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Chapter 18 common drugs
 

Chapter 18 common drugs

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    Chapter 18 common drugs Chapter 18 common drugs Presentation Transcript

    • The Pharmacy Technician 4E Chapter 18Common Drugs & Their Uses
    • Chapter Outline Drug names and classes  Hematological agents Classification schemes  Hormones & modifiers Analgesics  Immunobiologic agents & Anesthetic agents vaccines Anti-infectives  Musculoskeletal agents Antineoplastics  Neurological agents Cardiovascular agents  Ophthalmic & otic agents Dermatologicals  Psychotropic agents Electrolytic agents  Respiratory agents Gastrointestinal & urinary  Additional common drugs tract agents by classification
    • Classifications Blocker  Term for an antagonist drug, because antagonists block the action of neurotransmitters. Homeostasis  State of equilibrium of the body. Mimetic  Term for an agonist.  Agonists imitate or “mimic” the action of the neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitter  Substances that carry the impulses from one neuron to another.
    • Analgesics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Salicylates Bayer (aspirin) acetlsalicylic acid Non-NSAID Tylenol acetaminophen NSAID Motrin, Advil ibuprofen NSAID Naprosyn naproxen Opiates MS Contin morphine Opiates Demerol meperidine Opiates Darvon propoxyphene
    • Anesthetics Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Ester Novocain procaine Ester Pontocaine tetracaine Amide Xylocaine lidocaine Amide Marcaine bupivacaine Other Cepacol dyclonine
    • Anti-Infectives Type SomeName Generic Name Brand Common Drugs Antibiotic Zithromax azithromycin Antibiotic/natural penicillin Veetids penicillin Antibiotic/synthetic penicillin Principen ampicillin Antibiotic/synthetic penicillin Augmentin amoxicillin w/potassium clavulanate Antibiotic/semi-synthetic Geocillin carbenicillin Antibiotic/cephalosprin Ceclor cefaclor Antibiotic/tetracycline Sumycin tetracycline Antibiotic/sulfonamide Bactrim DS sulfamethoxazole/ trimethoprim Antiviral Valtrex valacyclovir Antiviral/protease inhibitor Viracept nelfinavir Antifungal Mycostatin nystatin Antimycobacterial Nydrazid isoniazid Antiprotozoal Flagyl metronidazole Anthelmintic Vermox mebendazole
    • Antineoplastics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antimetabolite Adrucil fluorouracil Antimetabolite Rheumatrex methotrexate Alkylating agent/nitrogen mustard Mustargen mechlorethamine Alkylating agent/nitrosurea BiCNU carmustine Plant alkaloid Oncovin vincristine Plant alkaloid Velban vinblastine Hormone agonist Lupron leuprolide Hormone/antiestrogen Nolvadex tamoxifen Anti-tumor antibiotic Blenoxane bleomycin Anti-tumor antibiotic Adriamycin doxorubicin Anti-tumor antibiotic Cerubidine daunorubicin Radioactive isotope Bexxar tositumomab & iodine I131
    • Cardiovascular Agents Type SomeName Brand Common Generic Name Drugs Beta blocker Inderal propranolol Beta blocker Tenormin atenolol Beta blocker Corgard nadolol Beta blocker Lopressor metoprolol Calcium channel blocker Calan verapamil Calcium channel blocker Norvasc amlodipine Calcium channel blocker Procardia nifedipine Calcium channel blocker Cardizem diltiazem Diuretics Lasix furosemide Diuretics Hydrodiuril hydrochlorothiazide Diuretics Aldactone spironolactone ACE inhibitor Capoten captopril ACE inhibitor Vasotec enalapril ACE inhibitor Zestril lisinopril Vasodilator Apresoline hydralazine Vasodilator Loniten minoxidil
