Yu Fai Leung best practice ppt wcc 2012


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A presentation by Yu-Fai Leung on the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas - Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group's work revising the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines on Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas. This presentation was made at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in September 2012

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Yu Fai Leung best practice ppt wcc 2012

  1. 1. BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR SUSTAINABLETOURISM IN PROTECTED AREAS (3RD EDITION):AN OVERVIEW AND DISCUSSION Yu-Fai LeungProfessor, North Carolina State University, USA Ralf Buckley Professor, Griffith University, Australia Glen Hvenegaard Professor, University of Alberta, Canada Anna SpenceleySpenceley Tourism and Development (STAND) TAPA-SG Chair, South Africa
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE The needs for sustainable tourism BPG for protected areas The past two editions of ST-BPG The Third Edition Objectives and guiding principles Contributors Timeline This workshop Input on outline and contents Potential contributors
  3. 3. TOURISM IN PROTECTED AREAS Major incentive for protected area establishment and special designations (e.g. World Heritage sites, Global Geoparks) Public and political support for protected areas Key ecosystem service with conservation and community benefits Visitor experience and conservation education opportunities
  4. 4. CONCERNS ABOUT TOURISM Development pressure and habitat loss/degradation Strain on natural resources Tourist activity impacts Leakage of tourism revenues Impacts on local communities
  5. 5. NEEDS FOR BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES Tourism has a significant role to play in protected area conservation Enhancing the positive impacts of tourism while minimizing negative impacts Operationalizing sustainable tourism with best practice examples (environmental management, finances, partnerships, education, etc.) Collaborative learning and global knowledge sharing Proactive and adaptive management in face of changes
  6. 6. PAST EDITIONS OF ST-BPG First Edition: 1992 McNeely, J. A., Thorsell, J. W., & Ceballos-Lascurain, H. (1992). Guidelines: Development of National Parks and Protected Areas for Tourism (UNEP- IE/PAC Technical Report Series No. 13). Madrid: WTO and UNEP. Second Edition: 2002 Eagles, P. F. J., McCool, S. F., & Haynes, C. D. A. (2002). Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 183pp.
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES OF THE THIRD EDITION To update the background information used to develop the current best practices guidelines To engage TAPAS members and other stakeholders of protected area tourism in enhancing the contents and utility of the guidelines; To publish the BPG in concert with the 2014 World Parks Congress
  8. 8. SOME GUIDING PRINCIPLES Collaborative project Balanced collection of global knowledge Proactive, strategic and participatory approaches Evidence-based management Starter reference for PA managers
  9. 9. CONTRIBUTORS Editorial Team (TAPA-SG Knowledge Development and Dissemination subgroup) Dr. Yu-Fai Leung (chief editor), Dr. Ralf Buckley, Dr. Glen Hvenegaard, Dr. Anna Spenceley Contributors from TAPA-SG members Other contributors Types of contribution Chapter, subsection, case study, digital images
  10. 10. TIMELINE IN BRIEF Nov. 2011: Project approved by WCPA Sep. 2012: Identify contributors Dec. 2012: Draft contributions Apr. 2012: Final contributions Aug. 2013: First complete draft Dec. 2013: Final draft Aug. 2014: English version published online Nov. 2014: Release of print version at 2014 World Parks Congress
  11. 11. ST-BPG OUTLINE (CURRENT VERSION) Chapter Proposed Contents Introduction and Concepts • Brief introduction to the potential role of tourism in protected areas (PA), tie to 2014 World Parks Congress themes, 2012 WWC themes, IUCN strategic plan, etc. • Brief introduction of the old and new challenges (and opportunities) of tourism management in protected areas o Here we acknowledge the notion of carrying capacity in the tourism management literature but we emphasize that this BPG will move beyond the flawed conceptualization and instead focus on a holistic/adaptive approach to sustainable tourism management o Lack of visitation/tourism as a problem in PAs • Contextual (concise) description of global issues and forces influencing management of tourism (climate change, financial crisis, economic restructuring, security, technology, changes in governance, etc.) • Key concepts and scope: What do we mean by sustainability and tourism in protected areas? o Emphasize that “sustainable tourism” is not a form of tourism but rather an overarching principle o Tourism management vs. visitor management, what is our focus • What is the tourism/visitor experience? Diversity of tourism/visitor experience as related to PAs; why is visitor experience important? • What is included in the book? What is outside the scope? Who is the intended audience? • Brief outline of the book Historical and Geographical Context • Why is tourism in PA? How has the tourism-PA relationship evolved?
  12. 12. INSTRUCTIONS FOR GROUP DISCUSSION 20 minutes: Form groups of 5-6 Review the handout (draft BPG outline) and discuss important topics or issues that are missing Brainstorm best practice examples Write on the A3 paper provided 10 minutes: Rank the topics and issues (1-10,1 being the most important) 20 minutes: Each group reports the top 2 issues/topics