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Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth
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Niassa Contract Management Anabela Rodrigues Vernon Booth

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This presentation by Anabela Rodrigues and Vernon Booth was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo …

This presentation by Anabela Rodrigues and Vernon Booth was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 (Day 2, Session 4, Concessions Contract Management)

Published in: Travel, Business
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  • 1. I. INTRODUCTION Lukwika Lumus ure Parque Nacional (Tanzania) Potencial ACTF Reserva Nacional Coutada Chipange Chipange do Niass a-Selous Larger Conservation Area in Reserva Florestal Quirimbas Chetu Chetu NIASSA NIASSA Mozambique Area: 42 000 Kms² - ACTF do Tchuma Gile Gile Representing 36% of the total Tchato 9 9 7 7 area under conservation in 13 13 6 6 11 11 14 14 Mozambique Gorongosa 10 Marromeu 10 Marromeu Chimanimani TFCA 500 km It has most of the wildlife 4+5 4 +5 Zinave Bazaruto NP Bazaruto NP existing in the country ACTF do ACTF do Zinave Grande Grande Bahnine Bahnine – 14 000 elephants Limpopo Limpopo Limpopo – 14 000 sable – 600 to 1000 lions Reserva Nacional de Maputo Res erva Nacional de Maputo – more than 350 wild dogs Sociedade para a Gestão e Desenvolvimento da Reserva do Niassa ACTF dos Maputo, 19 a 22 de Marco Libombos Luwire CONCESSION STATUS: 17 Management Units; MOU Gomba Gomba L9 2002 2012 - 11 (?) Allocated to Concessionaires 2012 R6 EastNegamano Af. Safaris Negamano NiassaHunters MOU L9 2010 Luambeze MOU R1 2002 Chamba Chamba MOU East L9 Safaris Af. Milepa Milepa R2+R3 2009 L6 L6 Contract L9 LUCHERINGO R5 Naulala Naulala 2012 CONTRATO R1 R3 R3 Mitope Mitope 2012 Nalama Nalama Luambeze Luambeze R1 R1 CONTRATO R4 Contrato R2 R2 Macalange L5N 2007 R3 2012 M M Macalange Matondavela Matondavela Mecula Mecula L5 Safrique Ncuti Ncuti Mbamba Mbamba Mbatamila Mbatamila L8 L8 Contrato L1 2008 L4 Ntimbo Ntimbo Nampaquesso Nampaquesso Kambako L1 L3 L3 Lissongole Lissongole Contrato J J Cuchiranga Cuchiranga Nkalapa Nkalapa SEM Manhur Manhur L8 2005 Nahevera Nahevera Mavago Mavago Mavago Msawise Contrato Mucoria Mucoria Msawise L3 2007 L7 L7 50 km 50 km 50 km Luwire 50 km Johan Calitz Contrato L2 L2 Safaris L7 2000 Village/Settlement Contrato Roads Cultivated Areas L2 2008 Minor Main Rivers Catchment BoundariesII. SGDRN - A NEW MANAGEMENT MODEL II. SGDRN - A NEW MANAGEMENT MODEL 1. ESTABLISHED IN 1954 IT WENT FROM A PAPER RESERVE TERMS OF AUTORIZATION OF THE CM No.78/98 and LEASING CONTRACT SIGNED WITHOUT MANAGEMENT WITH MITUR defined SGDRN OBLIGATIONS AND RIGHTS : •“ Attract other investors for the development of investments (clauses 2.1 & 2. TO A NATIONAL RESERVE THAT ON THE BASIS OF A 2.2 ) in the amount of $US 9.820.000,00 - 10 Years” (Cl. 10.a.); COUNCIL OF MINISTER´S DECISION (1998) BEGAN TO BE MANAGED BY AN INOVATIVE NOT FOR PROFIT PUBLIC •“Define the terms and conditions to which the selection of investors should PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP. respond for the adjudication of the activities referred in the previous clauses”; •“ Establish the rules and procedures to which the tenders should obey, with ESTABLISHED IN 2000, SOCIEDADE PARA A GESTÃO E the conditions that only companies with a 25% Mozambican ownership could DESENVOLVIMENTO DA RESERVA DO NIASSA IS A PARTNERSHIP sign the contracts, in acordance with the criteria and norms fixed by MINAG to BETWEEN THE GOM & PRIVATE ENTITY (IN) , GOVERNED BY A BOARD this effect ” (Cl. 9.h.) and ON THE BASIS OF A MANAGEMENT RIGHTS LEASING CONTRACT SIGNED WITH MITUR IN 2002 •“Sub-lease through a contract, to the companies and entities operating in the Niassa Reserve, the rights that were allocated to SGDRN, who should be responsible to facilitate the licenses or autorizations required by the law that habilitate them to exercise their activities ” (Cl. 9.i.).
