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The fight for slavery in california

The fight for slavery in california






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    The fight for slavery in california The fight for slavery in california Presentation Transcript

    • The Fight for Slavery in California
      Jean Lowry
    • Fight for Slavery
      Three months into the Mexican War, Pennsylvania Congressman David Wilmot introduced his famous “Proviso” stipulating that in any territory acquired from Mexico “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”
      It was a surprise to discover that the territories of Utah and New Mexico legalized slavery in 1852 and 1859
      In early 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe hidalgo transferred California from Mexico to the United States
      Workers building a sawmill on the American River near Sacramento discovered flecks of gold in the riverbed
      By Spring of 1849 tens of thousands of men from all over were on their way to California
      These men in San Francisco and the mining camps needed law and order, courts, land and water laws, mail services and other institutions of government
    • Fight for Slavery
      In October 1849 they drew up a state constitution and petitioned Congress for admission
      The Problem was that the proposed state constitution banned slavery
      Most of the Forty-Niners wanted to keep that institution out of California because they did not want to compete with slave labor
      The exclusion of Slavery from California was described as an unconstitutional violation of Southern property rights and political equity that would justify a drastic response
      The democratic Party was dominated by a coalition of Southern-born politicians that became known as the “Chivalry”
      In 1859 a political mudslinging match between Broderick and David Terry, A Texan who had arrived in California in 1849 and became a prominent Chiv, led to a duel
    • Fight for Slavery
      Terry resigned from his post as chief justice of the California Supreme Court in order to challenge Broderick
      Terry selected pistols, whereupon Terry took careful aim and shot Broderick dead
      This was the third duel in California during the 1850s in which a Chiv Democrat Killed a member of the anti-Chiv faction Party
      California’s admission as a free state had given an impetus to one of the most bizarre phenomena of the 1850s –”Filibustering”, a freebooter or pirate
      All of the filibuster efforts to organize another slave state in order to offset California came to grief
      The discovery of gold in California produced a mass migration there in which settlers who wanted to exclude slavery prevailed
    • Fight for Slavery
      Within California itself, perhaps the first shot of the Civil War came from David Terry’s pistol that killed David Broderick in September 1859
      The backlash against what many Californians saw as a political assassination weakened the Chivs and rebounded to the advantage of the state Republican Party
      During the Civil War most Californians remained loyal to the United States, and the state’s shipment of gold helped finance the union war effort
      Terry became embroiled in a dispute with another California political rival Stephen J. Field
      Field jailed Terry and his wife for contempt, Terry vowed revenge
      Terry encountered Field in a railroad station near Stockton and slapped him across the face, Field’s bodyguard shot Terry Dead
      Perhaps this was truly the last shot of the Civil War
      In 1889, Neagle shot and killed David Terry, who had attacked Supreme Court Justice Stephen Fields.  Arrested for murder, the Supreme Court ordered Neagle released in a landmark case that set precedents for the power of the executive branch of our government.
    • Source
      The Fight for Slavery in California article by: James M. McPherson