S  kills to gather information U  nveil the treasures of the Web R  efine your search   F  ind relevant resources Be Info ...
Objective of Research Skills To teach  fundamental search skills  that will help you to retrieve the necessary information...
Situation 1: Feel helpless Help! I do not know where to start for my project. Situation 2: Feel lost Like finding a needle...
Please take note We seek your cooperation not to access other sites  other than those needed for the  scavenger hunt   dur...
Research Skills Cycle Choose a topic or you are given a topic 1 Identify  main concepts 2 4 Know the tools to find info Fi...
Choose a topic I already know something about this… This is interesting! I think there are lots of information on this… Wh...
Explore the forms of information INTERNET LIBRARY Dictionaries Books Encyclopedia Magazines Videos Newspapers
<ul><li>PRIMARY SOURCE </li></ul><ul><li>Original documents: autobiographies, diaries, e-mails, interviews, letters, minut...
Dictionaries To find meaning of words <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary.com http://dictionary.ref...
<ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia.com http://www.encyclopedia.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>About.com ...
Reference Sources   Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Directories, Almanacs etc. <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><l...
3 Construct a Search Strategy Identify  main ideas 1 Find keywords & alternative terms 2 Use Boolean  Operators and (+) or...
Construct Search Strategy <ul><ul><li>Step 1: Identify main ideas </li></ul></ul>Project: Marketing   of  tourist  destina...
Search Strategy List Alternative terms Step 2:  Find alternative terms Keywords: Alternative  terms: attractions holiday s...
Search Strategy Boolean Operators <ul><li>OR  broadens search </li></ul>Step 3: Combine keywords with  Boolean operators :...
<ul><li>AND  narrows search </li></ul>Search Strategy Boolean Operators Step 3: Combine keywords with  Boolean operators :...
Search Strategy Boolean Operators NOT  limits search marketing  and  destinations   NOT   shopping Step 3: Combine keyword...
<ul><li>market * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>market, market s , market ing  etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>touris * </li></ul><ul><...
Search Strategy Phrase/Parenthesis Step 5:  To group parts of terms for  meaningful search market *   AND  touris *   AND ...
Search Strategy Constructing Search Strategy Form meaningful search phrases  using Boolean operators and wildcards Use sea...
Sources of Information  Search for  Web resources Use search engines Materials  available in National Library or NP Librar...
Find resources in the Library using OPAC
2. Click the blue  Subject  button for Subject Search OPAC <ul><li>Access NP Library OPAC through http://libopac.np.edu.sg...
OPAC 3. Type in one or two keywords for your topic e.g. corporate sponsorship
OPAC You will get a list of Subject Terms containing the word you typed 4a. Click on one of the Subject Hyperlinks 4b. Or ...
OPAC You will then be presented with a results list 5. If you are interested in a particular title, click on the Title hyp...
OPAC The  Subjects  field describes the content nature of the book Expand your search with these subject terms
OPAC - Lifestyle 6. Locate the book from the Library
LIFESTYLE COLLECTION The Book Collection is categorised under the following clusters: biography business & management cart...
Let’s try another topic in the Subject Search e.g.  food beverage OPAC
You may sometimes encounter this screen in OPAC. Usually due to wrong use of words. OPAC
OPAC In other words, to find the proper terms for Subject Search, you need to know what subject headings the LCSH uses for...
1. Type the your keywords into Quick Search and do a Title Search e.g.  food beverage OPAC
2. Click on one title which is most relevant. OPAC
OPAC 4. Click on New Search icon 3. Look through the Subjects field and take note of the Subject terms used by OPAC.
5. Click the  Subject  button for Subject Search OPAC
6. Type the subject terms noted earlier e.g.  food service management OPAC
7. You will get a list of Subject Headings related to the topic of interest OPAC
Another useful type of search is the  Advanced  Search OPAC
Select field to search in.  To expand your search, choose Anywhere. Select Boolean Operator to use. Type keywords.  Use  *...
