All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations
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All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations

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    All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations Presentation Transcript

    • Past, Present, and Future of NEQS Implementation in Pakistan By Azher Uddin Khan CEO Cleaner Production Institute
    • Process of NEQS Formulation The Past
        • 1983-1988
        • Period of No Action
        • Promulgation of the Environmental Protection Ordinance in 1983
        • No Further Action
    • Process of NEQS Formulation The Past
        • 1989-1993
        • Period of Strategic Actions
        • National Conservation Strategy was prepared and approved by the cabinet
        • Establishment of EPA’s
        • First PEPC Meeting
    • Rules and Procedures for NEQS The Past
        • Set up of Environmental Standard Committee – Shamslakha Committee - 1996
        • Approval of PEPA 1997 by the Cabinet and Assembly
        • National Environmental Quality Standard (Self-monitoring and reporting by industries) Rules, 1998
        • Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (Procedure) Rules, 1998
        • Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (Utilization) Rules, 1998
        • Industrial Pollution Charge (Calculation and Collection) Rules, 1998
        • Environmental Sampling Rules, 1999
        • Hazardous Substances Rules, 1999
        • Environmental Laboratory Certification
    • NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Past and Present
        • Institutional Strengthening of EPAs
        • Institutional Strengthening of Industry Institutions
        • FPCCI established permanent environmental cell and committees
        • More than 8 industrial associations established environmental committees and technical cells
        • Sector-level Implementation of environmental projects
        • Pakistan Tanners Association
        • All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills Associations
        • Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists
    • NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Cleaner Production Technologies
        • Initiation of Cleaner Production Measures in 90s for resource conservation, recovery, reuse and recycling
        • Implementation of CP can generate savings for the implementation of wastewater treatment (Example: 5-7 years in textile processing)
        • Projects and Programs for CP Implementation
        • Environmental Technology Program for Industry (ETPI)
        • Cleaner Production Program (CPP)
        • Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries (ICTP)
        • Cleaner Technology Program for Korangi Tanneries (CTP)
        • Introduction of CP in Textile Sector of Pakistan (ICPT)
        • Cleaner Production Centres (CPC)
    • NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Wastewater Treatment Technologies
        • Activated sludge process is the most commonly employed technology for treatment of tannery, textile processing and other wastewaters
        • UASB + Aerated Lagoons technology used in CETP for Korangi Tanneries, Karachi
        • Diffused Air Floatation technology employed for the primary treatment of a paper mill wastewater
        • Facultative ponds technology used in Combined Effluent Treatment Plant for Kasur tanneries for primary treatment
    • Environment Industry Projects Implemented
      • Kasur Environmental Management Project
      • Environmental Protection and Resource Conservation Project
      • Combined Effluent Treatment Plant – Korangi
      • Technology Transfer for Sustainable Industry Development
      • Environmental Technology Program for Industry
      • Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries
      • Cleaner Production Center – Sialkot
      • Hospital Waste Management Project
      • Implementation of Cleaner Technologies in Textile Sector – Pilot
      • Establishment of CPC at Attock Refinery
      • Ozone Depleting Substances Project
      • Fuel Efficiency in Road Transport Sector Project
      • Cleaner Production Program for Industries
    • NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Initiatives under Implementation
        • National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP)
        • Introduction of Cleaner Technologies in Punjab Tanneries
        • Implementation of Cleaner Technologies in Karachi Tanneries
        • Pakistan Tanners Association’s (PTA) Laboratory of Environmental Sciences (LES) in Lahore
        • Implementation of Cleaner Production Technologies in the Textile-Processing Sector of Pakistan
        • Cleaner Production Centres
        • Pakistan Environmental Research & Training – WWF and Lead-Pakistan
    • NEQS Enforcement and Stakeholders Actions Environmental Investments by Industries
        • Past (1993-2004)
        • Pakistan’s industries have made an investment of about Rupees 4 billion for the implementation of environmental solutions.
        • Fertilizer, Cement, Leather, textile, Pulp & Paper, Pharmaceutical sectors are the major investors
        • Potential Future
        • It is projected that in the next ten years (2005-2015) the potential for environmental investments in different industrial sectors is about Rupees 15 billion.
        • The environmental investments will be gradually raised to the range of Rs.1.3-1.5-1.8 billion per year by 2005-2010-2015 respectively.
        • Major investments will in the form of CETPs, Hazardous waste management, leather, textile, and sugar sectors.
    • Setbacks to the NEQS Compliance The Present
        • The momentum of 1996-1999 was substantially lost in 2000 and later years.
        • Government Change: The present mindset of the government has taken out the element of political will from the environmental movement in the country.
        • 9/11 Event and Afghan War: Environmental investments went down by 30%, and 70-80% in the leather and textile sectors, respectively.
        • Defocused EPAs, NGOs, and Industry Associations
        • EPAs remained focus on the universal implementation of NEQS to all the industries of Pakistan, including those financially disturbed.
        • During 2000-2003, the performance of NGOs was at bare minimum.
    • The Way Out The Future
        • Selling NEQS Implementation to the Government
        • The conditions in the country and in the international market have improved.
        • NGOs and other civic entrepreneurs have to stand-up with EPAs to improve the understanding of the government about environmental issues and secure the political will.
        • Using the Courts more Objectively
        • EPAs, NGOs, and civic entrepreneurs should approach courts and environmental tribunals more frequently
    • The Way Out-The Future Focus the Defocus
        • EPAs, in view of their, capabilities and capacity, shall
        • focus on few, with the sizeable pollution loads
        • Textile Mills (600)
        • Tanneries (300)
        • Large Industries (100)
        • Multinational Industry (100)
        • Municipal Agencies (Initially with more than 1 million population)
        • EPAs to make Industrial Associations as partners of implementation of NEQS
        • Promote ISO 14000 certification