SOSIOLINGUISTICS IN ESL CONTEXTS (BIL 3083)Lecturer: Mr . Nor Azman b. A.AzizPrepared by:• NOREHA BT. ALI (D20091034397)• ...
CAUSES OFLANGUAGECHANGEEXPRESSION OF NEW MEANINGSREGULARISATIONDESIRE FORNOVELTY
EXPRESSIONOF NEWMEANINGSIdeas ThatEvolveNew ThingsNew Event
Expression of New MeaningsA need to express new meanings inlanguageshttp://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/linguistics/ch...
NEW THINGS• Differences between generations and the era• New technologies, industries, products andexperiences simply requ...
NEW EVENT• Common and spectacular events• Acknowledged by othersExamples :SUMMIT # Meeting between heads of stateSUPERBOWL...
IDEAS THAT EVOLVE•Words for new ideasExamples :# Edutainment (education + entertainment)# Smog (smoke + fog )# Sitcom ( si...
Borrowed words- borrowed words soon to cease as borrowings once itbecomes common in use.Examples :# French words in use in...
DESIRE FORNOVELTYJargon Slang
JARGON• Special words and phrases which are usedby particular groups of people, especially intheir work• An outlandish, te...
LINGUISTIC ROLE OF JARGONExamples1. Medical profession :Agonal – used to describe a major negativechange in a person’s con...
JARGON1. ARGOT 2. EUPHEMISM3. IN-GROUP MARKERS
SOCIAL ROLES OF JARGON1. ARGOTWords and expressions which are used by small groupsof people and which are not easily unde...
SOCIAL ROLES OF JARGON2. EUPHEMISMA word or phrase used to avoid saying unpleasant oroffensive wordJargon may be intende...
SOCIAL ROLES OFJARGON3. IN-GROUP MARKERSEnabling members of the occupationalgroup to announce themselves as such, andto r...
If you are teachers…
SlangSpecialized vocabulary of social groupsAlternative ways of saying thingsPurposes of use: Getting attentionValue the c...
SLANG WORD REFERENCE TYPE OF SLANGwheels car synecdocherad radical clippingID identification AcronymLOL ? ?BBM ? ?Slang
How do you‘call’ your laptop?
LAPPY!!!
REGULARISATIONmorphologysyntaxlexicon
• Child learners favor the more regular form ofwords• dreamt – dreamed, lit – lighted, fish – fishes• Adult too, cannot be...
REGULARISATION INTHE LEXICON(Leveling)
Regularisation• Replacing irregular forms with regular ones.• E.g. (a) gooses instead of geese(b) cow/kine with cows• Erro...
A. Leveling• Lexicon - vocabulary• Loss of secondary form as a resultof extending productive rules.• Contrast between diff...
LevelingBasic form• Wake• Strive• SowIrregular form & leveled form• Woken Waked• Striven Strived• Sown Sowed
B. Syntax• Sentence structurea) Hopefully, the train will be on time.b) They waited hopefully for the train.c) Hopefully, ...
References• http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/• http://ebooks.unibuc.ro/filologie/avram/3.pdf• http://...
THANKYOU
Sociolinguistics - Jargon etc
Sociolinguistics - Jargon etc
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Sociolinguistics - Jargon etc

  1. 1. SOSIOLINGUISTICS IN ESL CONTEXTS (BIL 3083)Lecturer: Mr . Nor Azman b. A.AzizPrepared by:• NOREHA BT. ALI (D20091034397)• WAN NURFATIN SYARMEMY BT W.M. AZMUDDIN(D20091034408)• ANIS ZULAIKHA BT BASRAH (D20091034413)• ASMA AMIRA BT HAMZAH (D20091034422)• SHIKNESVARY A/P KARUPPAIAH (D20091034433)
  2. 2. CAUSES OFLANGUAGECHANGEEXPRESSION OF NEW MEANINGSREGULARISATIONDESIRE FORNOVELTY
  3. 3. EXPRESSIONOF NEWMEANINGSIdeas ThatEvolveNew ThingsNew Event
  4. 4. Expression of New MeaningsA need to express new meanings inlanguageshttp://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/linguistics/change.jsp‘’ English language evolves rapidly injust a few centuries ‘’Speakers adopt new words, sentence structures andsounds, spread them through the community andtransmit them to the next generation.
