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“ Few teachers in our survey reported physical aggression towards themselves. Most of these did not rate it as the most difficult behaviour with which they had to deal. Teachers in our survey were most concerned about the cumulative effects of disruption to their lessons caused by relatively trivial but persistent misbehaviour”
‘ rows or tables’- rows had the greatest effect on the children with low initial on-task behaviour ( Wheldall et al 1981; Hastings and Wood 2002)
From on-task behaviour to socially useful outcomes
“ Be still, be quiet, be docile ” (Winnet & Winkler 1972)
the need to teach skills instead - pupils who were likely to succeed academically more likely to receive ‘naturally occurring’ praise and encouragement
juggling and unicycles (Burland 1979)
from primary-, to secondary-level applications
Despite published account of successful work in primary and special schools, much harder in secondary schools
McNamara and Harrop (1979), after attempting to repeat workshops that were successful at primary level with secondary teachers concluded that lack of transfer might be due to either features of adolescence and-or secondary schools
“ The existence of the regime that eventually became known as “Pindown” first became known to the outside world in 1989, when an adolescent girl was found to have been confined to a barely furnished room for long periods; required to wear night clothes during the day; deprived of contact, education and sensory stimulus; and prevented from communicating with other children or going out…. It eventually emerged that 132 children aged from 9 to 17 had been subjected to Pindown between 1983 and 1989”
from ‘ Abuse of Children and Young People in Residential Care” Scottish Parliament Information Centre Briefing. November 26 th , 2004, page 9.
British Psychological Society Code of Ethics and Conduct
3.1 Standard of General Responsibility
(i) Avoid harming clients, but take into account that the interests of different clients may conflict. The psychologist will need to weigh these interests and the potential harm caused by alternative courses of action or inaction.