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Ed-Media2010- De Liddo

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Presentation for Ed-Media 2010 Conference, http://www.aace.org/conf/edmedia/, to be held in Toronto, Canada, June 29 –July 2, 2010. …

Presentation for Ed-Media 2010 Conference, http://www.aace.org/conf/edmedia/, to be held in Toronto, Canada, June 29 –July 2, 2010.
We propose that one of the barriers to OER adoption is the lack of transparency of practitioners’ ‘thinking’ around OERs.Threfore we propose to move from opening up contents and OER to opening people’s thinking about OERs.
Our objective is to make this thinking visible and exportable in a way that support the emergence of collective intelligence around OER. To cater for this we designed Cohere, a prototype socio-technical infrastructure to gather Collective Intelligence around OER.

Published in: Education, Technology

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Transcript

  • 1. From Open Content to Open Thinking   Anna De Liddo Knowledge Media Institute, Open University, UK [email_address] EdMedia 2010 June 29 –July 2, 2010 olnet.org
  • 2.
    • Open Education is an umbrella term used to refer to several research topics at the crossroad of Online Learning, Higher Education and the Web.
    • Despite the widespread diffusion of the Open Education movement, the level of adoption of OERs into common teaching practices remains quite low.
    • Why is this the case? Why is it so difficult reusing OERs?
    olnet.org
  • 3. The issue: lack of transparency of practitioners’ ‘thinking’
    • We propose that one of the barriers to OER adoption is the lack of transparency of practitioners’ ‘thinking’ around OERs.
    • The thinking we refer to is informal and dialogical knowledge such as in example:
    • knowledge about people’s experiences with an OER,
    • knowledge about people’s issues, ideas and opinions,
    • knowledge about the evidences and stories of OER use in concrete practice.
    olnet.org
  • 4. Collective Intelligence to support Open Thinking
    • We propose to move from opening up contents and OER to opening people’s thinking about OERs .
    • Our objective is to make this thinking visible and exportable in a way that support the emergence of collective intelligence around OER .
    • Collective Intelligence is conceived as an emergent phenomenon in which unforeseen opportunities occur as a byproduct of the collective users’ action and interactions around OER. Collective Intelligence is proposed as framework to enhance OER use and reuse.
    olnet.org
  • 5. Cohere: A Prototype Tool for Collective Intelligence
    • Collective Intelligence will be developed with and facilitated by a socio technical infrastructure that underlines, recommend and point out the collective views around an OER.
    • To cater for this we designed Cohere, a prototype socio-technical infrastructure to gather Collective Intelligence around OER.
    olnet.org
  • 6.
    • With Cohere, researchers and practitioners in Open Education can make their thinking visible and sharable with online communities by:
    • collaboratively annotating the Web,
    • leveraging lists of annotations into meaningful knowledge maps and
    • Engaging in structured online discussions.
    olnet.org Cohere: A Prototype Tool for Collective Intelligence
  • 7. Cohere Conceptual Model
    • Cohere builds on a conceptual model which consists of four main users activities through which the users can make their thinking visible and contribute to the development of Collective Intelligence around OERs:
    • annotate,
    • connect,
    • explore,
    • filter and make sense.
    olnet.org
  • 8. Cohere Conceptual Model
  • 9. Collaborative Annotate OER and Web Resources
  • 10. Collaborative Annotate OER and Web Resources
    • Cohere provides a Firefox Add-on which enables to collaboratively annotate Web pages directly through the browser.
    • Users can annotate Web pages with their reflections by associating text and icon to clips.
    • This function has two main advantages: it helps the user
    • to better organize and retrieve his notes and
    • to make his thinking visible for other users to explore and understand.
    olnet.org
  • 11. Make Semantic Connections
  • 12. Make Semantic Connections
    • Cohere also enables connections between annotations.
    • Annotations can be connected with meaningful relationships that explain how they relate semantically to one another.
    • Labeling connections semantically is another way in which users can make their thinking visible.
    • This is the first step toward the engagement in structured online discussion.
    olnet.org
  • 13. Explore, Filter and Makesense
  • 14. Explore, Filter and Makesense
    • Cohere offers a space for annotating, organizing and connecting resources and reflect collaboratively on the understanding of such resources.
    • But ones those resources and annotations become too many in number and complexity how can we make sense of them?
    • To tackle this issue Cohere provides filtering by semantic connection. This function helps to reduce the users’ cognitive overload in processing complex graphs and it supports them in focusing and making sense of specific issues.
    olnet.org
  • 15. Conclusions and future research
    • We discussed the problem of OER adoption and reuse in learning and teaching practices and we made the hypothesis that two main reasons for this are that:
    • much of the information and knowledge useful to reuse an OER remain hidden in the mind of others, such as i.e. the author, the readers, the scholars and the practitioners that interact with that OER
    • and that the knowledge of many others, which may help to make OER reuse more effective, is not appropriately crowdsourced and structured.
    olnet.org
  • 16.
    • In order to test the validity of these hypothesis we designed and developed Cohere, a tool to make explicit people’s thinking and gather Collective Intelligence around OERs.
    • Cohere enables to add a social layer to OERs consisting of the formal/informal knowledge and experiences of the people that acted and interacted with an OER.
    • This layer is what we call Collective Intelligence .
    Conclusions and future research olnet.org
  • 17.
    • Future research plans aim at designing and developing an interface for gathering CI, around specific OER pages and OER project, in form of embeddable widgets, so that we can crowdsource the contributions to CI around OER research.
    • Moreover we plan to drive specific evaluation studies in the Open Education field in order to test the two hypothesis we made to which extend the Cohere CI infrastructure as we designed it supports the level of adoption of OERs in teaching and learning practices.
    Conclusions and future research olnet.org
  • 18. Acknowledgments
    • Cohere is being developed to enable Collective Intelligence for the Open Educational Resource movement, as part of the OLnet Project (http://olnet.org).
    • Funding is gratefully acknowledged from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.
    olnet.org Many Thanks! Anna De Liddo