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Career Trends

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  • 1. CAREER TRENDS Career Center Craven Hall 1400 CSUSM
  • 2. CAREER TRENDS
    • Influencing Factors
    • U.S. Industry Trends
    • State Trends
    • Strategies for Assisting the Labor Force of the Future
  • 3. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors
    • Unpredictable Influences
      • - Natural Disasters - Tsunami, Katrina
    • - Unnatural Disasters – 9/11
    • - New Trends – TV influences, new laws
    • Workforce Population Influences
        • The size of the workforce
          • U.S. Population expected increase – 24.5 mil ’00 -’12
          • Slightly faster rate than ‘90-’00 but slower than ’80 -’90
          • Population growth trends toward U. S. coastal areas
  • 4. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors
    • Labor Force Influences
    • Civilian labor force is expected to increase by 17.4 million
    • Generational Influences
            • GI/Depression Era - retired
            • Silent – retiring, some still working
            • Boomers – still working, retirement planning issues
            • (40% of Boomers have no retirement other than SS)
            • Gen X – smallest workforce
            • Gen Y, Gen “WHY”?, Millennium - tidal wave two
  • 5. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors
    • Labor Force Influences
    • Diversity Influences
      • By 2012, Hispanics will constitute a greater share of labor force than African Americans, Asians or any minority.
      • By 2012 men’s share of the labor force will decrease to 52.1% while women’s share increases to 47.9%; workers 55 and older will continue to increase.
      • Disabled workers will increase 3.9%, some of this increase is due to the aging workforce.
  • 6. CAREER TRENDS Influencing Factors
    • Labor Force Influences
    • Education and Training Influences
      • Jobs requiring associate degrees are the fastest growing at 32% followed by postsecondary vocational education at 24.1%.
        • Occupations with the Most New Jobs: Associate’s Degrees or Postsecondary Vocational Awards
          • Registered nurses
          • Computer support specialists
          • Medical records and health information technicians
          • Computer software engineers, applications
          • Computer software engineers, system software
          • Physical therapist assistants
          • Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors
          • Database administrators
          • Veterinary Technologists and technicians
  • 7. CAREER TRENDS Factors
        • Employment options at least requiring a BA degree is expected to grow 21.6% by 2012.
        • Occupations with the most new jobs: Bachelor’s Degree
          • Elementary school teachers
          • Accountants and auditors
          • Computer systems analysts
          • Secondary school teachers (except voc ed)
          • Computer software engineers, systems software
          • Network systems and data communications analysts
          • Network and computer systems administrators
          • Computer programmers
  • 8. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
      • Shift from goods-producing to service-producing is expected to continue.
      • 3 out of every 5 new jobs created will be service jobs.
      • 2/3 of this growth is concentrated in three sectors.
            • Professional business services
            • Health services
            • Social assistance services
  • 9. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Professional Business Services
          • Computer and technical services is the fastest growing industry (includes pre-packaged software, computer data, networking systems design and management, computer-related consulting services)
          • Personnel supply services (employment and temp staffing agencies) has the largest source of numerical employment growth.
          • Other business service industries experiencing the most growth are accounting, credit intermediation, finance, insurance and real estate; government; transportation, communications and utilities
  • 10. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Health Services
          • Home health care services, hospitals, offices of health practitioners will add 2.9 million new jobs in the next 10 years.
          • Demand will increase due to the aging population (baby boomers) and longer life expectancies.
          • Greatest demand will continue for nurses (especially bilingual) and health care professionals in rural areas.
  • 11. CAREER TRENDS 2012 U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Social Services
          • Child daycare and residential services will add 1.2 million new jobs.
        • Education
          • Continued need for math, science, special ed, and
        • bilingual teachers.
          • Higher education shortage of faculty due to retirements.
  • 12. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Wholesale and Retail Trade
          • The food & beverage/hospitality industry will have the largest increase.
          • Finance, Insurance and Real Estate
            • Real Estate Brokers account for the largest growth due to increase in housing demands.
            • Medical and health insurance carriers will account for the majority of insurance growth.
            • Securities and commodity brokers will account for 1/3 rd of this industry growth. However jobs in depository institutions will decline due to automated and internet banking options.
  • 13. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Transportation, Communications and Utilities
          • Local Inter-urban transportation will see the biggest industry growth with trucking and warehousing providing the most new jobs.
          • Demand for wireless, cable and internet connections will create 296,000 jobs by 2015.
          • Growth in the utility sector will be driven by water supply and sanitary services industry……………..emergency service needs!
          • Other utility services such as electricity and gas production and distribution will see declines in jobs due to increased productivity and output brought on by technology.
  • 14. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Service-Producing Industries
        • Government
          • Government was expected to grow primarily at state and local levels before 9/11. Now we see a significant increase in Homeland Security needs which is fueling federal growth.