    • Cardiovascular Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antianginal Nitrostat nitroglycerin Antianginal Procardia nifedipine Antiarryhthmic Lanoxin digoxin Antiarryhthmic Betapace sotalol Antihyperlipidemic Vytorin ezetimibe w/simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic Zocor simvastatin Antihyperlipidemic Pravachol pravastatin Antihypertensive/diuretic Lasix furosemide Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor Altace ramipril Antihypertensive/diuretic Aldactone spironolactone Thrombolytic Cathflo Activase alteplase Anticoagulant Coumadin warfarin Anticoagulant Hep-Lock heparin Vasopressor Dobutrex dobutamine
    • Dermatologicals Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Steroid Westcort hydrocortisone cream Antihistamine Benadryl diphenhydramine Anti-infective Silvadene silver sulfadiazine cream Anti-infective Vibramycin doxycycline hyclate Anti-infective Floxin ofloxacin Antimetabolite Efudex fluorouracil cream
    • Electrolytic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Potassium supplement K-Dur Tablets, Klor-Con potassium chloride Nitrostat nitroglycerin Electrolyte replacement Rehydralyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Infalyte Oral Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Resol Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate, magnesium, phosphate Electrolyte replacement Naturalyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate Electrolyte replacement Pedialyte Solution sodium, potassium, chloride, citrate
    • Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Enzyme Creon pancrelipase Enzyme Pancrease pancrelipase Enzyme Ultrace pancrelipase Antidiarrheal Imodium loperamide Antidiarrheal Lomotil diphenoxylate plus atropine Antidiarrheal Pepto-Bismol bismuth subsalicylate Antiemetic Tigan trimethobenzamide Antiemetic Compazine prochlorperazine
    • Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antacid/antiulcer Maalox Adv Liquid magneisium hydroxide, simethicone Antacid/antiulcer Tagamet cimetidine Antacid/antiulcer Zantac ranitidine Antacid/antiulcer Pepcid famotidine Antacid/antiulcer Axid nizatidine PP Inhibitors Prilosec omeprazole Laxative Kristalose lactulose Stool softener Colace docusate sodium
    • Gastrointestinal & Urinary Tract Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Urinary tract agent Flomax tamsulosin Urinary tract agent Uroxatral alfuzosin Urinary tract agent Proscar finasteride Urinary tract agent Avodart dutasteride Urinary tract agent Detrol LA tolterodine Urinary tract agent Enablex darifenacin Urinary tract agent Vesicare solifenacin Urinary tract agent Pyridium phenazopyridine
    • Hematological Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Hematopoietic Slow Fe ferrous sulfate Hematopoietic Rubramin cyanocobalamin Hemostatic Amicar aminocaproic acid Hemostatic Cyklokapron tranexamic acid Hemostatic/topical Surgicel oxidized cellulose
    • Hormones & Modifiers Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Pituitary Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Thyroid Armour Thyroid thyroid desiccated Thyroid Synthroid levothyroxine Parathyroid Miacalcin calcitonin-salmon Pituitary/ovulatory Clomid clomiphene stimulant Pituitary/hypothalamus Pitocin oxytocin
    • Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Adrenal Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Adrenal/sympathomimetic Adrenalin epinephrine Adrenal/corticosteroid Cortef hydrocortisone Adrenal/corticosteroid Medrol methylprednisolone Adrenal/corticosteroid Sterapred prednisone Adrenal/corticosteroid Kenalog triamcinolone
    • Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Insulin and Oral Anti-diabetic Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Insulin Humulin N NPH Insulin Humulin R regular Insulin Humulin L lente Insulin Lantus glargine Oral antidiabetic Diabeta glyburide Oral antidiabetic Glucotrol glipizide
    • Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Reproductive System Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Androgen Android methyltestosterone Phosphodiesterase inhibitor Cialis tadalafil Phosphodiesterase inhibitor Viagra sildenafil Oral contraceptive Ortho Novum norethindrone & ethinyl estradiol Oral contraceptive Trinessa norgestimate & ethinyl estradiol
