Infrastructure Plan, 1890 We’ll need to build an immense horse transportation infrastructure!
Infrastructure Plan, 1890
Cows and cow pastures, horse farms
Water troughs and water delivery
Railroad to Ellensburg (100 miles) for hay
Jobs and training: Grooms, stablehands, Buggy-makers, leather tanning
And, of course …
Horse By-Product Management
Now It is 2006 in Seattle
We’re the Tech Capital of the World
Our “cool” factor is off the charts
(Quality of Life)
Population 575,000, 3 million in the region
Projection for 2040: 925,000 and 4.6 million
How can we accommodate this growth and still be cool?
It’s 2006: What Changes in Infrastructure Do We Need?
1. Clarify Objectives
The hype around Wi-Fi
Gee whiz the City of (fill in the blank) is doing it!
[Are your circumstances the same as the City of Blank?]
Low-cost Internet access is important to our City!
[But how about cable, two-way video, telephone, HDTV?]
It will be free!
[Who pays for 30 access points for square mile?]
We’ll bridge the digital divide for all our citizens!
[So where do the computers and Wi-Fi cards come from?]
Comment: This is the latest hot, understandable, technology (PC’s, cell phones, e-mail, dot-com, web)
Seattle’s Task Force
Commissioned in 2004 - Citizens
Councilmember Jim Compton and Mayor Greg Nickels
Comcast, Qwest, 360 networks, others
Goal: Explore how the City’s assets could be used to create a broadband network
7 months, 13 meetings
Compton Mayor Nickels
What are we trying to do?
Consumers – triple-play, interactive gaming, two-way television, work/business at home
The Digital Divide
Economic development – small businesses, spin-offs, collaboration, educated workforce
Public safety – mobile, video, images
Public purpose – government services, interaction with elected officials, education
Technology Fit Summary
DSL – short term, short cable, short life
Cable – seems on top now, won’t support future two way HDTV applications
Wi-Fi – interesting for mobile, not for TV, video, interference, expensive in wide area
Wi-Max – new, may work for mobile, wide area
Fiber-to-the-premise (FTTP) – the real solution, expensive, 40+ year life with new electronics
Task Force Results Within a decade, all of Seattle will have affordable access to an interactive, open, broadband network capable of supporting applications and services using integrated layers of voice, video and data, with sufficient capacity to meet the ongoing information, communications and entertainment needs of the city’s citizens, businesses, institutions and municipal government.
2. Assess the Competition
The Cable Company (Seattle – Comcast)
The Phone Company (Seattle – Qwest)
Task force comments:
Qwest not financially able to compete
Cable company won’t innovate here
Verizon – FIOS and Fiber-to-the-Premise
3,000,000 homes passed in 2005,
3,000,000 more in 2006
The Fort Wayne story
Wall Street’s not convinced …
AT&T – Fiber-to-the-curb
Wi-Max and Clearwire and Sprint-Nextel
3. Assess Assets and Market
Tech savvy population – Microsoft, Amazon, etc.
51% of adults college graduates
83% households with home computers
81% of employed have access at work
76% have Internet access at home
60% with home Internet have DSL or cable
Most literate and Internet literate city;
Intel: most “unwired” City
Seattle Wi-Fi 2003 Map
City of Seattle Market
314,000 premises and units
Revenue per residential user in 2005: $43 voice, $48 video, $22 data
Revenue per business user: $252 voice, $213 long distance, $147 data
Take rate: 12% year one, 43% year 8
City of Seattle Assets
320 fiber-miles (over 24,000 strand miles) of fiber throughout the City – public partnership
100,000 utility poles (Seattle City Light)
Rights of way, street lights, facilities
Relationships with schools, universities, community organizations
Seattle Fiber Network
4. Get Elected Officials’ Decision and Support
5. Pursue the Goal
Detailed study of the potential market in Seattle, and network design – Dynamic Cities
Request for Interest (RFI): 28 respondents
Determine what incentives private partners need
Develop and franchise one or more partnerships to do FTTH within the City
Ideally, this means …
Build a fiber optic network to every home and business in Seattle
Provision it to allow multiple competing TV, video, telephone, data, Internet services
Network neutrality important to Microsoft, Google, content providers - public ownership?
Partner with private vendors and
others to construct and operate
Seattle’s Wi-Fi Pilots University Avenue Columbia City Downtown Hotspots
Seattle’s Wi-Fi Pilots
Main library and several branches
Four downtown parks
University Business District with University Chamber, Univ. Washington (7 APs)
Columbia City Business District with Rainier Chamber of Commerce, UW (3 APs)
Seattle Wi-Fi Goals
Enhance business revenues, by
Attracting customers, increasing purchases
Using online portal for marketing
Increase productivity of small business
Increase exposure/access to www.seattle.gov
Learn tech / operational requirements for Wi-Fi
Off-campus access for UW students, staff
Seattle Wi-Fi Statistics 224 813 355 New users added this month 1605 5609 2781 Total unique users (year to date) 48 (+3) 96 (+15) 28 (+6) Avg. number of unique users per day +19% +22% +22% % change in total monthly logins since last month 112 (+18) 190 (+33) 47 (+10) Avg. logins per day Columbia City University District City Hall / Parks August 2006
Seattle Wi-Fi Evaluation
An imperfect technology! Coverage! (Outside and inside) Reliability! How to get help?!?
Monitoring, security, support.
Attracts customers and serves residents
Not a substitution for business Internet
High level of community support (now)
Improve the portal / splash page
Total ROI? Probably not.
This Century’s Killer Apps
Two-way HDTV (6 megabits per second each)
Video conferencing, telecommuting
Enhanced safety, improved life for seniors
Reduce commute trips, transportation req’ts
Interactive gaming, entertainment
Multiple streams per home
It’s 2006: What choices will we make? www.seattle.gov/doit This? Or This?