Indie electronic rock (indietronica)Presentation Transcript
“Indietronica (also called Indieelectronic) is a music genre thatcombines indie, electronica, rockand pop music. Typicalinstruments used in indietronicamusic are the electrickeyboard, synthesizer, sampler,software synthesizer, MIDIcontroller, and drum machine. It isalso closely related to therelatively less electronic and moreacoustic Chillwave (glo-fi)movement.”
To understand the genre and its key features in more detail, we need to goback and look at its origins. To do this, we are going to break down the genreinto two and look at the history of both electronic music and then indie rockindividually until they merged in the early 1990’s.Electro MusicElectro is a genre of electronic dancemusic directly influenced by the use of TR-808 drum machines and funksampling. Records in the genre typicallyfeature drum machines and heavyelectronic sounds, usually without vocals,although if vocals are present they aredelivered in a deadpan manner, oftenthrough electronic distortion suchas vocoding and talkboxing.Indie Rock MusicThe term indie rock, derived from"independent," describes the small andrelatively low-budget labels on which itis released and the do-it-yourselfattitude of the bands and artistsinvolved. The influences and styles ofthe artists has been extremely diverseincluding punk, psychadelia, rock andcountry.
Examples of some electronic instruments The Telharmonium-was an early electronic musicalinstrument, developed by Thaddeus Cahill in 1897.. Thetones are "clear and pure” The Hammond organ is an electric organ inventedby Laurens Hammond in 1934, In the late 1960s andthroughout the 1970s the distinctive sound of the B-3organ was widely used in blues, progressive rock bandsand blues-rock groups An Electric guitar is a guitar that uses a pickup to convertthe vibration of its strings into electrical impulses. The Theremin is an early electronic musicalinstrument controlled without physical contact from theplayer. Theremins and theremin-like sounds started to beincorporated into popular music from the end of the1940s A Sound synthesizer is an electronic instrument capableof producing a wide range of sound. The emergence ofSynthpop, a sub-genre of New Wave, in the late 1970scan be largely credited to synthesizer technology
In the late 1960s, pop and rock musicians,including The Beach Boys and The Beatles, beganto use electronic instruments, likethe theremin and Mellotron. By the end of thedecade, the Moog synthesizer took a leadingplace in the sound of emerging progressiverock with bands including PinkFloyd, Yes, Emerson, Lake & Palmer,and Genesis making them part of their sound.These developments led to the growthof synthpop, which after it was adopted by theNew Romantic movement, allowed synthesizersto dominate the pop and rock music of the early80s. Key acts included Duran Duran, SpandauBallet, A Flock of Seagulls, Culture Club, TalkTalk and the Eurythmics. Synthpop sometimesused synthesizers to replace all otherinstruments until the style began to fall frompopularity in the mid-1980s.
Following the decline of disco music in the late 1970s, variousfunk artists such as Zapp & Roger began experimentingwith talk boxes and the use of heavier, more distinctive beats. Electro eventually emerged as a fusion of different styles,including funk and disco combined with German andJapanese electropop, in addition to influences fromthe futurism of Alvin Toffler, martial arts films, and video gamemusic. The genres immediate forbearers included Kraftwerk, YellowMagic Orchestra (YMO), and Gary Numan. In 1980, YMO was the first band to utilize the TR-808programmable drum machine. That same year, YMOmember Ryuichi Sakamoto released "Riot in Lagos", which isregarded as an early example of electro music,and is creditedfor having anticipated the beats and sounds of electro 1982, proved a prolific year in electro with releases by artistsincluding Planet Patrol, Warp 9,Man Parrish,, GrandmasterFlash and the Furious Five, Tyrone Brunson, The JonzunCrew and Whodini. By the late 1980s, the genre had parted from its initial funkinfluences.
From its inception, one of the defining characteristics of the electro sound was the useof drum machines, particularly the Roland TR-808, as the rhythmic basis of the track. Asthe genre evolved, computers and sampling replaced drum machines in electronic music,and are now used by the majority of electro producers. The Roland TR-808 drum machine hit the market in 1980, defining early electro with itsimmediately recognizable sound. The Roland TR-808 has attained iconic status,eventually being used on more hits than any other drum machine. Other electro instrumentation was generally electronic, favoring analog synthesis,programmed bass lines, sequenced or arpeggiated synthetic riffs, and atonal soundeffects all created with synthesizers. Most electro is instrumental, but a common element is vocals processed througha vocoder. Additionally, speech synthesis may be used to create robotic or mechanicallyrical conten. There are many types of Electro for instance, Detroit techno DJ Eddie Fowlkes shaped astyle called electro-soul in the 1980’s, which was characterized by a predominant bassline and a chopped up electro breakbeat contrasted with soulful male vocals.
Classically, a rock band takes the form of a quartet whosemembers cover one or more roles, including vocalist, leadguitarist, rhythm guitarist, bass guitarist, drummer andoccasionally that of keyboard player or other instrumentalist.(typical rock band example) Led Zeppelin - Theband consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page,singer Robert Plant, bassist and keyboardist JohnPaul Jones, and drummer John Bonham.
The genre saw its growth in popularity through thedevelopment of the electric guitar in the1950’s. The use of distortion, pioneered by electricblues guitarists such as Guitar Slim, WillieJohnson and Pat Hare in the early 1950s, waspopularized by Chuck Berry in the mid-1950s. By the end of 1962, what would become theBritish rock scene had started with beat groups likeThe Beatles, Freddie and the Dreamers, and TheHollies. They drew on a wide range of Americaninfluences including soul, rhythm and blues andsurf music. Bands like The Animals and The Rolling Stones,were much more directly influenced by rhythmand blues and later blues music. From here the rock genre expanded dramaticallyinto many different sub genres for instance,Grunge, Psychedelic, Blues rock, Folk rock, Newwave, Progressive etc.
