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Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
Fiscal monetary
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Fiscal monetary


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  • 1. Faculty of Management Studies, MDSU, Ajmer Presented By: Anubhav Jain Manish Sharma Rohit Jain Rohit Sharma A Presentation on “ Monetary & Fiscal Policy ” Presented in class of: Dr. Ashish Pareek
  • 2. Monetary Policy
    • The Monetary and Credit Policy is the policy statement, traditionally announced twice a year, through which the Reserve Bank of India seeks to ensure price stability for the economy.
    • This include - money supply, interest rates and the inflation. In banking and economic terms money supply is referred to as M1, M2, M3 and M4 - which indicates the level (stock) of legal currency in the economy.
    • Besides, the RBI also announces norms for the banking and financial sector and the institutions which are governed by it.
  • 3.
    • RBI employs 4 measures of money stock:-
    • M1: The measure of money stock designated by M1 is usually described as the money supply. As on 24 Dec. 2004, M1 was ` 6,07,825 crore.
    • M2: M1+Post office Savings Bank Deposits. As on March 23, 2001, M2 was ` 3,83,569 crore.
    • M3: M1+Time Deposits with Banks. As on 24 Dec, 2004, M3 was ` 21,51,538 crore.
    • M4: M3+total Post Office Deposits. As on 23 March, 2001, M4 was ` 13,32,060 crore.
    Continue… Measures of Money Stock
  • 4.
    • The objectives are to maintain price stability and ensure adequate flow of credit to the productive sectors of the economy.
    • Stability for the national currency (after looking at prevailing economic conditions)
    • growth in employment and income are also looked into.
    • The monetary policy affects the real sector through long and variable periods while the financial markets are also impacted through short-term implications.
    Continue… Objectives of Monetary Policy
  • 5.
    • Bank Rate of Interest
    • Cash Reserve Ratio
    • Statutory Liquidity Ratio
    • Open market Operations
    • Margin Requirements
    • Deficit Financing
    • Issue of New Currency
    • Credit Control
    Continue… Instruments of Monetary Policy
  • 6.
    • It is the interest rate which is fixed by the RBI to control the lending capacity of Commercial banks.
    • During Inflation , RBI increases the bank rate of interest due to which borrowing power of commercial banks reduces which thereby reduces the supply of money or credit in the economy.
    • When Money supply Reduces it reduces the purchasing power and thereby curtailing Consumption and lowering Prices.
    Continue… Bank Rate of Interest
  • 7.
    • CRR, or cash reserve ratio, refers to a portion of deposits (as cash) which banks have to keep/maintain with the RBI.
    • During Inflation RBI increases the CRR due to which commercial banks have to keep a greater portion of their deposits with the RBI .
    • This serves two purposes. It ensures that a portion of bank deposits is totally risk-free and secondly it enables that RBI control liquidity in the system, and thereby, inflation.
    Continue… Cash Reserve Ratio
  • 8.
    • Banks are required to invest a portion of their deposits in government securities as a part of their statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) requirements .
    • If SLR increases the lending capacity of commercial banks decreases thereby regulating the supply of money in the economy.
    Continue… Statutory Liquidity Ratio
  • 9.
    • It refers to the buying and selling of Govt. securities in the open market .
    • During inflation RBI sells securities in the open market which leads to transfer of money to RBI. Thus money supply is controlled in the economy.
    Continue… Open Market Operations
  • 10.
    • It means printing of new currency notes by Reserve Bank of India .If more new notes are printed it will increase the supply of money thereby increasing demand and prices.
    • Thus during Inflation, RBI will stop printing new currency notes thereby controlling inflation.
    Continue… Deficit Financing
  • 11.
    • During Inflation the RBI will issue new currency notes replacing many old notes.
    • This will reduce the supply of money in the economy.
    Continue… Issue of New Currency
  • 12.
    • Fiscal Policy is that part of Govt. policy which is concerned with raising revenue through taxation and other means and deciding on the level and pattern of expenditure.
    • The Fiscal Policy operates through the budget.
    • Budget is an estimate of govt. expenditure and revenue for the ensuing financial year.
    Fiscal Policy
  • 13.
    • Reduction of Govt. Expenditure
    • Increase in Taxation
    • Imposition of new Taxes
    • Wage Control
    • Public Debt
    • Increase in savings
    • Maintaining Surplus Budget
    Continue… Instruments of Fiscal Policy
  • 14.
    • The Fiscal policy decisions are set by the National Govt. where as Monetary Policy is being implemented by the central bank i.e. the RBI.
    • Fiscal policy deals in govt. spending and revenue collection by the way of tax. Whereas Monetary Policy is a process which controls the demand and supply of money.
    • Fiscal policy relates to the economic position of a nation. Monetary policy focuses on the strategy of banks.
    Difference Between Monetary Policy & Fiscal Policy
  • 15.
    • Fiscal policy administers the taxation structure of the nation. Monetary Policy helps to stabilize the economy of the country.
    • Fiscal policy speaks of the government’s economic program. Monetary policy sets the program of all commercial banks of the nation.
  • 16.