  • 2. Gomba Gomba GOALS & OBJECTIVES DEFINED IN THE MANAGEMENT PLAN: R6 Negamano Negamano 2007 – 2012 Chamba Chamba L9 Milepa Milepa L6 R5 Naulala Naulala R3 II. Governance - management toolsTo secure the long term conservation of the rich and unique biodiversity, R3 Nalama Nalama Mitope Mitopeand the pristine wilderness, of the NNR for present and future generations R1 R4 R2 R2 M Macalange Macalange Matondavela Matondavela Mecula L5 MeculaTo reduce pressure on the natural resources, facilitate the sustainable Mbatamila Mbatamila Ncuti Mbamba Ncuti Mbamba Ncuti L8use of the Reserve by promoting alternative income generating activities L4 Ntimbo Ntimbo Nampaquesso Nampaquessofor communities L1 J L3 Lissongole Lissongole Cuchiranga Cuchiranga Nkalapa Nkalapa Manhur Manhur Nahevera Nahevera Mavago Mavago Mucoria Msawise Mucoria Mucoria Mucoria Msawise Three Categories – (ecological, scenic, L7To provide a quality tourism experience to tourists that generate a local & socio-economic factors): 50 km 50 km 50 km 50 km 50 km kmeconomy and contributes to finance the Reserve management activities 1. Special Conservation Areas L2 2. Wilderness Areas 3. Natural Resource Use Conservation Areas Gomba Gomba R6 PRINCIPLES Negamano Negamano Chamba Chamba L9 1. Units for Conservation Hunting & Non - ConsumptiveTourism Milepa Milepa R5 L6 2. Reach the high end Market clientele Naulala Naulala R3 R3 Mitope Mitope 3. Combination of Commercial and Philantropic Operators R1 Nalama Nalama 4. Sharing Management Costs and responsibilities R2 R4 R2 M Macalange Macalange Matondavela Matondavela L5 Mecula Mecula Ncuti Mbamba Ncuti Mbamba Ncuti REFINING THE OBJECTIVES Mbatamila Mbatamila L8 Ntimbo Ntimbo L4 L1 L3 Nampaquesso Nampaquesso Lissongole Lissongole While seeking to implement the best practices to monitor J Cuchiranga Cuchiranga Nkalapa Nkalapa Manhur Manhur Nahevera the Bioversity of the Reserve, with respect to hunting – “ Nahevera Mavago Mavago Msawise Msawise Mucoria Mucoria Mucoria Mucoria Three Categories – (ecological, scenic, Maximize trophy quality and economic returns while L7 & socio-economic factors): 50 km 50 km 50 km 50 km 50 km 50 km maintaining viability and growth of wildlife populations L2 1. Special Conservation Areas through ecologically sustainable hunting practices 2. Wilderness Areas 3. Natural Resource Use Conservation Areas III - CONSERVATION Hunting Administration PRINCIPLES BEFORE THE HUNT •1. RULESConservation Hunting & Non - ConsumptiveTourism Units for AND REGULATIONS Processing Firearm Importation Registration of Professional Hunters 2. Reach the high end Market clientele •3.Contract of Commercial and Philantropic Operators Combination Rules Applying for Client Hunting Licences Purchasing Abate Tickets 4. Sharing Management Costs and responsibilities • 5 Year Business Plan Form, the Annual REFINING THE OBJECTIVES and the Report Form Plan Form, the HRF DURING THE HUNT Monitoring hunting activities • The Road/Tracks Guidelines While seeking to implement the best practices to monitor Tracking hunting success the Bioversity of the Reserve, with respect to hunting – “ Completion of the Hunt Return Form & Annual Report Form • The Media Policy and economic returns while Maximize trophy quality • The Regulations – “Black Book” (Best maintaining viability and growth of wildlife populations AFTER THE HUNT through ecologically sustainable hunting practices Practices) Check and sign off hunting licenses and abate tickets Monitor trophy size and age Analyze Hunt Return Form Data