Type in your subject term here e.g.  tourism Run the search Search for OPAC Videorecordings
Search for OPAC Videorecordings Browse through your results list
Finding information via NLB OPAC <ul><li>National Library Board’s OPAC: books, magazines and AV in public libraries </li><...
Go to NLB website http://www.nlb.gov.sg
 
Allows searching by  multiple keywords, Boolean operators  (AND, OR, NOT) & Wildcards (*) Search by subject fields e.g. Su...
Select the relevant subject term
List items on Tourism Marketing Select the title that is of interest to you
The subjects depict the  nature of content in the book Check the location and the availability of the book
Hint: Search NLB OPAC (Keywords Search) (http://www.nlb.gov.sg) <ul><li>I would like to find a book on fast food restauran...
<ul><li>Newspaper / Magazine Articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current and up-to-date information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subj...
Newspaper Articles Current & Back Issues <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>AsiaOne.com:  Gateway to local on...
AsiaOne.com :  http://www.asia1.com/ Type keywords of your search
Newspaper Articles Current & Back Issues The following requires subscription: Straits Times Interactive ( http://straitsti...
<ul><li>Use the  Multimedia Stations  at all branches of National Library </li></ul><ul><li>The news database is called  F...
Hint: AsiaOne.com website (http://www.asia1.com.sg/) <ul><li>Find a newspaper article about the winning design of the winn...
<ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>FindArticles.com:  collection of full-text articles from over 500 publicat...
Type the keyword e.g. ASEAN tourism industry Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
Click on any title  of  interest Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
Hint: Find Articles (http://www.findarticles.com) Scavenger Hunt: #3 Find a magazine article Answers <ul><li>I would like ...
Finding treasures on the Web Major Search Engines  & Subject Directories  Which search engines & subject  directories to u...
Search Engines Tips “  ” Double quotes Phrase search eg. “tourism industry” + plus Word must be present in results  eg. +m...
<ul><li>Read  Help / Search Tips   </li></ul><ul><li>Use  lower case   when typing in keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Be  speci...
Search Engines Tips <ul><li>For definitions of words or phrases, use either define word or define:word  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>1 st   </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www. google .com </li></ul><ul><li>  </li...
<ul><li>Fast, ranking of relevant websites by popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Award-winning, has over one billion URLs  </li>...
 
Search by keywords Browse by subject areas
World Wide Web  Local Search Engines Librarian’s Top Picks 1 st     http://www. sg Powered by Google! 2 nd http://www. yah...
<ul><li>Allows you to find information within different fields </li></ul><ul><li>Focused searching </li></ul><ul><li>Libra...
 
Hint: smealsearch.com (http://smealsearch2.psu.edu/index.html/) <ul><li>I am interested in finding a web article on market...
<ul><li>Also known as metacrawlers </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrently searches many search engines </li></ul><ul><li>One-stop ...
World Wide Web  Meta search engines
World Wide Web  Meta search engines
Hint: Vivisimo  (http://vivisimo.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #5 Use Meta Search Engine Answers <ul><li>Use Clusty search engine ...
Analyse & evaluate your results  1.  C urrency -  When was the web-site last revised? -  Does the date of update correspon...
3.  R eliability - Is the site biased in any way? <ul><li>5.  A ccuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Check if it is free from errors ...
Images <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Google multimedia search http://images.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><l...
Images
Hint: Google Images  (http://images.google.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #6 Find images Answers <ul><li>I need a photo of tourism ...
Overview  Search for  Web resources Use search engines Materials  available in National Library How to locate?
Research Skills Cycle Choose a topic or you are given a topic 1 Identify  main concepts 2 4 Know the tools to find info Fi...
THE END! Congratulations! You’ve learnt the skills to  find information effectively!
Scavenger Hunt: #1 Find a library book <ul><li>I would like to find a book on fast food restaurants from a public library....
