USA Universities as research centers
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  • 1.   USA universities as  research centers:      features & opportunities                                                                                                               Anna Bakinovskaia                 Nadezhda Cherepan 2011
  • 2. Concept of modern university:
    • Elite university             +        Research university
    •                                      
  • 3. Features of  modern research universities:
      • multifunctionality: generation +  knowledge transfer;
      • focus on research and development;
      • high professional level of academic staff;
      • integration into the international system of science;
      • acceptance to international experience and flexibility in the new directions of research and teaching methods;
      • special intellectual environment;
      • democratic values ​​and academic freedom;
      • leading positions in a given region, country and the world's scientific and educational community
      • focus on modern trends and innovations in economy,  science and technology.  
  • 4. Role of research universities:
    • Universities as knowledge creators 
    • indispensable players in the advancement of scientific knowledge, which  seeds new generations of applied research, scientific breakthroughs and streams of new products that strengthen  economy.
    • Universities, Entrepreneurs and Competitive Businesses 
    • Innovation centers around 3 ingredients: knowledge creators, knowledge, and knowledge diffusion and application. 
    • At the Forefront of Job Training and Re-skilling 
    • Extension programs offer accessible means to continually 
    • upgrade skills, acquire industry-specific applied skills and learn new knowledge and skills for moving into better jobs or new careers. 
  • 5. American Research Environment
    • “ In the dynamic economy of our time, nations in search of global significance have fastened on the notion that scientific knowledge is one of if not the key differentiator between those nations that dominate world trade and take a leadership in global affairs and those relegated to second tier status. Science and scientific knowledge, produced by major research universities, appear in this narrative as the magical touchstones of progress, prosperity, and power. The nations with strong competitive science-based universities have the ability to create the future in their own image.”
    • “ In the United States, the federal government provides a wide range of subsidies to educational institutions and imposes a variety of regulations in addition to those imposed by the states. As a result, the context for any individual public university will vary significantly from the context of another. Although the national government does not control the operation of universities in the United States, it creates the primary marketplace for research competition. Significant investment by federal research agencies creates a pool of funds in support of research that public and private university researchers compete for.”
    • Elizabeth D. Capaldi John V. Lombardi Craig W. Abbey Diane D. Craig. (2010) The Top American Universities. 2010 Annual Report. The Center for Measuring University Performance. Arizona State University
  • 6. Top American  research  universities in 2010
    • Annual Report from 2004 establishes measurements
    • criteria for evoluation of research activities of universities T
    • The Top American Research University annual reports
    • serve to help universities understand the context within
    • which high performing research universities function
        • Columbia University
        • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
        • Stanford University
        • University of Pennsylvania
        • Harvard University
        • Yale University
        • Duke University
        • University of California - Berkeley
        • University of California - Los Angeles
        • University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
        • University of Washington - Seattle
  • 7. Columbia University
    • 27,606 students;
    • 93 faculties
    • 14,563 staff members
    • For more than 250 years, Columbia has been a leader in
    • higher education in the nation and around the world. At the core of our wide range of academic inquiry is the commitment to attract and engage the best minds in pursuit of greater human understanding, pioneering new discoveries and service to society . Research centers: Government and Community Affairs, Medical Center, Government and Community Affairs, Morningside, Columbia Technology Ventures, Research Computing Services, Sponsored Projects Finance, University Development and Alumni Relations
    • web: http://mup.asu.edu
  • 8. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    • 10,220 students
    • 34 faculties
    • 10,023 staff members
    • Research at MIT aims to develop innovative solutions to the world’s most daunting challenges. From addressing the energy needs of tomorrow to improving cancer therapies , MIT’s research efforts are enhanced through creative collaborations with leading research institutes and consortia around the world. Compiled here are just some of the MIT labs, centers and programs where cutting-edge research is taking place. Research opportunities: 42 research center in different domains.
    • web: http://mit.edu/
  • 9. Stanford University
    • 19, 782 students
    • 70 faculties
    • 11,145 staff members
    • From Nobel Prize winners to undergraduates, all members of the Stanford community are engaged in creating new knowledge, whether in the sciences, business, the arts or wherever their interests lie. Stanford is particularly noted for its openness to multidisciplinary research, not only within its schools and departments, but also in its laboratories, institutes, libraries and research centers.
    • web: http://www.stanford.edu
  • 10. University of Pennsylvania
    • 23,980 students
    • 12 schools
    • 14,031 staff members
    • Penn is one of the world's most powerful research and teaching institutions, with a research budget last year topping $800 million and more than 4,000 active faculty members. The scale and interdisciplinary character of research and teaching sets Penn apart, and our highly ranked Perelman School of Medicine is one of the top recipients of NIH funding in the country. Penn is one of the nation's premier research universities with more than $700 million in annual R&D expenditures. A broad multidisciplinary approach creates faculty-student collaborations across Penn's 12 schools. Penn has more then 200 research centers.
