POEM: LIBERATORSSelected Poems in English, BIS3063Lecturer: Mr Sidik b. AriffinPrepared by:• NOREHA BT. ALI (D20091034397)• WAN NURFATIN SYARMEMY BT W.M. AZMUDDIN(D20091034408)• ANIS ZULAIKHA BT BASRAH (D20091034413)• ASMA AMIRA BT HAMZAH (D20091034422)• SHIKNESVARY A/P KARUPPAIAH (D20091034433)
CECIL RAJENDRA• Was born in Penang• Spent his childhood in Tg Tokong• Received formal education at St. Xavier’s Institution,University of Singapore and Lincoln’s Inn (doing Law)• First recipient of the Malaysian Lifetime HumanitarianAward, nominated for Nobel Prize for Literature (both in2005)http://www.crazedangels.com/thedailycrazed/lawyerpoets.html
CECIL RAJENDRA• first published his poetry while doing law in London(1965)• through his poetry explored the cultural, spiritualand material values of Asian society and critiquedboth industrial development and development aid• has chosen social relevance as his constant theme• insistence on writing about justice, war, refugees,the destruction of the environmenthttp://journeytoforever.org/keith_cecil.html
CECIL RAJENDRA"I wrote a poem called The Animal & Insect Actabout some of our repressive laws -- almostevery aspect of our life here is circumscribedby some piece of legislation or other.http://journeytoforever.org/keith_cecil.htmlRajendra: "Almost every aspect of ourlives here is circumscribed by somepiece of legislation or other."-- Photograph Christine Thery
CECIL RAJENDRARajendra the lawyer: "I often have tosuspend my sense of reality when Ienter court."-- Photograph Christine Thery"The only alternative is silence,which is no alternative at all."-- Photograph Christine Thery
For more info about Cecil Rajendra and hisliterary writing, please visit/google• Cecil Rajendra:A Third World Poet and His Worksby Keith AddisonPublished in South China Morning Post, September 19, 1982, andBangkok Post, December 5, 1982• http://www.crazedangels.com/thedailycrazed/lawyerpoets.html• http://journeytoforever.org/keith_cecil.html
THEMELIBERATORS vs. DICTATORS – the very thinmargin which causes the vagueness whether ornot the liberators are true ones-Definition of liberator-Definition of dictator-The reason for the “?” in the title of the poem-Reference to the second stanza-about war
Jump out of the frying pan into the firehttp://www.goenglish.com
DEFINITIONSDictate: to give order tosomebody, often inaggressive wayDictator: an absoluteruler, a tyrant, anautocratLiberate: to set freeLiberator: a person whofrees others fromcaptivity, others’ controletc.www.thefreedictionary.comOxford Advanced Learner’sDictionary
LIBERATORS OR DICTATORS?
Stanza 2Freeing usfrom the hoofof the devilthey deliveredus intothe clawof the vultureCecil Rajendra’s Liberators?hoofclaw
Hypocrisy• act of persistently pretending to hold beliefs,opinions, virtues, feelings, qualities, orstandards that one does not actually hold.• a kind of lie.• Liberators or dictators ?Example :- Stanza 2‘’ freeing us from the hoof of the devilthey delivered us into the claw of the vulture ‘’
Power corruption• Control and influence over others• People or an individual can be mislead by power• It is judged and governed by the people who own it• Examples :- Powerful nation leaders- Last stanza‘’ how to tell liberator from a dictatorwhen both bathe in the blood of innocents …’’
Injustice• Third world• Influence of power and wealth rulers gives priority to power and wealth andcause grieve to the citizens (stanza 1 line8,9,10)• Betrayal to innocent people liberators are compared to dictators“when both bathe in the blood ofinnocents”(stanza 3 line 4,5,6,7)• New version of colonization in the mask ofindependence
Irony• Expression of meaning through the use oflanguage which means the opposite.• The title is an irony• The diction is ironic – the use of agriculturalwords being associated with death, cruel acts,injustice
ALLEGORIES• Liberator – Abraham Lincoln (GreatEmancipator) abolished slavery of the Africanin the USA by Civil War in AD 1860-1865http://www.ministers-best-friend.com
ALLEGORIEShttp://www.ministers-best-friend.com• Liberator? – WilliamMcKinley liberated thePhilippines, Cuba, Guamand Puerto from Spain.Guam and Puerto havebeen retained as USTerritories unto this day.
For more info about Liberators andDictators, please visit• http://secondworldwar.co.uk• http://www.bolivarmo.com• http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk• http://history1900s.about.com/od/saddamhussein/p/saddamhussein.htm-Napoleon Bonaparte, Julius Caesar, Adolf Hitler,Simon Bolivar, Fidel Castro
HOW ABOUT THIS MAN?• He camouflaged his missionbehind the name of peaceand freedom but hasvictimized millions ofinnocents – Iraq war• Liberator or dictator???http://3003ink.wordpress.com/2011/04/26/war-in-iraq/
US-led forces take control of Baghdad. Iraqi civilians cheer onadvancing US troops in a celebration of the end of SaddamHusseins oppressive 24-year-long rule. Iraqis, aided by US Marine,topple a huge statue of Saddam in Baghdads main square."Chronology: A Timeline of Events in the Current Iraqi Conflict,"www.npr.org, Apr. 30, 2007
A LIBERATORJapan promoted the idea Asia for Asian and under their leadership,East Asia would come to grow greater economic prosperity free fromwestern influence and independent of western economicbureaucracy.
•They promise to help the Malayan and people from all over Asia to fight against Britishand American
.During that time, people were blinded by their propagandaThey don’t know underneath all the rhetoric of the slogan andpropaganda, lay hidden agenda as wellOnly when they won against British in Malaya..they showed theirtrue color.They are actually no different from a…..
DICTACTORThey made their presence felt with slaps, kicks,detention, rape, torture, and massacre
Tone• Tone – conveys the poet’s attitude toward thesubject, the reader or himself/herself• The tone of this poem is sarcastic
Symbol• Something that exists in its own right and yetstands for or suggests something else• Devil – dictator“Freeing us from the hoof of the devil…”• Vulture – liberator/dictator“…they delivered us into the claw thevulture”
Hyperbole• A figure of speech using exaggeration foremphasis or effecte.g. - “Irrigated our fields with tears”