Type some keywords of the title Answer to scavenger hunt 1  : Find a library book Search by subjects
Click on the subject heading Answer to scavenger hunt 1  : Find a library book
Click on the relevant title Answer to scavenger hunt 1  : Find a library book
Look under the subject field Branch library that holds the book Answer to scavenger hunt 1  : Find a library book
Scavenger Hunt: #2 Find newspaper articles <ul><li>Find a newspaper article about the winning design of the winner of the ...
Answer to scavenger hunt 2  : Find a newspaper article Type the keywords e.g. IR and win*
Click on the title to retrieve the full text article Answer to scavenger hunt 2  : Find a newspaper article
Answer to scavenger hunt 2  : Find a newspaper article
<ul><li>I would like to find articles about resort management. </li></ul><ul><li>Double Diamond Cos. is the owner of what ...
Type the keywords e.g. resort management Answer to scavenger hunt 3  : Find a magazine article
Click on the hyperlink Answer to scavenger hunt 3  : Find a magazine article
Answer to scavenger hunt 3  : Find a magazine article
Scavenger Hunt: #4 Find information from SMEALSearch <ul><li>I am interested in finding a web article on marketing tourism...
Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 4 : Use SMEALSearch search engine Click on the title  hyperlink
Answer to scavenger hunt 4 : Use SMEALSearch search engine Article title Read the abstracts for topics covered
Hint: Vivisimo  (http://vivisimo.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #5 Use Meta search engine <ul><li>Use Clusty search engine to find ...
Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
<ul><li>I need a photo of tourism products. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the title of the news article that was retrieved in ...
Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 6 : Find images
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  • A very good morning to all of you. Welcome to Ngee Ann Polytechnic. I am XXX from the Ngee Ann Polytechnic Library and I am very glad today to be invited to give a presentation to all of you on “How to be Information Smart?” For your assesements, you to submit a report, therefore you need information to give you ideas and help you to write the report. The first question that comes to mind is how should I start? Where can I find the resources? You’re in the right place today as I will be showing how to find information effectively on the Internet so that you can look out for relevant information to help your assessments. The skills that I will showing you is a lifelong skill that will help you not only to find information for this competition but also to find relevant information for projects/assignments in your studies. Today, I will guide you the skills to gather information from various information sources. I will show you how to unveil the treasures of the Web. You will be amazed to see the wonderful resources such as websites, articles, multimedia resources that you can find on the World Wide Web. Next I will show you how to refine your search so that you will only retrieve relevant information. Sometimes when you surf the web, you’ll be prompted with 100,000 hits. You must then know what search operators to use to narrow down your search. Lastly, if you are proficient in your searching, you will be able to retrieve very relevant resources which can be used to substantiate your research for your assessments.
  • Be Info Smart

    1. 1. S kills to gather information U nveil the treasures of the Web R efine your search F ind relevant resources Be Info Smart
    2. 2. Objective of Research Skills To teach fundamental search skills that will help you to retrieve the necessary information and materials needed for the AEM – Fundamentals of Tourism Management Assessments .
    3. 3. Situation 1: Feel helpless Help! I do not know where to start for my project. Situation 2: Feel lost Like finding a needle in the haystack Situation 3: Feel dizzy Situation 4: Feel Excited Research for relevant materials for projects/assignments
    4. 4. Please take note We seek your cooperation not to access other sites other than those needed for the scavenger hunt during this session Let’s play a game quiz “ Treasure hunt in the cyberworld”
    5. 5. Research Skills Cycle Choose a topic or you are given a topic 1 Identify main concepts 2 4 Know the tools to find info Find various sources of info 5 Evaluate the information 7 Improve search and refine 6 Use Boolean Operators and (+) or [|] not (-)
    6. 6. Choose a topic I already know something about this… This is interesting! I think there are lots of information on this… Which topic should I choose?
