Written by : Anna Isha A’bideen
How to Write an Essay? Choose Your Preferable Essay Topic Brainstorm Ideas for Your Essay Organize and Outline Your Ess...
GET ORGANIZED!!THE ARRANGEMENT OF IDEASTOPIC SENTENCETOPIC STATEMENTSUPPORTING DETAILS(+EXAMPLE)MENTION, ELABORATE, EXAMPL...
GET IN GROUPS DISCUSS ABOUT THE CONTENT IN: A) INTRODUCTION    THE VARIES EXPOSITION METHODS    - A QUEST? SIMPLE? FAC...
IDEAS BRAINSTORMINGTOPIC:SUBTOPIC1:BEST IDEAS        S DETAIL1         SDETAIL2           EXAMPLE-LIST1            -ELABOR...
TRANSITION MARKERS To smoothen the flow of the paragraphs:WRITE IN COLOUR- appropriate transition markers, strong adjecti...
3 METHODS OF BRAINSTORMING Create a List Draw a Mind Map Ask and Answer Wh-questions to each/every picture/  para GOOD...
SENTENCE CONNECTORS-ADDITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to expres...
OPPOSITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself    in i...
COMPAREOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in    incr...
CONDITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want    to express yourself in in...
SENTENCE CONNECTORS-CONTRASTOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to expres...
PROCESS WRITING! PRE-WRITING FOCUSING IDEAS EVALUATING, STRUCTURING, EDITING
STEP 1 :BRAINSTORMING MIND MAP (BUBBLE MAP, CLOUD MAP, FISH-  BONED) LISTING PHRASES/WORDS MERGING GROUP ACTIVITIES
STEP 2: PLANNING THINK; GET ORGANISED-GET ORGANISED-GET  ORGANISED e.g.: 1. INTRO-COMPARE1,CONTRAST1, COMPARE2,  CONTRA...
activity2: GENERATING IDEASDISCOVERY IDEAS-CUBING 1. describe it (WHAT is internet?Based on the Oxford dict ..pg..What.....
Activity3:QUESTIONING Each ss generate the questions on the topic  “The Internet” Focus on what the reader needs to know...
Activity4:Discussion n Debate Tr helps ss to develop ideas in a debate or discussion Monitor progress of ss PROBING-del...
PROBLEMS ISSUED AND GIVINGADVICE-a brief case example: 1.Age 40, has been smoked for 20 years,  smoke 5-10 cig/day. Unabl...
PROBLEMS ISSUED AND GIVINGADVICE 2. 16-year-old girl.150cm tall.55kg weight.She in disillusion tht she is obese. Friends ...
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Coherentness and transition in writing essays

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Transcript of "Coherentness and transition in writing essays"

  1. 1. Written by : Anna Isha A’bideen
  2. 2. How to Write an Essay? Choose Your Preferable Essay Topic Brainstorm Ideas for Your Essay Organize and Outline Your Essay Write Introduction, Body and Conclusion Proofread and Final Edit Your Essay
  3. 3. GET ORGANIZED!!THE ARRANGEMENT OF IDEASTOPIC SENTENCETOPIC STATEMENTSUPPORTING DETAILS(+EXAMPLE)MENTION, ELABORATE, EXAMPLE(MEE)
  4. 4. GET IN GROUPS DISCUSS ABOUT THE CONTENT IN: A) INTRODUCTION  THE VARIES EXPOSITION METHODS  - A QUEST? SIMPLE? FACT? HISTORY? STORY? B) BODY  SUBTOP)TOPIC S, SUPPORTG STATEMENT,DETAILS, SPECIFIC E.G  COMPARE P1, CONTRAST WITH P2(EACH PARA OR 3 PARA @1,3 PARA @2 C) CONCLUSION  SUM UP, LIST, GOV ACTIONS, OUR ACTN, HOPE,SUGGESTION TO IMPROVE/CURB PROB
  5. 5. IDEAS BRAINSTORMINGTOPIC:SUBTOPIC1:BEST IDEAS S DETAIL1 SDETAIL2 EXAMPLE-LIST1 -ELABORATE -ELABORATE -SPECIFIC E.G. LIST1 L1 IN LIST1 LIST1-LIST2 -ELABORATE -ELABORATE -SPECIFIC E.G. LIST2 L2 IN LIST2 LIST2WRITE IN COLOUR- appropriate transition markers, strongadjectives, feelings, and figurative language,IDIOMatic expr.WRITING ESSAYS TRANSITION MARKERS.docxWRITING EXPRESSING SHOCK.docx
  6. 6. TRANSITION MARKERS To smoothen the flow of the paragraphs:WRITE IN COLOUR- appropriate transition markers, strong adjectives, feelings, and figurative language,IDIOMatic expr.WRITING ESSAYS TRANSITION MARKERS.docxWRITING EXPRESSING SHOCK.docx
  7. 7. 3 METHODS OF BRAINSTORMING Create a List Draw a Mind Map Ask and Answer Wh-questions to each/every picture/ para GOOD ESSAY WRITINGS.doc
  8. 8. SENTENCE CONNECTORS-ADDITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style.Type of Connector(s)ExamplesCoordinating ConjunctionandHigh level positions are stressful at times, and can be harmful to your health.Conjunctive adverbsin addition, additionally, furthermore, moreover, alsoHigh level positions are stressful at times; furthermore, they can be harmful to your healthCorrelative conjunctionsnot only...but alsoNot only are high level positions stressful at times, but they also can be harmful to your health.Prepositional phrasesin addition to, along with, as well asAlong with being stressful, high level positions can also be harmful to your health.
