New 4-H Club Leaders Lesson Four 4-H Events & Activities 4-H Record Books Parent Involvement Child Behavior Bill Heltemes Florida 4-H Volunteer Recruitment Coordinator
“ What I’d most like to share with children is _________________.” “ What I’d most like parents to do is ________________________.”
4-H Curriculum Events and Activities are a part of the 4-H Project Curriculum. 4-H events should provide physical, mental, social and emotional growth experiences for individual 4-H members. 4-H events are a part of the total learning experience a youth may have in a 4-H project.
Terminology 4-H Program Year: September 1 through August 31 Juniors : ages 8 – 12 as of September 1 Seniors : begins at age 13, 4-H’er must not have passed his/her 19 th birthday or graduated from high school, whichever comes first. Project: a series of learning experiences within an area of interest. Large Animal Project: beef, dairy, goats, horse, llama, ostrich, sheep and swine.
4-H Events & Activities September 1 is the cut-off date for 4-H member participation in all state 4-H events and activities. Non-Competitive County District State National Competitive
Competitive Must be 8 years of age as of September 1 Competitive events allow youth to: Gain experience and develop skills in gathering, preparing and presenting educational information. Enhance decision-making capabilities. Make public presentations. Learn standards by which comparisons are made. Develop good sportsmanship.
Types of Competitive Events Demonstration or Illustrated Talk: a “show and tell” presentation using posters, props and other visual aids. Speech: a talk given without props or visual aids. Judging Events: a specialty activity in which a team of 4-H members test their knowledge about a particular project against 4-H teams from other counties. Exhibits: a “product” resulting from the project experience(s) that is exhibited or shown, often at exhibit days, fairs, or other specific contests like poster art.
County Events Day : Demonstrations and speeches are held in a contest setting for both juniors and seniors in various categories. Placings are awarded and recognition is given. Qualifiers for the District level events are selected at the County level. District Events: District competition in the demonstration and speech categories. Entries in the Photo and Poster contests are also displayed. Senior qualifiers in these areas will go on to compete in state level competition, usually occurring during State 4-H Congress.
State 4-H Congress Competitive Non Competitive Demonstrations Public Speaking Share the Fun Fashion Show Auto Driving Scholarship Interviews State Council Elections Leadership Tracks Poster & Photo Exhibits State Council Meetings Social Activities Ambassador Training Congress Press Corps Service Projects Consulting Groups Ages 13-18. Held in late July on the campus of the University of Florida.
More State Competitive Events Auto Driving: includes a written test, parts id, vehicle inspection, and driving. Needs valid Florida license. Fashion Revue: Includes construction and selection. 5 different categories to choose from. One senior per category per county in construction and selection may advance directly to State Congress. Horse Bowl: team event. Questions on industry, agriculture, and biological sciences. Ages 14-18. One team per county.
Share the Fun: junior and senior divisions. Individual, club or group acts. Designed to help 4-Hers discover, develop and share their talents with others. 2 junior and 2 senior acts from each county may go to district events. Photo Exhibit: a showcase for 4-H’ers accomplishments. Junior and senior age groups. One photo per member and four photos per county may be entered at Congress. Poster Art: junior and senior divisions. 3 entries per county at State Congress. Dairy Poster Contest: junior and senior divisions. About milk and milk products. One entry per division per county at State Congress.
Dairy Quiz Bowl: similar to horse bowl. Questions relate to dairy industry, agriculture, and biological sciences. Junior, intermediate and senior divisions. Contest is usually held in early August. 4-H Dog Show: junior and senior divisions. Dog grooming and obedience. Held at the Florida State Fair in Tampa. Horse Hippology Contest: a blend of horse judging, horse bowl, demonstrations, public speaking and showing into one activity. Junior and senior teams. Held in March in Orange County. Hog-n-Ham: covers pork production, processing and utilization. Includes raising and processing of a hog, and giving a demonstration or illustrated talk.
National Competitive Events
National Livestock & Poultry Judging
National Forestry Judging
National Dairy Judging
National Land Judging Event
National Engineering Event
Non-Competitive State Events Horsemanship Schools: for both adult leaders and 4-H members at least 8 years of age (Sept. 1). Learn and practice basic fundamentals of horsemanship. Riding skills, horse health, nutrition, tack care and selection, safety, fitting and grooming are covered. Southeastern Dairy Retreat: ages 8-18 and adults. Rotates between five southern states. Hands-on training in the many areas of the dairy industry. Ambassador Program: senior members. Held during State Congress and a weekend in January. Teens learn a variety of public relations skills. Serve as State Ambassadors.
