Anke Domscheit-BergDrupalCon, München22.08.2012Digital Democracy – How Technologyhelps Governments and Citizens to Open Up...
Agenda                 !   Open	  Government	  1x1	                   !   Tech	  enabled	  top	  down	  Open	  Gov	       ...
Agenda                 !   Open	  Government	  1x1	                   !   Tech	  enabled	  top	  down	  Open	  Gov	       ...
My	  convic2on:	            The	  future	  of	  government	  is	  transparency.	  	                                    Its...
Open Government builts onTransparency                                           !   Open	  Data	  (raw	  format)	      Tra...
Governments Followed the Trendfor More Transparency and Interaction                                                       ...
Now, Governments Network with EachOther and NGOs to Speed Up Open Govwww.opengovpartnership.org	  !   55	  countries	  !  ...
Agenda                 !   Open	  Government	  1x1	                   !   Tech	  enabled	  top	  down	  Open	  Gov	       ...
Open Data Portals Pop Up EverywhereIt is no longer a primarilyanglo american phenomenon.Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, m...
Data.gov.uk – from Data for Experts toTransparency Portal for CitizensAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov...
Official Data.gov.uk Portal Includes Datafrom NGO Whoislobbying.comAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me...
New Open Data Portal Links to PoliticalGoals and Progress AchievementAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov....
Who Does What in Government?How Much Are They Paid?                                                                       ...
Visualisations Make Complex ContentUnderstandable – Basis for ParticipationWhereDoesMyMoneyGo.org (UK) Built by Open Knowl...
Open Data Unlashes Innovation Potentialfor New Useful ServicesWhere is a free rental bike (or rack) in London?Anke Domsche...
EU: “Open Data – a Driver for Innovation,Growth, and a Transparent Government”!   EU	  Commissioner	  Neelie	  Kroes	  esI...
US and Indian Governments CooperateFor Open Source Open Data PortalAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me...
Opengovplatform –Developed on GithubAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
Agenda                 !   Open	  Government	  1x1	                   !   Tech	  enabled	  top	  down	  Open	  Gov	       ...
Digital Citizens Take Initiative – whenThey Don’t See Governmental Action!    Leaking	  missing	  documents	  /	  informaI...
Leaking Now A Known Option for OpeningGovernments Bottom Up ! CorrupIon	   ! Power	  abuse	   ! Human	  Rights	        vio...
Accountability - How Do GermanBundestag MPs Vote? Online TV tells us. www.parlameter.zdf.deAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012...
NGOs Provide Access to Open Datawhere National Portals Are Lacking!   www.offenedaten.de	  German	  naIonal	  open	  data	 ...
Sometimes Community Takes the Lead inCommunity Public Partnerships!   Apps	  for	  Germany	  was	  organised	  by	  3	  NG...
Citizens Miss A Law?They Now Write It Themselves!                              •  Law to ensure transparency in government...
Plagiarism by a Federal Minister –Collected in Public Wiki – Costs His JobAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@ope...
The Case of ACTAACTA Draft Published @ WikiLeaks in ‘08Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon,...
FOI Portal Used to Gain Insights intoCore of Decision Making Processes!   German	  NGO	      operated	  FOI	      portal	 ...
Digital Citizens Teach Each Other WhatsGoing On – Using Viral TechniquesAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@openg...
EU Parliament Listens to the People.#NoActa Won.Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
The 99% of Digital Citizens Fought Back– and Won (Not the War but the Battle)                                             ...
Money Makes Laws – But Now We CanSee How and Take Targetted Action•  If passed, Prop. 23   would suspend   Global Warming ...
Fighting Corruption in India ViaCrowdsourced Transparency! jhg	                                                           ...
Open Gov Copy Paste: MySociety.orgTools are Open Source – and ReplicatedOriginal:	  WhatDoTheyKnow.org	  Sites based on th...
MySociety.org Added Service Tools toTransparency. Again – Open Source!   Transparency	  on	  MPs	  (plus	  easy	  interacI...
Agenda                 !   Open	  Government	  1x1	                   !   Tech	  enabled	  top	  down	  Open	  Gov	       ...
Summary1.  Secrecy	  and	  corrupIon	  have	  harder	  Imes	  in	  digital	         democracies.	  Transparency	  is	  con...
ContactAnke	  Domscheit-­‐Berg	  !   Journalist,	  AcIvist,	  Entrepreneur,	  Member	  of	  the	  Pirate	  Party	  ! Found...
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Open Government - Keynote at DrupalCon, Munich 22.August 2012

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I held this presentation at the European DrupalCon in Munich, 22nd of August. It provides an introduction to Open Government Strategies and many examples for top down open government but also for bottom up initiatives when governments are not opening up by themselves.
This presentation was held in English.
