• Save
Libraries and public perceptions: A comparative analysis of the European press. Methodological insights
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
312
On Slideshare
294
From Embeds
18
Number of Embeds
3

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 18

http://www.libwikipp.ep.parl.union.eu 15
https://www.facebook.com 2
https://m.facebook.com&_=1372772111576 HTTP 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Libraries and public perceptions: A comparative analysis of the European press Methodological insights Anna Galluzzi, MSc, PhD 5th International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries 1
  • 2. Speech contents • Origins of the research • Aims and contents of the research • The numbers • Processing the articles • Some first findings • Conclusions 2
  • 3. Origins of the research • Much research and discussion about the future of libraries, particularly public libraries • The economic crisis has exacerbated the situation 3
  • 4. Origins of the research • The issue of the future of libraries has gone beyond the boundaries of the librarians' playground • Many methods have been applied to prove the social and economic impact of libraries 4
  • 5. An alternative method • The analysis of newspapers • Looking at newspapers is an attempt to move outside the specialised literature concerning libraries 5
  • 6. Experimenting a bottom-up method 6
  • 7. Strenghts and weaknessess • News selection starting mainly from the national and international press agencies • The choice depends on the interests of readership • But nowadays traditional newspapers are not the one and only conveyors of public opinions 7
  • 8. Strenghts and weaknessess • From the points of view of promptness and audience, the traditional newspapers have been completely walloped by the other media • Role in commenting, debating and analysing the news 8
  • 9. Strenghts and weaknessess In sum • Newspapers are not completely representative of the public opinion anymore • But they are an important detector of the issues at stakes 9
  • 10. Aims of the research • Aim: Quantifying and qualifying the presence of issues concerning libraries in the European press over the last years • Research questions: ▫ the most discussed topics ▫ differences between the European countries ▫ differences between the European newspapers 10
  • 11. Criteria and parameters of the research • Chronological span covered: 2008 to 2012 • The focus has been put on Europe • Countries taken into account: The UK, France, Spain and Italy 11
  • 12. Criteria and parameters of the research • Newspapers: Two for each country in their print editions - among those of national relevance and the most widespread, covering both the centre-left area and the centre-right 12
  • 13. Criteria and parameters of the research • The selected newspapers: ▫ The UK: The Times and The Guardian ▫ France: Le Figaro and Le Monde ▫ Spain: El Mundo and El País ▫ Italy: Corriere della Sera and La Repubblica 13
  • 14. Criteria and parameters of the research • Sources: ▫ Lexis Nexis™ News for Le Monde only and Factiva™ for all the other titles • The source selected was the national print edition (without the local editions) 14
  • 15. Criteria and parameters of the research • Query parameters: ▫ "librar*" and "bibliot*" as keywords in the full text search, according to the language of the newspaper (for the French newspapers only "mediat*” too) 15
  • 16. The numbers • The articles retrieved: 41,611 • The pertinent ones, i.e. those articles which concern libraries in a proper sense: 3,659 16
  • 17. Uses of “library” not pertinent • personal libraries • house furniture • the place where an event or an exhibition is held • the place where a murder or a crime occurs • the title of a book series • a bunch of physical or digital objects (e.g. iTunes as a music digital library) • the name of sections of newspapers • idiomatic expressions and figures of speech encompassing the term “library”, like “Library of Babel” or "bookworm" (which is "library mouse" in French, Italian and Spanish) • libraries cited in tender announcements • libraries cited in biographies and stories 17
  • 18. Processing the articles • After the selection, a text and content analysis of the articles was needed • The analysis was carried out manually and no text analysis software was used 18
  • 19. Processing the articles • Why? ▫ risk either to run the wrong procedures and queries or to create fictitious relationships among concepts and documents ▫ furthermore, the analysis of articles in four different languages would have increased the variables and the potential inconsistency of the results 19
  • 20. Phases • Each article was identified with a univocal name • An Excel worksheet was prepared • The articles were analysed and coded ▫ the texts were carefully reviewed and all concepts and ideas were annotated and then grouped • A number of pivot tables were used to sort and summarise the data 20
  • 21. Coding parameters • Country • Newspaper title • Year of publication • Prevalence or not of libraries as subject of the article • Type of library considered • Main topic of the article • The newspaper section where the article is published • In case the article talks about libraries of other countries, the country it talks about 21
  • 22. The topics • Mission/Roles • Conservation/Holdings/ Catalogue • Digitisation/Digital libraries • History • Reading/Marketing • Politics/Strategy/ Management • Library closures/ Budget cuts • Internet/E-book/ Technology • Services/Users • Staff/Recruitment • New libraries/New buildings • Acquisitions/Open access • Buildings/Architecture 22
  • 23. The topics • Some groupings need an explanation ▫ Conservation/Holdings/Catalogue ▫ Acquisitions/Open Access 23
  • 24. Some first findings • The data analysis and processing is ongoing and the research findings are far from being complete and somewhat meaningful • As for now, some first findings in form of tables and graphs can be offered with some first comments 24
  • 25. Articles where the library subject is prevalent vs. those where it is not 1653 45%2003 55% Non prevalent Prevalent 25
  • 26. Types of libraries (% on articles where the library subject prevails) 1% 16% 48% 18% 8% 9% Libraries in general Public National Academic School Special/Specialised 26
  • 27. Types of libraries per country (on articles where the library subject prevails) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% France Italy Spain UK Special/Specialised School Academic National Public Libraries in general 27
  • 28. Ranking of the most popular topics (over the 5% threshold) 1. Politics/Strategy/Management 2. Library closures/Budget cuts 3. Digital/Digitisation 4. Services/Users 5. Conservation/Holdings/Catalogue 6. New libraries/New buildings 7. Mission/Roles 28
  • 29. Main topics (over 5% threshold) per country (% on articles where the library subject prevails) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% France Italy Spain UK New libraries/New buildings Services/Users Library closures/Budget cuts Politics/Strategy/Management Digital/Digitisation Conservation/Holdings/Catalogue Mission/Roles 29
  • 30. Main topics (over 5% threshold) per year (% on articles where the library subject prevails) 30 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 New libraries/New buildings Services/Users Library closures/Budget cuts Politics/Strategy/Management Digital/Digitisation Conservation/Holdings/Catalogue Mission/Roles
  • 31. Conclusions • The main trends: ▫ the prevalence of public and national libraries in the debate ▫ a general agreement on the most popular topics ▫ no relevant connection between the political areas the newspapers belong to and the topics dealt with ▫ the effect of the economic crisis on the evolution of the debate is evident 31
  • 32. Conclusions • The research proves to be effective: ▫ to highlight topics and approaches ▫ to understand how they relate with the common thoughts and the general feelings 32
  • 33. Thank you! anna.galluzzi@gmail.com 33