“ All cultures are very, very old products of man... therefore, if all cultures are old, then all cultures have many virtues as well as defects. In conclusion, “All cultures are neither superior nor inferior to others: THEY ARE SIMPLY DIFFERENT”.
But everybody feels that his customs, culture and traditions are the best when comparing it to others.
We are People We are people, you and I Like the people passing by, We’re alike, but different too, I am I, and you are you. We are all one family, Light or dark, as it may be, All are equal on this earth When we measure human worth. We all laugh when we feel gay, Each one laughing his own way, Some laugh low and some laugh high, Some as if they’re going to cry.
We all think, but separately, And we needn’t all agree, We all listen, speak, compare, All have different thoughts to share. Different, different, yet the same: When we want to play a game We must all accept the rules Though we come from different schools. We are people, you and I, Like the people passing by, Same but different, different same, My name’s _______, what’s your name?
The process of communication through sending and receiving wordless messages. Such messages can be communicated through gesture ; body language or posture; facial expression and eye contact ; object communication such as clothing, hairstyles or even architecture.
Speech may also contain nonverbal elements known as paralanguage, including voice quality, emotion and speaking style, as well as prosodic features such as rhythm, intonation and stress.
Is the study of touching as nonverbal communication. Touches that can be defined as communication include handshakes, holding hands, kissing (cheek, lips, hand), back slapping, high fives, a pat on the shoulder, and brushing an arm.
Is the study of body movements, facial expressions, and gestures. Kinesics behaviors include mutual gaze, smiling, facial warmth or pleasantness, childlike behaviors, direct body orientation, among others.
Monochronic time schedule: Time is viewed as something that can be controlled or wasted by individuals, and people tend to do one thing at a time. The M-pattern is typically found in North America and Northern Europe.
Polychronic time schedule: Personal involvement is more important than schedules; people do many things at the same time.
This is the usual pattern that is typically found in Latin America and the Middle East.
Monochronic –Time Person Polychronic- Time person 1. Does one thing at a time 1. Does several things at a time 2. Treats time schedules and plans very seriously; feels they may be broken only for the most serious reasons 2. Treats time schedules and plans as useful (not sacred); feels they may be broken for a variety of purposes 3. Considers the job the most important part of life; ahead of even family 3. Considers the family and interpersonal relationships more important than the job 4. Considers privacy extremely important; works independently 4. Is actively involved with others; works in the presence of and with lots of people at the same time
When a child enters school, he is already a person with a culture, a language, with a non verbal system; all of these are operating automatically and out of awareness.
There is a generalized idea that in order for a student to communicate successfully in English he or she has to speak well and understand it. This is because most people think that our communication is centrally verbal.
Research has proven that this idea is incorrect. According to the American Anthropologist Ray Birdwhistell communication is at most 35% language, thus the remaining 65% of communication is mostly made up of nonverbal activities.
Writing dialogues to discuss and illustrate the differences between cultures.
Making them aware of their own nonverbal behavior.
She recommends that teachers begin with what is known by the students and is acceptable to them and later proceed to introduce new cultural information, the not so acceptable content, in the foreign culture and language that students are leaning.
The differences in money matters are based on the cultures promotion of reticence (quietness) as well as the showing of largesse (generosity, gifts) for visitors and those who are a “above you”.
Latins may lend money from 1 cent up to $2.00 dollars and you will not expect that money back; the same with small things like pencils, a piece of paper. Moreover, if you return it, apparently expresses something insulting.
When it comes to personal information concerning money, Latins may ask a “peer” how much they paid for a specific object (house, car, dress, etc.) in the US, asking this kind of questions is a sign of bad manners.
In Puerto Rico if a person is offered something his or her first reaction is to say “No” and the person making the offer will insist . This pattern will be repeated up to three or four times, until the person finally says “Well, since you insist, I’ll have some”.
In the U.S. the first rejection is usually taken as the final “No” and the person will not insist on the offer.