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  • 1. Culture and International Society 高雄市政府「 95 年國際事務人才訓練」 基礎班課程 3 小時 文藻外語學院國際事務系 林建宏助理教授 [email_address]
  • 2. About the Lesson
  • 3. Painting of Persian women musicians
  • 4. Ancient Egyptian art
  • 5. Initiation rite of the Yao people of Malawi in Africa
  • 6. Academic Procession
  • 7. A painting by Edgar Degas
  • 8. Culture
    • The way of life for an entire society
      • codes of manners
      • Dress
      • Language
      • Religion
      • Rituals
      • norms of behavior such as law and morality
      • systems of belief
  • 9. Definitions of culture
    • A complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society
    • The set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group, and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs
  • 10. Key components of culture
    • Values: ideas about what in life seems important
    • Norms: expectations of how people will behave in various situations
    • Institutions: structures of a society within which values and norms are transmitted
    • Artifacts: things, or aspects of material culture derived from a culture’s values and norms
  • 11. Culture as civilization
    • It identifies “culture” with “civilization“ and contrasts it with “nature.”
    • In practice, culture referred to élite goods and activities such as haute cuisine, high fashion or haute couture, museum-caliber art and classical music
  • 12. Culture as worldview
    • Nationalist movement
    • To the theory of evolution
  • 13. Culture as symbols
    • symbols to be both the practices of social actors and the context that gives such practices meaning
    • give regularity, unity and systematicity to the practices of a group
  • 14. Culture as a stabilizing mechanism
    • a product of stabilization tendencies inherent in evolutionary pressures toward self-similarity and self-cognition of societies as wholes
  • 15. Immigrant cultures
    • Monoculturalism: In Europe, culture is very closely linked to nationalism,
    • Leitkultur (core culture): minorities can have an identity of their own
    • Melting Pot: In the United States, all the immigrant cultures are mixed and amalgamated without state intervention.
    • Multiculturalism: A policy that immigrants and others should preserve their cultures with the different cultures interacting peacefully within one nation.
  • 16. African culture
    • shaped by European colonialism
    • differentiated from North Africa from its lesser influence by Arab and Islamic culture
  • 17. Influence on Americas
    • peoples that inhabitated the continents before Europeans arrived;
    • people from Africa
    • immigration of Europeans
      • Spanish, English, French, Portuguese, German, and Dutch.
  • 18. Asian culture
    • Korea, Japan, and Vietnam heavily influenced by Chinese writing
    • Buddhism and Taoism
    • Confucianism
    • Hinduism and Islam
  • 19. Oceania
    • Much of Australia’s culture is derived from European and American roots
    • Distinctive Australian features from the environment and Aboriginal culture
    • New Zealand’s culture has derived from European roots with Maori flavor
  • 20. European culture
    • Broad influence beyond the continent of Europe due to the legacy of colonialism
    • the spread of the English language
    • Dominant influences
      • ancient Greece, ancient Rome, and Christianity
    • Religion
  • 21. Middle East and North Africa
    • Islam
    • Variations of the Arabic language
  • 22. Influence causing culture change and resistance
    • forces at work within a society
    • contact between societies
    • changes in the natural environment
  • 23. Globalization Threats or opportunities?
  • 24. The End Comments?