Industrial safety


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Industrial safety

  2. 2. Industrial safety is primarily a management activity which is concerned with Reducing Controlling Eliminating hazards from the industries or industrial units.
  3. 3. Significance of Industrial Safety Industrial causes a great loss to both the Employer & Employee, that’s it is having importance Cost of compensation Cost of medical-aid Cost of training a new worker Cost of the lost time Cost of investigation Cost of supervision & inspections Cost to the Govt. in terms of factory inspectors, & public health services
  4. 4. Contd. Cost of spoilage of materials Cost of the damage of machinery Cost of cost of wages payble during injury Cost of loss of morale; & Cost of loss to the worker and his family
  5. 5.  To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum. To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production. To achieve lower workmen’s compensation, insurance rates and reduce all other direct and indirect costs of accidents. To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of worker by eliminating causes of accidents. To evaluate employee’s morale by promoting safe work place and good working condition To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety minded.
  6. 6. Measurement & Records ofAccidents Two main ratios used to measure accidents are 1. Accident Frequency Rate 2. Accident Severity Rate AFC = No. of injuries * 10,00,000/ Total no. of man hours worked ASR = no. of man day lost * 10,00,000/Total no. of man hours worked
  7. 7. Causes of Industrial Accidents 1. Unsafe conditions a. The job itself b. Work schedules c. Psychological conditions d. Machinery & Equipment 2. Unsafe Acts 3. Miscellaneous Causes
  8. 8. Measures to ensure Industrial Safety 1. Safety Policy 2. Safety Committee 3. Safety Engineering a. Guarding of machinery b. Material handling equipment c. Safety devices d. Ergonomics e. Plan maintenance f. General house keeping 4. Safety Education & Training 5. Role of Government
  9. 9.  Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation stage. Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices. Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and management towards the programmed and its purpose. This necessary arose the interest of employees in accident prevention and safety consciousness. Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and practices.
  10. 10.  Safety audit –A safety audit subjects each area of a company’s activity to a systematic critical examination with the object of minimizing loss. Safety survey-A safety survey is a detailed examination in depth of a narrower field of activity. Safety inspection- A routine scheduled inspection of a unit or department, which may be carried out by someone ( may be a safety representative ) from within the unit, possibly accompanied by the safety advisor. The inspection would check maintenance standards,
  11. 11.  21 - Fencing of machinery 22 - Work on or near machinery in motion 23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous machines. 24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power 25 - Self-acting machines 26 - Casing of new machinery 27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers 28 - Hoists and lifts 29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles 30 - Revolving machinery 31 - Pressure plant
  12. 12.  32 - Floors, stairs and means of access 33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc 34 - Excessive weights 35 - Protection of eyes. 36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases 36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light. 37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc 38 - Precautions in case of fire 39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability 40 - Safety of buildings and machinery 40A - Maintenance of buildings 40B - Safety Officers 41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
  13. 13.  Stipulate a national minimum wage to give people dignity. Institute a comprehensive social security legislation covering unemployment, health insurance, old age pension, disability and regulation of employment for all workers. Ensure gainful rehabilitation in terms of alternate land, livelihood, shelter, and all basic necessities concerning health, education and connectivity for all people displaced by development projects, closures, lockouts, relocation, man-made and natural disaster.
  14. 14.  Institute employment guarantee for urban and rural areas throughout the year with separate cards for women and for all adults who demand employment. Introduce special programs to impart training and entrepreneurial skills, capital and credit facilities without collateral and market support to women-headed households and all women. Enforce existing labour laws in special economic zones, export promotion zones and free trade zones. Ensure full-time wage work for poor women and skill and entrepreneurship training for self employed women.
  15. 15.  Govt. schemes for women must ensure equal pay even if the task are not same. Crèches must be provided for all women’s. Minimum wages for women in the informal sector and domestic work. Equal wages and occupational safety for women construction workers. Work related schemes should be based on market trends. All workers in all sectors should be given identity cards.