Learning English Pronunciation Intonation
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Learning English Pronunciation Intonation

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So now you can add stress to individual words, now when have to put it together and intonate our sentences. Don' forget to visit http://www.skype-englishschool.com

So now you can add stress to individual words, now when have to put it together and intonate our sentences. Don' forget to visit http://www.skype-englishschool.com

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    Learning English Pronunciation Intonation Learning English Pronunciation Intonation Presentation Transcript

    • Skype English School
      Learning Beyond the Classroom
      By Anna
      http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      Learning Objectives
      Today we are going to work on pronunciation
      In particular we are going to focus on intonation
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • What is Intonation?
      Intonation is variation in pitch .
      Improving sentence intonation is one of the key elements in your English pronunciation.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • What is Intonation?
      http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      There are four basic types of word stress that lead
      to proper intonation in English.
      tonic stress
      emphatic stress
      contrastive stress
      new information stress
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      Tonic Stress
      Tonic stress refers to the syllable in a word which receives the most stress in an intonation unit.
      An intonation unit has one tonic stress.
      It's important to remember that a sentence can have more than one intonation unit, and therefore have more than one tonic stress.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      Tonic Stress
      He's waiting
      He's waiting / for his friend
      He's waiting / for his friend / at the station.
      Generally, the final tonic stress in a sentence receives the most stress.
      In the above example, 'station' receives the strongest stress.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      Emphatic Stress
      If you decide to emphasize something, you can change the stress from the principal noun to another content word such as an adjective (big, difficult, etc.), intensifier (very, extremely, etc.)
      This emphasis calls attention to the extraordinary nature of what you want to emphasize.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
      Emphatic Stress
      That was a difficult test. - Standard statement
      That was a difficult test. - Emphasizes how difficult the test was
      There are a number of adverbs and modifiers which tend to be used to emphasize in sentences that receive emphatic stress.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Emphatic Stress
      There are a number of adverbs and modifiers which tend
      to be used to emphasize in sentences that receive
      emphatic stress.
      extremely
      terribly
      completely
      utterly
      especially
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Contrastive Stress
      Contrastive stress is used to point out the difference
      between one object and another.
      Contrastive stress tends
      to be used with determiners such as 'this, that, these and those'.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Contrastive Stress
      Contrastive stress is used to point out the difference
      between one object and another.
      Contrastive stress tends to be used with determiners such as 'this, that, these and those'.
      I think I prefer this color.
      Do you want these or those curtains?
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Contrastive Stress
      Contrastive stress is also used to bring out a given word in a sentence
      which will also slightly change the meaning.
      He came to the party yesterday. (It was he, not someone else.)
      He walked to the party yesterday. (He walked rather than drove.)
      He came to the party yesterday. (It was a party not a meeting or something else.)
      He came to the party yesterday. (It was yesterday not two weeks ago or some other time.)
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • New Information Stress
      When asked a question, the requested information is naturally
      stressed more strongly.
      For example:
      Where are you from? - I come from Seattle, in the USA.
      What do you want to do? - I want to go bowling.
      When does class begin? - The class begins at nine o'clock.
      Use these various types of stress to help improve your pronunciation
      and understandability.  
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Why is this important for pronunciation?
      Focusing on the "stress - timed" quality of English will help you to improve your pronunciation skills.
      Students often focus on pronouncing each word correctly and therefore tend to pronounce in an unnatural manner.
      By focusing on the stress timed factor in English students soon begin sounding much more "authentic.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • What does this mean?
      When you are speaking English the words you stress
      can change the underlying meaning of a sentence.
      Let's take a look at the following sentence:
      I don't think he should get the job.
      This simple sentence can have many levels of meaning based on the word you stress.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • What does this mean?
      Consider the meaning of the following sentences with
      the stressed word in red.
      I don't think he should get the job.
      Meaning:Somebody else thinks he should get the job.
      I don'tthink he should get the job.
      Meaning:It's not true that I think he should get the job.
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:That's not really what I mean. OR I'm not sure he'll get that job.
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:Somebody else should get that job.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • What does this mean?
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:In my opinion it's wrong that he's going to get that job.
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:He should have to earn (be worthy of, work hard for) that job.
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:He should get another job.
      I don't think he should get that job.
      Meaning:Maybe he should get something else instead.
      http://skype-englishschool.com
    • Learning Review
      What did we learn today?
      English is a stressed language
      There are 4 types of intonation
      The way we use intonation changes the meaning of the sentence
      http://skype-englishschool.com