Institutional planning development and tariff design


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Institutional planning development and tariff design

  1. 1. A. The average annual rainfall in the state is 1200mm. approximately. The intensity can be gauged by the fact that this yield is achieved only in 100 hours. There is regional imbalance in the rainfall ranging from approx. 1000 mm (Patna) to 1800 mm ( Purnia). B. As Patna has excellent ground water resources, a large number of private tube wells exist for domestic as well as non-domestic use. C. Bihar Rajya Jal Parishad (BRJP) and Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC) is the responsible for O&M.
  2. 2. A. The source of drinking water in the slums is the municipal supply of 52% and the others are supplied through tube wells. B. The UFW loss is above 40% due to poor and old supply network. C. The pipes are not easily accessed due to heavy traffic. D. Unviable tariff and inadequate cost recoveries are two critical problems that result in poor performance of water operations
  3. 3. Components PMC area+ Out growths Danapur nagar parishad + cantonment 15.05 1955 Khagul nagar parishad+ saidpura Phulwari nagar parishad Area in km² Year of establishment of network Supply source 108.94 1913 .32 1968 6.48 1980 Supply to consumer in (MLD) Network length Number Of OHSR 175 7 .8 1.4 700 4 25 NA 5 NA 12 NA NA NA NA 100 65 53 65 35 40 Although river Ganga is in north and river Sone and Punpun in south. The ground water is utilized as only source of water supply. Number of TWs 89 6 2 4 Total supply(MLD) 325 11 1.5 2.5 Storage capacity 1.8 (ML) No. of public stand 1500 post No. of Hand pump 284
  4. 4. Awareness and Improvement of water-use efficiency in all sectors will be encouraged through a continuing program of multi-media public awareness, school education, and technical assistance. A. Ground water 1. The extraction of ground water will be suitably regulated through appropriate legal framework especially in the water scarce areas.
  5. 5. 2. All groundwater data, from all drilling rigs in the State, will be collected and entered on the water sector’s database. 3. For efficient use of ground water aquifer based management system will be developed. Water Demand 1. 2. Per capita supply rate of 135 LPCD has been considered for working. considered for working out the water demand for domestic and commercial uses. Additional 15% of this demand is to be added to account for UFW.
  6. 6. S.No. Population Peak factor 1. Up to 50,000 3 2. 50,000 to 2,00,000 Above 2,00,000 2.5 3. 2
  7. 7. A. B. C. PHED has its own structured organizational setup for service delivery which is placed from State to Sub Divisional Offices. There is no structured organization at Block and Gram Panchayat level. Block Resource Coordinators are appointed on contractual basis and they report to the Assistant Engineer, PHED
  8. 8. A. B. This is the main body for implementation of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Programme in the State. Registered society under Society Act 1958. C. The Committee has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Development Commissioner, Government of Bihar. D. There are State level committees namely Apex Committee & Executive Committee which govern BSWSM.
  9. 9. A. B. The DWSC is headed by the Chairman Zila Parishad who is District Development Commissioner and the Superintending Engineer (SE), BSWSM is the member secretary of the committee. DWSM/DWSC is the executing agency for successfully implementing & providing safe drinking water to rural population through different water supply programme i.e. hand pumps, tube wells and executing rural piped water supply scheme with the help of district administration.
  10. 10. A. As such there is no setup at block level however, Block Resource Coordinators are placed at the block level on contractual basis called the block coordinator (but he reports to the Assistant Engineer, PHED) and he ensures the expansion of the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan and timely completion of projects/ schemes. B. Monitor progress of implementation, and verify the construction of Schools, and Aaganwadis. C. He provides all the information collected to the Junior Engineer and Assistant Engineer.
  11. 11. It has three-tier structure of local governance with Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram Panchayat of which Zilla Parishad at the district level and gram panchayat at panchayat level.
  12. 12. These development partners are working in the rural Bihar in areas of livelihood, health issues, capacity building / skill development and also providing policy level as well as technical support to PHED. A. UNICEF  UNICEF is providing technical support to PHED for providing water and sanitation related services.  UNICEF has prepared manuals to enhance understanding of Arsenic, its impact, and mitigation.  UNICEF has also organized rigorous training for chemists and analysts
  13. 13. Government Of Bihar Department For Health And Family Welfare (DoHFW) Social Welfare Departmen t (SWD) Public Health Engineerin g Departmen t (PHED DFID-SWASTH is working closely with the PHED on the issue of water quality in an integrated manner addressing the critical gaps in the rural water quality management of Bihar.
  14. 14. 1. 2. 3. A new scheme Mukhyamantri Chapakal Yojana has been introduce d to strengthen the safe drinking water supply in all districts of the state. This scheme is implemented for the construction hand pumps. Installation of hand pumps under this scheme will be approved on the recommendation of Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) at the rate of 5 in each panchayat of rural area, 3 per ward in Nagar Nigam, 2 per ward in Nagar Parishad and 1 hand pump per Nagar Panchayat of urban areas. Each member of Bihar Legislative Council can also recommend up to 100 numbers for the installation of hand Pumps. A sum of Rs. 225.30 crore has been sanctioned in 2012-13 for this scheme with a target of construction of 55,240 hand pumps.