Florida 4-H Legislature: senior members. A week long event held in Tallahassee. Learning laboratory on state government. Held in July. Summer Residential Camps: generally five days in length and covers a variety of topics. Ages depend on the county or the camping program being offered. Camps are offered by individual counties and by the State Camping Program in specialty areas. Citizenship Washington Focus: ages 15-18. An educational week in Washington D.C. Members stay at the National 4-H Center. The program helps youth learn about, understand and appreciate our national government.
Marine Institutes: 4-H members and adults. Experience Florida’s marine environment through canoeing, hiking and snorkeling. Other activities include presentations, campfires, field trips and recreation. June – August. 4-H Volunteer Leader Forums: provides a variety of learning experiences relating to all areas of 4-H volunteer roles. State Forum is held at Camp Ocala in April. Southern Forum held in Georgia in October. Learn from other 4-H leaders, from county, state and national 4-H staff, and from others well-known in the field of volunteerism and youth development.
National Events 4-H Dairy Conference: a 4 day educational program held in conjunction with World Dairy EXPO in Madison, Wisconsin. Late September/early October. Ages 15-19. Selection through 4-H Portfolio system. National 4-H Congress: a 4 day educational event recognizing outstanding 4-H senior members. Selection is done from the 4-H portfolio and an interview. Ages 14-18. Held in Atlanta in late November. National 4-H Conference: a national 4-H program development meeting held in Washington D.C. at the National 4-H Center in late March. Ages 14-18. Selection is made through application and an interview.
4-H Record Books 4-H record books are part of the 4-H project curriculum. They are designed to teach youth to keep accurate records of their projects. Records are a tool to make the total project a learning experience – a record allows us to look at the project in its entirety. Records help the member to do a self-evaluation. Records help leaders to know how their members are progressing. Records are one of the tools used in the awards selection process.
Record Book Requirements A record book refers to a combination of the record form, the project or 4-H Story, and project photos. Each record book is divided into these sections: Project Planning Project Reporting Citizenship Leadership Project Story Project photographs
The State 4-H Portfolio The Portfolio is a summary of the member’s accomplishments in their 4-H projects over a period of time. The format is that of a job resume and focuses on reporting accomplishments in relation to occupational skills. The member’s past record books will be useful in completing the Portfolio. The 4-H Portfolio is used to select state winners for National Congress and state scholarships.
Record Book Teaching Tips Include in your club program a plan for record review and list due dates. Let your members know their records will be evaluated and when they need to turn them in to you. When you distribute the records to your members, have a discussion about why records are a part of their 4-H experience and how it will benefit them. Keep a sample completed record book. This can be used at training meetings and to show parents who are helping their children with records.
Have regular record review – check records at meetings throughout the year. Mention records in some way frequently –youth need reminding. Emphasize importance, be enthusiastic yet to it casually. Recognize good jobs of record keeping, particularly by members making progress, even though not the best. Watch for an over-emphasis on records – just make records seem a regular and normal part of 4-H work. Help your members understand what a job resume is and how doing 4-H records can help.
Recruit another leader in your club to serve as your “Record Book Leader”. His/her assignment would be to do all of the above.
Parents In 4-H
Club Helpers Who Are They
Parents Are Important People Parents who know about 4-H and believe in it can be a great help to 4-H members and leaders. When parents take an active part, 4-H clubs become stronger, larger and more active. Also, by offering opportunities for families to do things together, 4-H can help develop family unity.
Gain Parent’s Cooperation Keep parents informed about the activities of 4-H and of their child. Talk to parents whenever you have the opportunity. Stress to the parents they are important, welcome and needed at club meetings and events. Invite them! Help your parents understand the purposes of 4-H. Hold meetings when parents can attend. Begin and stop them on time. Ask parents for help. Recognize them for what they do.
How Parents Can Help Their 4-H’er Help parents understand how: to get project materials to encourage project completion to get 4-H’ers to meetings and activities to help their 4-H’er with their project
Parents Can Strengthen Your 4-H Club Meeting Place Transportation Refreshments Chaperone
Parents Assume Leadership Roles Project Group Leader Share a Hobby or Skill Plan Club Tours and Trips Be a Committee Member
4-H Has Something for Parents See their children grow Learn new skills and knowledge Meet people Serve the community
Keep Parents Informed Parents can support your club only when they understand 4-H and what is expected of them as parents. Hold special parent programs – show demonstrations, project work and achievements. Parents are most likely to attend functions if their child is participating. Send an invitation from both the 4-H’er and the leader. Have a club newsletter or a telephone tree.