    • web: http://www.upenn.edu
  • 11. Harvard University
    • 25,690 students
    • 16 schools
    • 14,475 staff members
    • The range of research activities at Harvard is broad
    • and deep. Harvard scholars conduct in research in almost
    • every field, and seek to expand human knowledge through
    • analysis, innovation, and insight.  Research is supported by
    • more than $750 million of sponsored research funds each year, and it is carried out both in the departments of the thirteen Schools and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and at more than 100 research centers, on campus and around the world. Researchers include faculty members, visiting scholars. post-doctoral fellows, and graduate and undergraduate students, and they collaborate with colleagues across the University, at affiliated institutions, and at other research institutions.
    • http://www.harvard.edu
    • web: http:// harvard.edu
  • 12. Yale University
    • 11,454 students
    • 140 departments
    • 11,813 staff members
    • 167,350 alumni
    • Yale is one of the world’s great universities.
    • Yale is one of the best known research universities.
    • The University contains more then 80 research
    • centers in different domains.
    • web: http://www.yale.edu
  • 13. Duke University
    • 13,598 students
    • 10 schools and 8 institutes
    • 16,205 staff members
    • Throughout the school's history, Duke researchers
    • have made breakthroughs, including the biomedical
    • engineering department’s development of the world's first
    • real-time, three-dimensional ultrasound diagnostic system and the first engineered blood vessels. Duke has pioneered studies involving nonlinear dynamics, chaos, and complex systems in physics. In May 2006 Duke researchers mapped the final human chromosome, which made world news as the Human Genome Project was finally complete.
    •  
    • web: http://www.duke.edu
    • web: http://www.duke.edu
  • 14. University of California:
    •   234,464 students, 
    •   18,896 faculties, 
    •   189,116 staff members,
    •     over 1,600,000 living alumni.
    • Has a long tradition of involvement
    •   in many enterprises that are often geographically or 
    • organizationally separate from its general campuses,
    •   including national laboratories, observatories, hospitals, 
    • continuing education programs, hotels, conference
    •   centers, an airport, and an art institute. 
    • This map shows the locations of the ten UC campuses and the national laboratories 
    • associated with UC. A third national laboratory associated 
    • with UC is in  Los Alamos, New Mexico .
    • web: http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/
  • 15. University of Michigan
    • 41,000 students
    • 8,791 staff members
    • The University of Michigan is a global leader in
    • health, law and public policy, the arts and
    • humanities, science and technology, and many other academic disciplines. Research is central to the University’s mission and permeates its schools and colleges. The disciplinary reach of the University’s research programs is exceptional. Research is conducted within the nineteen academic schools and colleges.
    • http://vpcomm.umich.edu
  • 16. University of Washington
    • 12, 627 students
    • 16 schools
    • The University of Washington has received more
    • than $1 billion in sponsored research funds, a
    • tribute to the exceptional quality of our diverse and
    • innovative faculty, students and staff, and the
    • power of the UW intellectual community.
    • The UW receives more federal research funding than any other American public university, a ranking held since 1974. In the most recent ranking by China's Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the UW ranked 16th among the world's top universities.
    • web: http://www.washington.edu
  • 17. Educational opportunities for belarusians in USA:
    • Youth Cultural Opportunity (YCO)
    • The  Youth Cultural Opportunity  (YCO) provides an opportunity for Belarusian high school students to experience the United States through a three-week summer program which includes a two-week home-stay with an American family and a one-week cultural orientation in Washington, DC.
    • Undergraduate Level
    • The Eurasia Undergraduate Program  is conducted through an open competition.
    • Graduate Level
    • The  Edmund Muskie Fellowship Program   is conducted through an open competition.
    • Faculty Level
    • Includes the   Fulbright Scholar Program   and the Summer Study Institutes.
  • 18. References:
    • УНИВЕРСИТЕТЫ США КАК ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНЫЕ И НАУЧНЫЕ ЦЕНТРЫ (http://journals.kantiana.ru/upload/iblock/7eb/nbcenauomaqwfikayj.pdf)
    • ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИЕ УНИВЕРСИТЕТЫ США (http://www.prof.msu.ru/publ/conf/conf14.htm
    • The Top American Research Universities
    • California Future:  It  Starts  Here.  UC’s  Contribution  to  Economic  Growth, Health  and  Culture.  An  Impact  Study for the University of California. 2000 http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/itstartshere/report/fullreport.pdf
    • Websites of citeduniversities