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  • Pg 4Objective 1-1.1.1Briefly discuss how computers are so much a part of our lives that we often don’t think about them as computers. Use examples of different types of computers when you go over the last point and relate it to the first point, e.g., microwaves, game systems, iPhones, Blackberries, ultrasound equipment, etc.You may want to give examples of when or why a company may have a combination of large and small computers such as a financial institution who has a mainframe for historical information and yet each employee has a personal computer or microcomputer at their desk to help customers. These computers can be in any location and connect to a server that accesses data from the mainframe.
  • Pg 4Objective 1-1.1.1Most people will be aware of this type of computer so you may not need to spend a lot of time on this topic. Ensure students understand the terminology shown here as the common way people refer to these two types of computers.

Transcript

  • 1. Computing Fundamentals Module A Unit 1: Recognizing Computers Lesson Topic 1 Computers All Around Us 2 Elements of a Personal Computer 3 Working with Storage Systems 4 Using Input/Output Devices 5 Basic Troubleshooting Techniques 6 Buying a Computer 7 Looking at Software© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 1
  • 2. Lesson 1: Computers All Around Us • Personal Computer • Notebook or Laptop • Tablet • Server • Personal Digital Assistant • Pocket PC • Cellular Phones • Other Electronic Computing Devices© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 2
  • 3. Identifying Computers • Integrated in our work, home, and social environments • Perform a multitude of tasks • Many organizations have combination of large and small systems to manage flow of information • Computers can be: − Designed specifically as computing devices − Embedded in products© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 3
  • 4. Desktop Computers • Called personal computers • Sit on, beside, or under desk • Process data quickly • Typically used in small businesses, schools, and homes. • Generally two types PC Mac© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 4
  • 5. Notebooks or Laptop Computers • Advantages − Portability − Power consumption considered “greener” alternative − Can purchase accessories to enhance enjoyment and experience PC Notebook Mac Notebook • Netbook − Similar to notebook but smaller and less expensive − Designed to handle wireless communications or access to Internet only© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 5
  • 6. Tablets • Similar to notebook for portability and connection to data • Screen can swivel or fold over • Uses touch screen capability for data entry − With finger, pen device, or built-in keyboard© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 6
  • 7. Hand-held or Mobile Computers • Cellular phones more sophisticated and can include: − playing and listening to music − taking pictures or video − text messaging − paging − e-mail − accessing the Internet − global navigation systems (GPS) • Cost varies with number of features and capabilities© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 7
  • 8. Hand-held or Mobile Computers • Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) − Specific software helps make appointments, keep contact lists, or write notes − Very popular for portability and software − Can be main computing device • Incorporates touch screen technology© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 8
  • 9. Hand-held or Mobile Computers • MP3 refers to file type for music to be recognized on audio player • Media player enables viewing of movies, videos, or books − Provide audio and visual capabilities or access to Internet© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 9
  • 10. Hand-held or Mobile Computers • Game systems − Embedded computing chip that enables individual to play interactive games with video technology − Many come with option to link to Internet • Electronic book reader − Special computing device designed with software program to download and view electronic copy of published work − Can find software to read book on PDA or media player • Calculators − Use same type of chips in computers to perform same calculations − Computer is really very large and advanced calculator that performs tasks based on binary computations of 1 or 0© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 10
  • 11. Other Types of Computers • Equipment to diagnose • Each type of equipment automobile problems has embedded computer • Automated Teller chip to enable it to perform Machines (ATMs) specific task − Often your identity must be • Point-of-sale machines validated with card that • Global Positioning Satellite opens connection to (GPS) database of information − Equipment failures usually • Robotics result of computer chip • Medical equipment needing to be replaced or reset • Small home appliances • Large home appliances© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 11