Survey Parent Interest Find the clues, (interests, talents and skills) that will make it possible for you to ask them to perform jobs that interest them and that are appropriate. Use a parent interest form. Ask your members to survey their parents informally. Have the club prepare a list of questions to ask their parents.
Ask! People don’t just volunteer they have to be asked. When you know that a job needs to be done and you believe a parent has the skill to perform the role, you’re in an excellent position to get a “yes”. Ask people to do jobs that are meaningful and important. If you ask a parent to accept a complex task and he/she refuses, have another smaller job in mind that the parent might accept. Have parents who agree to serve as volunteers complete the Volunteer Application Form – give these to your 4-H Agent.
Recognize Parents Praise and thanks Member thanks Public recognition
Formula for Success Inform Parents Ask Parents Parent Cooperation + =
Conduct a Parent Meeting Upon arrival: provide position descriptions, application forms and leader guides. Get Acquainted: use name tag scramble or assets bingo. What is 4-H? What Do You Want For Your Children? What Your Children Want Let’s Decide Who Will Do What
Dad, why don’t you come to 4-H meetings like some of the other kid’s parents? It’s fun you know! 1 2 Adult Volunteer Leader Self-Improvement Series, University of Minnesota Cooperative Extension Service.
Managing Behavior Several factors influence behavior and recognition of these factors will aid us in our understanding. Peers May Influence Behavior: Positively Negatively
“ Children don’t misbehave, they behave to get their needs met.” Thomas Gordon, Parent Effectiveness Training
Common Reasons for Problem Behavior Boredom Don’t understand the materials Don’t have limits or clear guidelines Need Attention Have not learned how to handle responsibility Want a role in planning Activities lack group participation Fear of failure
Steps for Better Club Functioning Observe your members during club activities. Talk to your members and ask them what they like to do. Plan activities and projects with your members Evaluate behavior and your relationship with your members.
In Working With Youth… Show understanding and warmth Step in when bounds have been exceeded Be sincere in your comments and actions Don’t ridicule Show equal concern for all Concentrate on individual work Ignore unwanted behavior unless it violates the rights of others
Setting the Boundaries Security of Limits: Each individual needs to have boundaries defined. Freedom and limits needed vary with each child. Limits should be few and enforceable and when the child has the freedom to make decisions within the boundaries of the limits.
Discipline - Punishment Discipline should not be confused with punishment. Good discipline is positive, not negative. Learning cannot take place without good discipline. It helps the member adjust, instead of punishing her/him for not having adjusted. Meaningful discipline turns unacceptable into acceptable behavior.
Guidelines for Maintaining Discipline 1. Explain the “why” of the rules. 2. Allow members to select some of their own discipline measures. 3. Don’t make threats. (What do threats imply?) 4. When in error, don’t be afraid to apologize. 5. Laugh with, not at your members. 6. Show a sense of humor OFTEN!
7. Don’t pretend to know everything. 8. Control voice tone at all times. 9. Positively reinforce wanted behavior; ignore unwanted behavior. 10. If unwanted behavior persists, talk to the individual in a caring manner. 11. Try giving extra responsibility to those who repeatedly display unwanted behavior. 12. Don’t punish the whole group because of the misbehavior of one or a few individuals.
13. Focus on the do’s instead of the don’ts. 14. To quiet a group, try: a. Talking softly b. Keeping silent c. Playing a get-quiet game (Tie a knot in a handkerchief throw it up and have the group yell when it is in the air. After three throws, catch them in their silence and speak softly.
Catching Kids Being Good
Club Meeting Agenda Call to Order (one tap) Thought for the Day Flag Pledges Singing or Recreation Roll Call: one 4-H project you are enrolled in Reading and Approval of Minutes Correspondence Treasurer’s Report Presentation of Outstanding Bills Old Business: Review How to Make a Motion Review Club Name New Business: Installation of Club Officers Parent Meeting Report Program Committee Report Announcements Adjournment Educational Program
Beat the Agent Team Contest Score 2 Points for Correct Answer Lose 1 Point for Incorrect Answer Agent Scores 1 Point for Incorrect Answers by Both Teams
Round One 1. 4-H events are part of the 4-H ________ curriculum A: project 2. Junior ages are: A: 8-12 as of Sept. 1 3. What are 4 of the 5 levels of 4-H participation. A: club, county, district, state , national 4. Give 3 reasons why we have record books in 4-H. 5. Give 5 roles parents can play in your club.
