teori belajar Konstruktivisme

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teori konstruktivisme terbagi menjadi dua menurut piaget yaitu teori konstruktivisme individual dan menurut vygotsky konstruktivisme sosial, teori vygotsky kemudian berkembang karena dalam pembelajaran siswa membutuhkan interaksi sosial yang dipengaruhi lingkungannya dalam mengembangkan pengetahuannya.

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teori belajar Konstruktivisme

  1. 1. Constructivism is one school of philosophy of knowledge (epistemology), which asks: What is knowledge How people construct knowledge
  2. 2. Knowledge (according to Knowledge is not just a constructivism) is a collection of facts, or construction (formed) by a "finished" who lives taken, or person of the object transferred from one personcognitive, and environmental to another. experience.
  3. 3. Psychological constructivism Personal Scheme Assimilation Piaget 1896-1980 Accommodation Equilibration
  4. 4. Psychological constructivism sociocultural Genetic Law Spontaneous of Concepts Development Vygotsky 1896-1934 Scientific Concepts
  5. 5. Piaget or Vygotsky ? Similarities in the two types of constructivism, among others: a)knowledge or the initial concept. Piaget called schema, Vygotsky called spontaneous concept. b)knowledge is constructed by the learner. In the process of construction ofknowledge, Piaget emphasizes the role of personal, while Vygotsky emphasized the role of sociocultural
  6. 6. 1. Pay attention and take advantage of prior knowledge of students5.An effort to introduce 2. Experience an students to the world authentic and of science. meaningful learning 4. The encouragement 3. The existence of a that students be conducive social independent environment,
  7. 7. Constructivism Implications for Student Learningstudents construct knowledge, not justgathering facts. Students enter the classroom not with empty heads. Students have their own way (uniqueness) to build knowledge. Knowledge is individually constructed and socially. Learning requires social interaction with people who know better.
  8. 8. Implications of Constructivism for Teaching ProcessTeaching is not the process of transferringknowledge from teacher to student.The teacher becomes a mediator andfacilitator

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