Learning English Pronunciation Intonation
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Learning English Pronunciation Intonation

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So now you can add stress to individual words, now when have to put it together and intonate our sentences. Don' forget to visit http://www.skype-englishschool.com

So now you can add stress to individual words, now when have to put it together and intonate our sentences. Don' forget to visit http://www.skype-englishschool.com

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Learning English Pronunciation Intonation Learning English Pronunciation Intonation Presentation Transcript

  • Skype English School
    Learning Beyond the Classroom
    By Anna
    http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    http://skype-englishschool.com
  • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    Learning Objectives
    Today we are going to work on pronunciation
    In particular we are going to focus on intonation
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  • What is Intonation?
    Intonation is variation in pitch .
    Improving sentence intonation is one of the key elements in your English pronunciation.
    http://skype-englishschool.com
  • What is Intonation?
    http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    There are four basic types of word stress that lead
    to proper intonation in English.
    tonic stress
    emphatic stress
    contrastive stress
    new information stress
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  • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    Tonic Stress
    Tonic stress refers to the syllable in a word which receives the most stress in an intonation unit.
    An intonation unit has one tonic stress.
    It's important to remember that a sentence can have more than one intonation unit, and therefore have more than one tonic stress.
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  • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    Tonic Stress
    He's waiting
    He's waiting / for his friend
    He's waiting / for his friend / at the station.
    Generally, the final tonic stress in a sentence receives the most stress.
    In the above example, 'station' receives the strongest stress.
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  • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    Emphatic Stress
    If you decide to emphasize something, you can change the stress from the principal noun to another content word such as an adjective (big, difficult, etc.), intensifier (very, extremely, etc.)
    This emphasis calls attention to the extraordinary nature of what you want to emphasize.
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  • http://eikaiwa-skype.com
    Emphatic Stress
    That was a difficult test. - Standard statement
    That was a difficult test. - Emphasizes how difficult the test was
    There are a number of adverbs and modifiers which tend to be used to emphasize in sentences that receive emphatic stress.
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  • Emphatic Stress
    There are a number of adverbs and modifiers which tend
    to be used to emphasize in sentences that receive
    emphatic stress.
    extremely
    terribly
    completely
    utterly
    especially
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  • Contrastive Stress
    Contrastive stress is used to point out the difference
    between one object and another.
    Contrastive stress tends
    to be used with determiners such as 'this, that, these and those'.
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  • Contrastive Stress
    Contrastive stress is used to point out the difference
    between one object and another.
    Contrastive stress tends to be used with determiners such as 'this, that, these and those'.
    I think I prefer this color.
    Do you want these or those curtains?
    http://skype-englishschool.com
  • Contrastive Stress
    Contrastive stress is also used to bring out a given word in a sentence
    which will also slightly change the meaning.
    He came to the party yesterday. (It was he, not someone else.)
    He walked to the party yesterday. (He walked rather than drove.)
    He came to the party yesterday. (It was a party not a meeting or something else.)
    He came to the party yesterday. (It was yesterday not two weeks ago or some other time.)
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  • New Information Stress
    When asked a question, the requested information is naturally
    stressed more strongly.
    For example:
    Where are you from? - I come from Seattle, in the USA.
    What do you want to do? - I want to go bowling.
    When does class begin? - The class begins at nine o'clock.
    Use these various types of stress to help improve your pronunciation
    and understandability.  
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  • Why is this important for pronunciation?
    Focusing on the "stress - timed" quality of English will help you to improve your pronunciation skills.
    Students often focus on pronouncing each word correctly and therefore tend to pronounce in an unnatural manner.
    By focusing on the stress timed factor in English students soon begin sounding much more "authentic.
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  • What does this mean?
    When you are speaking English the words you stress
    can change the underlying meaning of a sentence.
    Let's take a look at the following sentence:
    I don't think he should get the job.
    This simple sentence can have many levels of meaning based on the word you stress.
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  • What does this mean?
    Consider the meaning of the following sentences with
    the stressed word in red.
    I don't think he should get the job.
    Meaning:Somebody else thinks he should get the job.
    I don'tthink he should get the job.
    Meaning:It's not true that I think he should get the job.
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:That's not really what I mean. OR I'm not sure he'll get that job.
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:Somebody else should get that job.
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  • What does this mean?
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:In my opinion it's wrong that he's going to get that job.
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:He should have to earn (be worthy of, work hard for) that job.
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:He should get another job.
    I don't think he should get that job.
    Meaning:Maybe he should get something else instead.
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  • Learning Review
    What did we learn today?
    English is a stressed language
    There are 4 types of intonation
    The way we use intonation changes the meaning of the sentence
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