License: CC BY-NC-SA

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Open Government - Keynote at DrupalCon, Munich 22.August 2012

  1. 1. Anke Domscheit-BergDrupalCon, München22.08.2012Digital Democracy – How Technologyhelps Governments and Citizens to Open UpPolitics and Public Administration Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  2. 2. Agenda !   Open  Government  1x1   !   Tech  enabled  top  down  Open  Gov   !   Tech  enabled  bo6om  up  Open  Gov   !   Take  away  summary    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  3. 3. Agenda !   Open  Government  1x1   !   Tech  enabled  top  down  Open  Gov   !   Tech  enabled  bo6om  up  Open  Gov   !   Take  away  summary    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  4. 4. My  convic2on:   The  future  of  government  is  transparency.     Its  already  there.     Its  just  not  evenly  distributed  yet.    (free  aer  William  Gibson)  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  5. 5. Open Government builts onTransparency !   Open  Data  (raw  format)   Transparency !   Transparent  decisions,  processes,   consequences  (e.g.  how  laws  are  made) !   „Crowdsourcing“    as  method  for  public   procurement  and  innovaIon   Collaboration ! CooperaIon  in  and  across  authoriIes,  with   Civil  Society ! eDemocracy/eParIcipaIon  (co-­‐decide,   Participation consult,  discuss)   ! Mobilise  ciIzens,  improve  service    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  6. 6. Governments Followed the Trendfor More Transparency and Interaction !   NaIonal  Open  data  portals   (2009/2010)   !   Open  Government  IniIaIves   !   Social  Media  used  to  listen   !   CollaboraIve  tools  to  harness   creaIvity  of  people  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  7. 7. Now, Governments Network with EachOther and NGOs to Speed Up Open Govwww.opengovpartnership.org  !   55  countries  !   NaIonal  AcIon  Plans   with  transparent,   measurable   commitments  !   NGO  and  broad  public     involvement  mandatory   –  Community  Public   Partnerships  !   Sharing  knowledge,   experience,  tools  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  8. 8. Agenda !   Open  Government  1x1   !   Tech  enabled  top  down  Open  Gov   !   Tech  enabled  bo6om  up  Open  Gov   !   Take  away  summary    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  9. 9. Open Data Portals Pop Up EverywhereIt is no longer a primarilyanglo american phenomenon.Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  10. 10. Data.gov.uk – from Data for Experts toTransparency Portal for CitizensAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  11. 11. Official Data.gov.uk Portal Includes Datafrom NGO Whoislobbying.comAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  12. 12. New Open Data Portal Links to PoliticalGoals and Progress AchievementAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  13. 13. Who Does What in Government?How Much Are They Paid? Typical Open Government Plattforms are: •  modular Mash ups •  Combine multiple sources •  Have interactive and community elementsAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  14. 14. Visualisations Make Complex ContentUnderstandable – Basis for ParticipationWhereDoesMyMoneyGo.org (UK) Built by Open Knowledge Foundation, UK, with published government dataAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  15. 15. Open Data Unlashes Innovation Potentialfor New Useful ServicesWhere is a free rental bike (or rack) in London?Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  16. 16. EU: “Open Data – a Driver for Innovation,Growth, and a Transparent Government”!   EU  Commissioner  Neelie  Kroes  esImates  potenIal  value   creaIon  by  open  data  in  EU  at  app.  40bn€  !   EU  plans  to:   !   Go  live  with  EU  open  data  portal  in  2012   !   Define  rules  for  open  data  in  EU  member  states   !   Fund  100  mio  €  for  new  projects  and  research  on  open  data  !   Announced  “rules”:   !   Machine  readable   !   At  no  cost  for  users  –  with  few  excepIons   !   For  any  use  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  17. 17. US and Indian Governments CooperateFor Open Source Open Data PortalAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  18. 18. Opengovplatform –Developed on GithubAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  19. 19. Agenda !   Open  Government  1x1   !   Tech  enabled  top  down  Open  Gov   !   Tech  enabled  bo<om  up  Open  Gov   !   Take  away  summary    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  20. 20. Digital Citizens Take Initiative – whenThey Don’t See Governmental Action! Leaking  missing  documents  /  informaIon  ! CreaIng  the  laws  they  miss  ! Geang  rid  of  laws  (or  ministers)  they  dislike  ! Monitoring  poliIcal  accountability  ! FighIng  corrupIon  and  abuse  of  power  ! Geang  organised  to  push  bo6om  up  open  government  ! And  they  copy  what  they  see  somewhere  else  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  21. 