    7. 7. Explore the forms of information INTERNET LIBRARY Dictionaries Books Encyclopedia Magazines Videos Newspapers
    8. 8. <ul><li>PRIMARY SOURCE </li></ul><ul><li>Original documents: autobiographies, diaries, e-mails, interviews, letters, minutes, news film footage, official records, photographs, government documents or data, speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Written by the author or organisation that collects the information </li></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY SOURCE </li></ul><ul><li>Explains or reviews research works </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: textbooks, newspaper articles, encyclopedias written by a reporter who had nothing to do with the actual research. </li></ul>Primary vs Secondary Sources
    9. 9. Dictionaries To find meaning of words <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Merriam-Webster Online http://www.m-w.com/home. htm </li></ul><ul><li>BioTech Life Science Dictionary http://biotech. icmb . utexas . edu /search/ dict -search.html </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia.com http://www.encyclopedia.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>About.com ( Biology) http://biology.about.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia Encyclopedia http://www.bartleby.com/65/ </li></ul>Encyclopedias To find overview of a topic
    11. 11. Reference Sources Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Directories, Almanacs etc. <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Bartleby.com http://www. bartleby .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ref Desk.com http://www. refdesk .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Library Spot http://www. libraryspot .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Street Executive Library http://www. executivelibrary .com/ </li></ul>
    12. 12. 3 Construct a Search Strategy Identify main ideas 1 Find keywords & alternative terms 2 Use Boolean Operators and (+) or [|] not (-) Use Wildcards * 4 Use Double Quotes & Parenthesis &quot; &quot; () 5 Construct search strategy 6
    13. 13. Construct Search Strategy <ul><ul><li>Step 1: Identify main ideas </li></ul></ul>Project: Marketing of tourist destinations
    14. 14. Search Strategy List Alternative terms Step 2: Find alternative terms Keywords: Alternative terms: attractions holiday spots visitor traveler advertising selling promoting destinations tourist Marketing
    15. 15. Search Strategy Boolean Operators <ul><li>OR broadens search </li></ul>Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT marketing advertising or
    16. 16. <ul><li>AND narrows search </li></ul>Search Strategy Boolean Operators Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT destinations marketing and
    17. 17. Search Strategy Boolean Operators NOT limits search marketing and destinations NOT shopping Step 3: Combine keywords with Boolean operators : OR, AND, NOT destinations marketing and shopping NOT
    18. 18. <ul><li>market * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>market, market s , market ing etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>touris * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>touris t , touris ts , touris m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>destination * </li></ul><ul><ul><li>destination, destination s </li></ul></ul>Search Strategy Wildcards Useful for searching variations of a root word Step 4: Use of wildcards (*, ?, $)
    19. 19. Search Strategy Phrase/Parenthesis Step 5: To group parts of terms for meaningful search market * AND touris * AND ( destination * OR attraction * OR “ holiday spot *” ) &quot; &quot; “ tourist destinations” , “holiday spots” Words appear as a phrase ( ) Nesting group parts of the search strategy together using parentheses. Works like complex expression in algebra
    20. 20. Search Strategy Constructing Search Strategy Form meaningful search phrases using Boolean operators and wildcards Use search phrases to search in Library OPAC & Internet SEARCH STRATEGY: ( market * OR advertis * OR promot *) AND tour * AND ( destination * OR attraction * ) NOT shopping * Marketing of tourist destinations
    21. 21. Sources of Information Search for Web resources Use search engines Materials available in National Library or NP Library How to locate?
    22. 22. Find resources in the Library using OPAC
    23. 23. 2. Click the blue Subject button for Subject Search OPAC <ul><li>Access NP Library OPAC through http://libopac.np.edu.sg </li></ul>
    24. 24. OPAC 3. Type in one or two keywords for your topic e.g. corporate sponsorship
    25. 25. OPAC You will get a list of Subject Terms containing the word you typed 4a. Click on one of the Subject Hyperlinks 4b. Or to select more than one subject, place checkmarks beside subjects of interest, click Display Selections
    26. 26. OPAC You will then be presented with a results list 5. If you are interested in a particular title, click on the Title hyperlink.