    • Hormones & Modifiers Cont. Reproductive System Type Brand Name Generic Name Oral contraceptive Yasmin 28 drospirenone & ethinyl estradiol Oral contraceptive Ortho Tricyclen Lo norgestimate & ethinyl estradiol Contraceptive patch Ortho Evra Patch norelgestromin & ethinyl estradiol Estrogen replacement Vagifem estradiol Estrogen replacement Premarin conjugated estrogens Progestin Provera medroxyprogesterone
    • Immunobiologic Agents & Vaccines Some Common Drugs Brand Vaccine Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP, DT, Tdap, Td) Liquid Pedvax HIB, ActHIB, HibTITER Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Havrix, VAQTA Hepatitis A (HepA) Engerix-B, Recombivax HB, Twinrix Hepatitis B (HepB) FluMist Influenza, live attenuated (LAIV) Afluria, Fluarix, FluLaval, Fluvirin, Fluzone Influenza, trivalent inactivated (TIV) Attenuvax, M-M-R II, Mumpsvax, Meruvax II Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) Menomune Meningococcal, conjugated (MCV4) Prevnar Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV) Pneumovax 23 Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPV) Varivax Varicella (Var) Comvax Hib+HepB (combination) Pediarix DTaP+HepB+IPV (combination) ProQuad MMR+Var (combination) TriHIBit DTaP+Hib (combination)
    • Musculoskeletal Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Disease-modifying Rheumatrex methotrexate antirheumatic Gold preparation Solganal aurothioglucose (suspended in oil) Anti-gout Colchine colchicine Anti-gout, uricosuric Benemid probenecid Anti-gout, xanthine Zyloprim allopurinol oxidase inhibitor
    • Musculoskeletal Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Osteoporotic Actonel risedronate Osteoporotic Fosamax alendronate Centrally acting Valium diazepam antispasmodics Muscle relaxant Soma carisoprodol Muscle relaxant Flexeril cyclobenzaprine
    • Neurological Agents Antiparkinsonion Anti-Alzheimer Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antiparkinsonian Sinemet carbidopa/levodopa Antiparkinsonian Eldepryl selegiline Antiparkinsonian Symmetrel amantadine Antiparkinsonian/dopamine agonist Permax pergolide Antiparkinsonian/dopamine agonist Parlodel bromocriptine Antiparkinsonian/anticholinergic Cogentin benztropine Cognitive symptom agent Cognex tacrine Cognitive symptom agent Aricept donepezil Antidepressant Pamelor nortriptyline Antidepressant Norpramin desipramine SSRI Paxil paroxetine SSRI Zoloft sertraline
    • Neurological Agents Epilepsy, Migraine, Multiple Sclerosis, and AD(H)D Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antiepileptic Dilantin phenytoin Antiepileptic Luminal phenobarbital Antiepileptic Depakene valproic acid Antiepileptic Depakote divalproex sodium Antiepileptic Tegretol carbamazepine Antimigraine Bayer Aspirin aspirin Antimigraine Imitrex sumatriptan Antimigraine Motrin ibuprofen Immunomodulator Avonex inter feron beta-1a Immunomodulator Betaseron inter feron beta-1b Immunomodulator Copaxone glatiramer acetate Immunomodulator Rebif inter feron beta-1a AD(H)D Concerta methylphenidate AD(H)D Methylin methylphenidate AD(H)D Ritalin methylphenidate AD(H)D Adderall dextroamphetamine/amphetamine
    • Ophthalmic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antibiotic Garamycin gentamicin Antibiotic Sodium Sulamyd sodium sulfacetamide Antibiotic Chibroxin norfloxacin Antibiotic Ciloxan ciprofloxacin Antiviral Vira-a vidarabine Antiviral Viroptic trifluridine Antihistamine Livostin levocabastine Antihistamine Patanol olopatadine Antihistamine Emadine emedastine Ophthalmic cortico-steroids HMS medrysone Ophthalmic cortico-steroids Pred Forte prednisolone NSAID Ocufen flurbiprofen NSAID Acular ketorolac
