PRESENTED By:AJATSHATRU SHARMAANITA SHARMASAKSHI ARORAMBA 3RD SEM
Industrial safety is primarily a management activity which is concerned with Reducing Controlling Eliminating hazards from the industries or industrial units.
Significance of Industrial Safety Industrial causes a great loss to both the Employer & Employee, that’s it is having importance Cost of compensation Cost of medical-aid Cost of training a new worker Cost of the lost time Cost of investigation Cost of supervision & inspections Cost to the Govt. in terms of factory inspectors, & public health services
Contd. Cost of spoilage of materials Cost of the damage of machinery Cost of cost of wages payble during injury Cost of loss of morale; & Cost of loss to the worker and his family
To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum. To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production. To achieve lower workmen’s compensation, insurance rates and reduce all other direct and indirect costs of accidents. To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of worker by eliminating causes of accidents. To evaluate employee’s morale by promoting safe work place and good working condition To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety minded.
Measurement & Records ofAccidents Two main ratios used to measure accidents are 1. Accident Frequency Rate 2. Accident Severity Rate AFC = No. of injuries * 10,00,000/ Total no. of man hours worked ASR = no. of man day lost * 10,00,000/Total no. of man hours worked
Causes of Industrial Accidents 1. Unsafe conditions a. The job itself b. Work schedules c. Psychological conditions d. Machinery & Equipment 2. Unsafe Acts 3. Miscellaneous Causes
Measures to ensure Industrial Safety 1. Safety Policy 2. Safety Committee 3. Safety Engineering a. Guarding of machinery b. Material handling equipment c. Safety devices d. Ergonomics e. Plan maintenance f. General house keeping 4. Safety Education & Training 5. Role of Government
Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation stage. Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices. Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and management towards the programmed and its purpose. This necessary arose the interest of employees in accident prevention and safety consciousness. Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and practices.
Safety audit –A safety audit subjects each area of a company’s activity to a systematic critical examination with the object of minimizing loss. Safety survey-A safety survey is a detailed examination in depth of a narrower field of activity. Safety inspection- A routine scheduled inspection of a unit or department, which may be carried out by someone ( may be a safety representative ) from within the unit, possibly accompanied by the safety advisor. The inspection would check maintenance standards,
21 - Fencing of machinery 22 - Work on or near machinery in motion 23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous machines. 24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power 25 - Self-acting machines 26 - Casing of new machinery 27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers 28 - Hoists and lifts 29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles 30 - Revolving machinery 31 - Pressure plant
32 - Floors, stairs and means of access 33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc 34 - Excessive weights 35 - Protection of eyes. 36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases 36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light. 37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc 38 - Precautions in case of fire 39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability 40 - Safety of buildings and machinery 40A - Maintenance of buildings 40B - Safety Officers 41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Stipulate a national minimum wage to give people dignity. Institute a comprehensive social security legislation covering unemployment, health insurance, old age pension, disability and regulation of employment for all workers. Ensure gainful rehabilitation in terms of alternate land, livelihood, shelter, and all basic necessities concerning health, education and connectivity for all people displaced by development projects, closures, lockouts, relocation, man-made and natural disaster.
Institute employment guarantee for urban and rural areas throughout the year with separate cards for women and for all adults who demand employment. Introduce special programs to impart training and entrepreneurial skills, capital and credit facilities without collateral and market support to women-headed households and all women. Enforce existing labour laws in special economic zones, export promotion zones and free trade zones. Ensure full-time wage work for poor women and skill and entrepreneurship training for self employed women.
Govt. schemes for women must ensure equal pay even if the task are not same. Crèches must be provided for all women’s. Minimum wages for women in the informal sector and domestic work. Equal wages and occupational safety for women construction workers. Work related schemes should be based on market trends. All workers in all sectors should be given identity cards.