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MARRIAGE AND FAMILYallamjanedianaBacani, matildaBanguilan, alfiebaquista, ann-tonettedel corrorizzaSoriano peter john
NATURE AND DEFINITION OF MARRIAGE Marriage is another human construction to insure the continuity of the family and the eventual perpetuation of the human specie. The New Family Code of the Philippines, which became effective on August 3, 1998 defines marriage as a special contract of permanent union between a woman and a man entered into a accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life.
Light and Keller(1985) Defines marriage as a socially recognized union between two or more individuals that typically involves sexual and economic rights of duties.
TWO VIEWS OF MARRIAGE: Legal Point of View that posits that marriage is a contract. Religious Point of View posits that marriage is a sacrament
THE MEANING OF MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY ISSUE Traditional Social Norm -views marriage as a sacred phenomenon. -standard behavior according to society.
TRADITIONAL FAMILY NORMS 1.Legally Married 2. Married once 3. Heterosexual Marriage 4. Endogamous Marriage 5. Two-adult households 6.Children 7. Two parents living together 8. Parent as a key source of: Education Religion. Protection Recreation
9. Until death 10. Male as a provider 11.Male as “head” or authority 12 Self supporting independent 13. Premarital Chastity 14. Marital exclusivity
NONTRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVES Single-hood never married Remarriage Same sex marriage Interfaith marriage Multi-adult household Voluntary childless Single Parent Government-police Until divorce or separation Female as a provider Female as a “head” Welfare Pre- or non marital intercourse Extra marital relationships
SECOND TRADITIONAL NORM Views the meaning of marriage and family as centering primarily on social obligations. Third meaning of marriage suggest that families and the marital relationship exist for the individual.
IMPORTANT LEGAL MATTERS ON MARRIAGE Essential Requisites For Marriage Legal capacity for the contacting parties(18 yrs. or upwards), who must be a male and a female; and Consent freely given in the presence of the solemnizing officer. b.Formal Requisites of Marriage Authority of the solemnizing officer. A valid marriage license except in cases provided in chapter 2 and A marriage ceremony which takes place with the appearance of the contracting parties before the solemnizing officer and their personal declaration and they take each other as husband and wife in the presence of not less than the two witnesses of legal age.
ANNULMENT OF A MARRIAGE Annulmentrefers to the legal process of filling a petition in the appropriate court seeking a judicial declaration of making a marriage null and void abintio of from the beginning as if no marriage took place.
LEGAL SEPARATION Legal separation refers to the legal process of filling a petition in the appropriate court seeking a judicial declaration of legal separation for married couples
NORMS OF MARRIAGE ON THE SELECTION OF POTENTIAL MARRIAGE PARTNERS Endogamy- is a rule that requires a person to marry someone from within his or her own group - tribe,nationality,religion,race,community,or any other social grouping. Exogamy- is a rule that requires a person to marry someone from outside his or her own group. Sororate- prescribes that a widower marry the sister or nearest kin of the deceased wife. Levirate- prescribes that a widow marry the brother or nearest kin of the deceased husband.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE Monogamy – marriage between one man and one woman. Polygamy or plural marriages- has three forms: Poligyny- one husbandand two or more wives. Polyandry- one wife and two or more husbands. Group marriage- two or more husbands and two or more wive
BASIS ON CHOOSING A MARRIAGE PARTNER Parental Selection or Arranged Marriages Romantic Love WHY PEOPLE MARRY? Love 11. Unhappy home situation Economic security 12. Money Emotional security 13. Companionship Parent’s wishes 14.Protection Escape from loneliness 15. Adventure Common interest 16. Sex and sexual attraction Parenthood 17. Begetting and rearing of children Physical attraction 18. Acceptance of responsibility Compatibility 19. Death of a former spouse Marital bliss and happiness 20. Care and nurturance
DEFINITION AND NATURE OF FAMILY Family is the basic social institution and the primary group in society. Burgess and Locke (1963) define the family as a group of persons united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption, constituting a single household, interacting and communicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife, mother and father son and daughter , brother and sister, creating and maintaining and a common culture.
Light(1985) defines the family as a group of people who are united by sites of marriage, ancestry, or adoption and who are recognized by the community as constituting a single household as having a responsibility for rearing children. Murdock (1949) defines the family as a social group characterized by common residence , economic cooperation and reproduction.
THEORIES OR PERSPECTIVE ON THE FAMILY The Functionalist Perspective -essential functions must be performed if society is to survive and maintain itself across time The Conflict Perspective the family institution and other groups in the society are organized systems of species survival and operate under perpetual scarcity. The Symbolic Interaction Perspective direct considerable attention to the symbolic environment in which people carry out their daily activities
PATTERNS OF FAMILY ORGANIZATION Based on Internal Organization or Membership 1.Nuclear Family-composed of a husband wife and children. a.The Family of Orientation-family where person is born, reared and socialized b.The Family of Procreation-family the person established through marriage 2.Extended Family-composed of two or more families
Based on Descent -Bilateral descent -Patrillinineal descent -Matrillineal descent Based on Residence -Patrilocal -Matrilocal -Neolocal -Bilocal Based on Authority -Patriarchy -Matriarchy -Equalitarian or egalitarian -Matricentric