  9. 9. OPPOSITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style.Type of ConnectorConnector(s)ExamplesCoordinating conjunctionbutHigh level positions are stressful at times, but professionals can learn to manage their stress levels.Subordinating conjunctionsalthough, despite the fact thatDespite the fact that high level positions are stressful at times, professionals can learn to manage their stress levels.Conjunctive adverbshowever, neverthelessHigh level positions are stressful at times; nevertheless, professionals can learn to manage their stress levels.Prepositional phrasesdespite, in spite ofIn spite of the stressful nature of high level positions, professionals can learn to manage their stress levels.
  10. 10. COMPAREOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style.Type of ConnectorConnector(s)ExamplesCoordinating Conjunctionand...tooHigh level positions are stressful, and can be harmful to your health too.Subordinating conjunctionjust asJust as high level positions are stressful, they can be harmful to your health.Conjunctive adverbssimilarly, in comparisonHigh level positions are stressful at times; similarly, they can be harmful to your health.Prepositionslike, similar toSimilar to other important professions, high level business positions are stressful at times.
  11. 11. CONDITIONOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style.Type of ConnectorConnector(s)ExamplesSubordinating conjunctionsif, unless, only if, even ifIf you consider the financial rewards of high level positions, the stressful nature of these positions becomes less important.Conjunctive adverbotherwiseYou should remember the financial rewards of high level positions; otherwise, you might find the stressful nature of these positions too demanding.
  12. 12. SENTENCE CONNECTORS-CONTRASTOnce you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style.Type of ConnectorConnector(s)ExamplesCoordinating conjunctionbutHigh level positions are stressful at times, but the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed.Subordinating conjunctionswhereas, whileWhile high level positions are stressful at times, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed.Conjunctive adverbsin contrast, on the other handHigh level positions are stressful at times; on the other hand, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed.PrepositionsunlikeUnlike the undesirable stress of high level positions, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed.
  13. 13. PROCESS WRITING! PRE-WRITING FOCUSING IDEAS EVALUATING, STRUCTURING, EDITING
  14. 14. STEP 1 :BRAINSTORMING MIND MAP (BUBBLE MAP, CLOUD MAP, FISH- BONED) LISTING PHRASES/WORDS MERGING GROUP ACTIVITIES
  15. 15. STEP 2: PLANNING THINK; GET ORGANISED-GET ORGANISED-GET ORGANISED e.g.: 1. INTRO-COMPARE1,CONTRAST1, COMPARE2, CONTRAST2,..Cmp3,Ctrs3, ….-CONCLC or 2. INTRO-Cmpr1, Cmpr2, Cmpr3, Cmpr4,..,Ctrst1, ,..,Ctrst4..-CONCLC Ideas arrangement , identify priority, never jumble up ideas -bits and pieces in every para
  16. 16. activity2: GENERATING IDEASDISCOVERY IDEAS-CUBING 1. describe it (WHAT is internet?Based on the Oxford dict ..pg..What.. Benefits?) 2. compare it (paper/paperless env-before and now) 3. associate it (can be associated with..) 4. analyze it (tell based on experience/others’ exp.) 5. apply it(HOW the ppl r making used it?) 6. argue for or against it. (It is doubtedly tht internet offers just the benefits.Definitely it has some downsides.)
  17. 17. Activity3:QUESTIONING Each ss generate the questions on the topic “The Internet” Focus on what the reader needs to know The answers to these questions will form the basis to the composition.
  18. 18. Activity4:Discussion n Debate Tr helps ss to develop ideas in a debate or discussion Monitor progress of ss PROBING-delve into their cognitive state PLUS – mental ability to visualise the scenario of problem etc. Plus general issue knowledge Test on Critical and Creative thinking skills
  19. 19. PROBLEMS ISSUED AND GIVINGADVICE-a brief case example: 1.Age 40, has been smoked for 20 years, smoke 5-10 cig/day. Unable to catch breath as climbed the stairs. No history of heart disease. ---------------- ss response Should stop smoking by now since age approached 40. Smoking is hazardous to your health.avoid peer pressure. Be closer to non-smoker friends.outdoor activities.
  20. 20. PROBLEMS ISSUED AND GIVINGADVICE 2. 16-year-old girl.150cm tall.55kg weight.She in disillusion tht she is obese. Friends advice –skip breakfast.Take salad and fruits during lunch. She followed the advice for a month but not much difference in losing weight.
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