Fungal Infections- Mehdi[1]

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Fungal Infections- Mehdi[1]

  1. 1. Fungal Infections<br />By:<br />Karimi Mohammadmahdi<br />Yonesian saghar<br />
  2. 2. LET’S A PARTY<br />
  3. 3. FF16 All rights reserved for commercial use © Stephanie Roberts & British Mycological Society 2005<br />Fungal Infections Definition:<br />Fungi can infect plants and animals; including humans.<br />Masses of spores cause discolouration of the leaves so infections of plants are called smuts, rusts, spots and other names describing the symptoms.<br />Eyespot of wheat<br />Tarspot of sycamore<br />Leaf rust of daisy<br />
  4. 4. Symptoms of Fungal infections<br />The list of medical symptoms mentioned in various sources for Fungal infections may include:<br />Alopecia<br />Annular lesions <br />Pustules<br />Rash<br />Onycholysis<br />
  5. 5. risk Factors<br />Antibiotics<br />Burns and other skin problems<br />Catheter- related problems<br />Devices (prosthetic)<br />Effects on mucosal integrity<br />Fungus isolated previously<br />Immunosuppression<br />
  6. 6. Inducing Immunosuppression<br />AIDS<br />Bone marrow/ organ transplantation<br />Cancer: Leukemia, lymphoma etc<br />Drugs: Cytotoxic drugs,steroids etc<br />Endocrine related: Diabetes<br />Failure of organs: multi-organ<br />
  7. 7. Burns & Other Conditions Affecting Skin: burns, trauma,eczema, ulcersManicure/ pedicure etc.<br />Initial situation integument damage invasion<br />Colonization- invasion<br />
  8. 8. Prevention<br />Warmth, humidity, sweating, and poor air circulation all help bring about these fungal infections. But they are contagious, too. Athlete’s foot is believe to be passed on locker room and shower floors, and by sharing footwear and socks; you can acquire tinea versicolor from vinyl surfaces of weight lifting benches; and of course ringworm is contagious through direct contact (usually kids). <br />Because of all these factors, prevention is a matter of both personal hygiene and minimizing contact with potential carriers or contaminated objects. See the chart below for guidelines on prevention.<br />
  9. 9. Treatments for Fungal infections<br />Topical therapy - Used to treat tinea and localised mucocutaneous candidiasis. Not usually successful for infections involving the nail and hair. Topical agents include Azoles (Clotrimazole, miconazole, ketaconazole, econazole) <br />Terbinafine <br />Tolnaftate<br />

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