  • 3. III - CONSERVATION Hunting Administration III - CONSERVATION Hunting Administration Client details Client details Sociedade para a Gestão e Desenvolvimento da Reserva do Niassa Professional Sociedade para a Gestão e Desenvolvimento da Reserva do Niassa Professional Hunter details Hunter details REGISTO DE SAFARIS DE CAÇA (Safari Hunt Register) Nº série:......................... REGISTO DE SAFARIS DE CAÇA (Safari Hunt Register) Nº série:......................... Bloco de Caça Operador de Safaris Safari details Caçador-profissional Bloco de Caça Operador de Safaris Safari details Caçador-profissional (Hunting Block) (Safari Operator) (Professional-hunter) (Hunting Block) (Safari Operator) (Professional-hunter) Nom e do Cliente Nacionalidade Licença de Caça Nº Nom e do Cliente Nacionalidade Licença de Caça Nº (Client Name) (Nationality) (Hunter License Nº) (Client Name) (Nationality) (Hunter License Nº) Licença de caça Nº Nº Dias-Caça Nº de Observadores Licença de caça Nº Nº Dias-Caça Nº de Observadores (Hunting license Nº) (Nº Hunter-Days) (Nº of Observers) (Hunting license Nº) (Nº Hunter-Days) (Nº of Observers) Hunt Period Hunt Period (Period of Hunt) (Period of Hunt) Nº da etiqueta da Senha SRN Nº Sexo Nº da etiqueta da Senha SRN Nº Sexo Espécies Data Morto / Ferido Localização (Location) 2 Espécies Data Morto / Ferido Localização (Location) 2 mandíbula (SRN Abate ticket Nº) Tamanho (Size) 1 (Sex) Observações (Notes) mandíbula (SRN Abate ticket Nº) Tamanho (Size) 1 (Sex) Observações (Notes) (Species) (Date) (Killed / Wounded) (Species) (Date) (Killed / Wounded) (Jaw tag Nº) (M)/(F) Este (East) Sul (South) (Jaw tag Nº) (M)/(F) Este (East) Sul (South)1 1 Medição a ser feita de acordo com o sistema de medição Roland Ward (Measurements according to Roland Ward) Medição a ser feita de acordo com o sistema de medição Roland Ward (Measurements according to Roland Ward)2 2 Localização em graus decimais (Location in decimal degrees) Có pia Branca (Operado r) Localização em graus decimais (Location in decimal degrees) Có pia Branca (Operado r)ASSINATURA DO CLIENTE: ASSINATURA DO CAÇADOR PROF: Có pia A marela (SRN M aputo) ASSINATURA DO CLIENTE: ASSINATURA DO CAÇADOR PROF: Có pia A marela (SRN M aputo)(CLIENT SIGNATURE) (P.H. SIGNATURE) Có pia Verde (SR N M batamila) (CLIENT SIGNATURE) (P.H. SIGNATURE) Có pia Verde (SR N M batamila) Trophy details: Species; trophy size; location etc Trophy details: Species; trophy size; location etc AN EXAMPLE OF THE HUNT RETURN FORM USED TO CAPTURE AN EXAMPLE OF THE HUNT RETURN FORM USED TO CAPTURE DATA ON EACH SAFARI CONDUCTED IN THE NNR DATA ON EACH SAFARI CONDUCTED IN THE NNR SOME KEY INDICATORS TO MONITOR GROWTH OF