Outcomes from initial Research fellowship work: Rapid prototyping/3D printing: Information, better CAD, best practice Examples of different materials from different systems for different purposes Completed piece: coffee table Tacitus project
Tacitus To survey research and current practice regarding: Design processes, creativity and manual skills in the applied arts Multi-sensory applications in the applied arts.
Identification of user groups and their needs. Identification of dextrous skills within these user groups. In his essay ‘Craft and the Turing Test for Practical Thinking’, Peter Dormer stated that Craft relies on tacit knowledge which is acquired through experience and is the knowledge that enables you to do things as distinct from talking or writing about them. . It is knowledge that has become embedded to the extent that it defies articulation. Polanyi expressed it as ‘ knowing more than we can tell’. It underpins skill and I see a link to intuition. The most common medium for transfer is via social contact in the form of observation and imitation. Tacit knowledge underlies and is complimentary to focal knowledge. Focal knowledge is about the object or task that is in focus whereas t.k. is used to handle or improve the task being undertaken. As skill develops, perceptions shift such that the tools become an extension of the self and perception can be directed towards the task in hand.
Model Function : presentation, functional, physical behavior, discussion- stimulating, and shape models Clockwise from top left Presentation: Susan Kerr, ECA graduate (Jewellery 2002) Shape: Mark Kennedy ECA graduate (Architecture 2002) Functional: Stephen Millford, ECA graduate (Architecture 2002) Physical behavior: Thomas Knott, ECA 4th yr. (Furniture Discussion stimulating: Yoriko Mitsuhashi, ECA graduate (Jewellery 2002)
Psychophysical aspects of design, manipulation and human computer interaction in virtual spaces. Development of appropriate human computer interfaces to support the use of these skills within a haptic virtual space. Evolution of novel techniques within this new virtual medium. Haptic, stereo, audio and virtual environment technologies.
Haptics as a market set for rapid growth Novint investing heavily in haptics $9m in March 2007 Novint’s Falcon haptic device (3DoF) priced $200 launched June 2007 in US initially Sensable’s OMNI (6DoF) priced £1800 Novint’s new Falcon haptic device aimed at games market and mass produced.
Through empirical and pragmatic, iterative and user-centered studies of 3D working practice, the proposition is that a coherent digital modeling system (combining haptics, 6 degrees of freedom , stereovision and co-location) , offers the best immersive environment for 3D working practice and a more intuitive mode of working.
Dissemination of project findings to the applied arts community
Anarkik3 D 20x20
Ann Marie Shillito CEO of Anarkik3D Ltd Project: AnarkikAngels for development of Cloud9 haptic sketch modelling software
<ul><li>Applied artist, designer jeweller / metalsmith: </li></ul><ul><li>using titanium, niobium, steel, aluminium… </li></ul><ul><li>new technologies: experimental, for limited quantities </li></ul><ul><li>CAD (Computer Aided Design) </li></ul><ul><li>laser cutting </li></ul>… and 3D printing
<ul><li>Research Fellow at Edinburgh College of Art </li></ul><ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Information, better CAD, best practice </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid prototyping/3D printing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples : different materials /systems /purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Completed piece: coffee table </li></ul><ul><li>Tacitus Project </li></ul>
Skills Constraints Affordances Tacit knowledge co-location stereovision 2 handedness CAD digital drawing Precision Rigid Geometry Sensory Feedback Touch, sight sound smell Creative Process Germinal phase - divergent Exploring, Playing, Experimenting, Thinking, Searching Practical phase –convergent Sketching & Modelling Haptic devices: gloves, force feedback Rapid prototyping Layer manufacture Laser cutting 3D printing CAM Intuitive digital applications with transmodal and spatial interaction Technology (quantifiable) Design (qualitative) Transformations Tools Texture, compliance, size & shape, mass Physical Properties of materials: Working Practice shutter glasses, Motion capture, VR Selecting, visualising rendering 2/3D dimensions Coherence 6DOF computer, mouse, keyboard Solid research as base: scope of Tacitus Project:
<ul><li>Skills, Constraints, Tacit knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Manual activity for reasoning on forms </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory feedback: Touch Sound Vision smell </li></ul><ul><li>Touch - natural interface to real world </li></ul>Working practice and Transformation Tools
Creative Process: Germinal phase – 3D ‘sketching’
investigating haptic technology for more intuitive way of working on computer for Designers and Applied Artists Barrier to creativity: Complex non-intuitive CAD interface Mouse: 2 DOF (degrees of freedom) - Up/Down, Left/ Right Potential solution: haptic (force-feedback) device: 6 DoF, plus stereovision and co-location
<ul><li>Haptics refers to the modality of touch & associated sensory feedback. </li></ul>Research devices from Sensable HapticMaster device Examples of haptic ‘force feedback devices: Right: OMNI (Sensable) Below: Delta (ForceDimension) Right: CyberGrasp Glove
A coherent digital modeling system combining haptics 6 degrees of freedom stereovision co-location offers best immersive intuitive environment for 3D working practice Result of empirical and pragmatic, iterative and user-centered studies Results from Tacitus Research Project.
Digital models by 4 designers – Hazel White, David Poston, Anne Finlay and Adam Paxon
Cost barrier of Haptics Research devices: £12K plus OMNI (right): £1K plus Falcon (below): £200 Falcon: mass produced for Games market. Pro: Robust. Con: only 3 degrees of freedom – i.e. no rotation
Cloud9 sketch/modelling software and Novint’s haptic Falcon device
Cloud9 : non complex interface and test pieces for 3D printing www.anarkikangels.co.uk
<ul><li>crowd sourcing </li></ul><ul><li>fund and develop Cloud9 sketch /modelling application </li></ul><ul><li>ground breaking : using virtual touch </li></ul><ul><li>intuitive, easy and fun to learn and use </li></ul><ul><li>serendipity built in </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>feedback into development </li></ul>AnarkikAngels Project:
<ul><li>3D Printing </li></ul>Thank you. www.anarkikangels.co.uk 3D printed objects by 4 designers – Hazel White, David Poston, Anne Finlay and Suzanne Esser Rap-Man 3D printer: Affordable. Also in kit form