    27. 27. OPAC The Subjects field describes the content nature of the book Expand your search with these subject terms
    28. 28. OPAC - Lifestyle 6. Locate the book from the Library
    29. 29. LIFESTYLE COLLECTION The Book Collection is categorised under the following clusters: biography business & management cartoons & comics computers & Internet creativity & innovation entertainment fiction food & beverages general – social sci, pol. health & medical hobbies home & family humour languages lifeskills science & technology sports travel & culture true stories design
    30. 30. Let’s try another topic in the Subject Search e.g. food beverage OPAC
    31. 31. You may sometimes encounter this screen in OPAC. Usually due to wrong use of words. OPAC
    32. 32. OPAC In other words, to find the proper terms for Subject Search, you need to know what subject headings the LCSH uses for your topic of interest. Keywords used in Subject Search must be in accordance to the Library of Congress Subject Headings or LCSH in short.
    33. 33. 1. Type the your keywords into Quick Search and do a Title Search e.g. food beverage OPAC
    34. 34. 2. Click on one title which is most relevant. OPAC
    35. 35. OPAC 4. Click on New Search icon 3. Look through the Subjects field and take note of the Subject terms used by OPAC.
    36. 36. 5. Click the Subject button for Subject Search OPAC
    37. 37. 6. Type the subject terms noted earlier e.g. food service management OPAC
    38. 38. 7. You will get a list of Subject Headings related to the topic of interest OPAC
    39. 39. Another useful type of search is the Advanced Search OPAC
    40. 40. Select field to search in. To expand your search, choose Anywhere. Select Boolean Operator to use. Type keywords. Use * to expand your search. You may also choose to limit the material type. e.g. Videorecording OPAC Search for OPAC Videorecordings
    41. 41. Type in your subject term here e.g. tourism Run the search Search for OPAC Videorecordings
    42. 42. Search for OPAC Videorecordings Browse through your results list
    43. 43. Finding information via NLB OPAC <ul><li>National Library Board’s OPAC: books, magazines and AV in public libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Call numbers used follows the Dewey Decimal Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Use the advanced search option in NLB catalogue to limit your searches (by year, language & form of material) </li></ul>Search NLB online catalogue <ul><li>000 Generalities </li></ul><ul><li>100 Philosophy & Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>200 Religion </li></ul><ul><li>300 Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>400 Language </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Sciences & Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>600 Technology </li></ul><ul><li>700 The Arts </li></ul><ul><li>800 Literature </li></ul><ul><li>900 Geography and History </li></ul>
    44. 44. Go to NLB website http://www.nlb.gov.sg
    45. 46. Allows searching by multiple keywords, Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) & Wildcards (*) Search by subject fields e.g. Subjects
    46. 47. Select the relevant subject term
    47. 48. List items on Tourism Marketing Select the title that is of interest to you
    48. 49. The subjects depict the nature of content in the book Check the location and the availability of the book
    49. 50. Hint: Search NLB OPAC (Keywords Search) (http://www.nlb.gov.sg) <ul><li>I would like to find a book on fast food restaurants from a public library. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject heading used for the book entitled “Resisting McDonalization”? </li></ul><ul><li>Name one library where I can find this book. </li></ul>Scavenger Hunt: #1 Find a library book Answers
    50. 51. <ul><li>Newspaper / Magazine Articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current and up-to-date information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject Specific Web Directories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business-related websites and information </li></ul></ul>Specialised Web Sources
