Institutional planning development and tariff design
A. The average annual rainfall in the state is 1200mm.
approximately. The intensity can be gauged by the
fact that this yield is achieved only in 100 hours.
There is regional imbalance in the rainfall ranging
from approx. 1000 mm (Patna) to 1800 mm ( Purnia).
B. As Patna has excellent ground water resources, a large
number of private tube wells exist for domestic as
well as non-domestic use.
C. Bihar Rajya Jal Parishad (BRJP) and Patna Municipal
Corporation (PMC) is the responsible for O&M.
The source of drinking water in the slums is the
municipal supply of 52% and the others are supplied
through tube wells.
The UFW loss is above 40% due to poor and old
The pipes are not easily accessed due to heavy
Unviable tariff and inadequate cost recoveries are
two critical problems that result in poor performance
of water operations
PMC area+ Out
Area in km²
Number Of OHSR
Although river Ganga is in north and river Sone and Punpun in south. The ground
water is utilized as only source of water supply.
Number of TWs
Total supply(MLD) 325
No. of public stand 1500
No. of Hand pump 284
Awareness and Improvement of water-use
efficiency in all sectors will be encouraged
through a continuing program of multi-media
public awareness, school education, and
A. Ground water
1. The extraction of ground water will be
suitably regulated through appropriate legal
framework especially in the water scarce
2. All groundwater data, from all drilling rigs in
the State, will be collected and entered on the
water sector’s database.
3. For efficient use of ground water aquifer based
management system will be developed.
Per capita supply rate of 135 LPCD has been
considered for working. considered for working out
the water demand for domestic and commercial uses.
Additional 15% of this demand is to be added to
account for UFW.
Up to 50,000
PHED has its own structured organizational
setup for service delivery which is placed
from State to Sub Divisional Offices.
There is no structured organization at Block
and Gram Panchayat level.
Block Resource Coordinators are appointed
on contractual basis and they report to the
Assistant Engineer, PHED
This is the main body for implementation of
Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Programme in
Registered society under Society Act 1958.
The Committee has been constituted under the
Chairmanship of Development Commissioner,
Government of Bihar.
There are State level committees namely Apex
Committee & Executive Committee which govern
The DWSC is headed by the Chairman Zila
Parishad who is District Development
Commissioner and the Superintending Engineer
(SE), BSWSM is the member secretary of the
DWSM/DWSC is the executing agency for
successfully implementing & providing safe
drinking water to rural population through
different water supply programme i.e. hand
pumps, tube wells and executing rural piped
water supply scheme with the help of district
A. As such there is no setup at block level however,
Block Resource Coordinators are placed at the block
level on contractual basis called the block coordinator
(but he reports to the Assistant Engineer, PHED) and
he ensures the expansion of the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan
and timely completion of projects/ schemes.
B. Monitor progress of implementation, and verify the
construction of Schools, and Aaganwadis.
C. He provides all the information collected to the Junior
Engineer and Assistant Engineer.
It has three-tier structure of local governance with
Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram
Panchayat of which Zilla Parishad at the district
level and gram panchayat at panchayat level.
These development partners are working in the
rural Bihar in areas of livelihood, health issues,
capacity building / skill development and also
providing policy level as well as technical support
UNICEF is providing technical support to PHED
for providing water and sanitation related services.
UNICEF has prepared manuals to enhance
understanding of Arsenic, its impact, and
UNICEF has also organized rigorous training for
chemists and analysts
DFID-SWASTH is working closely with the PHED on the issue of
water quality in an integrated manner addressing the
critical gaps in the rural water quality management of
A new scheme Mukhyamantri Chapakal Yojana has
been introduce d to strengthen the safe drinking
water supply in all districts of the state.
This scheme is implemented for the construction
hand pumps. Installation of hand pumps under this
scheme will be approved on the recommendation of
Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) at the rate
of 5 in each panchayat of rural area, 3 per ward in
Nagar Nigam, 2 per ward in Nagar Parishad and 1
hand pump per Nagar Panchayat of urban areas.
Each member of Bihar Legislative Council can also
recommend up to 100 numbers for the installation
of hand Pumps. A sum of Rs. 225.30 crore has been
sanctioned in 2012-13 for this scheme with a target
of construction of 55,240 hand pumps.