Round One Bonus Questions 1. _________ is the cut-off date for 4-H events and activities. A. Sept. 1 2. In 4-H we have both competitive and _____________ events. A. non competitive 3. What is the State 4-H Portfolio? A. Composed of an application form, resume and narrative. It is used for determining winners in many of the state competitive programs. It provides a summary of the achievements of the 4-H member over a period of time.
Round Two 1. 4-H events are a part of the total ______ experiences a youth may have in a 4-H project. A. learning 2. Goat is not considered a large animal project. A. False 3. How does a speech differ from a demonstration or illustrated talk? A. You may not use visual support items, other than notes, in a speech. 4. Give 3 ways parents can help their kids in 4-H. 5. Youth ages 5-7 may not compete in 4-H events. A. True
Round Two Bonus Questions 1. State 4-H Congress is held at Florida State University. A. False – University of Florida 2. Name at least 3 state 4-H events. 3. Name at least 3 non –competitive 4-H events.
Round Three 1. ___________ is the premier state 4-H event. State Congress 2. What is a judging event? A. A specialty activity in which a team of 4-H members test their knowledge about a particular project against 4-H teams from other counties. 3. Give 4 common reasons for child misbehavior. 4. A 3 letter word used to get parents involved. A. Ask 5. Give 3 methods for keeping parents informed.
Round Three Bonus Questions 1. Discipline and punishment are basically the same thing. If yes, how are they the same. If no, how are they different. A. No 2. What is the formula for success in getting parent support? A. Inform + Ask = Cooperation 3. It is ok for a 7 year old to enroll in the horse project as long as they don’t ride in 4-H horse shows. A. False
Our Next Meeting Safety & Legal Issues in Working With Youth What Do I Do Next? Graduation - Celebration
Parent Interest Form Name:_______________________________________________________________ Telephone:_____________________________ Address:________________________________________________________ City:______________________ Zip:______________ Were you in 4-H when you were a child? ___ yes ___ no Which of the following subjects interest you? Check the activities or projects you are willing to help the youth of our club learn. Add any other subjects not listed you would help with. ___ Beginning Sewing ___Gardening ___Camping ___Tailoring ___ Fashion Modeling ___Dairy Animals ___Backpacking ___Canoeing ___Dog Care ___Dog Training ___Basic Cooking ___Bread Making ___Bicycling ___Horsemanship ___Crafts ___ Needlepoint ___Auto Mechanics ___Art ___Crocheting ___Knitting ___Landscaping ___Wild Flowers ___House Plant Care ___Wildlife ___Goats ___Consumer Shopping ___Electricity ___Forestry ___Hunting Safety ___Entomology ___Performing Arts ___Music ___Clowning ___Shooting Sports ___Career Exploration ___Rocketry ___Model Airplanes ___Home Budgeting ___Photography ___Food Preservation ___Quilting ___Cake Decorating ___Dental Health ___Swine ___Safety ___Poultry ___Small Pets ___Rabbits ___Veterinary Science ___Marine Life ___Flower Gardening ___Computers ___Clothing Selection ___Community Service ___Club Float ___Woodworking ___Public Speaking ___Demonstrations ___Leadership Development ___Parliamentary Procedure ______Sports (_________________________________________________________) ___Other (_____________________________________) ___Other (________________________________) ___Other (______________________________) ___Other (________________________________) ___Other (________________________ ______) ___Other (__ _____________________________) Please check those things you will be willing to do when your 4-H club needs them: ____1. Lend kitchen, backyard, living room, garage for an occasional meeting. ____2. Help provide light refreshments for club meetings. ____3. Help with clerical work in the club (typing, summarizing records, publishing a club newsletter etc.) ____4. Drive in a car pool for transportation to and from 4-H meetings and activities. ____5. Chaperon club activities. ____6. Help telephone parents for last minute announcements. ____7. Encourage my son/daughter/grandchild to start and complete projects on time. ____8. Take an active interest in him/her and encourage being proud of his/her own achievements. ____9. Help him/her obtain materials or equipment needed for 4-H projects. ____10. Attend club meetings and club activities with my child/grandchild.