    51. 52. Newspaper Articles Current & Back Issues <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>AsiaOne.com: Gateway to local online newspapers. http://www.asia1.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Singapore news: News search engine http:// sg .news.yahoo.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Singaporenews.net: updated news headlines with links to local newspapers http:// singaporenews .net </li></ul><ul><li>AllYouCanRead.com: online directory of magazines, newspapers and news from Singapore http://www. allyoucanread .com/news/ singapore _news.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Newslink: Gateway to foreign and local newspapers. http:// newslink .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Online Newspapers.com: Covers newspapers worldwide. http://www. onlinenewspapers .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Asian News Archives on the Web: Archives to local and foreign newspapers. http://www. ibiblio .org/ slanews /internet/ asia . htm </li></ul>
    52. 53. AsiaOne.com : http://www.asia1.com/ Type keywords of your search
    53. 54. Newspaper Articles Current & Back Issues The following requires subscription: Straits Times Interactive ( http://straitstimes.asia1.com.sg/ ) 7 days archives Business Times Online ( http://business-times.asia1.com.sg/ ) 7 days archives <ul><li>6-day archives </li></ul><ul><li>Today Online http://www.todayonline.com/index_home.htm </li></ul><ul><li>7-day archives </li></ul><ul><li>Channel News Asia http://www.channelnewsasia.com </li></ul><ul><li>7-day archives </li></ul><ul><li>The Electric New Paper http://newpaper.asia1.com.sg/ </li></ul><ul><li>From 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Articles archives Factiva Database in NLB libraries </li></ul>Archives Newspapers
    54. 55. <ul><li>Use the Multimedia Stations at all branches of National Library </li></ul><ul><li>The news database is called Factiva </li></ul><ul><li>The charge for using the multimedia station is 3 cents per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Printing at $0.30 per A4 page. No saving on diskette. You can send e-mails of the articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay with Cashcard </li></ul>Find back-issues of newspaper articles at National Library Newspaper Articles Current & Back Issues
    55. 56. Hint: AsiaOne.com website (http://www.asia1.com.sg/) <ul><li>Find a newspaper article about the winning design of the winner of the IR bid. </li></ul><ul><li>Which newspaper did the article appear and what is the date of the featured article? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What was the design that won the hearts of the judging architects in paragraph 5? </li></ul>Scavenger Hunt: #2 Find newspaper articles Answers
    56. 57. <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>FindArticles.com: collection of full-text articles from over 500 publications http://www. findarticles .com/PI/index. jhtml </li></ul><ul><li>E-journal articles (Open access): electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain http://openj-gate.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar: search for article across the Web http://scholar.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>HighWire: a collection of scientific and medical journals http:// highwire . stanford . edu / </li></ul><ul><li>MagPortal.com: a free service that helps you find individual magazine articles posted on the Web http://www. magportal .com/ </li></ul>Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
    57. 58. Type the keyword e.g. ASEAN tourism industry Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
    58. 59. Click on any title of interest Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
    59. 60. Magazines/Periodicals To find relevant articles
    60. 61. Hint: Find Articles (http://www.findarticles.com) Scavenger Hunt: #3 Find a magazine article Answers <ul><li>I would like to find articles about resort management. </li></ul><ul><li>Double Diamond Cos. is the owner of what type of resort? </li></ul><ul><li>Which system is used to centralise their operations? </li></ul>
    61. 62. Finding treasures on the Web Major Search Engines & Subject Directories Which search engines & subject directories to use ? Meta Search Engines When do I use meta search engines? Local Search Engines When do I use local engines? Web dilemma Specialized Search Engines When do I use local engines?
