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Disaster ♥Kalamidad ♥Sakuna ♥DelubyoKahulugan Risk ♥Panganib ♥Peligro ♥Kapahamakan Disaster Risk Reduction Ito ay tumutukoy sa mga pamamaraan kung paano mababawasan ang dalang kapahamakan at masamang epekto ng mga kalamidad, natural man o tao ang nagsanhi.
Sanhi at Halimbawa ng mga Kalamidad NATURALNATURAL •LINDOL •LANDSLIDE •BAGYO •VOLCANIC •BUHAWI ERUPTION K •TSUNAMI •MUDFLOWMAN-MADE •BAHA OIL SPILL •POLUSYON •DEFORESTATION
DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT Paano tayo kikilos?Sino ang ating kasama?
Disaster Risk Management Ito ay tumutukoy sa lahat ng mga gawain na naglalayong maiwasan (prevention) at limitahan angKahulugan mga epekto ng kalamidad sa tao, komunidad at kalikasan. Ito rin ay ang sistematikong pamamahala ng mga desisyong administratibo, at kakayahang magpatupad ng mga patakaran, stratehiya upang maihanda ang komunidad sa mga kalamidad.
Disaster Risk Management (Balangkas) Components- Activities •Risk Identification - Hazard and Vulnerability Studies •Risk Reduction - Prevention and Mitigation •Risk Transfer - Insurance and Risk Financing •Preparedness, Response - Forecasting, dissemination of warnings, implementing preparedness measures •Recovery - Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
Sino ang kasama natin?• Multi-sectoral, multidisciplinary strategic users which include a broad range of Disaster Risk Management stakeholders.• Governmental and nongovernmental organizations at – Community, National and Regional levels,• National Disaster Organizations• Professional Associations.
Community Disaster ResponsePaano tayo kikilos?
Disaster Risk Reduction MeasuresCategories of Disaster RiskReduction measures:Physical-Structural-Non-structuralSocio-economic .
Physical Measures Physical Risk Reduction Measures -Physical risk reduction measures are structural and non- structural measures that are undertaken to help avoid or alleviate the damage and losses that result from hazards.
Structural Measures-Refer to any physical construction to reduce oravoid possible impacts of hazards, which includeengineering measures and construction of hazard-resistant and protective structures andinfrastructures.ExamplesConstruction;Strengthening of facilities;Altering of the environment
Non-Structural Measures-Refer to policies, awareness, knowledgedevelopment, public commitment, and methods andoperating practices, including participatory mechanismsand the provision of information, which can reduce riskand related impacts.Examples:Policy BillsSeminars
Socio-economic Measures V Socio-economic risk reduction measures are those that are designed to address gaps and weaknesses in the systems whereby communities and society as a whole prepare to respond to disaster events.
Socio-economic MeasuresExamples:-Build awareness of hazards andvulnerabilities at the community level-Create community mutual assistancenetworks-Develop employment protection programs
? But wait… There’s More!Bakit ba natin ‘to kailangang gawin?
IMPORTANCE-Risk reduction reduces vulnerability-Reduced vulnerability reducesimpact of future hazardous events-Reduced impact means quickerrecovery-Quicker recovery allows return todevelopment activities