What is sustainability?                                                                                                   ...
What is sustainability?                                                                      Environmental sustainability ...
Biodiversity & activities                               The type of environmental           Energy                        ...
What is sustainability?                                                                                                   ...
Presentations  Culture in craft                                      Concessions and sustainability in               Andre...
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Background on Concessions Best Practice Anna Spenceley

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This presentation by Anna Spenceley was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 (Day 2, Session 6, Integrating sustainability)

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Transcript of "Background on Concessions Best Practice Anna Spenceley"

  1. 1. What is sustainability? ECONOMIC Integrating sustainability: Global and regional experience Anna Spenceley ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL 1) Make optimal use of environmental resources 20 March 2012, Girrasol Indy, Maputo 2) Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities 3) Ensure viable, long-term economic operations, providing socio- economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ILO, 2011What is sustainability? Economic sustainability ECONOMIC Destination: regarding wildlife resources, safety and accessibility 1 hour from a local airport with reasonable international connections Value: Competitive pricing considering design, facilities, location, wildlife resources, and services compared to similar destinations Interpretation and Activities: unique wildlife species to be observed interesting activities available quality guiding and interpretation Management capacity:ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL ability to manage marketing, finances, logistics, human resources, etc efficiently 1) Make optimal use of environmental resources Access to capital: 2) Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities financing structures that allow for longer term 3) Ensure viable, long-term economic operations, providing socio- return on investment are the most beneficial. economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ILO, 2011 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ElperWood et al 2003Economic sustainability Economic sustainability: Factors important to holidaymakers when choosing a holiday USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ILO, 2011 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo TUI, 2010 1
  2. 2. What is sustainability? Environmental sustainability ECONOMIC Planning Construction Operation De- Location Materials Activities commissioning Design Waste Water use & Waste disposal Footprint Footprint disposal Remediation Access Energy Materials Waste ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL 1) Make optimal use of environmental resources 2) Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities 3) Ensure viable, long-term economic operations, providing socio- economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ILO, 2011 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Environment & Planning Environment & infrastructure Traditional design and techniques • Project design Use of environmental technologies (e.g. natural • Location – sensitive sites • Design standards - siting, design compatibility, light/cooling; energy efficient appliances; water aesthetics, impact reduction re ecological and cultural conservation) values (design to minimize negative effects on site and Training for artisans / thatchers surrounding areas) / carpenters • Design for operation – wastewater, water use, energy conservation. Build in energy conservation technology Sustainable materials • Access – by road, air, water and implications • Planning requirements – Environmental Impact . Assessment USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoAdapted from Ted Manning, Tourisk Inc © Anna Spenceley, 2007 Makalali, South Africa © Anna Spenceley, 2007 Biodiversity & facilities Biodiversity & land management Bushmans Kloof, South Africa Sabi Sabi, South Africa Pankhurst, cited in USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Tapper et al, 2008 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Spenceley, 2007 2
  3. 3. Biodiversity & activities The type of environmental Energy impact depends on the sensitivity of the habitat to impacts. Typical electrical use breakdown for a coastal resort Drakensberg Mountains, Spenceley et al, USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoSpenceley, 2007 South Africa Masaai mara, Kenya 2011 Energy saving technologies Waste De Hoop Nature Reserve, South Africa Reduce Re-use Spier, South Africa Recycle Energy saving light bulbs, Solar panels can be used to with daylight-sensors for heat water and power lights use outdoors – save energy Spenceley, 2007; USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Spenceley, 2007 Spenceley et al, 2011 Watamu, Kenya Water Environmental EducationKruger National Park, South Africa Environmental education helps tourists learn a lot about the places they are visiting – and how to look after it. Spier, South Africa Phinda Private Game Reserve, South Africa Hluhluwe, USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Spenceley, 2007 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo South Africa Spenceley, 2007 3
  4. 4. What is sustainability? Social and cultural sustainability ECONOMIC Planning and development – consultation with stakeholders Equity structure – involvement of local people Culture integrated within design, activities and procurement ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL 1) Make optimal use of environmental resources 2) Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities 3) Ensure viable, long-term economic operations, providing socio- economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo ILO, 2011 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Protected Area Stakeholders Partnerships, risks and requirements Government and authorities Protected Area Natural . National government attractions Tour operators Local government Tourism concession Conservation Tourism facilities authorities Tourists Non-governmental Community . Community Organisations External based activities organisations Cultural attractions and Small Medium and activities Micro Enterprises Traditional authorities Farmers USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Adapted from ILO, 2011 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Cultural tours Culture in accommodation USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoSpenceley, 2005 Spenceley, 2005 4
  5. 5. Presentations Culture in craft Concessions and sustainability in Andrew Kingman Chimanimani: Ndzou Camp and MICAIA Concessions and business sustainability in Dave Law Mozambique: Banhine, Zinave, & Banamana Concessions and sustainability in southern Sue Snyman Africa: Wilderness Safaris Maximizing local linkages into the Tourism Manuel Mutimucuio (the value chain – “the trickledown effect”)Spenceley, 2005 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo 5

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