    62. 63. Search Engines Tips “ ” Double quotes Phrase search eg. “tourism industry” + plus Word must be present in results eg. +management - minus Word must not be present eg. +tourism -casinos * Asterisk Word stems must be present eg. tour*
    63. 64. <ul><li>Read Help / Search Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Use lower case when typing in keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific when using keywords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. marketing tourist destinations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider synonyms and alternative terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. marketing or promoting (use “or”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider British & American spelling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. organisation, organization = organi* (use wildcard) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use more than one search engine to be more comprehensive </li></ul>Search Engines Tips
    64. 65. Search Engines Tips <ul><li>For definitions of words or phrases, use either define word or define:word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>define itinerary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>define:itinerary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To search for particular file type, use filetype:[extension] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>filetype:pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>filetype:doc </li></ul></ul>
    65. 66. <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>1 st </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www. google .com </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. yahoo .com </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. msn .com </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines use spiders or crawlers (robot programs) to find the sites you want </li></ul><ul><li>Query the search engine by typing keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays search engines are accompanied by subject directories </li></ul><ul><li>Web resources are organised under broad subject headings for easy browsing (subject directory) </li></ul><ul><li>Use more than one search engine </li></ul>MAJOR SEARCH ENGINES & SUBJECT DIRECTORIES
    66. 67. <ul><li>Fast, ranking of relevant websites by popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Award-winning, has over one billion URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Winner of Outstanding Search Service </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieves websites linked by many others </li></ul>
    67. 69. Search by keywords Browse by subject areas
    68. 70. World Wide Web Local Search Engines Librarian’s Top Picks 1 st http://www. sg Powered by Google! 2 nd http://www. yahoo .com.sg 3 rd http://www. msn .com.sg Looking for Singapore information and websites?
    69. 71. <ul><li>Allows you to find information within different fields </li></ul><ul><li>Focused searching </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>http://smealsearch2.psu.edu/index.html/ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Specialized Search Engines
    70. 73. Hint: smealsearch.com (http://smealsearch2.psu.edu/index.html/) <ul><li>I am interested in finding a web article on marketing tourism </li></ul><ul><li>What is the title of the first article retrieved? </li></ul><ul><li>Name at least three topics that are covered in the article. </li></ul>Answers Scavenger Hunt: #4 Find information from SMEALSearch
    71. 74. <ul><li>Also known as metacrawlers </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrently searches many search engines </li></ul><ul><li>One-stop shopping search site </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>1 st </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dogpile.com/ </li></ul><ul><li> 2 nd </li></ul><ul><li>http://clusty.com/ (Vivisimo) </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd </li></ul><ul><li>http://search.ask.com/ </li></ul>Unleash the power of Meta-search engines World Wide Web Meta search engines
    72. 75. World Wide Web Meta search engines
    73. 76. World Wide Web Meta search engines
    74. 77. Hint: Vivisimo (http://vivisimo.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #5 Use Meta Search Engine Answers <ul><li>Use Clusty search engine to find information on dark tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the other term used for describing dark tourism? </li></ul><ul><li>What is dark tourism usually associated with? </li></ul>
    75. 78. Analyse & evaluate your results 1. C urrency - When was the web-site last revised? - Does the date of update correspond to the information found? 2. A uthority - Check if documents are reliable - Check the author’s credibility - Is the site from a reputable organisation? Are my search results good? Is the information correct and reliable?
    76. 79. 3. R eliability - Is the site biased in any way? <ul><li>5. A ccuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Check if it is free from errors (factually, typographically, etc.) </li></ul>4. S cope - Check the length & content - Does it contain facts OR opinions? - Does the coverage differ between printed and web format?
    77. 80. Images <ul><li>Librarian’s Top Picks </li></ul><ul><li>Google multimedia search http://images.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Altavista multimedia search http://www. altavista .com/sites/search/ simage </li></ul><ul><li>Clip Art Gallery http://school.discovery.com/clipart/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons http:// creativecommons .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pics4Learning http://pics.tech4learning.com/ </li></ul>
    78. 81. Images
    79. 82. Hint: Google Images (http://images.google.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #6 Find images Answers <ul><li>I need a photo of tourism products. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the title of the news article that was retrieved in the results? </li></ul>
    80. 83. Overview Search for Web resources Use search engines Materials available in National Library How to locate?
