companies and 3) Independent (34%) - working in an independent capacity to research, monitor or support CSR.
  15. 15. CSR is largely outsourced <ul><li>NGOs, MNC and Associations show greatest expansion </li></ul>growth largely in service organizations providing consulting and compliance support
  16. 16. Compliance is top function in CPG and apparel companies <ul><li>26% of all MNC positions are compliance positions in the apparel and consumer products industry </li></ul><ul><li>51% of positions are in the apparel and consumer products industry </li></ul>N = 277
  17. 17. Internal jobs by Industry Most internal positions are in the apparel and consumer products industry N = 317
  18. 18. Internal jobs by Function <ul><li>71% have a CSR, Monitoring, Environment or Community function </li></ul>N = 317
  19. 19. Top Employers: Associations take top 3 spots TOP 5 SERVICE EMPLOYERS 18 Forum for the Future No. of postings 14 Starbucks Coffee Company (Seattle, WA) 15 Nike, Inc. (Portland, OR) 23 Walt Disney Company (Los Angeles) TOP 3 INTERNAL EMPLOYERS 15 AccountAbility 26 Cal Safety Compliance Corporation (Los Angeles) 53 Business for Social Responsibility (San Francisco) 86 Business in the Community (London)
  20. 20. Average Salary: $67,000 USD <ul><li>Skews low because disclosure of salary occurs when salary is low </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly manager level </li></ul><ul><li>Majority posted by CSR Chicks </li></ul><ul><li>All things equal, for MNCs CSR positions pay less than non-CSR positions </li></ul>$ 66,704 24 Internal Services Average: $ 66,901 Total: 216 $ 51,483 6 SRI $ 83,574 7 Research $ 63,411 9 Public/Multilateral $ 64,191 68 NGO Independent $ 71,813 20 Boutique $ 62,221 82 Association Average salary in USD No. of listings  
  21. 21. Top job locations Data and experience show that the San Francisco Bay Area and London are the hubs for CSR jobs. 5 Denmark 7 India 8 Australia 12 Netherlands 14 Germany 17 Belgium 24 China 24 Canada 363 United States 644 United Kingdom # listings Country
  22. 22. UK has twice as many jobs at US <ul><li>General decline in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>UK recovered quicker in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Currently roughly 10 postings/month in US and 22/month in UK </li></ul><ul><li>3.5yrs ago 6/mth in US and 8/mth in UK </li></ul><ul><li>Either way, far more jobseekers than jobs </li></ul>
  23. 23. Companies hiring by location Internal Services Independent 49% 27% Services 37% 14% UK 31% 42% US Independent Internal
  24. 24. Keywords found in job title and employer <ul><li>CSR remains the strongest term </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp rise in CSR, Compliance and Sustainability </li></ul>Total jobs 194 80 72 55 25
  25. 25. Key words broken down by type <ul><li>“ CSR” found in Associations, MNCs, and Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sustainability” positions found mostly in compliance and MNCs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Community” jobs are found amongst MNCs </li></ul>Internal Services Independent
  26. 26. In-Depth: Demand for Jobs
  27. 27. MBAs interested in CSR 87% growth Net Impact is the only organization for MBAs and professionals (most with MBAs) who are interested in CSR and Environmental jobs
  28. 28. Demand for CSR/Environmental jobs As more companies integrate CSR into their overall strategy, they can benefit from highlighting their work in these areas in the job description. Net Impact members have searched primarily for CSR, Consulting and Sustainability jobs on the Net Impact job board
  29. 29. Resumes <ul><li>Net Impact has over 1000 resumes in the database. Almost 600 were submitted in relation to the largest-ever 2007 Annual Conference. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Net Impact’s database has three types of candidates: first year graduate business students looking for internships; second year students looking for full time positions; and professionals who have their graduate degrees and several years of post-grad experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ellen Weinreb has over 500 resumes in her database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ellen’s recruiting services typically focus on candidates with at least 5 years post-MBA experience. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. MBA schools offering environment-focused programs <ul><li>University of Michigan – Joint degree between Ross School of Business and Erb Institute (Environmental) </li></ul><ul><li>Yale School of Management – Joint degree with School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. And newly formed Center for Business and the Environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Wharton - Initiative for Global Environmental Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA - Developing interdepartmental Sustainable Leaders Program </li></ul><ul><li>Haas - New Sustainable Products program sponsored by Dow </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford - MBA from the Business School and an MS in Environment and Resources from the Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources (IPER) at the School of Earth Sciences. </li></ul><ul><li>Duke - Duke Environmental Leadership Program </li></ul><ul><li>UC Davis’ Graduate School of Business - Partnered with the Energy Efficiency Center and Center for Entrepreneurship to bring Green curriculum to students </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco State University - Created a Sustainable Business Emphasis </li></ul>“ We are finding that the demand from employers for qualified students with career interests in business and the environment is growing, ” says Bryan Garcia, Program Director for the Center for Business and the Environment at Yale .  “It is vitally important that academic institutions work hard to meet this growing workforce demand to better prepare leaders for business and society while helping to solve the problems that matter.”
  31. 31. Outlook on jobs in the future <ul><li>The Wal-Martization of Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer packaged goods and apparel companies are finding opportunities in all aspects of their businesses to become more green, including through sustainable packaging, greening the supply chain, and green product design. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The major P.R. companies (such as Edelman, Fleishman Hillard) have all started “sustainability practices” focused specifically on communicating a companies green strategy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial markets have also gone green. With emissions trading, green venture capital, and green banks, there are many more options for MBAs interested in finance to go green. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More job sites cropping up from ones focused on “green jobs” to meta-search engines that are now seeing more CSR postings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For a comprehensive list of sites posting CSR positions, visit Ellen’s site: http:// ellenweinreb.com/boards.htm . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For jobs targeting MBAs specifically, visit www.netimpact.org/recruit. </li></ul></ul>Green is the color of CSR. More companies are focusing on environmental issues such as reducing carbon and clean technologies as their core CSR activity.
  32. 32. Resources
  33. 33. Resources at www.netimpact.org/career <ul><li>Job Postings – Logon to the Member Community to see the latest job opportunities from companies eager to hire Net Impact members. Post your resume so hiring managers can find you. </li></ul><ul><li>https://netimpact.affinitycircles.com/netimpact/postings/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Social Impact Career Handbook- Information on careers in International Development, Green Business, Foundations, Social Entrepreneurship and more. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.netimpact.org/displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=1056 </li></ul><ul><li>Career Newsletter – bi-weekly newsletter featuring new career resources, upcoming Issues in Depth calls and the latest job postings. </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up by updating your Net Impact profile and select to receive the Career Newsletter. </li></ul><ul><li>Career focused Issues in Depth Calls – look for monthly calls focused on career topics </li></ul><ul><li>Member stories – read internship and job highlights from Net Impact members. </li></ul><ul><li>New MBA Assurance Protocol – gain valuable CSR reporting skills and insight through these student projects working with companies who need verification of their CSR reports. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Resources <ul><li>Resume Upload - Submit your resume to database (http://www.ellenweinreb.com/apply.html) </li></ul><ul><li>CSR Jobs Sites  - Links to over 35 jobs sites where you will find postings for current openings (http://www.ellenweinreb.com/boards.htm) </li></ul><ul><li>FAQs  - General advice for the CSR jobseekers (http://www.ellenweinreb.com/FAQs.htm) </li></ul><ul><li>Research And Info  - Previous newsletters covering previous CSRJobs research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(http://www.ellenweinreb.com/newsletter.htm) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To subscribe to CSR-Chicks send a blank email to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>