Dynamics of Technological Innovator Network A comparative Case Study  on Manufacturing Companies  in China, Denmark, and S...
Agenda  <ul><li>Introduction of my research </li></ul><ul><li>A paper on the Chinese case </li></ul>
What is this research about? Pattern and process of social interaction for technological innovation within and across orga...
Why this research is important? <ul><li>Innovation is a process which happens in a system where   interaction  between fir...
What are the research questions? <ul><li>What main stages in terms of technological innovation performance did these compa...
How is the research methodology? <ul><li>Case comparison approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul></ul><ul...
Who are the company partners? GRACE DTC ALCAN ABB LEGO Consensus on innovation Degree of centralization GRACE DTC ALCAN AB...
Who are the company partners? DUI model STI model GRACE DTC ALCAN ABB LEGO Interaction/Learning model
What are the difficulties of the research? <ul><li>To interview all the actors in the network </li></ul><ul><li>To collect...
A paper of the Chinese Case <ul><li>Technological Innovation and Organizational Learning:  a case study on dynamics of a t...
The Chinese Case ---Grace Group Inland province and far from the economic center of this province Location 35%  (1997-2006...
Actors of the TINs of Grace Group Internal departments <ul><li>Marketing Department </li></ul>MKT <ul><li>Purchasing Depar...
The evolution of Technological innovator network of Grace Group TI outcome Stages Historical events Structure of TINs Pate...
Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Density & compactness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a measure of the connec...
Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Centrality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>closeness  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reflects to what extent a node is ...
Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Betweenness  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>measures the extent to which a p...
Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Efficiency  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reflects the extent of difficulty...
Conclusions 1  <ul><ul><li>An introverted technological innovator network (TIN) can have good production provided right te...
Conclusions 2 <ul><ul><li>Density, compactness, diversity of TIN of Grace and technological innovation performance have po...
 
2008-01-15
TAK! DANKE!
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A Case Study On Dynamics Of A Technological Innovator Network Of A Chinese Textile Company

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  • A Case Study On Dynamics Of A Technological Innovator Network Of A Chinese Textile Company