    • Ophthalmic Agents Cont. Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Mydriatic Mydfrin phenylephrine Topical anesthetic Alcaine proparacaine Ocular lubricant Lacrisert hydroxypropyl cellulose Antiglaucoma Betoptic betaxolol Antiglaucoma Ocupress carteolol Antiglaucoma Optipranolol metipranolol Antiglaucoma Timoptic timolol Antiglaucoma Isopto Atropine atropine Antiglaucoma Propine dipivefrin
    • Otic Agents Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Anti-infective Cortisporin Otic Solution neomycin, polymixin b, hydrocortisone Anti-infective Cortisporin Otic Suspension neomycin, polymixin b, hydrocortisone Ear wax softener Cerumenex triethanolamine polypeptide oleate-condensate Ear wax softener Debrox carbamide peroxide Anti-infective VoSol HC acetic acid, hydrocortisone Anti-infective Ciprodex ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone
    • Antipsychotic and Anti-seizure Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antipsychotic/bipolar Seroquel quetiapine Antipsychotic/bipolar Risperdal risperidon Antipsychotic/schizophrenia Thorazine chlorpromazine Antipsychotic/schizophrenia Stelazine trifluoperazine Antiseizure Tegretol carbamazepine Antiseizure Depakene valproic acid Antiseizure Klonopin clonazepam
    • Psychotropic Agents Sedatives and Hypnotics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Sedative/antianxiety Valium diazepam Sedative/antianxiety Librium chlordiazepoxide Hypnotic/ barbiturate Seconal secobarbital Hypnotic/ barbiturate Nembutal pentobarbital Hypnotic/ nonbarbiturate Noctec chloral hydrate Hypnotic/ nonbarbiturate Miltown meprobamate
    • Psychotropic Agents Cont. Anti-anxiety Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antianxiety Valium diazepam Antianxiety Librium chlordiazepoxide Antianxiety Ativan lorazepam Antianxiety Xanax alprazolam
    • Psychotropic Agents Cont. Antidepressant Drugs Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antidepressant Elavil amitriptyline Antidepressant Zoloft sertraline Antidepressant Lexapro escitalopram Antidepressant Effexor venlafaxine Antidepressant Prozac fluoxetine
    • Psychotropic Drugs Cont. Alcohol or Drug Dependency Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Treatment for alcoholism Antabuse disulfiram Treatment for alcoholism ReVia naltrexone Treatment for cocaine addiction Norpramin desipramine Narcotic detoxification Dolophine methadone
    • Respiratory Agents - Antihistamines, Decongestants, and Anti-tussives Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Name Antihistamine Atarax/Vistaril hydroxyzine Antihistamine Phenergan promethazine Antihistamine Claritin loratadine Decongestant Sudafed pseudoephedrine Decongestant Sudafed PE phenylephrine Antitussive Delsym dextromethorphan Antitussive Tussionex hydrocodone/ & &(narcotic)/antihistame chlorpheniramine
    • Respiratory Agents Cont. Expectorants and Mucolytics Some Common Drugs Type Brand Name Generic Expectorant Robitussin guaifenesin Mucolytic Mucomyst acetylcysteine Expectorant/antitussive (narcotic) Vicodin Tuss guaifenesin/hydrocodone Expectorant/antitussive (narcotic) Robitussin AC guaifenesin/codeine
    • Respiratory Agents Cont. Bronchodilators Some Common Drugs Type Generic Brand Bronchodilator/ sympathomimetic Proventil HFA albuterol B ronchodilator/xanthine derivative Theo- Dur theopylline B ronchial corticosteroid QVAR beclomethasone Anticholinergic Atrovent ipratropium
    • Terms to Remember1. Analgesia 13. Conjunctivitis2. Androgens 14. Corticosteroid3. Anemia 15. Dermatological4. Anion 16. Diabetes mellitus 17. Dissociation6. Anthelmintic 18. Electrolytes6. Anti-pyretic 19. Endocrine system7. Bactericidal 20. Estrogens8. Bacteriostatic 21. Extracellular fluids9. Blocker 22. Fibrin10. Cation 23. Fibrinogen11. Chyme12. Clotting factors