21. Leaking Now A Known Option for OpeningGovernments Bottom Up ! CorrupIon   ! Power  abuse   ! Human  Rights   violaIon   ! Environmental  crimes   ! „Secret“  public   contracts   ! Waste  of  public   budgets     Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  22. 22. Accountability - How Do GermanBundestag MPs Vote? Online TV tells us. www.parlameter.zdf.deAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  23. 23. NGOs Provide Access to Open Datawhere National Portals Are Lacking!   www.offenedaten.de  German  naIonal  open  data  portal   subsItute  operated  by  Open  Knowledge  FoundaIon  Germany   for  naIonal  Apps  compeIIon    !   Supported  by  Federal  Ministry  of  Interior  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  24. 24. Sometimes Community Takes the Lead inCommunity Public Partnerships!   Apps  for  Germany  was  organised  by  3  NGOs  (2011/2012)  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  25. 25. Citizens Miss A Law?They Now Write It Themselves! •  Law to ensure transparency in government incl. publication of lobby impact, contracts •  Developed via Crowdsourcing in a public wiki! •  Initiative of various NGOs and Pirate Party, supported by 2 other political parties •  Was to be decided via referendum (08/2012) •  Adopted as law in June 2012 – 11 months after initiative started http://de.hamburgertransparenzgesetz.wikia.comAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  26. 26. Plagiarism by a Federal Minister –Collected in Public Wiki – Costs His JobAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  27. 27. The Case of ACTAACTA Draft Published @ WikiLeaks in ‘08Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  28. 28. FOI Portal Used to Gain Insights intoCore of Decision Making Processes!   German  NGO   operated  FOI   portal  used  to   gain  insight  on   ACTA  negoIaIon   process  !   Response   declined  “would   endanger  public   safety”  !   7000€  collected   for  legal  defense  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  29. 29. Digital Citizens Teach Each Other WhatsGoing On – Using Viral TechniquesAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  30. 30. EU Parliament Listens to the People.#NoActa Won.Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  31. 31. The 99% of Digital Citizens Fought Back– and Won (Not the War but the Battle) Before – After Internet Blackout Day!   Stop  Online  Piracy  Act  (US)  killed  by   Transparency  e.g.  through  SOPA   OPERA  and  mass  acIon  !   18.01.2012:  Internet  Blackout  Day   !   10  Mio  peIIon  signatures   !   8  Mio  calls  from  Wikipedia  tool   !   4  Mio  emails  via  3  websites   !   2.2  Mio  Imes  #sopa  @Twi6er  24hrs   !   115.000+  sites  turned  black   !   1.000.000.000  people  blocked  from   websites  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  32. 32. Money Makes Laws – But Now We CanSee How and Take Targetted Action•  If passed, Prop. 23 would suspend Global Warming Act (cut greenhouse gas emissions in CA to 1990 levels by 2020)•  Oil & Gas companies paid 10+mioUS$ in CA to MPs to make them vote for Prop. 23Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  33. 33. Fighting Corruption in India ViaCrowdsourced Transparency! jhg   I am a Civil Contractor. I got a contract as per giving bribe … The Engineer in charge of the site asked me to put less cement than the desired and do a 50/50 of the remaining.Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  34. 34. Open Gov Copy Paste: MySociety.orgTools are Open Source – and ReplicatedOriginal:  WhatDoTheyKnow.org  Sites based on this page:•  Brazil•  EU•  New Zealand•  Kosovo•  Spain•  GermanyAnke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  35. 35. MySociety.org Added Service Tools toTransparency. Again – Open Source!   Transparency  on  MPs  (plus  easy  interacIon)  !   Helping  with  FOI  requests  or  peIIons  (local  and  naIonal)  !   Helping  with  issues  in  municipal  infrastructure/public  transport  Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  36. 36. Agenda !   Open  Government  1x1   !   Tech  enabled  top  down  Open  Gov   !   Tech  enabled  bo6om  up  Open  Gov   !   Take  away  summary    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  37. 37. Summary1.  Secrecy  and  corrupIon  have  harder  Imes  in  digital   democracies.  Transparency  is  contagious.  Globally.  2.  Ordinary  people  digitally  join  forces,  become  powerful   counterparts  in  policy  making.    3.  Governments  which  don’t  open  will  be  made  transparent   bo6om  up.  It  is  WHEN  not  IF.  4.  Open  government  likes  open  source,  sharing,  collaboraIon.  5.  The  Tech  Community  is  a  key  enabler  of  this  (r)evoluIon.     Doing  business  in  open  gov  means  helping  our  democracies   get  be6er.    Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
  38. 38. ContactAnke  Domscheit-­‐Berg  !   Journalist,  AcIvist,  Entrepreneur,  Member  of  the  Pirate  Party  ! Founder  of  www.OpenGov.me    !   Co-­‐founder  of  Government  2.0  Network  Germany  ! Twi6er:  @anked,  @opengovme,  @fempowerme  ! mailto:  adb@opengov.me      Anke Domscheit-Berg, 22.08.2012, mailto: adb@opengov.me, DrupalCon, Munich
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