  15. 15. 1.To ensure availability of at least one source of drinking water for each group of 250 people in rural areas as per the guidelines of Govt. of India. 2.Daily consumption per person is assumed to be 40 liters per day. 3. By 2001, all rural areas identified through 1993-94 survey were covered completely. 4.However, due to expiry of the life-span of old handpumps, some areas have once again become partially covered. 5.As per 2010-11 survey, the status of rural localities is as follows fully covered localities - 59,602  Partially covered localities - 48,040  By the end of 2011-12, a total of 79,541 localities were brought under coverage
  16. 16. 1.The scope of work includes, but is not limited to the Design, Construction, Supply, Installation, Testing, Commissioning, Trial Run, 1 year of defect liability period and 10 yr. 2. O&M of all the Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Instrumentation Works for the 220 MLD water Treatment Plant with other ancillary structures along with all material, labour and T&P, training to the maintenance personnel. 3.220 MLD water treatment plant to treat the raw water abstracted from River Ganga to the treated water quality as specified. Bidders are required to carry out water sample tests as per CPHEEO manual for verifying raw water quality and design the WTP accordingly.
  17. 17. Population Zone Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Total Water demand (MLD) including 15% losses Year 2006 Year 2031 Year 2006 Year 2031 364,098 536,648 56. 83.3 393,449 01,975 61.1 77.9 293,690 392,971 45.6 61 358,306 46,933 55.6 69.4 1,409,543 1,878,526 218.8 291.6 Say 220 Say 295 MLD MLD
  18. 18.  All water rates will be set so as to convey the scarcity value of water and to generally motivate economy in water usage. While deciding the tariff this would be kept in view that those who cannot afford to pay will not be deprived off minimum quantity of potable water. Water tariffs will be set for progressively move towards full cost of operation and maintenance. This will be matched by a rigorous program of improvement in the efficiency of operation and maintenance.  For all water supplies a three or four-stepped water tariffs will be charged, with the highest rate for excessive use of water. This stepped water tariff will be set to ensure magnitude difference in water rates between the lowest and highest rates. For the first stepped rate of relatively cheap water, the set rate will be common to all water users.
  19. 19.  Differing stepped water rates may be charged for agricultural, industrial, commercial, and municipal purposes. In all cases, the highest rate will be a strong disincentive for profligate water usage. A program of water metering for water management purposes will apply to all significant water users irrespective of source and water ownership.
  20. 20. Category of consumers/area of applicability Municipal corporation/ cantonment board Municipality/ Nagar panchayat Gram panchayat Temporary Supply Energy charges(paisa per unit) 365 Monthly fixed charges (in Rs per KW) 140 365 120 365 50 1.3 times the applicable tariff Minimum charges rupees No minimum charges
  21. 21. S.No. Item Assumption for forecast Basis (current rate 2005-06) Water Charges a. Domestic tap rate charges Rs 100 per month Not applicable b. Non Domestic tap rate charges Rs 150 per month Not applicable c. New connection charges One time rupees 2000 and 5% increase every year One time of payment Rs 1000 d. Water consumption charges It is included in the property tax nearly about 2% of property tax. 2% of property tax.
  22. 22. Year Outlay (Rs lakh) Expenditur e (Rs lakh) Percentage of expenditure 2007-08 16027.85 2008-09 42527.85 2009-10 22700 2010-11 22340.74 2011-12 25948.74 14812.84 13801.80 16258.51 20785.68 22470.59 92.42 32.45 71.62 93.04 86.60
  23. 23. (Rs lakh) Year Outlay Expendit ure Percentag e of utilizatio n 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 31952.63 56503.67 53031.55 44080.51 9838.16 29253.27 42139.85 36422.17 30.80 51.80 79.50 82.63 (Rs lakh)
  24. 24. 1. Uncertainty in availability of water. 2. Low operational efficiency of water resources systems. 3. deteriorating quality of water. 4. Low awareness about sanitation and adoption of hygiene practices 5. Low operational efficiency of water resources systems 6. High cost of service, low cost recovery and low level of expenditure on O&M. 7. Lack of ownership amongst the stakeholder
  25. 25. The Government of Bihar will adopt a radical shift from predominantly engineering-based solutions to local community-based water and sanitation management solutions.  Water Resources will be developed in a planned manner  The norms for coverage would shift from habitation to House Hold Level  To provide a supportive Policy and Legal frame work to ensure safe water availability to the population on sustainable basis.  All new projects shall be planned based on micro water shed planning basis so as to ensure equity in use of surplus water.  Priorities will be fixed for different uses of water distribution.
  26. 26.  To develop a framework with cost effective methods to ensure safe water to all.  Maintenance of the existing projects will be done along with the construction of new projects.  For efficient water resources planning a welldeveloped information system will be initiated.  Demand based water management will replace the supply based management in the policy.  Water pricing will be done in a rational manner.  Water and sanitation will be integrated at community and institution level.
  27. 27. Compone nts Standard Supply per Capita(lpc d) Storage capacity of total supply %of treatment capacity available 135lpcd 90lpcd ⅓rd of supply PMC area Danapur nagar parishad 107 53 Khagul nagar parishad 38 Phulwari nagar parishad 38 0.6 NA NA NA As water is supply through ground water no water treatment is required.
  28. 28. S.No. State Habitations Covered With PWS Ongoing Complet New Total ed 1 2 Bihar Jharkhan d Uttar Pradesh Assam All India 1470 2919 2363 7005 0 0 3670 9135 Total Covera habitatio ge of ns PWS( in percent) 107642 3.4 119191 7.7 805 5036 10 5768 260110 11,576 171646 13508 410363 75 8944 23633 510607 86976 27.2 1666075 30.6 3 4 5 2.2
  29. 29. Various State/Centrally sponsored Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme for ensuring delivery of drinking water to rural areas: Deployment of hand-pumps at partially covered/uncovered tolas.  Replacement of old/non-functional hand-pumps by new ones of better technology.  Running of water harvesting schemes for better usage of rain water.  Reorganization of old/new pipe based delivery of drinking water to rural areas.  Installation of new hand-pumps at all the Primary and Middle Schools.
  30. 30. Thank You