    1. 1. Dynamics of Technological Innovator Network A comparative Case Study on Manufacturing Companies in China, Denmark, and Switzerland Ju LIU School of Management and Economics University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China Department of Business Study, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark Department of Management, Technology and Economics Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland Email: liuju@uestc.edu.cn, julew@126.com
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction of my research </li></ul><ul><li>A paper on the Chinese case </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is this research about? Pattern and process of social interaction for technological innovation within and across organisational boundary in different organisational and economic context Change of technological innovation performance during the process of technological innovation Dynamic relationship
    4. 4. Why this research is important? <ul><li>Innovation is a process which happens in a system where interaction between firms, customers, suppliers, competitors and various other private and public organizations is important (Fagerberg, 2005). </li></ul><ul><li>It is blind to explain economic performance without bringing into the analysis of social relationships and organizational structures (Lundvall and Christensen, 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>The processes involved are highly context dependent and the best we can do is to develop models that bring to the fore differences in context as different patterns (Lundvall and Christensen, 2004). </li></ul>
    5. 5. What are the research questions? <ul><li>What main stages in terms of technological innovation performance did these companies go through in the past? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the TINs of these companies evolve over different stages of technological innovation? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the dynamic relationship between the structuring and functioning of the TINs and the performance of technological innovation in these companies? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the implications to industrial practitioners and policy makers? </li></ul>
    6. 6. How is the research methodology? <ul><li>Case comparison approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaire, interviews, direct observations, archives and statistics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data clarification and complementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Email correspondence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone discussions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social network analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize the TINs---Socialgram </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explore the structural attributes of the TIN--Network parameters </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Who are the company partners? GRACE DTC ALCAN ABB LEGO Consensus on innovation Degree of centralization GRACE DTC ALCAN ABB LEGO Organisational context model Intensity of competition Dynamic of technology Sectoral context model
    8. 8. Who are the company partners? DUI model STI model GRACE DTC ALCAN ABB LEGO Interaction/Learning model
    9. 9. What are the difficulties of the research? <ul><li>To interview all the actors in the network </li></ul><ul><li>To collect historical data in some companies </li></ul><ul><li>To read archives in German and Danish </li></ul>
    10. 10. A paper of the Chinese Case <ul><li>Technological Innovation and Organizational Learning: a case study on dynamics of a technological innovator network of a Chinese textile company </li></ul><ul><li>by Ju LIU, Yan-gao XIAO, Ying LIU </li></ul><ul><li>Presented in CICALICS workshop 2007 </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Chinese Case ---Grace Group Inland province and far from the economic center of this province Location 35% (1997-2006) Average annual growth rate Over 50% (2003-2005) Proportion of new product to total product category Grace Group Limited Corporation Name 1984 Founded in Top manufacturer of viscose fiber in the world Industrial Status 29 countries Export to 390 million EUR Total assets 12,000 Employees 3% to 9% (2001-2006) (Textile industry’s average level 0.2 - 0.5% in China) Annual R&D as percentage of sales
    12. 12. Actors of the TINs of Grace Group Internal departments <ul><li>Marketing Department </li></ul>MKT <ul><li>Purchasing Department </li></ul>PCH <ul><li>R&D Department </li></ul>R&D <ul><li>Science &Technology Department </li></ul>S&T <ul><li>Human Resource Department </li></ul>HR <ul><li>Logistic Department </li></ul>LOG <ul><li>Financial Department </li></ul>FIN <ul><li>Production Department </li></ul>PRD External organisations <ul><li>Research Institutes </li></ul>RI <ul><li>Industrial association </li></ul>IA <ul><li>Consulting companies </li></ul>CSL <ul><li>Legal services </li></ul>LS <ul><li>Private investors </li></ul>INV <ul><li>Government </li></ul>GOV <ul><li>Customers </li></ul>CST <ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul>SPL <ul><li>Universities </li></ul>UNI <ul><li>Competitors </li></ul>CPT
    13. 13. The evolution of Technological innovator network of Grace Group TI outcome Stages Historical events Structure of TINs Patents, S&T projects, new products, contribution rate of S&T to revenue <ul><li>Change of top management </li></ul><ul><li>Invention of 2S </li></ul><ul><li>Massive recruitment of 600 new employees </li></ul>Elementary stage 1997-1999 <ul><li>A large number of influential and profitable Inventions </li></ul><ul><li>The establishment of S&T Dep. and IPR Office </li></ul>Booming stage 2000-2005 <ul><li>Innovation fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease of quality and quantity of TI projects </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of technological talents </li></ul>Plateau stage 2006-now
    14. 14. Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Density & compactness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a measure of the connectedness between nodes in a network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>measured by the number of the nodes which are diverse in nature </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Centrality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reflects the how a node is connected in the local environment </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>closeness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reflects to what extent a node is the center of the network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expressed by the sum of the distances from a particular node to the other nodes in the network. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Betweenness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>measures the extent to which a particular node lies between the other nodes in the network </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Case Analysis---attributes of the TIN in Grace <ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reflects the extent of difficulty for a node to get access instantly to a large number of different nodes through a relatively small number of ties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>measured by the average distance of the network. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Conclusions 1 <ul><ul><li>An introverted technological innovator network (TIN) can have good production provided right technological innovation strategy in a relatively slowly changed technological environment. But how far it can go is a question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected networking don’t necessarily mean productive organizational learning in TIN. Mutual trust and recognition is crucial to the outcome of organizational learning and technological innovation process. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Conclusions 2 <ul><ul><li>Density, compactness, diversity of TIN of Grace and technological innovation performance have positive relations given organizational learning as the intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centrality of an actor reflects its strategic importance in the TIN and this implies a positive correlation between centrality, organizational learning, and competence building. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency of the TIN of Grace is positively correlated with the performance of its technological innovation </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. 2008-01-15
    22. 23. TAK! DANKE!
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