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Remembrance Day

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In this lesson you will learn why Remembrance Day is observed. Brought to you by http://skype-englishschool.com …

In this lesson you will learn why Remembrance Day is observed. Brought to you by http://skype-englishschool.com
You will also learn the significance of the poppy.

Published in News & Politics
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  • 1. Skype English School
    Learning Beyond the Classroom
    Remembrance Day
    By Anna
  • 2. Learning Objectives
    To know what Remembrance Day is and why it is observed around the world
  • 3. Remembrance Day
    Remembrance Day – also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (the event it commemorates) 
    It is a day to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War.
  • 4. When is it Observed?
    It is observed on 11 November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918.
    Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.
    The day was specifically dedicated by King George V, on 7th November 1919, to the observance of members of the armed forces who were killed during war
  • 5. How is it Observed?
    Common British, Canadian, South African, and ANZAC traditions include two minutes of silence at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month
    11:00 am, 11 November, as that marks the time in the United Kingdom when armistice became effective.
  • 6. What happens ?
    The Service of Remembrance in many Commonwealth countries generally includes the sounding of "Last Post," followed by the two minutes of silence, followed by the sounding of "Reveille" (or, more commonly, "The Rouse"), and finished by a recitation of the "Ode of Remembrance." 
  • 7. Poppies
    The poppy's significance to Remembrance Day is a result of Canadian military physician John McCrae's poem In Flanders Fields.
    The poppy emblem was chosen because of the poppies that bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their red colour an appropriate symbol for the bloodshed of trench warfare. 
    An American YMCA Overseas War Secretaries employee, Moina Michael, was inspired to make 25 silk poppies based on McCrae's poem, which she distributed to attendees of the YMCA Overseas War Secretaries' Conference. 
    She then made an effort to have the poppy adopted as a national symbol of remembrance, and succeeded in having the National American Legion Conference adopt it two years later.
  • 8. Poppies
    At this conference, a Frenchwoman, Anna E. Guérin, was inspired to introduce the widely used artificial poppies given out today.
    In 1921 she sent her poppy sellers to London, England, where they were adopted by Field Marshall Douglas Haig, a founder of the Royal British Legion, as well as by veterans' groups in Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
  • 9. In Flanders Fields
    In Flanders fields the poppies blowBetween the crosses, row on row,That mark our place; and in the skyThe larks, still bravely singing, flyScarce heard amid the guns below.
    We are the dead. Short days agoWe lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,Loved, and were loved, and now we lieIn Flanders fields.
    Take up our quarrel with the foe:To you from failing hands we throwThe torch; be yours to hold it high.If ye break faith with us who dieWe shall not sleep, though poppies growIn Flanders fields.
    — Lt.-Col. John McCrae (1872 - 1918)
  • 10. Images
  • 11. Skype English School
    Learning Beyond the Classroom
    Remembrance Day
    By Anna