          • 40% of federal employees will be at retirement age within the next year.
  • 15. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Goods-Producing Industries
    • Stagnant since the 1980’s
        • Construction, Agriculture and Forestry
          • Construction industry will increase in new housing and infrastructure.
          • Veterinary, landscape and horticultural services will account for ¾ of the growth in this industry.
          • General agriculture jobs will continue to decline due to technology advances and the demise of family farms.
  • 16. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industry Trends
    • Goods-Producing Industries
        • Durable Goods
          • Production of electronics and vehicles will see a small growth (mostly hybrid cars).
        • Non-Durable Goods
          • Textiles, apparel and leather goods will see a decline.
          • Drug manufacturing will see an increase of 28%, due to the aging population and increase in life expectancy.
  • 17. CAREER TRENDS U.S. Industries Trends
    • Goods-Producing Industries
        • Mining
          • Coal, metal and non-metal material mining will decrease.
          • Oil and Gas will see a small increase. New refineries must be built.
  • 18. CAREER TRENDS State Trends
    • California Largest Numerical Growth By Occupation Areas
      • 1. Sales and Related Occupations (Retail, wholesale manufacturing, insurance, real estate, financial services, and telemarketers).
      • 2. Education, Training and Library Occupations (Preschool to postsecondary).
      • 3. Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations .
      • 4. Office and Administrative Support Occupations.
  • 19. CAREER TRENDS State Trends
    • California Largest Numerical Growth By Occupation Areas
      • 5. Construction and Extraction Occupations .
      • 6. Management Occupations (Executives to Educational Administrators).
      • 7. Health Care Practitioners and Technical Occupations.
      • 8. Computer and Mathematics Occupations (all computer jobs, actuaries and statisticians).
      • 9. Health Care Support Staff Occupations.
  • 20. CAREER TRENDS State Trends
    • California Largest Numerical Growth By Individual Occupations by 2012
      • 1. Retail Sales Clerk - 77,800 jobs
      • 2. Combined Food and Prep Serving Including Fast Food - 62,200 jobs
      • 3. Cashiers - 61,900 jobs
      • 4. Registered Nurses - 56,800 jobs
      • 5. Waiters and Waitresses - 50,900
      • 6. Customer Service Representatives - 47,300 jobs
      • 7. General Office Clerks - 46,200 jobs
      • 8. General and Operations Managers - 42,900 jobs
  • 21. CAREER TRENDS State Trends
    • California Largest Numerical Growth By Individual Occupations Requiring Postsecondary Degrees by 2012
    • 1. Registered Nurses - 56,800 jobs
      • 2. General and Operations Managers - 42,900 jobs
      • 3. Elementary School Teacher, Except Special Education - 31,300 jobs
      • 4. Computer Software Engineers, Applications - 29,000 jobs
      • 5. Secondary Teachers, Except Special Education and Vocational - 25,200 jobs
      • 6. Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software - 22,400 jobs
      • 7. Accountants and Auditors - 21,600 jobs
      • 8. Management Analysts - 18,300 jobs
      • 9. Computer Systems Analysts - 17,800 jobs
  • 22. CAREER TRENDS Strategies
    • Life-long learning…..OJT
    • Experiential opportunities/Internships
    • Job shadowing
    • Professional panels
    • Classroom visitors
    • Tours and field trips
    • Assessment of skills, interests, personality, aptitudes and values
    • Computer skills
    • Soft skills development (professional etiquette)
    • Partnering with colleges and employers
  • 23. CAREER TRENDS Strategies
    • Job Search Success
      • Newspapers less than 7% of the jobs (high turnover, high vacancy, less smaller organizations).
      • Networking….who do you know, and who do they know?
      • Niche market websites (Professional organizations and industry listing services).
      • Organization electronic self-promotion, www.company_name.JOBS domains.
    • Students today must plan on continuing their education throughout their life.
    • Students today can anticipate having 3+ careers in their life time. (Those in business and industry will experience an average of 2 layoffs).
  • 24. CAREER TRENDS FUTURE JOBS?!?!?!
    • Nano-technologist
    • Bio-information fuel cell engineer
    • Bubble Tea Technician
    • Certified dog-walker specialist
    • Configuration Manager
    • Staffing Strategist
    • Artificial Intelligence Technician
    • Aquaculturist
    • Bionic Medical Technician
    • Cryonics Technician
    • Myotherapist
    • Fusionoptic Engineer
    • Computational Linguist
    • Genome Research Technician
    • Cybrarian
    • Chief Imagination Officer
    • Relocation Therapist
    • Pathfinder
  • 25. CAREER TRENDS Resources
    • U.S. Department of Labor Statistics website
    • www.bls.gov
    • Occupational Outlook Handbook ww.bls.gov/oco/home.htm
    • California Employment Development Department website www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov
    • CSUSM Career website www.csusm.edu/careers