The MBTI Step III A Case Study A presentation given to:Twin Cities APT/ September 14, 2012 www. tc-apt.org
Learning ObjectivesToday you will learn:•Why the MBTI Step III was developed (The Rationale)•What principles underlie the MBTI Step III (The Theory)•How the MBTI Step III was constructed (The Design)You will also learn about it’s many applications via:A Case Study!!!
What is Unique about the MBTI Step III? •The MBTI Step I is primarily a “sorting instrument” It identifies “birds of a feather” (Ex: ENTP, ISFJ, ESFP…) •The MBTI Step II highlights variations of preference within a particular type An INFJ who prefers to initiate conversations is “An Initiating INFJ” An ENFP who doesn’t wait until the last minute is “An Early Starting ENFP”
The MBTI Step III is a Type DevelopmentInstrument that identifies: •How well you use perception and judgment based on your reported or verified type •If you are effective in the processes that come naturally to you and yet use skills or adaptations to compensate for tasks that are often a challenge for you The MBTI Step III assumes: •Type development is lifelong. As you mature, you not only use your strengths, you address your blind spots.
For instance, an ENFP prefers an openschedule! The challenge is to learn to be ontime.In contrast, an ESTJ prefers timeliness!The challenge is to be flexible with time.Effective type development is when anindividual uses his strengths andcompensates for blind spots.
The Construction of the MBTI Step III•There are 222 questions on the Step III instrument•The questions come from the MBTI Step I Form M andthe MBTI Step Form Q•There are also questions from the MBTI Form F (used inthe 1970’s) that was formerly known as the “Counselor’sReport.”•The Counselor’s Report did examine type developmentbut it was not written as a direct communication tool forthe client even though it was client centered.
Flow chart for Step III Scales and Patterns and Their Relationship to theStep III Interpretative Report
Sufficiency Scales are:Confidence: Believing you can do somethingStamina: Being able to work through adversityCompensatory Strain: Projecting difficulties onto others or externalcircumstancesDevelopmental scales (26 of them): measureparameters of logic, planning, flexibility, or stubbornness and cynicism…Patterns: Are complex patterns of sufficiency scales plusdevelopmental scales.
• Sufficiency Scales= Confidence, Stamina, Compensatory Strain• Developmental Scales= planning, flexibility, stubbornness…• Patterns = A combination of sufficiency and developmental parameters
The questions from the MBTI Form M and theMBTI Form Q (Step II) identify specific type andout of preference facetsThe MBTI Form F contributes the questions thatmeasure type development.An example of a type development question thatmeasures Confidence, a sufficiency scalemeasurement (Question #150):“When you have to do business with strangers, do you feel:a)Confident or at easeb) A little fussed or afraid that they won’t want to botherwith you.
To generate a type development statement onthe Step III report, several questions have to beanswered a certain way. One single questiondoes not generate a statement.
A major goal of the Step III is to increase awareness! Thestatements generated on the report help us discover what we are doing well and what we need to change Awareness releases Brain ENERGY! Release of energy can be defined as a change in perspective leading to new motivation and a greater willingness to address blind spots.
I am NOT a slob!Defensiveness is an example of anenergy draining compensation we dothat is often related to our inferiorfunction.
“When you point your finger at someone, there are 3fingers pointing back at you!” Projection is finding qualities of ourselves that are unacknowledged or unconscious, in others. According to Jung, the inferior function is an unconscious process so it is subject to projection.
The questions from the MBTI Form M and theMBTI Form Q (Step II) identify specific type andout of preference facetsThe MBTI Form F contributes the questions thatmeasure type development.An example of a type development question thatmeasures confidence (Question #150):“When you have to do business with strangers, do you feel:a)Confident or at ease,orb) A little fussed or afraid that they won’t want to botherwith you.