SOME KEY INDICATORS TO MONITOR GROWTH OF INDUSTRY INDUSTRY Examples of data 1.Total Income from Abate Tickets – Industry Revenues 2.Quota allocation, purchase and utilization by species by block – Operator efficiency 3.Origin of clients and types of safaris 4.Number of Safaris and Hunting days – Performance of hunting industry – Hunter days 5.Trophy quality and age - sustainability 6.Distribution of hunting effort - sustainability SOME KEY INDICATORS TO MONITOR GROWTH OF SOME KEY INDICATORS TO MONITOR GROWTH OF INDUSTRY INDUSTRY
  • 4. Trophy Measurement - Trophy Quality Trends Trophy Measurement - Trophy Quality Trends DISTRIBUTION OF HUNTING EFFORT DISTRIBUTION OF HUNTING EFFORT Data from the coordinates of where animals are killed is used to Data from the coordinates of where animals are killed is used to define the area where hunting has taken place in Niassa define the area where hunting has taken place in Niassa SGDRN HAS UNDERTAKEN SEVEN SYSTEMATIC BIANNUAL AERIAL SURVEYS OF ALL MAJOR MAMMAL SPECIES OF THE NIASSA NATIONAL RESERVE SINCE 1998. THE MAIN FOCUS IS ON ELEPHANT NUMBERS BUT ALL LARGE MAMMALS ARE RECORDED, PLUS HUMAN ACTIVITIES (Fishing Camps) AND SETTLEMENT. THESE DATA SHOW : • POPULATIONS OF VIRTUALLY ALL SPECIES IN THE RESERVE HAVE INCREASED OR REMAINED STABLE • WE NOW HAVE RELIABLE INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTION, DENSITIES AND TRENDS FOR THE ENTIRE RESERVE AND PER MANAGEMENT UNIT
  • 5. The aerial survey results are extremely valuable in providing information used to make management decisions: e.g. to set sustainable hunting quotas Buffalo and cat populations are extremely difficult to survey from the air Aerial Survey data must be used in conjunction with other sources of information - Bufalo Project & the Carnivore Project WHERE WE HAVE COME FROM 2004: 85 % of quota was taken (11 lions) but 75% of lion trophies underage No information on visual aging cues for Niassa lions. No monitoring of trophy quality. Fixed quota based on no informationBUFALO PROJECT - THE ECOLOGY OF THE BUFFALO POPULATION– Understanding the Mechanisms Limiting the Buffalo Population 2006 -SRN LION REGULATIONS & POINTS SYSTEM RESULTS & LESSONS LEARNED Effect of Regulations - Trophy Quality Off-take of acceptable trophies is stable at 3-4 lions / year
  • 6. RESULTS & LESSONS LEARNED RESULTS & LESSONS LEARNED Tourism Operators - Investment, Operational Budgets, Salaries, VATRESULTS & LESSONS LEARNED RESULTS & LESSONS LEARNED Gross income: Abate Ticket + Concession Fees Gross income: Abate Ticket + Concession FeesTourism Operators - Investment, Operational Budgets, Salaries, VAT Tourism Operators - Investment, Operational Budgets, Salaries, VAT 2003 – 2011 2003 – 2011 ILLEGAL LOGGING Data: 16/05/2010 Aerial Survey 2009 Coordenadas: S110 16’ 03.0 E380 44’ 54.8
  • 7. ILLEGAL HUNTING36 E 37 E 38 E 36 E 37 E 38 E Carcasses Snare Lines Aerial Survey 2009 12 S 12 SCarcass Ratio4.25% (1.57% - 17.89%) = 693 – 1,100 Carcass 1 13 S Snareline Poacher’s camp 13 S Carcass 2 Carcass 3 Carcass 4 0 50km 0 50km

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