  5. 5. NEW THINGS• Differences between generations and the era• New technologies, industries, products andexperiences simply require new wordsExamples :Technology # PC – personal computerCPU – central processing unitsDisease # Bird fluAIDS
  6. 6. NEW EVENT• Common and spectacular events• Acknowledged by othersExamples :SUMMIT # Meeting between heads of stateSUPERBOWL # Spectacular sports eventsGRANDPRIX #
  7. 7. IDEAS THAT EVOLVE•Words for new ideasExamples :# Edutainment (education + entertainment)# Smog (smoke + fog )# Sitcom ( situation + comedy )• Adopted ideas from other societies along with wordsthat name them
  8. 8. Borrowed words- borrowed words soon to cease as borrowings once itbecomes common in use.Examples :# French words in use in English# French wordsDiscothequeAmateur UniqueDouble EntendreA la carte
  9. 9. DESIRE FORNOVELTYJargon Slang
  10. 10. JARGON• Special words and phrases which are usedby particular groups of people, especially intheir work• An outlandish, technical language of aparticular profession, group, or tradehttp://www.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/1914-/language/jargon.htm
  11. 11. LINGUISTIC ROLE OF JARGONExamples1. Medical profession :Agonal – used to describe a major negativechange in a person’s condition, usuallypreceding immediate death2. Computer programmers:Bug- a mistake or problem in a computerprogramhttp://www.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/1914-/language/jargon.htm
  12. 12. JARGON1. ARGOT 2. EUPHEMISM3. IN-GROUP MARKERS
  13. 13. SOCIAL ROLES OF JARGON1. ARGOTWords and expressions which are used by small groupsof people and which are not easily understood by otherpeopleA specialized vocabulary or set of idioms used by aparticular social class or groups, especially one thatfunctions outside the lawJargon may play the roll of an argot to keep othersfrom understandinghttp://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/argoterm.htm
  14. 14. SOCIAL ROLES OF JARGON2. EUPHEMISMA word or phrase used to avoid saying unpleasant oroffensive wordJargon may be intended to make objectionablemeanings less objectionableExamples:• senior citizen for old person• preowned car for used car• pass away for die
  15. 15. SOCIAL ROLES OFJARGON3. IN-GROUP MARKERSEnabling members of the occupationalgroup to announce themselves as such, andto recognise each other by how they talk.
  16. 16. If you are teachers…
  17. 17. SlangSpecialized vocabulary of social groupsAlternative ways of saying thingsPurposes of use: Getting attentionValue the cleverness/cuteness
  18. 18. SLANG WORD REFERENCE TYPE OF SLANGwheels car synecdocherad radical clippingID identification AcronymLOL ? ?BBM ? ?Slang
  19. 19. How do you‘call’ your laptop?
  20. 20. LAPPY!!!
  21. 21. REGULARISATIONmorphologysyntaxlexicon
  22. 22. • Child learners favor the more regular form ofwords• dreamt – dreamed, lit – lighted, fish – fishes• Adult too, cannot be expected to know theirlanguage perfectly• They extend the general rule:strived, lighted (past participle)morphology
  23. 23. REGULARISATION INTHE LEXICON(Leveling)
  24. 24. Regularisation• Replacing irregular forms with regular ones.• E.g. (a) gooses instead of geese(b) cow/kine with cows• Erronous regularisation also known asoverregularisation.
  25. 25. A. Leveling• Lexicon - vocabulary• Loss of secondary form as a resultof extending productive rules.• Contrast between different formare levelled
  26. 26. LevelingBasic form• Wake• Strive• SowIrregular form & leveled form• Woken Waked• Striven Strived• Sown Sowed
  27. 27. B. Syntax• Sentence structurea) Hopefully, the train will be on time.b) They waited hopefully for the train.c) Hopefully, they waited for the train.
  28. 28. References• http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/• http://ebooks.unibuc.ro/filologie/avram/3.pdf• http://www.ehess.fr/lscp/persons/anne/master/Hudson-Kam-Newport2005LLD.pdf• http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/lit_terms_L.html• http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/344311?uid=3738672&uid=2&uid=4&sid=55868463503• http://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1002&context=lin_facpub• http://roa.rutgers.edu/files/893-0107/893-KRASKA-SZLENK-0-0.PDF
  29. 29. THANKYOU
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