Let’s go out on a limb and assume Billy Mays is an ESTP:Now, if he answered b) A little fussed or afraid that they won’t wantto bother with you. (to question #150 about business with strangers)And if he answered a few more questions suggesting lack ofconfidence, this could be a type development issue becauseESTPs tend to be quite confident!
So Billy Mays might get this statement on his report:Your self-confidence seems somewhat low at this time.Is there something in your current life that may be affecting yourconfidence at this time or is low confidence typical for you? In eithercase, explore ways to add to your level of confidence, perhaps by takingon a few tasks were you are likely to succeed.From a coaching standpoint, there is potential toexpand on this idea:Billy might respond, “Yes, I have this idea for an info-mercial butwho knows if it will work?The coach can then ask questions such as “What is keeping youfrom launching the idea, Billy?
The MBTI Step III Interpretive Report has:•An “About” Section that introduces the purpose ofthe report and certain assumptions•A personality profile that lists the developmentaladvantages and challenges given your reportedtype (MBTI type is listed in this section)•Four sections that cover attitudes and behaviorsthat influence four important areas of youreveryday functioning. They include….
OK!!! Enough of that nut!!!Let’s look at the components of the MBTI Step IIIreport in a real case example:
MBTI Step III Part Two SectionsYour Approach to Yourself and the WorldYour Approach to People and RelationshipsYour Approach to Responsibility and WorkYour Approach to Problem Solving and Decision Making
Case Study:• Client is a 53 year old with preferences for ENTP• At the time of this assessment, he was looking for a job but having difficulty getting past the 1st interview• Job history was largely in software and technology• ****Reported type was ENFP but verified type was ENTP which helped to sharpen the lens of this assessment.
Initial Assessment Findings (2//5/2012)• The following statements were generated on the client’s Step III• The statements were from SECTION B/Your Approach to People and Relationships• There were 16 statements generated.• 10/16 were “negative”• 3/16 were neutral• 3/16 were “positive”
February 5, 2012/Section B /Your Approach to People and Relationships
February 5, 2012/Section B /Your Approach to People and Relationships
Based on the results, what did we talk about?• An overwhelming number of comments pointed to a confrontational style of relating and interacting• Challenges for an ENTP type include being tactful, showing empathy and appreciation, and thinking before speaking• Common areas of conflict with other types whose function pairs differ: ST (details & practicality), NF (harmony & personal growth), and SF (service to others)
Findings from Follow-up Assessment 7/20/2012• The following statements were generated on his Step III• The statements were from SECTION B/Your Approach to People and Relationships• There were 14 statements generated:• 9/14 Statements were “negative”• 2/14 Statements were neutral• 3/14 Statements were positive
Statement suggesting new learning aroundappreciating other cognitive styles
There are still many relationship challenges but definiteimprovement given increased awareness:
The MBTI Step III is about the conversation itgenerates and the awareness it creates!
Follow-up conversation with the client revealed:•Family of origin reinforced a contentious style of communication•Family of origin had an “every man for himself” mentality.•Grew up in New York•Type + environment = Behavioral manifestation of ENTP type MBTI Step III encourages a dialogue that can encompass both type and other factors that contribute to personality.
Five for Five Step III Scholarship ProgramKatharine D. Myers Offers Scholarships for Upcoming MBTI® Step III™ Tool CertificationProgramCAPT (the Center for Application of Psychological Type) is conducting an MBTI® Step III™Certification Program in the Philadelphia, PA area on April 18th and 19th, 2013; the cost is $795(for complete information about the Step III™ and Certification program see CAPT’s web site.Katharine D. Myers, Co-Guardian of the MBTI®, is funding a scholarship program called “The 5for 5 Program”. The details of this program, and how to apply, will be forthcoming.Katharine will subsidize $500 toward the cost of certification tuition in exchange for usingthe assessment with 5 clients within 5 months of the program and obtaining 5 clientevaluations of the assessment for her data bank.More Info:http://mbtitoday.org/scholarships-for-upcoming-mbti-step-iii/