In the mid-1980s, the term "indie" began to be used to describethe music produced on post-punk labels rather than the labelsthemselves. The indie rock scene in the US was anticipated bythe college rock that dominated college radio playlists, whichincluded key bands like R.E.M. from the US and The Smiths fromthe UK. These bands rejected the dominant synthpop of the early1980s. In the United States, the term was particularly associatedwith the abrasive, distortion-heavy sounds of thePixies, Minutemen, Meat Puppets and The Replacements. Anumber of prominent indie rock record labels were foundedduring the 1980s. The 1990s brought major changes to the alternative rockscene. Grunge bands such as Nirvana, PearlJam, Soundgarden and Alice in Chains broke into the mainstream,achieving commercial chart success and widespread exposure.Punk revival bands like Green Day and The Offspring also becamepopular and were grouped under the "alternative" umbrella.Similarly, in the United Kingdom Britpop saw bands like Blurand Oasis emerge into the mainstream, abandoning the regional,small-scale and political elements of the 1980s indie scene. As a result of these changes the term "alternative" lost its originalcounter-cultural meaning and began to refer to the new,commercially lighter form of music that was now achievingmainstream success. In the 2000s, the changing music industry, allowed a new wave ofindie rock bands to achieve mainstream success.
The influences and styles of the artists has been extremelydiverse, including punk, psychedelia rock and country. Theterms "alternative rock" and "indie rock" were usedinterchangeably in the 1980s, but after many alternativebands followed Nirvana into the mainstream in the early1990s, "indie rock" began to be used to describe thosebands, working in a variety of styles, that did not pursue orachieve commercial success. Allmusic identifies indie rock as including a number of"varying musical approaches [not] compatible withmainstream tastes". Linked by an ethos more than amusical approach, the indie rock movement encompasseda wide range of styles, from hard-edged, grunge-influencedbands, do-it-yourself experimental bands like Pavement, topunk-folk singers such as Ani DiFranco. Many countrieshave developed an extensive local indie scene, flourishingwith bands with enough popularity to survive inside therespective country, but virtually unknown elsewhere. The term “indie” developed to describe many otherfashionable elements such as clothing and hobbies.
Indietronica began in the early 1990s withbands like Stereolab and Disco Inferno. It tookoff in the new millennium as digital technologydeveloped, with acts including Broadcast fromthe UK, Justice from France, Lali Puna fromGermany and The Postal Service, Ratatat,and BOBBY from the US, mixing a variety ofindie sounds with electronic music, largelyproduced on small independent labels. InBritain the combination of indie with dance-punk was dubbed new rave in publicity for theKlaxons and the term was picked up andapplied by the NME to bands including TrashFashion,New Young PonyClub, Hadouken!, Late of the Pier, TestIcicles and Shitdisco, forming a scene with asimilar visual aesthetic to earlier rave music.
There are a number of popular Indietronica playlists on youtubeLyrics to a popular Two Door Cinema Club song that are typical of the genreYou would look a little betterDont you knowIf you just wore less make-upBut its hard to realiseWhen youre sky highFighting off the spaceshipsAnd so youre drinking in your roomTo make it all goIt didnt end too soonYouve got the next oneYoure holding on too longYouve got to let goYour other love is goneAnd you knowIts too lateIts too lateYouve got another one comingAnd its going to be the sameI tried to find a quiet place that we could goTo help you make decisionsBut I didnt find it easy to tell them apartWith double visionAnd so youre drinking in your roomTo make it all goIt didnt end too soonYouve got the next oneYoure holding on too longYouve got to let goYour other love is goneAnd you knowIts not the sameIts not the sameIts not the sameYoure going to tell me that Im rightYoure going to come back downAnd find yourselfWhere you are againYou didnt knowYou didnt knowYou didnt knowSo dont pretend you saw it nowIts not something youd want to happen
Adam YoungAlt-JAnimal CollectiveArchitecture In HelsinkiAs IBag RaidersBig ScaryBear in HeavenBroken BellsCaribouChairliftCharli XCXChrome SparksCitizens!CorneliusCom TruiseCrystal CastlesCut CopyDeloreanDigitalismElectric PresidentEIMICElectric GuestEllie GouldingEMF (band)Empire of the SunFaded Paper FiguresThe FaintFeathersFoster the PeopleFreezepopFriendly FiresGrumGang Gang DanceGeographerGhostland ObservatoryThe Glitch MobGold PandaGrimesGrouploveHer Space HolidayHot ChipHuman ResourcesiamamiwhoamiIAMXI Am Robot and ProudI Heart SharksIcona PopIrisIs TropicalI Was A Cub ScoutJusticeLali PunaLCD SoundsystemLetting Up Despite Great FaultsLittle DragonThe LimousinesM.I.A.M83MetronomyMGMTMiami HorrorMiike SnowMkaioMontt MardiéMobyMs. John SodaThe Naked and FamousNeon IndianNiki & The DoveThe NotwistPassion PitPaulsonPatrick WolfPenguin PrisonPhantogramThe Postal ServicePurity RingRadioheadRatatatRebecca & FionaRöyksoppShiny Toy GunsShy ChildSTRFKRTeenagerThe FeddensThe KnifeThe ShoesThis Could Be YoursToro Y MoiTotally Enormous Extinct DinosaursTwo Door Cinema ClubUlrich SchnaussUnicorn KidUh Huh HerWashed OutThe WombatsThe xxWikipedia’s list ofnotable artists