Marriage and family
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  • 1. MARRIAGE AND FAMILYallamjanedianaBacani, matildaBanguilan, alfiebaquista, ann-tonettedel corrorizzaSoriano peter john
  • 2. NATURE AND DEFINITION OF MARRIAGE
    Marriage is another human construction to insure the continuity of the family and the eventual perpetuation of the human specie.
    The New Family Code of the Philippines, which became effective on August 3, 1998 defines marriage as a special contract of permanent union between a woman and a man entered into a accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life.
  • 3. Light and Keller(1985)
    Defines marriage as a socially recognized union between two or more individuals that typically involves sexual and economic rights of duties.
  • 4. TWO VIEWS OF MARRIAGE:
    Legal Point of View that posits that marriage is a contract.
    Religious Point of View posits that marriage is a sacrament
  • 5. THE MEANING OF MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY ISSUE
    Traditional Social Norm
    -views marriage as a sacred phenomenon.
    -standard behavior according to society.
  • 6. TRADITIONAL FAMILY NORMS
    1.Legally Married
    2. Married once
    3. Heterosexual Marriage
    4. Endogamous Marriage
    5. Two-adult households
    6.Children
    7. Two parents living together
    8. Parent as a key source of:
    Education
    Religion.
    Protection
    Recreation
  • 7. 9. Until death
    10. Male as a provider
    11.Male as “head” or authority
    12 Self supporting independent
    13. Premarital Chastity
    14. Marital exclusivity
  • 8. NONTRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVES
    Single-hood never married
    Remarriage
    Same sex marriage
    Interfaith marriage
    Multi-adult household
    Voluntary childless
    Single Parent
    Government-police
    Until divorce or separation
    Female as a provider
    Female as a “head”
    Welfare
    Pre- or non marital intercourse
    Extra marital relationships
  • 9. SECOND TRADITIONAL NORM
    Views the meaning of marriage and family as centering primarily on social obligations.
    Third meaning of marriage suggest that families and the marital relationship exist for the individual.
  • 10. IMPORTANT LEGAL MATTERS ON MARRIAGE
    Essential Requisites For Marriage
    Legal capacity for the contacting parties(18 yrs. or upwards), who must be a male and a female; and
    Consent freely given in the presence of the solemnizing officer.
    b.Formal Requisites of Marriage
    Authority of the solemnizing officer.
    A valid marriage license except in cases provided in chapter 2 and
    A marriage ceremony which takes place with the appearance of the contracting parties before the solemnizing officer and their personal declaration and they take each other as husband and wife in the presence of not less than the two witnesses of legal age.
  • 11. ANNULMENT OF A MARRIAGE
    Annulmentrefers to the legal process of filling a petition in the appropriate court seeking a judicial declaration of making a marriage null and void abintio of from the beginning as if no marriage took place.
  • 12. LEGAL SEPARATION
    Legal separation refers to the legal process of filling a petition in the appropriate court seeking a judicial declaration of legal separation for married couples
  • 13. NORMS OF MARRIAGE ON THE SELECTION OF POTENTIAL MARRIAGE PARTNERS
    Endogamy- is a rule that requires a person to marry someone from within his or her own group
    - tribe,nationality,religion,race,community,or any other social grouping.
    Exogamy- is a rule that requires a person to marry someone from outside his or her own group.
    Sororate- prescribes that a widower marry the sister or nearest kin of the deceased wife.
    Levirate- prescribes that a widow marry the brother or nearest kin of the deceased husband.
  • 14. FORMS OF MARRIAGE
    Monogamy – marriage between one man and one woman.
    Polygamy or plural marriages- has three forms:
    Poligyny- one husbandand two or more wives.
    Polyandry- one wife and two or more husbands.
    Group marriage- two or more husbands and two or more wive
  • 15. BASIS ON CHOOSING A MARRIAGE PARTNER
    Parental Selection or Arranged Marriages
    Romantic Love
    WHY PEOPLE MARRY?
    Love 11. Unhappy home situation
    Economic security 12. Money
    Emotional security 13. Companionship
    Parent’s wishes 14.Protection
    Escape from loneliness 15. Adventure
    Common interest 16. Sex and sexual attraction
    Parenthood 17. Begetting and rearing of children
    Physical attraction 18. Acceptance of responsibility
    Compatibility 19. Death of a former spouse
    Marital bliss and happiness 20. Care and nurturance
  • 16. DEFINITION AND NATURE OF FAMILY
    Family is the basic social institution and the primary group in society.
    Burgess and Locke (1963) define the family as a group of persons united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption, constituting a single household, interacting and communicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife, mother and father son and daughter , brother and sister, creating and maintaining and a common culture.
  • 17. Light(1985) defines the family as a group of people who are united by sites of marriage, ancestry, or adoption and who are recognized by the community as constituting a single household as having a responsibility for rearing children.
    Murdock (1949) defines the family as a social group characterized by common residence , economic cooperation and reproduction.
  • 18. THEORIES OR PERSPECTIVE ON THE FAMILY
    The Functionalist Perspective
    -essential functions must be performed if society is to survive and maintain itself across time
    The Conflict Perspective
    the family institution and other groups in the society are organized systems of species survival and operate under perpetual scarcity.
    The Symbolic Interaction Perspective
    direct considerable attention to the symbolic environment in which people carry out their daily activities
  • 19. PATTERNS OF FAMILY ORGANIZATION
    Based on Internal Organization or Membership
    1.Nuclear Family-composed of a husband wife and children.
    a.The Family of Orientation-family where person is born, reared and socialized
    b.The Family of Procreation-family the person established through marriage
    2.Extended Family-composed of two or more families
  • 20. Based on Descent
    -Bilateral descent
    -Patrillinineal descent
    -Matrillineal descent
    Based on Residence
    -Patrilocal
    -Matrilocal
    -Neolocal
    -Bilocal
    Based on Authority
    -Patriarchy
    -Matriarchy
    -Equalitarian or egalitarian
    -Matricentric