    81. 84. Research Skills Cycle Choose a topic or you are given a topic 1 Identify main concepts 2 4 Know the tools to find info Find various sources of info 5 Evaluate the information 7 Improve search and refine 6 Use Boolean Operators and (+) or [|] not (-)
    82. 85. THE END! Congratulations! You’ve learnt the skills to find information effectively!
    83. 86. Scavenger Hunt: #1 Find a library book <ul><li>I would like to find a book on fast food restaurants from a public library. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject heading used for the book entitled “Resisting McDonalization”? </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer behavior, Franchises (Retail trade), Marketing, Consumption (Economics), Capitalism, Fast food restaurants, Industrial management, McDonald's Corporation. </li></ul><ul><li>Name the branch library where I can find this book. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Kong Chian Reference Library </li></ul>
    84. 87. Type some keywords of the title Answer to scavenger hunt 1 : Find a library book Search by subjects
    85. 88. Click on the subject heading Answer to scavenger hunt 1 : Find a library book
    86. 89. Click on the relevant title Answer to scavenger hunt 1 : Find a library book
    87. 90. Look under the subject field Branch library that holds the book Answer to scavenger hunt 1 : Find a library book
    88. 91. Scavenger Hunt: #2 Find newspaper articles <ul><li>Find a newspaper article about the winning design of the winner of the IR bid. </li></ul><ul><li>Which newspaper did the article appear and what is the date of the featured article? The Straits Times, 27 May 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>2. What was the design that won the hearts of the judging architects in paragraph 5? The design had three slanting hotel towers overlooking three low-rise waterfront domes with roofs like waves. </li></ul>
    89. 92. Answer to scavenger hunt 2 : Find a newspaper article Type the keywords e.g. IR and win*
    90. 93. Click on the title to retrieve the full text article Answer to scavenger hunt 2 : Find a newspaper article
    91. 94. Answer to scavenger hunt 2 : Find a newspaper article
    92. 95. <ul><li>I would like to find articles about resort management. </li></ul><ul><li>Double Diamond Cos. is the owner of what type of resort? </li></ul><ul><li>Golf resort and spa. </li></ul><ul><li>Which system is used to centralise their operations? </li></ul><ul><li>Micros Systems OPERA Enterprise Solution </li></ul>Scavenger Hunt: #3 Find a magazine article
    93. 96. Type the keywords e.g. resort management Answer to scavenger hunt 3 : Find a magazine article
    94. 97. Click on the hyperlink Answer to scavenger hunt 3 : Find a magazine article
    95. 98. Answer to scavenger hunt 3 : Find a magazine article
    96. 99. Scavenger Hunt: #4 Find information from SMEALSearch <ul><li>I am interested in finding a web article on marketing tourism </li></ul><ul><li>What is the title of the first article retrieved? </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Tourism: An Annotated Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Name at least three topics that is covered in the article. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics covered include tourism planning and development, tourism marketing, tourism and rural development, tourism and sustainable development, economic and other effects of tourism, heritage tourism, nature-based tourism/ecotourism, and agritourism. </li></ul>
    97. 100. Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 4 : Use SMEALSearch search engine Click on the title hyperlink
    98. 101. Answer to scavenger hunt 4 : Use SMEALSearch search engine Article title Read the abstracts for topics covered
    99. 102. Hint: Vivisimo (http://vivisimo.com/) Scavenger Hunt: #5 Use Meta search engine <ul><li>Use Clusty search engine to find information on dark tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the other term used for describing dark tourism? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thanatourism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is dark tourism usually associated with? </li></ul><ul><li>It involves traveling to sites associated with death and suffering. </li></ul>
    100. 103. Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
    101. 104. Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
    102. 105. Answer to scavenger hunt 5 : Use Meta search engine
    103. 106. <ul><li>I need a photo of tourism products. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the title of the news article that was retrieved in the results? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Turn off-road events into tourism products” </li></ul></ul>Scavenger Hunt: #6 Use Meta search engine
    104. 107. Type the keywords Answer to scavenger hunt 6 : Find images
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