1.To ensure availability of at least one source of
drinking water for each group of 250 people in rural
areas as per the guidelines of Govt. of India.
2.Daily consumption per person is assumed to be 40
liters per day.
3. By 2001, all rural areas identified through 1993-94
survey were covered completely.
4.However, due to expiry of the life-span of old handpumps, some areas have once again become partially
5.As per 2010-11 survey, the status of rural localities is
as follows fully covered localities - 59,602
Partially covered localities - 48,040
By the end of 2011-12, a total of 79,541 localities
were brought under coverage
1.The scope of work includes, but is not limited to
the Design, Construction, Supply, Installation,
Testing, Commissioning, Trial Run, 1 year of
defect liability period and 10 yr.
2. O&M of all the Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and
Instrumentation Works for the 220 MLD water
Treatment Plant with other ancillary structures
along with all material, labour and T&P, training
to the maintenance personnel.
3.220 MLD water treatment plant to treat the raw
water abstracted from River Ganga to the
treated water quality as specified. Bidders are
required to carry out water sample tests as per
CPHEEO manual for verifying raw water quality
and design the WTP accordingly.
Year 2006 Year 2031 Year 2006 Year 2031
All water rates will be set so as to convey the scarcity value of
water and to generally motivate economy in water usage. While
deciding the tariff this would be kept in view that those who
cannot afford to pay will not be deprived off minimum quantity of
potable water. Water tariffs will be set for progressively move
towards full cost of operation and maintenance. This will be
matched by a rigorous program of improvement in the efficiency
of operation and maintenance.
For all water supplies a three or four-stepped water tariffs
will be charged, with the highest rate for excessive use of water.
This stepped water tariff will be set to ensure magnitude
difference in water rates between the lowest and highest rates. For
the first stepped rate of relatively cheap water, the set rate will be
common to all water users.
Differing stepped water rates may be charged
for agricultural, industrial, commercial, and
municipal purposes. In all cases, the highest
rate will be a strong disincentive for profligate
water usage. A program of water metering for
water management purposes will apply to all
significant water users irrespective of source
and water ownership.
charges (in Rs
1.3 times the applicable tariff
Basis (current rate
Domestic tap rate
Rs 100 per month
Non Domestic tap
Rs 150 per month
One time rupees
2000 and 5%
increase every year
One time of
payment Rs 1000
It is included in the
property tax nearly
about 2% of
2% of property tax.
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
31952.63 56503.67 53031.55 44080.51
9838.16 29253.27 42139.85 36422.17
1. Uncertainty in availability of water.
2. Low operational efficiency of water resources
3. deteriorating quality of water.
4. Low awareness about sanitation and adoption of
5. Low operational efficiency of water resources
6. High cost of service, low cost recovery and low
level of expenditure on O&M.
7. Lack of ownership amongst the stakeholder
The Government of Bihar will adopt a radical shift from
predominantly engineering-based solutions to local
community-based water and sanitation management
Water Resources will be developed in a planned manner
The norms for coverage would shift from habitation to
House Hold Level
To provide a supportive Policy and Legal frame work to
ensure safe water availability to the population on
All new projects shall be planned based on micro water shed
planning basis so as to ensure equity in use of surplus water.
Priorities will be fixed for different uses of water
develop a framework with cost effective
methods to ensure safe water to all.
Maintenance of the existing projects will be done
along with the construction of new projects.
For efficient water resources planning a welldeveloped information system will be initiated.
Demand based water management will replace the
supply based management in the policy.
Water pricing will be done in a rational manner.
Water and sanitation will be integrated at
community and institution level.
PMC area Danapur
As water is supply through ground water no
water treatment is required.
Habitations Covered With PWS
Ongoing Complet New
habitatio ge of
Various State/Centrally sponsored Accelerated Rural
Water Supply Programme for ensuring delivery of
drinking water to rural areas: Deployment of hand-pumps at partially
Replacement of old/non-functional hand-pumps by
new ones of better technology.
Running of water harvesting schemes for better usage
of rain water.
Reorganization of old/new pipe based delivery of
drinking water to rural areas.
Installation of new hand-pumps at all the Primary and